New discovery in Matariya points to a King Ramses II temple
The Egyptian-German Archaeological Mission at Matariya archaeological site discovered new evidence that may lead to a temple of King Ramses II.
Dr Mahmoud Afifi, the head of the Ancient Egyptian Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities, stated that this evidence was found about 450 metres to the west of the obelisk of King Senusret I in Matariya. It was discovered when the mission stumbled upon a number of blocks from the temple courtyards and fragments of the temple statuary.
Afifi explained that a new group of large blocks was yielded in the southern part of the area.
They show King Ramses II anointing a divinity. His name is rendered by a rather rare variant “Paramessu.” Read more.
Pharaoh Ramses II had three capitals. First, at the start of his reign there was the capital which Ramses II inherited from his predecessors, Thebes. Second, the ancient capital of the first pharaohs, which Ramses II moved the capital back to for a short period, Memphis. Third and finally, his own city which Ramses II had constructed, Pi-Ramses
pouring water on the altar with the ḥs-vase (topped by a falcon-head with the Solar disk). Detail from the west wall of the Bark Shrine of King Ramses II in the “Temple of Millions of Years” of King Ramses III at west ‘Uaset’-Thebes
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The pyramids themselves relay scant information on their builders, but the mortuary temples built nearby and the stelae which accompanied them provide king’s names and other important information. Further, inscriptions in stone found elsewhere from the time record various events and the dates on which they occurred.
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osiris · god of the dead and ruler of the underworld
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scene from the Temple of the God Khonsu at ‘Ipet-sut’ (“Karnak”), 'Uaset’-Thebes: King Ramses IV (wearing the Blue Crown) offering food to the God Khonsu. Khonsu is represented mummiform, with the 'menat’-necklace and the sidelock of youth, wearing the Lunar disk with the Crescent, holding the Flail, the 'Heqa’-scepter and a composite 'Djed’-'Ankh’-'Uas’ scepter. On the top left, the Solar Orb with the Two Uraei (both wearing the White Crown with the two feathers)
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