*dynamics

brakken asked:

What method do you use on those sheets to get the colour discrepancy? Is that a blending mode layer afterward or some kind of process while painting?

it’s actually pretty simple (and I’m glad you noticed, makes a difference doesn’t it?)

I do these while I’m painting, after I’ve established the base colors and simple shading. Mostly because I want to be able to sample these colors a lot while I’m rendering, it really comes in handy.

On a new layer, with color blending mode, I take any large scatter brush, turn on color dynamics, and push Hue Jitter to 100%

Then I choose a color that is decently saturated, and go to town brushing everywhere.

Then I just turn down the opacity until it looks right.

Of course that’s not all. I’m also using a layer above on Soft Light blending mode. I use this for stains and streaks. 

No special brush for this, just one that has a texture to it and is useful for painting streaks. I’ll color select from the area I want to paint over, so it makes it a little darker and alters the color only a little. Then I lower the opacity a little, and we’re set.

‘In the beginning was the word’ takes on a whole new meaning while looking at Cymatic’s experiments. All creation is a symphony of sounds, vibrations, in which individual parts are attracted by resonance with similar sounds.

'Cymatic’ studies wave phenomena, as pioneered by Swiss medical Doctor and Natural Scientist Hans Jenny (1904-1972). Jenny discovered that he could use sound to animate inert powders, pastes and liquids into life-like, flowing forms that mirror patterns found throughout nature,art and architecture.

Sound creates a dynamic mandala-like pattern in every water molecule and since the human body is 75% water, the effect on your whole system is quite effective.

www.bioluminescent.org

Malec-Week First Day: Favourite Malec-Scene

So, as I definitely got more than one favourite scene (basically every Malec scene is my favourite, apart from the one we don’t talk about), I’m going to post two that always make me laugh and give me that warm flutter in my chest (you know what I’m talking about ^^)

This one is from “City of Lost Souls”, from the point of view of Isabelle, when she stays over at Magnus’s loft before she and Jocelyn meet the Iron Sisters.


It [the bathroom] was halfway down the hall, and the door was just opening, Alec emerging in a cloud of steam. He had a towel around his waist and another around his shoulders and was rubbing energetically at his wet black hair. Isabelle supposed she shouldn’t be surprised to see him; he’d been trained to wake up early in the morning just like she had.

“You smell like sandalwood,” she said by way of greeting. She hated the smell of sandalwood. She liked sweet scents - vanilla, cinnamon, gardenia.

Alec looked at her. “We like sandalwood.” Isabelle made a face. “Either that’s the royal ‘we’ or you and Magnus are turning into one of those couples that think they’re one person. ‘We like sandalwood.’ ‘We adore the symphony.’ ‘We hope you enjoy our Christmas present’ - which, if you ask me, is just a cheap way of avoiding having to buy two gifts.”

Alec blinked wet lashes at her. “You’ll understand-”

“If you tell me I’ll understand when I’m in love, I’ll smother you with that towel.”

“And if you keep preventing me from going back to my room and getting dressed, I’ll get Magnus to summon up pixies to tie your hair in knots.”

senatorofinnistrad asked:

I've also played both Duel Masters and Magic extensivly, and I have to agree with you. The variance of Magic's mana system both increases the mental challenge and keep each game interesting.

People love to focus on the Magic mana system at its worst but most of the time it is making dynamic game play. Yes, mana screw sucks but that’s why we make lots of tools (and have mulligans) to help offset it.

Abyss & Apex magazine Opens 7-Day Reading Period for Speculative Fiction Stories - Pays 6 cents/word

Abyss & Apex, a Hugo-Nominated speculative fiction magazine, has opened a 7-day reading period to curate fiction stories only. The quarterly publication pays strong attention to character-driven stories that explore the recesses and peaks of emotion and motivation from a wide range of cultural and social contexts.

Led by Editor and Publisher Wendy S. Delmater, the staff likes to read descriptive world-building stories in many spec fiction genres

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Nearing 3000 Comets: SOHO Solar Observatory Greatest Comet Hunter of All Time












ESA / NASA - SOHO Mission patch.

July 30, 2015

In 1995, a new solar observatory was launched. A joint project of ESA and NASA, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory – SOHO – has been sending home images of our dynamic sun ever since. SOHO was planned to open up a new era of solar observations, dramatically extending our understanding of the star we live with… and it delivered.

But no one could have predicted SOHO’s other observational triumph: In the last two decades, SOHO has become the greatest comet finder of all time. In August 2015, SOHO is expected to discover its 3000th comet. Prior to the SOHO launch, only a dozen or so comets had ever even been discovered from space, and some 900 had been discovered from the ground since 1761.

Why are We Seeing So Many Sungrazing Comets?
Video above: Before 1979, there were less than a dozen known sungrazing comets – comets that swing by incredibly close to the sun. But that was before the ESA/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory launched in 2000. Since then, SOHO has become the greatest sungrazing comet hunter of all time with comet finds numbering in the thousands. Video Credits: NASA/Duberstein.

“SOHO has a view of about 12 and a half million miles beyond the sun,” said Joe Gurman, the mission scientist for SOHO at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “So we expected it might from time to time see a bright comet near the sun. But nobody dreamed we’d approach 200 a year.”

More than just a celebrated bright vision in the night sky, comets can tell scientists a great deal about the place and time where they originated. Comets are essentially a clump of frozen gases mixed with dust. They are often pristine relics that can hold clues about the very formation of our solar system. On the other hand, if they have made previous trips around the sun, they can hold information about the distant reaches of the solar system through which they’ve traveled. We have a variety of tools to determine what comets are made of from afar. One is to watch how material evaporates off its surface when it comes close to the sun, and here’s where SOHO can provide remarkable information.

SOHO is unique in that it is able to spot comets that skim extremely close to the sun, known as sungrazers. One of SOHO’s instruments, called a coronagraph, specifically blocks out the bright light of the sun to examine its atmosphere – which is a billion times fainter than the star itself. To this day, SOHO is one of our best sources for views of the giant explosions regularly produced by the sun called coronal mass ejections, or CMEs, which can hurl a million tons of solar particles off into space. This field of view is large enough to see a sungrazing comet as it sling shots around the sun.

The overwhelming bulk – some 85% – of SOHO’s comet discoveries are what’s called Kreutz comets. Scientists think a single extremely large sungrazing comet broke up thousands of years ago, leading to thousands of leftover fragments, which continue to follow the same Kreutz path. On average, a new member of the Kreutz family is discovered every three days. Unfortunately, the long journey for these fragments invariably ends as they pass the sun. If they’re close enough to the sun to be seen by SOHO, they’re too close to survive.


Image above: A sun grazing comet as witnessed by the ESA/NASA Solar Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO, as it dived toward the sun on July 5 and July 6, 2011. SOHO is the overwhelming leader in spotting sungrazers, with almost 3000 spotted to date. SOHO can see the faint light of a comet, because the much brighter light of the sun is blocked by what’s known as a coronograph.Image Credits: ESA & NASA/SOHO.

“They just disintegrate every time we observe one,” said Karl Battams, a solar scientist at the Naval Research Labs in Washington, D.C., who has been in charge of running the SOHO comet-sighting website since 2003. “There’s only one Kreutz comet that made it around the sun – Comet Lovejoy. And we are pretty confident it fell apart a couple of weeks afterwards.”

Other, non-Kreutz comets have survived, however. One frequent visitor is comet 96P Machholz. Orbiting the sun approximately every 6 years, SOHO has now seen this comet four times. Such comets survive by virtue of the fact that they don’t travel as close to the sun – so they experience less intense solar radiation and are not subject to gravitational stretching and pulling from the sun. Information about the composition of comets is something SOHO can help with. Depending on how a comet reacts to the sun gives clues about the very substance out of which these visitors from the outer solar system are made.

Watching these sungrazing comets also help us learn about the sun. Their tails of ionized gas illuminate magnetic fields around the sun, so they can act as a tracer that helps scientists observe these invisible fields. Such fields have even ripped off comet tails allowing astronomers to watch the lost tails blowing in the steady outpouring of solar particles streaming off the sun. The tails act as a giant windsock in this solar wind, showing researchers the details of the wind’s movement.

SOHO’s great success as a comet finder is, of course, dependent on the people who sift through SOHO’s data – a task open to the world as the data is publicly available online in real time. A cadre of volunteer amateur astronomers dedicate themselves to searching the data via the NASA-funded Sungrazer Project. While scientists often search the imagery for very specific events, various members of the astronomy community choose to comb through all the imagery in fine detail. The result: 75% of SOHO comets have been found by these citizen scientists.

Whenever someone spots a comet, they report it to Battams. He goes over the imagery to confirm the sighting and then submits it to the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams, which gives it an official name. While comets spotted from the ground are named after the person who first discovered them, comets first observed by a space-based telescope are named after the spacecraft.

“As I joined the team when we already had found 500 comets, I’ve been in charge of confirming 2,500 so far,” said Battams. “I think it’s safe to say I’ve looked at more images of comets than any other person in history. Each comet is visible in at least 15 images, so that’s more than 40,000 images of comets.”


Image above: One of the more well-known comets observed by SOHO is Comet ISON, seen in the this time lapse photo from Nov. 28, 2013. Comet ISON comes in from the bottom right and moves out toward the upper right, getting fainter and fainter. The image of the sun at the center is from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory. Image Credits: ESA/NASA/SOHO/SDO/GSFC.

SOHO has also helped provide images for comets discovered by others. In 2012, a sungrazer was found the old-fashioned way – from the ground. Known as Comet ISON, scientists quickly realized it would make a swing by the sun close enough to be spotted by a variety of solar telescopes including SOHO. A large campaign of observations was launched, as telescopes from around the world and across the solar system watched the comet – a fossil from the original days of the solar system formation – sweep in. The final observatory to see Comet ISON was SOHO, which watched the comet curve in toward the sun… and disintegrate.

Observations from SOHO were key to helping describe ISON’s last hours – something that no other observatory captured.

ESA/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). Image Credits: ESA/NASA
“When SOHO launched, its sensors were some 100 times more sensitive than previous imagers,” said Gurman. “That was crucial to seeing the faint light from the solar particles in a CME. SOHO allowed us to see a range of brightness and details never before seen. It was great luck that the same exposures allowed us to see comets – not just extremely bright ones, but a whole range of fainter ones, too.”

At almost 20 years old, the SOHO mission is a respected elder in NASA’s Heliophysics System Observatory – the fleet of spacecraft that both watch the sun and measure its effects near Earth and throughout the solar system. SOHO is a cooperative effort between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. Mission control is based at NASA Goddard. The Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment, or LASCO, which is the instrument that provides comet imagery, was built at the Naval Research Lab in Washington, D.C.

For more about SOHO: http://www.nasa.gov/soho and http://sci.esa.int/soho/

For more on the SOHO Sungrazer Project: http://sungrazer.nrl.navy.mil

Images (mentioned), Video (mentioned), Text, Credits: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center/Karen C. Fox/Holly Zell.

Best regards, Orbiter.ch
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sumexilis asked:

Heyyy! Do you consider yourself to be an alt black girl? Or do you not care about those sort of labels and ur just fly af & chillin

i mean if someone referred to me as that I wouldn’t gag or anything but I would never call myself that I don’t know if I love that label it sounds a little alienating,  i feel like that might perpetuate the idea that there’s only one archetype of what a normative black girl is and calling myself an alt black girl insinuates that I’m a “different” kind of black girl and I’m “not like the others” kind of deal.. 

which I’m not about at all because in reality we’re all so dynamic and individualistic and I’m much more interested in representing us as a whole and not just a specific niche of us ya know? lol maybe I’m overthinking it lol but I just think labels can be dangerous if you don’t apply theory behind it. 

thanks for your question love you <3

originally i was waiting to upload this in a set but i am suffering from some real bad art block so :^(

ive been thinking about avatar au volleyball….probably set more in korra timeline bc i just rewatched all of it from book 2 lol so ofc i drew my small super saiyan golden sparrow son!!!!! hes a prodigy earthbender and grew up on the streets of republic city. his #1 idol is toph beifong and also saeko probably

AU THINGS UNDER THE CUT:

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ardentvixen asked:

Toph?

character: hate them | don’t really care | like them | LOVE them | THEY ARE MY PRECIOUS

ship with:  Um…I don’t know. I guess Toph and…metal, lol. Can’t say I had any Toph ships

general opinions: Her arrival in book 2 changed the dynamic of the show and added so much to it. She was a great character, a fantastic addition to the series and started the bad ass Beifong family.