*egypt

New discovery in Matariya points to a King Ramses II temple

The Egyptian-German Archaeological Mission at Matariya archaeological site discovered new evidence that may lead to a temple of King Ramses II.

Dr Mahmoud Afifi, the head of the Ancient Egyptian Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities, stated that this evidence was found about 450 metres to the west of the obelisk of King Senusret I in Matariya. It was discovered when the mission stumbled upon a number of blocks from the temple courtyards and fragments of the temple statuary.

Afifi explained that a new group of large blocks was yielded in the southern part of the area.

They show King Ramses II anointing a divinity. His name is rendered by a rather rare variant “Paramessu.” Read more.

Ramses II Had A Real Problem Making Decisions

Pharaoh Ramses II had three capitals. First, at the start of his reign there was the capital which Ramses II inherited from his predecessors, Thebes. Second, the ancient capital of the first pharaohs, which Ramses II moved the capital back to for a short period, Memphis. Third and finally, his own city which Ramses II had constructed, Pi-Ramses

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OLD KINGDOM OF EGYPT: 

THE Old Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2613-2181 BCE) is also known as the ‘Age of the Pyramids’ or 'Age of the Pyramid Builders’ as it includes the great 4th Dynasty when King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building and the pyramids of Giza were constructed under the kings Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. 

The historical records of this period, the 4th-6th Dynasties of Egypt, are scarce and historians regard the history of the era as literally 'written in stone’  and largely architectural in that it is through the monuments and their inscriptions that scholars have been able to construct a history. 

The pyramids themselves relay scant information on their builders, but the mortuary temples built nearby and the stelae which accompanied them provide king’s names and other important information. Further, inscriptions in stone found elsewhere from the time record various events and the dates on which they occurred. 

Read More 


Article by Joshua J. Mark on AHE

bastet · goddess of cats, fire and pregnant women

Bastet was the goddess of fire, cats, of the home and pregnant women. According to one myth, she was the personification of the soul of Isis. She was also called the “Lady of the East”. As such, her counterpart as “Lady of the West” was Sekhmet. The goddess Bastet was usually represented as a woman with the head of a domesticated cat. However, up until 1000 BC she was portrayed as a lioness. Bastet was the daughter of Re, the sun god. It may have been through him that she acquired her feline characteristics. When Re destroyed his enemy Apep, he was usually depicted as a cat. As portrayed as a cat, she was connected with the moon

requested by: @oblivions-kiss

medievalists.net
10 Cool Facts about Saint Catherine - Medievalists.net
Saint Catherine of Alexandria and her wheel have been well recognized symbols since the beginning of the Middle Ages. Here are 10 interesting tidbits about Saint Catherine:

Saint Catherine of Alexandria and her wheel have been well recognized symbols since the beginning of the Middle Ages. Although she was martyred in the 4th century, her popularity has endured through the centuries. In modern times, she has a band and fireworks named after her, and the term to “break the wheel” has come to denote exhaustion or pain. She is one of the most recognized and revered medieval saints. Here are 10 interesting tidbits about Saint Catherine:

osiris · god of the dead and ruler of the underworld 

A god of the earth and vegetation, Osiris symbolized in his death the yearly drought and in his miraculous rebirth the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. He was a god-king who was believed to have given Egypt civilization. Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb, and therefore the brother of Seth, Nephthys, and Isis. He was married to his sister, Isis. He was also the father of Horus and Anubis. These traditions state that Nephthys (mother of Anubis) assumed the form of Isis, seduced him (perhaps with wine) and she became pregnant with Anubis.

scene from the Temple of the God Khonsu at ‘Ipet-sut’ (“Karnak”), 'Uaset’-Thebes:
King Ramses IV (wearing the Blue Crown) offering food to the God Khonsu.
Khonsu is represented mummiform, with the 'menat’-necklace and the sidelock of youth, wearing the Lunar disk with the Crescent, holding the Flail, the 'Heqa’-scepter and a composite 'Djed’-'Ankh’-'Uas’ scepter.
On the top left, the Solar Orb with the Two Uraei (both wearing the White Crown with the two feathers)

Philae Temple. Philae (فيله‎‎) is an island in the reservoir of the Aswan Low Dam downstream of the Aswan Dam and Lake Nasser. It was originally located near the First Cataract of the Nile in Upper Egypt as a temple complex. The rapids and surrounding area have often been flooded since the construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1902. The temple complex was dismantled and relocated to Agilkia Island as part of the UNESCO Nubia Campaign project, protecting this and other complexes before the 1970 completion of the Aswan High Dam.