Many people are prone to ‘remembering’ events that never happened, according to new research by the University of Warwick.
In a study on false memories, Dr Kimberley Wade in the Department of
Psychology demonstrates that if we are told about a completely
fictitious event from our lives, and repeatedly imagine that event
occurring, almost half of us would accept that it did.
Over 400 participants in ‘memory implantation’ studies had fictitious
autobiographical events suggested to them – and it was found that
around 50% of the participants believed, to some degree, that they had
experienced those events.
“A Mega-analysis of
Memory Reports from Eight Peer-reviewed False Memory Implantation
Studies” by Alan Scoboria, Kimberley A. Wade, D. Stephen Lindsay,
Tanjeem Azad, Deryn Strange, James Ost and Ira E. Hyman in Memory. Published online November 28 2016 doi:10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747
Dr Wade and colleagues
conclude that it can be very difficult to determine when a person is
recollecting actual past events, as opposed to false memories – even in a
controlled research environment; and more so in real life situations.
NeuroscienceNews.com image is adapted from the University of Warwick
You know how when you’re little, you’re not too critical about anything? You’re just like, okay, so this is a movie, this is a book, this is a TV show, all right. Cats was my first musical, and when I saw it, I thought, yeah, this could use some work.
Neuroscientist Nathan Rose and his colleagues at the University of Wisconsin recently lost track of a memory.
I mean that literally. One minute, they saw a trace of a memory “light up” in an fMRI scan. In the next minute it was gone. And in this one simple observation, Rose and his colleagues are challenging a long-held scientific belief about how the brain works. And can open to door to new understanding of why we remember, and why we forget.
The curious case of the “missing” memory
Rose lost the memory during a fairly simple experiment. Participants were brought into the lab and given an image of a face and a separate name to memorize. They were told they’d later be tested on their ability to recognize that name and that face.
All the while, a fMRI scanner was peering into their brains. An artificial intelligence program then used the fMRI images to distinguish between when the participants were thinking about the face, and when they were thinking about the name. When participants were asked to recall either the face or the name, the computer program could “see” them thinking about each.
But then the participants underwent a different test. And this is where things get weird.
The participants were told that they were only going to be tested on their memory of the face and didn’t need to remember the name. When that happened, it was like a switch turned off in the participants’ brains. The fMRI could no longer “see” the memory of the name. It was “as if the item has been forgotten,” Rose says.
Except here’s the really surprising part: The name wasn’t actually forgotten. The participants could still remember it later on when prompted again. The memory was still there — there was just no observable trace of it in the brain.
This may sound like a minor observation, but it may fundamentally change the way neuroscientists think about how the brain works. The study, published today in Science, shows there’s a whole “dark” brain activity that neuroscientists can’t see with current neuroimaging technology. And if scientist can better understand this dark network of memories, perhaps they can find ways to make us retain more information, or retrieve lost memories.
taking it out of context is always such a fun thing to do though because you can just look at his grumpy face going “NO” and think, “same, Cas. Same. I, also, yell ‘NO’ at every single thing that happens in my life. I feel you.”
there’s actually a colored version of it too because i remember someone requesting for it to be colored but i can’t remember if i actually ended up posting it here or not so here u go:
L: “Wow…” N: “It’s magnificent.” L: “Yes.” N: “Is this…where she’s buried?” L: “Mummified. That’s how it was done back in the days. They also used bodies for necromancy.” N: “That’s…unnerving.” L: “Nesryn was the goddess of freshness and purification. She washed the entrails of the deceased and brought the sacred water to Anubis for his tasks.” N: “Water?” L: *Nods* She gave water to the spirits of the dead while they waited for the mummification process to be complete. She would fortify the body against corruption, so it would stay fresh for reanimation.“ N: "These flowers, they seem new.” L: “People still come here, bring her gifts. Mostly treasure, as you can see.” N: “Do you think she would mind if we-,” L: “-Yes, she would. We’re not stealing from here!” N: “I was just asking.” L: “He’s watching over her *points to the statue* and us. Don’t touch anything.”