(of which I have many - let's be clear)

Why So Many Monsters/Creepy  Stuff In Gravity Falls?

It’s a great question and one of the burning mysteries of the show. The Author himself specifically set up shop, stuck around for at least 6 years and cataloged everything in 3 Journals just to try and answer that question. Which is saying a lot, from a kid who grew up on the shores of New Jersey. What led him to the West Coast? Was it school, life, family estrangement? Who knows, but whatever it was, he saw something worth staying in Gravity Falls, which means there must be an underlying universal reason on why so much creepy stuff happens there.

Now, the answer isn’t clear and it probably won’t be for quite some time, but I have a few theories. Maybe they’ve been discussed- maybe they haven’t, I haven’t been in the fandom long enough to know. If there are any other theories out there though, let me know and I’ll link to them on the bottom!

So, Why So Many Monsters???

My Main Theory: There is a Natural Trans-Dimensional Portal that was recently opened in the area and the Author found it.

Honestly this is my number one theory on all things creepy and mysterious in Gravity Falls OR, including Bill, the Town Name, and why the Author initially built the first portal. My evidence? See below.

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Europe thoughts!

i’ve finally logged onto tumblr and found a few dozen positive messages wishing us fun in Europe. that’s so awesome (and to be perfectly honest, unexpected.)

just wanted to give everyone a personal update on the trip and let people know how appreciative i am of being able to go on trips like these. i realize a lot of viewers have never been to any of the places we’re visiting, and may never get the chance to go, but i hope we’re offering a large enough window through which you can vicariously live.

to clear up any confusion, i hope people understand that this trip was not funded by us. we couldn’t afford a trip of this scale without seriously saving for a while. many people tend to think that every YouTuber is rolling in money - let me assure you that we are NOT one of those YouTubers, though chances are you watch many of them. maybe we’ll get there one day, but until then, i’m definitely content with where we are. :)

i plan on writing a blog post about the trip linking all the videos once it’s all said and done to offer my thoughts i probably didn’t convey well enough in the videos. this trip in particular has blown my mind in more way than one, and i need to do it justice.

anyway, just wanted to thank everyone for continuing to watch the vlogs! last time we traveled abroad our channel took a serious hit with the views which made us nervous this time around, but i think the interest has definitely been there. here’s the latest video in case you’d like to check it out!

thanks! love you guys.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8izHUrfQ-kQ

SU Theory: Whatever happened to Pink Diamond?

I don’t believe that there is the slightest chance that Rose Quartz is PD for a bunch of reasons, most of which you are tired of reading about (Her size, Her gem cut, etc etc) But for me the most clear piece of evidence is this image:                                            

LOOK CLOSELY, IT WAS DANGLING IN FRONT OF OUR EYES THIS WHOLE TIME, LOOK! CLEARLY YOU HAVE ROSE FUCKING QUARTZ WITH HER OWN BELLY GEM HOLDING A PINK FUCKING DIAMOND. 


Let’s think about it, how would Rose Quartz, A quartz among many,  go toe to toe against a Diamond? She used Pink Diamond’s Gem as some kind of Power Up or weapon so she could win. What happened to Pink Diamond? How did Rose get her Gem? Well, We all know she did some shady stuff.                          

At some point between gems first settled on earth and built the first buildings 

And the events in The Answer something happened to Pink Diamond. I support this chronology with this:                                                                                                                                        it must have been after the settlement on earth because:                                               

why would you build all structures with the old symbol if PD was already missing/poofed/etc by then? 

now it also must have happened before the answer because:

in The Answer every gem silhouette is either a shade of Red/Pink or Blue. (note many of the pink colored gems have the same gem placement as Rose Quartz) Why are these pink gems under Blue Diamond? That makes me think that something happened to PD and her underlings were distributed between the remaining diamonds.

Now I have a conjecture that maybe Earth was originally PD’s colony and after whatever happened to her happened the colony was assumed by BD.

BUT WHAT REALLY HAPPENED TO PINK DIAMOND???

ONLY ROSE KNOWS 

On Emma Finding and Accepting Home & True Love

The season 3 finale of Once Upon a Time is fast approaching and many of us cannot contain our excitement and happiness for what is surely to come for our favorite characters. For those who still uncertain or frustrated let me remind you of Emma’s behavior and the way season finales parallel each other which will hopefully make her narrative arc ever clear.

Emma has trouble letting people into her life and accepting happiness and love. She is emotionally scarred having been abandoned and alone for most of her life. But that does not make her any less capable of expressing love or wanting it. She does want love. She wants to find a home, but her scars run deep and when she finds love it often scares her. Her relationship with Killian has reached this point. He was right when he assessed that she can see a future with him, her son, and the rest of family, but it scares her to death for once she accepts love it could all be taken away.

Emma often can only fully accept true love in life in the most dire of circumstances. She represses her feelings, but when faced with life or death they finally are released and are powerful. Look at the Season 1 finale. Emma loved Henry but she had not fully accept him and all that comes with a life with him until he “died.” When she saves his life with True Love’s Kiss she says “I Love You” to him for the FIRST TIME. In saving her son with TRUE LOVE she broke his sleeping curse and the Storybrooke Town Curse because True Love is the most powerful magic of all.

But Emma being Emma, she still had trouble accepting everything about this life. In the second season, she was happy about finding her parents but was still hurt by them letting her go, noble as it was. Keeping them at arm’s length, slowly she began opening up to them. But again it was only in a life or death situation that she allowed herself to fully accept them as her parents. In the Season 2 finale, when she believes the town will be destroyed and everyone will die she calls them “Mom” and “Dad” for the FIRST TIME.

Gif Source (x)

And behold there lies a beautiful parallel: In a moment of LIFE OR DEATH  Emma accepts and expresses love for her loved ones for the FIRST TIME. She accepts true love as a mother, and then true love as a daughter.

But what happens after the town is saved. She does not continue to call her parents Mom and Dad. She reverts to calling them Mary Margaret and David, not because she doesn’t love them but because it is difficult to fully commit to her life. She is the queen of repression which makes the times she does let her emotions out understandable. It takes something significant.

When Killian nearly drowned she did not even hesitate to save him- to sacrifice her magic so that he could live. When she says “Killian come back to me” she is accepting and expressing that she does not want to lose him for the FIRST TIME. He means too much to her. She has been scared for his life before but never verbally expressed something so powerful as “come back to me.” She really is saying “Don’t leave me. I Love You.”

Gif Source (x)

This is perhaps why many of you feel frustrated that after everything they have gone through she still says she going to take Henry back to New York. We must not forget however that her life in New York really did a number on her psyche. It gave her a false reality, a false sense of security. But to her it was real and good. It was safe because it was uncomplicated. It was not terrifying. Staying in Storybrooke with her family and with Killian would indeed be all of those things. It would be complicated, it would be frightening. Why? Because they could be taken away from her. She would rather run away then risk getting too close and losing everything because recovering from that would be unbearable.

Emma backing away from Killian is much like how she has treated her parents. The love is there but the willingness to completely let them in has not come to fruition. The only one she has not reverted with is Henry. Why? Because he did not leave her, she left him. She gave him up and regretted it. Henry sought her out and brought her home. Something her parents did not do. To be fair they couldn’t but that she weighs on her mind.

Which brings us to Killian Jones, the romantic True Love of Emma Swan’s life. Killian is doing what Henry did. He has never left her. She has left him and yet he keeps coming back. Emma knows this but is scared of what that means. But that is simply her story. This is Emma Swan. This is her journey of learning to be brave and realize that she can no longer run away. She wants to find her home and she will soon discover she can FULLY ACCEPT all the forms of love in life (motherly, familial, and romantic).

Which brings us to the end of season 3. Many have expressed that this is this season of Emma accepting and her romantic true love and I could not agree more. And like the previous two seasons it will happen in the finale. She will accept and express her love for Killian for the first time, and significantly he will do the same. It is no coincidence that he has never said “I Love You” to Emma. When they travel back in time they will make sure that True Love will prevail and that Snow and Charming still find each other. This will be a LIFE OR DEATH situation. If they fail, Emma will cease to exist. This adventure of theirs will no doubt bring their own feelings to the surface. How could seeing love unfold before them and working to preserve it not help them to come together, to recognize how deeply they feel for each other mutually for THE FIRST TIME?

How will they return home you may wonder? Well I suspect and hope for something that will resemble Beauty and the Beast. If they have yet to share a True Love’s Kiss, which who are we kidding, must be coming, I think it will parallel the ending we see in both the film and Broadway play. When Belle accepts and expresses her love and that she has found home with the Beast, she is able to save his life. Look at these beautiful lyrics from the play:

We are home
We are where we shall be forever
Trust in me
For you know I won’t run away
From today
This is all that I need
And all that I need to say is…
Don’t you know how you’ve changed me
Strange how I finally see
I found home
You’re my home
Stay with me

In the film, after the beast Transforms back into a prince he and Belle share a kiss and powerful magic swirls around them.

I cannot help but imagine that when Emma and Killian express and accept their love and that they are each other’s home that they will share a True Love’s Kiss. The magic of that kiss will be so powerful that the time travel curse will be broken and they will be safely transported back to Storybrooke.

It is also important that we still do not know how Kilian was able to escape the curse, travel to New York, and find Emma. What happened to Jolly Roger, his home for over 300 years? He must have given it up. He gave up his home because he found one with Emma. And she will finally find her home in all the True Loves of her life. The finale is called “There is No Place Like Home.” This is because “Home” is not a concrete place. Home is a feeling. Home is the people we love in our lives. And for Emma her home is Henry, her parents, and Killian Jones.

Mystique, Nightcrawler, and the importance of Quicksilver

About X-Men: Apocalypse.

I need Mystique to be Nightcrawler’s mother. Desperately so.

It just adds so many layers to her performance in the last two movies and I swear it’s hinted at in Apocalypse and Quicksilver is a big part of that.

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My ship is Sans x Jerry…wait, HOW OLD IS JERRY ANYWAY???? D:

Ok, let me answer seriously though. I think what you’re referring to is the UT Mob story I have which depicts many moments between child Frisk and the skeleton brothers. My story centers around the relationship between these unlikely trios; how they form, how they’re tested, and how deeper it can become. Because I wanted to focus solely on their relationship to its purest sense with no romantic tensions in the way, I chose Frisk to be a child.

What I’m saying is I have zero intentions to show any sexual undertones in any of my comics. Frisk is just a kid, and the skelebros are taking care of a kid.

Despite my intentions, if you still feel uncomfortable with what I draw…well, I don’t know how I can help you my friend. :/

(I changed you to anonymous on purpose. Hope you don’t mind.)

anonymous asked:

Correct me if I'm wrong, but have we ever seen stiles cross over mountain ash? 'Cause I feel like we have only seen him be on one side, but I might be wrong.

Actually he has crossed it, in 2x08 Raving. But that is the only time he’s done it and he hasn’t been around mountain ash since.

Just for kicks let’s run through our mountain ash encounters. It might be good to have for reference. 

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Let's talk about category structure and oppression!
Crossposted from livejournal. This has been a v long-brewing post; I’ve been meaning to make it, or something like it, since 2009. Many thanks to rose_lemberg, Arachne Jericho, sovay, and elsmi for helping me finally get it together in a coherent fashion. Any errors or problems are my doing, not theirs.
Editing to add: reblogging this/sharing it on any forum is totally okay!



We tend to have this idea that categories, like “bird” or “food” (or like “human” or “white”, which is what this is all really about) are like solid boxes. Entities are either in them or out of them, with a clear and unchanging boundary, and everything inside is an unsorted & equal jumble, and everything outside ditto.

This notion gets strongly underscored by our cultures, so it can be hard to … er… unpack. But the fact is, cognitive categories aren’t actually like boxes. They have internal structure, and fuzzy boundaries (which people can draw in different places, and move depending on context), and these things matter hugely in how we think about and deal with oppression.

I’m going to start by talking about research on the category “bird”, because there’s been a lot of it (c.f. Eleanor Rosch’s work in the 70s and early 80s, which kicked it off), and it’s pretty neutral so it’ll be easier/less triggery for people to think about the category structure.

So! The “bird” category has (somewhat culture specific) internal structure. For example, most Americans will agree that a robin is a better example of a bird than an albatross, and an albatross is a better bird than an ostrich. (And while bats are not birds, they are better birds than horses are, and horses are better birds than refrigerators are; so the gradations continue to some extent outside the category boundary).

This internal category structure has a number of cognitive effects/characteristics:

1) If you ask people to just write down as many birds as they can, they’ll list the more prototypical (category-central) ones first. More peripheral members of the category do not come to mind at first.

2) In reaction time tasks where people are asked to respond yes or no depending on whether or not a presented item is a bird, people will press yes faster, with fewer errors, for prototypical birds.

3) The structure that emerges from these two experimental measures matches the structure that emerges if you just ask people to rank birds in order of which ones are the “best” birds. Once you ask people to structure their categories they have really strong, consistent, and replicable intuitions about that structure.

4) People’s idea of similarity is asymmetric: they will, for example, say that albatrosses are more like robins than robins are like albatrosses.

5) People reason from the prototype to the whole category, but not the other way around. So, for example (according to experimental results), people reason that if all the robins on an island caught a disease, the ducks would catch it too; but not vice versa.

6) People’s use of linguistic hedges (really, sort of, technically, etc) is based on prototypicality too. So you can say an emu is technically a bird, but you can’t say a robin is technically a bird.

7) Over time, some characteristics can become more prototypical. Others can’t. The US adoption of the eagle as a standard animal has made it a more prototypical bird; and the hooked beak has become a more prototypical characteristic than it used to be. But yeah, eagles can still fly. An emu is never going to be a prototypical bird.

This is all pretty innocent when it comes to birds! But there is evidence that this sort of category structure is everywhere in human cognition (e.g. people will say 4 is a better even number than 1374.) Now, robins excluding emus from the bird-category, or claiming to understand how emu-ness works because of their experience as robins, might sound like the stuff comic strips are made of; the human dynamics are less funny, and far more harmful to their targets.

So, moving domains to socially relevant categories:

1) Able neurotypical not-fat not-poor straight cis white anglophone American Christian men are considered to be prototypical humans (prototype here = privileged default). So. If you ask people to think of famous people, they will think first of famous able neurotypical not-fat not-poor straight cis white anglophone American Christian men. And their exceptions will normally fall outside this prototype in only one or two ways.

This is how a lot of casual erasure happens. (btw it’s also what’s happening when editors “just happened to think of” a lot of poets/writers/artists who aren’t marginalized, and when poets/writers/artists “just happened to think of” prototypical characteristics to portray.)

2) If someone is not an able neurotypical not-fat not-poor straight cis white anglophone American Christian man, it will generally take people longer to categorize them as human. And the further they are from this prototype the longer it will take to make the judgment. Now, if people take that extra time, we’re probably good; but do they? When they sort resumes / run job interviews, when they’re trigger-happy cops, etc?

3) (horrific examples tw) Consider the structure of the category “American citizen”, which often gets treated as either-or. But the prototypical citizen is white, abled, and Christian (at least). Consider who counts: who gets protected under US law. And consider whose ID gets checked, who gets stop & frisked. Whose mass incarceration and state-sanctioned murder is business as usual. Who gets called “an illegal”, or told to “go back home”, regardless of their actual documentation. Who gets demands for their birth certificate once elected to high office. Whose languages are considered ok if spoken in the US, whose accent if they’re speaking English.

(Non-Americans, when we talk about American privilege, we need to understand that it does not apply equally to all people with US citizenship; it applies only to the people who get counted as “proper” Americans, according to this category structure & the context.)

3b) (Horrific example tw) Where you draw the category boundary can be person and culture specific. Which is okay with birds, you’ll only annoy scientists if you decide an emu isn’t a bird, but what about the category “human”. What about the people who decide that if you’re Black, or disabled, or a trans woman or all three, then you’ve fallen outside the human category and your murderer isn’t really a murderer? The murderers who call their Black victims “it”? The settler laws about Aboriginal Australian people, that only recently categorized them as human?

3c) This also applies for categories like whiteness. Who counts as white depends on who’s drawing the boundary, where, when, for what purposes. I think we do need to talk about which people’s whiteness is marginal/conditional and can be revoked by category-central white people. We can’t do that, however, without also talking about how people in these groups benefit from conditional/marginal whiteness, by mostly gaining white privilege while denying whiteness whenever questions of race/racism come up. I am suspicious of people who will only talk about how their whiteness is marginal when other people are talking about racism.

3d) Obviously I could go on, but consider also the category of English. Whose English counts as actual English? And within that, whose is proper English?

So yeah (3) tl;dr: This is how a lot of active casual bigotry happens.

4) Am albatross is more like a robin than a robin is like an albatross; a queer WOC is more like a cishet white man than a cishet white man is like a queer WOC. Which characters in stories count as “relatable”?

Everyone is expected to relate to a cis straight white anglophone American man. We’re all like them, they’re just (default, category-central) people after all! But they’re not like us. We’re the albatrosses, here. How can the poor robins be expected to relate to us? This is why they think it’s so ludicrous that they should be expected to read about marginalized characters (who are nothing like them!!) but think it’s normal and fine that marginalized people should be expected to read about category-central characters.

Conversely, it’s also why they think they know our experience perfectly well and can talk over us; after all, we’re just like them, except in a few (stereotyped) ways. They’re default people! Unlike us.

5) (Horrific example tw) While people know perfectly well that diseases will spread from category-central members of humanity to peripheral ones, they often don’t realize it goes the other way too. In the 80s, a lot of people thought AIDS was a “gay disease” - it wouldn’t hit straight people! (And bi/pan/polysexual people don’t exist after all, c.f. the erasure caused by (1)). Sooo yeah, they didn’t care, till it did start hitting a lot of straight (white) people.

6) (TERF warning.) Consider how some TERFs say, “Of course I think trans women are women! - Technically. But like, not real women.”
So long as they can make that linguistic hedge in some form - so that they’re not actually expected to treat trans women as fully women, as fully human - they’re fine with it. This is part of how they contradict themselves so blithely without hitting cognitive dissonance.

This is one method of moving the goalposts. Our understanding of categories is fluid and context-dependent, and we shift from thinking about the prototype to the whole category and back more than we normally consciously realize, and we can use the same word, often, to refer to either; and oppressors can use that to pretend they’re speaking in good faith and being “reasonable”, while in fact they’re changing their definitions on the fly to suit their convenience.

7) Consider whiteness again. Within a US context, some groups (e.g. white Jewish Americans) have become more white than they historically were, and benefit from co-signing whiteness. They are still not category-central; their inclusion may still be marginal; but by default, they are now on the inside of the category boundary. Whereas other groups (e.g. South Asian Americans) do not get to cross the line no matter how strongly they buy into whiteness, because Blackness, and therefore darkness, is an exclusionary feature. But what that means, too, is that South Asian Americans do get privileged over other groups, most notably Black Americans, and need to understand that the power dynamics of whiteness do not end at the boundary of whiteness.

For more central but still not default people (both within and outside the category!), aligning with & co-signing the category-center brings clear advantages. That’s not true for people who are always, definitionally, excluded.

I’m going to start my wrap-up by talking a bit about derailing (getting in before defensive-privileged-commentors do so, haha). Often it works by changing the category under discussion – forcibly redrawing the boundary, and thereby changing the center of the category & what’s being talked about. Example that I see all the time: “Trans women are awesome!” gets derailed with “ALL women are awesome!” By making the category “all women”, the derailer does not merely extend the statement to more people. No, by changing the category and evoking the new category’s cisnormative prototypes, they change the subject entirely – recentering themselves and pushing trans women off to the margins.

“Not All Men” works in sort of the opposite way. By creating this hypothetical subcategory of Not-All-Men and forcing attention to it, it derails discussion away from, & attempts to undermine statements about, the category as a whole.

So! When talking to other people, in fandom and outside it, we need to be aware of category-centrality as well as membership. Especially because categories like whiteness are not boxes, but rather spectrums, with a central core of “real”, unarguable members, and an uneven periphery of conditional members, who can get kicked out by the category center as convenient, but still benefit from some or all of the privilege most of the time. Understanding this helps us understand the mechanics of derailing, and the mechanics of marginalization/exclusion done by not-central members to even-more-non-central members, as well as the mechanics that central members use against us all.

7

A HISTORCIAL MOMENT OF ME OPENING COMMISSIONS.

This is the first opening commissions and I am really eager to do so! Since this is my first time, I might add more information to this post in future.

Feel free to signal boost this as well!

Please, read the important information under the cut. My contact information are there.

MAJOR AF EDIT: This link will lead you to my ToS.

anonymous asked:

Racism means to discriminate against someone because of their race and apply characteristics to someone because of their race. POC can be racist to white people. You can’t redefine a word so that you are always the victim and never the contributor. I think you are spreading anger and hatred and I think this is a very dangerous site. You are encouraging a victimised, anti-police, anti-whites mindset in people. You are encouraging black people to see everyone else as the enemy.

I’m going to have to make this an FAQ, because this gets manipulated in so many ways. People think this is a “hate site” or “hate blog” when in reality, nothing I promote is “hate”. This is a common mistake because people mistake “racism” for “hate” by simply talking about it. So, let’s clear this up (sadly, not “once and for all” because people will likely skip this).

You’re describing “prejudice”, which I don’t advocate for at all. I never say “go outside, break the law, kill white people and blame the police” and I don’t use simple arguments like this. 

The reason I am saying “racism” and talking about it is very, very simple… there’s a real problem with race as far as systemic racism and it goes unchecked. It influences all facets of life, even before a Black child takes their first breath of fresh air with their own name.

Speaking about racism isn’t about “hatred”. Being aware of racism isn’t “hatred”. But just saying “racism means discrimination” oversimplifies the matter. 

  • Are there Black people who hate White people to the point that they will kill them? Yes. 
  • Are there Black people will never trust White people? Yes. 
  • Do I want Black people to murder White people? No. 
  • Do I want Black people to work with White people? Yes… with conditions. (This “conditions” part is too deep to go into on this one post, so I’ll skip it. However, one thing is simply leave us the hell alone when we want to create spaces for ourselves.)  

You have to FULLY understand where this “hate” and mistrust is coming from, which is from CENTURIES of oppression. Not years or months or even weeks. This “hatred” didn’t happen in a vacuum. Even when Black people in America tries to make their own communities and opportunities, they are either taken away or have to modify themselves to make it “less threaten” to other people.

So, when I talk about racism in this way, it’s not a “redefinition”. You may think it is because you’re using one dictionary definition, but in reality, it’s only part of the meaning of a word and not all dictionaries can agree on that word.

The reason why I emphasise racism as “prejudice + power” is because it forces people to accept that there’s more than “hatred”. There’s simply not knowing. 

Being unknowingly racist doesn’t make you a bad person, just like reading a sentence and not realizing that it’s sexist doesn’t mean you’re totally sexist. There are cases where racism is being displayed RIGHT IN FRONT OF YOU, but you won’t notice it because it’s ingrained in society to the point that it’s just normal. 

Let’s break other two other points:

victimised

There’s a difference between not getting what you want or need in life because it’s just not in the cards for you versus “we were not thinking of you in the first place.” I want equality in every aspect of life. But the system wasn’t design to give us that equality. 

Here’s an example: There are Black people creating web apps and web businesses. There are always East Indians doing the same. But East Indians decided that in order to promote to a “mainstream audience”, they will hire a White front man. This isn’t something I made up, this is an ACTUAL thing. (Check out Black in America 4)

How are we suppose to stand for ourselves when we’re being judged by the color of our skin? 

anti-police

Yes, I am anti-police. However, I am not anti-law enforcement. 

Re-read that sentence. 

How can I be that? Simple… the police system in this country was developed to control the behavior of minorities. (source) With those beginnings, it’s hard to separate them from law enforcement.

Do I know what “law enforcement” looks like? No. But I do know that the way police are portrayed on TV the majority of the time doesn’t reflect the actual way they work. Believe it or not, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit is more fiction than reality. (source

The police are corrected government officials that are interested in serving the few. They have quotas (source), they are not trained to be racial aware (source) and think they are above the law (source).

I like the televised idea of police work where they handle cases and get justice, but the reality rarely reflects the fiction. And if a cop does anything wrong, they don’t get checked. 

- - - 

There are two worlds we’re living in: the world you think we’re in and the actual one. When I use the word “racism” and you want me to stop talking about it, what you REALLY want is for me to stop talking about world I’m living in and keep up with the fantasy that you’re living in.

Well, in that case… WAKE UP!

2

Be Brave-

Shawn Mendes Imagine
*references to Divergent. It’s an amazing book; I suggest you read it*

“That was the best movie I’ve ever seen,” I exhale as I fall back onto my bed. The mattress jostles a little from the impact of my body. My best friend Shawn gently sits on the end of my bed, smoothing out the duvet that I just ruffled. “It was a great movie, but it’s a just a movie (Y/N),” he laughs lightly. I sit up abruptly. “You know what you signed up for, having a fangirl for a best friend,” I remind him matter-of-factly. “I know, I know,” he holds up his hands defensively. I lay back down and replay my favorite scenes in my head- many of them involving Theo James. I’ve had a book crush on Four ever since I first read Divergent, and lets just say Theo did not let me down. Shawn clears his throat which interrupts my Theo daze. It’s then that I notice he is looking at me expectantly. “What?” I raise my eyebrows in question. “Did you hear anything I just said?” Shawn cocks his head to the side. “Er…uh..no…” I admit sheepishly. “You were fantasizing about Theo James weren’t you?” a subtle yet barely noticeable frown forms on his lips. “Just a little bit, but you have my full attention now,” I sit up and nudge his shoulder, offering an apologetic smile. “To further indulge your fangirling, I asked what faction you think you’d be a part of,” he smiles, proud of himself for venturing into fangirl territory. I make an ‘eeking’ sound of excitement and grab Shawn’s shoulders so we’re sitting facing each other.
        “Dauntless. Definitely Dauntless,” I announce with conviction. “Oh really?” he makes a noise that sounds like a cross between a chuckle and a snort. “Yes really,” I roll my eyes. Shawn purses his lips in consideration. “You are quite reckless,” he admits. “I am not! I just seek adventure and excitement,” I cross my arms in front of my chest. “Adrenaline Junkie,” he says. “You say that like an accusation,” I point out. “Just an observation,” he says calmly. He’s always so calm and non-confrontational. “Is that why you like Four so much? Because he jumps off buildings and other badass shit like that?” he inquires. “It’s weird hearing you use foul language,” I muse. “Why?” he scowls- well as close to a scowl as he can get. “Because you’re so sweet and…and … puppy like,” I struggle to explain myself. “Puppy like?” his face twists into an unamused glower. “It’s not a bad thing! You just like to play things safe,” I shrug. “So what faction would you put me in then?” he questions. I stare at him, taking in the boy in front of me. He has kind brown eyes that give off a very warm feeling. I don’t fail to notice that his shoulders seem to have gotten very broad and his arms very muscular. From a fairly recent trip to a water park I am also aware that he has some very nice looking abs underneath his navy blue t-shirt. He has the body to be in dauntless and with the right training he could be a lethal fighter, but his disposition is too calm for that. Shawn isn’t aggressive and he’s calm in a confrontational situation. He’d rather talk it out than, well, punch someone in the face.
        I realize that I’ve been staring at his body for longer than I should and return my gaze back to his face. I notice a pink tint has stained his cheeks. He’s really very beautiful. “Uh (Y/N)?” he chews on his lower lip shyly. “Sorry I didn’t mean to uh scrutinize you. Amity for sure,” I tell him. “Are you saying I’m not fun and exciting?” he frowns yet again. For a boy with such an angelic smile he was sure frowning a lot tonight.  ”Of course not! I’m saying you’re kind and peaceful,” I say in exasperation. Shawn studies me for a moment and then gets up.
        He walks over to my nightstand and grabs my car keys. “You can’t drive. Where do you think you’re going?” I ask in confusion. “We are going cliff diving,” he announces, tossing the keys to me. I catch them in my right hand without breaking his gaze. “Shawn, it is one in the morning,” I slowly explain. “I am aware of that. C’mon lets go.” He walks over to me and grabs me by the wrist to haul me to my feet. Without another word or question we run down the stairs and out to my car.

***

 I find myself looking down into the quarry. We’re up too high up for me to catch a glimpse of our reflections. Shawn stands beside me, fiddling his hands nervously. “This was your idea,” I smirk. “I know, and I’m starting to think it was a stupid idea. Let’s go home. We didn’t even bring swimsuits,” he looks at me with wide eyes. “I just assumed we’d jump in in our underwear,” I say nonchalantly. It’s dark out, but I swear the pink tint returns to his cheeks. I should take us back home, but I don’t want to. I want to jump off the cliff into the cool water. And I want Shawn to do it with me. In one swift movement I slip my shirt off. “What are you doing?” Shawn asks in a slight panic. “Stripping. We are jumping off this cliff,” my tone makes it clear that this situation is non-negotiable. Shawn nods and begins to rid himself of his clothes as well.
        Soon enough we’re standing at the edge of the cliff in nothing but our underwear. I’d seen him in a swimsuit many times, but there’s something very different about seeing someone in their underwear- there’s a certain vulnerability. “You can do this. I know you can do this,” I assure him. “I think I overestimated my dare devil abilities,” he nervously rubs the back of his neck. I step in front of him and place my hands on both sides of his face. I run my fingers delicately across his sharp cheek bones. His skin is soft and warm. “Be brave,” I whisper. He nods and I let go. I return to my position next to him. He grabs my hand and I let our fingers intertwine. We step forward, and then we jump.
        The wind slides across my cheeks roughly and I can barely breathe. The falling sensation makes me feel weightless. If I could find my voice I might scream with exhilaration. The space between our free falling bodies and the water increasingly diminishes and then we’re submerged. I instinctively circle my arms and kick my feet. My connection with Shawn broke when we hit the water. I swim towards the surface and gasp for air. The first thing I hear is Shawn’s melodious laughter. “That was so indescribably amazing!” he gushes. “See, I knew you’d be alright,” I swim over to him. The moon casts shadows across his beaming face.
        “I have to tell you something,” he’s still breathing heavy from the adrenaline rush. “Yeah?” I smooth my hair back from my face. “I love you,” the words fall out of his mouth. “I love you, too,” I respond. It’s not like we’ve never said it to each other before. “No you don’t understand,” he shakes his head and water droplets spray everywhere. “I’m in love with you. I’m not the type of guy who just goes around jumping off cliffs because it sounds like fun- that’s something Taylor would do. I did it because I know you like guys who will do crazy adventurous things with you. I want to be that type of guy,” he lets out a short sigh. My heart is racing and I’m not sure if it’s from the adrenaline or from Shawn’s confession. “I’m sorry I shouldn’t have-” I cut him off by pressing my lips against his. He places his palm against my lower back to press us closer together. I wrap my legs around his waist and brush the hair at the back of his neck with my fingers. He tastes like water and spearmint. “I’m in love with you, too,” I whisper, running my thumb across his bottom lip. “And all it took was jumping off a cliff,” he chuckles. “Actually you had me when you stripped down to your boxers,” I joke. He rolls his eyes playfully, too modest to indulge in the compliment I just payed him. “How long did you know you were in love with me?” I ask out of curiosity. “A few months ago, but I wanted to make sure before I told you,” he smiles so brightly that it extends to his eyes. “Alright Four,” I pinch his cheek gently. “You love that I know quotes from your favorite books,” he tugs at the end of my hair teasingly. “I do, but I love you more,” I admit. “That was cheesy,” he laughs lightly. “Oh shut up,” I smack him on the back of the head. “Make me,” he challenges. “What has gotten into you?” I ask with amusement. “My dauntless side is making an appearance,” he explains. I laugh and then happily accept his challenge.

Hekate's Many Names Part 1 of 3

Hekate’s Many Names

Kleidoukhos, Dadophoros, Eilytheia, Basillea, all names that Hekate has born through Her history. Just four of well over a hundred titles and names and qualifiers and descriptors. Each gives us a different perspective of our Goddess, though no name is sufficient to encapsulate Hekate who is the Soul of the World. Epithets are perspectives, new or old, that Her followers have found appropriate. Some, like Perseia, describe elements of Her mythos. Others may tell us where She had a temple or a cultus, such as  Zerynthia. We learn via epithets that She is bright-coiffed, beautiful, maidenly, or angry-voiced, wild, and sepulchral.

When a priest or a devotee puts pen to paper and strives to describe Hekate in the poor terms of language, epithets can provide the means to begin.

I have arranged my study of epithets in terms of veracity, not because I only want to use the oldest and most original, but because I believe it is important to recognize how Her titles and descriptors have grown and changed as the world as shifted. Being honest about whence an idea originated and when allows for a greater grasp of what is being created today.

I owe many people for this project. Florian Schlie, Tina Georgitsis, Sorita d'Este, Tara Sanchez, Natalie Baan, Melissa McNair, Nikki Salvatore, Katerina Dogiama-Azeri as well as the community of the Covenant of Hekate as a whole, and the group known as Hekate’s Crossroads as well. Without them and their support, I never would have created this project.

If you can assist in this work, please email me at wicketicons@gmail.com with your insights, preferably with a source, and permission whether I can mention your name in later editions of this project.

Ultimately, my hope is that this on-going exploration of Hekate’s names helps the community of Hekate’s devotees to find inspiration and insight into our vast and enigmatic Goddess. May it be a blessing upon your path, a guidepost, and a light in moments when you need it.

EDIT: Updated Feb. 13, 2016 with almost 100 new epithets, thanks to this wonderful list. Some of the entries didn’t pass my personal standards for making it into the most historical list, but they are all valuable, and all will probably eventually be added to the first category. My kingdom for a good original Greek copy of the PGM… that I can afford.

EDIT: updated 5/27/2016 with a slew of new epithets. 

Epithets with  Historical Precedence

?: Subduer of All: Greek Magical Papyri Hymn IV 2714-83.
?: Swordbearer: The Chaldean Oracles. See Stephen Ronan and Sarah Iles Johnston.
?: Greatest Overseer: Hymn to Selene-Hekate-Artemis, Greek Magical Papyri IV 2714-83.
?: Who Pours Forth Arrows: Hymn to Selene-Hekate-Artemis, Greek Magical Papyri IV        2714-83.
?: Adorned in Full Armor: The Chaldean Oracles. See Stephen Ronan.

?: Holds the Helm of All: The Chaldean Oracles. See Stephen Ronan.
?: Dog-Slaying: Lycophron. See also Simon Hornblower.
?: Mistress of Dreams. See Stephen Ronan and Fontenrose’s Python.
?: Swordbearing: See Stephen Ronan and Sarah Iles Johnston.

A


Admetos: Unconquered: PGM IV 2708-2784. Also said of Atalanta.
Aenaos: Eternal, Ever-flowing.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Agallomenen elaphoisi: Rejoicing in Deer: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Agia: Sacred / Holy / Saint: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Aglaos: Radiant / Bright / Beautiful / Pleasing: PGM IV 2241-2358: As a term, aglaos connotes festivity and song.
Agriope : Wild-eyed, Fierce-faced, Savage-watcher, wild-voiced : A name associated with     Eurydice, Orpheus’ wife, likely came to be attached to Hekate when the two were          conflated. From Orpheus and His Lute: Poetry and the Renewal of Life by Elisabeth            Henry, SIU Press, 1992 p. 3. Also, Maass’ Orpheus, 1895.
Aidonaea:  of the Underworld (lit. of  Hades): PGM IV. 2708-84 and PGM IV. 2855. Beware  spellings such as Adonaea, which more properly refers to the gardens dedicated to     Adonis. Aidonia also may apply to a site in Mycenaea.
Aimopotis: Blood-drinker, murderer. Footnote from Catharine Roth discussing the term     and its association with Hekate on www.stoa.org
Aionos: Eternal: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Aizeos: Vigorous. PGM IV 2241-2358.
Aktinochiatis: Radiant-haired, with Rays for Hair. PGM IV 2241-2358.
Aktiophis: of unknown meaning: various hymns to Selene and Hekate in the Greek Magical             Papyri.
Alexeatis: Averter of Evil:  A 5th c. BCE inscription to Enodia mentioned by Sarah Iles          Johnston in Restless Dead.
Alkimos: Strong, stout, brave, powerful: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Ambrotos: Immortal: applied to all the Gods and many Titans. PGM IV 2241-2358.
Ameibousa: One that transforms: Oracle Table from Pergamon dedicated to Hekate.           (Special thanks to Florian Schlie for the information.)
Amphiphaes: Circumlucent: Proclus. Damascius. trans. by Stephen Ronan.
Amphiprosopos: Double-faced: The Chaldean Oracles, also Reading Plotinus: A Practical             Introduction to Neoplatonism by Kevin Corrigan.
Amphistomos: Double-mouthed. Proclus’ In Timaeus.
Anassa: Queen:  The Orphic Hymn to Hekate. Applied to a variety of Goddesses.
Anassa Eneroi: Queen of the Dead: A title which is perfectly appropriate, though historically          was most often applied to Persephone. theoi.com/cult/hekatecult.html
Angelos: Messenger: The Chaldean Oracles. Associated with numerous Gods. Karl Kerenyi  discusses the shared role of Angelos between Hermes and Hekate in Hermes: Guide      of Souls.
Antaian Theou: She Who Meets: Sophocles’ Rootcutters.
Aoroboros: Devourer of the Untimely Dead.” PGM IV 2785-2890.
Aphrattos: Unnamed One:  In “Taranto” by Enzo Lippolis, Salvatore Garraffo, Massimo        Nafissi by the Instituto per la Storia e l'Archeologia della Magna Grecia, 1995, p. 194-    5.
Apotropaios: Averting, Averter: Supplementum epigraphicum Graecum (SEG) 42 1816.
Archikos: Royal: The Chaldean Oracles, xx (Psellus) and xxbis (Damascius), Stephen Ronan.
Aregos: Helper: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Ariste: The Best: See Zeus: A Study in Ancient Religion which posits that Ariste Chthonia is Hekate. The epithet also applies to Artemis and Demeter.
Arkyia: Entrapper: PGM III.1-164.
Arrhetos: Ineffable: The Chaldean Oracles, vi. Stephen Ronan.
Atala: Tender, delicate: Hesiod’s Hymn to Demeter.
Atala Phroneousa: Gay-Spirited: The Homeric Hymn to Demeter.
Atasthalos: Reckless, Presumptuous, Wicked: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Athanatos: Immortal, of Immortal Fame.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Autopheus/Autophyes: Self-Begotten: PGM 4.2274.
Azonos: without Borders: See The Chaldean Oracles, xx – Psellus. Stephen Ronan.
Azostos: Ungirt, without a belt: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.

B
Baridoukhos: Skiff-holder, Barque-holder: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Basileia: Queen, Princess:  The Orphic Hymn to Hekate. Also, Farnell’s Cults of the Greek      States vol. 2, p. 507.  Applied to a variety of Goddesses.
Boopis: Cow-eyed: PGM IV.2708-84.
Borborophorba: Eater of Filth: Greek Magical Papyri, 1402, 1406.
Boukolos: Ox-Herder: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Brimo: Angry One, The Terrifying, of Crackling Flames : Apollonios Rhodios 3.861-63, 1246.          Also applied to Persephone, Demeter, and Cybele.
Bythios: Abyssal, Of the Deep: PGM IV 2441-2621. Can also mean ‘Of the Sea,’ but scholars have typically interpreted this as a reference to Chthonic powers in this context.

C

Charopos: Fierce, Grim, Flashing, Bright, having blue-grey eyes, of the Sea: PGM 2241-2358. I nearly didn’t put this one on list A because of the wide range of meanings, and the lack of a notation to explain the translator’s choice of words.
Chrysopis: Golden-faced: PGM IV 2241-2358. Applied to many Gods, including Leto and Helios.
Chrysosandalos: of Golden Sandals:  The Hymn of Hekate-Erechkigal, Greek Magical Papyri            LXX.
Chrysosandalaimopotichthonia: Goddess of the Lower World Wearing Golden Sandals and Drinking Blood.: found on a curse tablet.
Chrysostephanos: Golden-Crowned, Crowned with Splendor. PGM IV 2241-2358. An epithet also given to Herakles and Aphrodite.
Chthonian: of the Earth: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.

D

Dadophoros: Torchbearer:  Well-attested in sculpture and coins.
Daeira: The Knowing One, Teacher: A nymph and lover of Hermes who was sometimes      conflated with Persephone and Hekate, according to the Perseus Project.
Daidalos: Cunning: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Damasandra: Subduer of Men: PGM IV 2785-2890. An epithet for the Moon.
Damnamene: Means of Constraint, spell, of the same meaning as katananke: Defixiones SM 49.
Daspleti: Frightful: PGM IV. 2785-2890.
Deinos: Terrible: The Chaldean Oracles, xli (Proclus), Stephen Ronan.
Despoina: Mistress, Lady: From Aeschylus, Fragment 216, Hekate is called Lady.  Despoina            was also an Arkadian Goddess of Fertility and daughter of Demeter in her own right.      Thanks to Sophia Kirke for the insight! Many Goddesses were called Despoina.
Dione: The Goddess: Dione is a goddess in her own right that came to be conflated with     Hekate. From the Oracle Table of Pergamom. Source: Hekate die dunkle Gottin by       Thomas Lautwein.
Doloeis: Astute, Subtle, Wily, Cunning.: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Drakaina: Serpent/Dragon: PGM IV 2241-2358.

E

Eidolios: Ghostly. Fantasmal.: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Eileithyia: nurse of Childbirth: Goddess of midwives, conflated with Artemis and Hekate.
Einalian: of the Sea: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Ekdotis: Bestower: The Chaldean Oracles. Lewy and Des Places applies this to Had, the First Father, but Johnston and Ronan say it applies to Hekate.
Ekklesia: Of the Assembly: See Stephen Ronan.
Elaphebolos: Shooter of Deer / Deer-Huntress: PGM IV 2441-2621. Also an epithet belonging to Artemis.
Elateira: Driver, Charioteer: The Chaldean Oracles. Originally an epithet given to Artemis.
Ellophonos: Fawn-slayer: Hymn to Selene-Hekate-Artemis, Greek Magical Papyri IV 2714-83.
Empousa: Empusa: The Scholiast on Apollonius’ Argonautika, Rohde’s Hekate’s Hordes.
Empylios: at the Gate:  See the Orphic Argonautika 902, as well as an inscription in a            museum associated with the Temple of Zeus in Nemea.
Empyrios: Empyrean: The Chaldean Oracles. See Stephen Ronan and Sarah Iles Johnston.
Enodia: of the Path:  Pausanias’ Description of Greece 3.14.9, Hippocrates Of Sacred           Disease, and The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Ephodia:  travelling expenses… of uncertain appelation with Hekate. Inscription in a            museum associated with the Temple of Zeus in Nemea.
Epigeioi: of the Earth: a class of deities that includes Hekate, according to Artemidorus.
Epiphanestate Thea: the Most Manifest Goddess: “The Priviledges of Free Nontributary     States” by Sulla, 81 BCE.
Epipurgidia:  on the Tower: Pausanias’s description of Athens.
Episkopos: Guardian, One who Watches Over, Overseer.: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Epiteichea: The Stronghold, Fort: See Der Apollon-Delphinios-kult in Milet und die Neujahrsprozession nach Didyma by Alexander Herda.
Erannos: Lovely: though this is most often used to describe places, Hekate is described thus in the Idomeneus Historicus.
Ergatis: Energizer: The Chaldean Oracles. Lewy and Des Places applies this to Had, the First Father, but Johnston and Ronan say it applies to Hekate.
Erigeneia: Daughter of the Morning, Early-born. PGM IV 2785-2890. An epithet for the Moon.
Erototokos: Producing Love / Who bore Love /Bearer of Love: PGM IV 2441-2621. Also an epithet for Aphrodite.
Eukoline: Good tempered:  grave stele in Athens. Additionally Kallimachos refers to Hekate Eukoline. Additionally, could be applied to Eileithyia.
Eupatereia: Noble-born: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Eurippa: Horse-finder:  Robert Brown, Semitic Influence in Hellenic Mythology, Williams and             Norgate, 1898.

G

Geneteira: Mother.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Gorgo: The Grim, The Gorgon: A.B. Cook’s study of Zeus, vol. 3, part 2, and Rohde’s work on Hekate’s Hordes.

H

Hecatoncheires : Hundred-handed:  The Chaldean Oracles
Hegemonen: Guide: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate. PGM IV 2708-2784.
Hieros Pyr: Holy Fire: The Chaldean Oracles. See Johnston and Ronan.
Hippokyon: Mare Bitch, Horse-dog: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet for the Moon.
Hippoprosopos: Horse-Faced: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet for the Moon.
Hypolampteira: of unknown meaning, hypolamp* words generally have to do with the quality of light/hypolampros translates as ‘Rather bright’ as of the stars, while hypolampes suggests ‘shining with inferior light’: Thomas Lautwein. lampe- implies lamp or light.

I

Iokheaira: One who Shoots Arrows: PGM IV 2241-2358. Shared with Artemis.

J

K

Kalligeneia: Bearing beautiful offspring.: PGM IV 2785-2890. An epithet also used to describe Demeter in the Thesmophoria.
Kalliste: Fairest: Thomas Lautwein says the PGM refers to Hekate as Kalliste.
Kapetoktypos: Tomb-disturber, Causing the Noise of Lamentation.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Kardiodaitos: Heart-Eater, Feasting on Men’s Hearts.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Kareia: of Karia, Kraus.
Karko: Lamia: See Rohde’s Hekate’s Hordes.
Katachthonia: Subterranean: Demotic Text 74.
Keratopis: Horned-faced / Horned Looking: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet given to the Moon.
Keroeis: Horned: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Khthonia: Of the Underworld; Of the Earth: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Kleidoukhos: Keeper of the Keys: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Klothaie: Spinner of Fate: PGM IV 2241-2358. Derived from the name Klotho.
Kore: Maiden: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Kourotrophos: Child’s nurse, nurse of youths: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate. Shared with     Artemis and Eilytheia.
Kratais: The Strong One, of the Rocks: Apollonius of Rhodes’ Argonautika.
Krokopeplos: Saffron-cloaked: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Kydimos: Glorious: PGM IV 2241-2358. Also the name of several priests we know from inscriptions.
Kynegetis: Leader of Dogs:  Orphic Hymn 36.5.
Kynokephalos: Dog-Headed: A.B. Cook’s Zeus and Stephen Ronan’s The Goddess Hekate.
Kynolygmate: Howling like a Dog / Who Howls Dog-like: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Kyon Melaina: Black Dog: Thomas Lautwein says this epithet is to be found in the PGM.
Kyria: the Powerful, Supreme: A.B. Cook’s Zeus and Stephen Ronan.

L

Laginitis: of Lagina, possibly: The city of Idrias had a temple to Hekate Laginitis. : See A       History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus, and Branchidae, vol. 2 by Charles T.          Newton, R.P. Pullan, 1863.
Lampadephoros: Lamp-bearer, torch-bearer, who warns of nighttime attack. : Associated   with the Mysteries of Phrygia.  The Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia by William   Ramsay. Suidas describes a statue dedicated to Hekate the Torchbearer for saving the city of Byzantium from Philip of Macedon.
Lampadios: Torchbearer, Lampbearer.: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Leaina: the Lioness:  Porphyry, Fragmenta III, 18. See also Kraus’ Hekate, p. 32-33.
Leontoukhos: Holding A Lion: Psellus’ Chaldean Oracles fragment 148. Michael Italicus       Letter XVII, 182.26.
Leukophryne: white-browed or of the white-browed hill: The Prognostikon of Pergamon.  See Thomas Lautwin. Closely associated with Artemis at Magnesia, might come from         conflation.
Limenitikos: Of the Harbor, Harbor Goddess: PGM IV 2441-2621
Liparokredemnos: of the bright-headband, Bright-coiffed: The Homeric Hymn to Hekate.
Lyko: Wolf-formed: PGM IV.2241-2358

M

Maera: Shining:  In Ovid’s Metamorphoses connects the story of a woman Maera turned     into a dog with Hekate.

Makairapos: Blessed One: PGM IV 2441-2621.

Mastigophoros: Scourge-bearing: The Chaldean Oracles. See Ronan and Johnston.

Medusa: Protector: For information on the relationship between the Gorgons and Hekate, see Ronan’s Hekate. They are definitely related. And of course the Gorgones face-mask was used to fend off evil, as on Athene’s Aegis. Medousa’s name derives from medo, meaning to guard or protect. PGM IV 2708-2784.

Meisoponeros: Vice-Hating: from a Capitoline inscription that is mentioned by Farnell. Also see Kopp’s Paleoepigraphica.

Megiste: Greatest:  Sarah Iles Johnston mentions this Hellenistic Carian epithet in Restless   Dead, p. 206.

Melaine: Black: A stele in Phrygia calls Black Hekate’s curse upon those who intrude upon  the tomb.

Melaneimon: Black-clad / Wearing Black: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet associated with the Furies.

Melinoe: Soothing One: The Orphic Hymn to Melinoe, in which she is described as sharing a           lot of traits with Hekate. Found as an epithet for Hekate on the Prognostikon of      Pergamon in Thomas Lautwin’s Hekate: die dunkle gottin.

Mene: Moon: See Rohde’s Hekate’s Hordes. PGM IV 2241-2358. PGM IV 2441-2784.

Monogenes:  Only Child: Hesiod’s Theogony, 11.404-452.

Monoprosopos: With One Face: From a curse tablet in Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World by Gager.

Mormo: she-monster: A.B. Cook’s Zeus and Rohde’s Hekate’s Hordes.

Munychia: of unknown meaning, possibly of the village Munychia. An epithet of Artemis      associated with the Attic military port of the same name. See Women of Classical Mythology by Robert Bell, Oxford, p.312. Also Farnell, p. 473.

N

Nekyia: Mistress of Corpses: PGM III. 1-164.
Nerterios: Infernal, Nether One: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Nerteron Prytanin: Mistress of the Dead: Thomas Lautwein. The Nerteroi are Chthonic       Spirits.
Nekuia: Mistress of Corpses: Greek Magical Papyri III 1-59.
Noeros: Intellective: The Chaldean Oracles, vii. Stephen Ronan.
Nomaios: Pastoral: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Nykhia: Nocturnal. Of the Night. PGM IV 1390-1495.
Nyktairodyteira: She that Rises and Sets by Night / Night Riser and Setter /Who Rise and Set by Night: PGM IV 2441-2621. Commonly given to the Moon as an adjective.
Nykteria: of the Night: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Nykti: of the Night: From the Oracle Table of Pergamom. Source: Hekate die dunkle Gottin   by Thomas Lautwein.
Nyktipolos: Night-wandering:  Orphic Argonautika.
Nyktophaneia: Night-shining: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Nymphen: Bride: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Nyssa: Goal, Beginning, Turning Post, Ambition.: PGM IV 2241-2358.

O

Oistroplaneia: Spreader of Madness, Causing the Wanderings of Madness.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Opaon: Follower: The Homeric Hymn to Hekate.
Ophioplokamos: with Snaky Curls, Coiled with Snakes.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Oroboros: Tail-Eating: Defixiones Tabellae 41, part of a spell incantation.
Ourania: Celestial, Heavenly: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Ouresiphoites: Wanderer in the Mountains: the Orphic Hymn to Hekate.  

P

Paionios: Healer: PGM IV 2241-2358. Also applied to Apollon. Name of the sculptor of the Nike of Samothrace.
Pammetor: Mother of All.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Pandamateira: All-tamer, All-powerful, All-subduer.: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Pandina: possibly something about whirling or rotating, but largely unknown. : See The      Numismatic Circular and Catalogue of Coins, Tokens, Commemorative and War         Medals, Books and Cabinets, vol. 16, Spink & Son, 1908, p. 10308
Pandoteira: All-giver / Bestower of Everything / Bounteous. : PGM IV 2241-2358. The name of an island in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Hesiod gave it the unique meaning of ‘Receiving Gifts.’ Often applied to Demeter.
Pangaios: World-wide: PGM IV 2241-2358. Also the name of a mountain associated with Rhesos and a region.
Panta ephepousa: Unknown meaning: The Prognostikon of Pergamon. See Thomas             Lautwin.
Pantos Kosmou Kleidokhos: Keeper of Keys of the Kosmos: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Pantrophos: All-Nurturing.: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Parthenos: Virgin: The Chaldean Oracles.
Pasikratea: Universal Queen: The Prognostikon of Pergamon. See Thomas Lautwin.
Pasimedousa: Ruling over All: The Prognostikon of Pergamon. See Thomas Lautwin.
Patrogenes: Father-Begotten: The Chaldean Oracles.
Pege: Source: The Chaldean Oracles: See Damascius, Ronan and Johnston.
Pege Psychon: Source of Souls: The Chaldean Oracles, x (Psellus), xii (Psellus), and xlii (Psellus), Stephen Ronan.
Perseian: daughter of Perseus: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Persephone: to cause or bring Death: The Prognostikon of Pergamon. See Thomas Lautwin.             Possibly through conflation with the Goddess of the same name.
Persia: Persian: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Phaenno: Brilliant: PGM IV 2241-2358. Name of one of the oracles of the Roman Era, Phaenno of Epirus.
Phaesimbrotos: Bringer of Light.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Pheraea: of Pheraea, daughter of Zeus and Pheraea (daughter of Aeolus):             theoi.com/cult/hekatecult.html
Phileremos: Lover of Solitude: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Philoskylax: Lover of Dogs: Nonnus 3.24.
Phoberos: Fearful: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Phoebe: Bright: From the Oracle Table of Pergamom. The epithet is also associated with     Artemis and Apollo. Source: Hekate die dunkle Gottin by Thomas Lautwein.
Phoinikopeza: Ruddy-footed: Pindar’s Paean 2. Also applied to Demeter.
Phos: Holy Light / Light: PGM IV 2241-2358. Often used to describe the light of the Moon.
Phosphoros: Light-bearer: Artemidoros. See also Euripides Helen, 569.
Photoplex: Who Strikes with Light: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Phroune: She-toad:  JGR Forlong’s Encyclopedia of Religions or Faiths of Man pt. 1 p. 269.     This is also one of the sources of the idea that Hekate and Heqet might share        common origins, an idea that has been thoroughly debunked by scholars of both   Egypt and Greece.  
Phylake: Guard, Who Keeps Watch and Ward.: PGM IV 2708-2784.
Physis: Nature: The Chaldean Oracles.
Podarke: Fleet-footed: PGM IV 2241-2358. Also an epithet for Achilles.
Polykleitos: Much Renowned / Far-Famed: PGM IV 2241-2358. Also the name of a famed sculptor from Sicyon.
Polyodynos: One who Suffers / Suffering Many Pains /Who Suffers Much: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Polyonumos: Many-named.: PGM IV 2708-2784. This epithet is given to many different Gods.
Presbeia: Ancient / Elder: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Prodomos: Of the Vestibule, literally Before the House: Aristophanes’ Fragment 388.
Promethikos: with Forethought: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Propolos: She Who Leads, Guide, Companion: see archimedes.fas.harvard.edu ’s entry on  the term Propolos.
Propolousa. Guide, companion, servant. Sophocles, The Root Cutters.
Propylaia: One before the Gate:  See Tooke’s Pantheon of the Heathen Gods and Illustrious   Heroes by Francois Pomey, 1823, p. 178.
Prothyraea: Before the Gate: The Orphic Hymn to Prothyraea doesn’t explicitly use             Hekate’s name, but carries many of Her traits, and  it uses the names of Diana and       Eileithyia, both of who were conflated with Hekate.
Protistos: Primordia, the Very First: The Chaldean Oracles. See Ronan.
Psychopompe: Soul-Guide:  a psychopomp is a class of beings with the responsibility of      guiding souls into the afterlife, rather than an epithet. Hekate certainly qualifies.
Pyriboulos: of Fiery Counsel: PGM IV.2751.
Pyridrakontozonos: Girt with Fiery Serpents. PGM IV 1390-1495.
Pyripnoa: Breathing Fire: PGM IV.2727. see also Michael Clark, Revenge of the Aesthetic, U.  CA, 2000.
Pyriphoitos: Firewalker: PGM IV 2708-2784. Often an epithet for Persephone.
Pyrphoros: Fire-bearer: May also be interpreted as torch-bearer. See Farnell, Cults of the Greek States, vol. 2. p. 516.

R

Rexichthon: Earth-cleaver: Hymn to Selene-Hekate-Artemis, Greek Magical Papyri IV 2714-            83.
Rixipyle: She who throws down the gates: PGM 2751.

S

Sarkophagos: Flesh-Eater.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Skotia: of the Dark, of the Gloom: Diodorus I describes Hekate Scotia as worshiped in        Egypt. The title was also associated with Aphrodite in Egypt.  The Day of Yahweh by         William Arthur Heidel, 1929, p. 516.
Skylakageia: of unknown translation, other than having something to do with dogs. Thomas             Lautwein.
Skylakitin: Lady of the Dogs: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.
Soteira: Savior: see Hekate Soteira by Sarah Iles Johnston for a great exegesis. This epithet             has been given to many different Gods and Goddesses.
Speirodrakontozonos: Girt in Serpent Coils: See Michael Italicus’ Letter 17, as quoted in      Stephen Ronan’s The Goddess Hekate.
Stratelatis: Leader of Hosts/General: PGM IV 2241-2358.

T

Tartaroukhos:  Ruler of Tartaros: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Taurodrakaina: Bull Snake, Bull Dragon: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Taurokarenos: Bull-headed: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Tauromorphos: Bull-formed: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Tauropolos: Bull-herder: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate
Tauropos: Bull-Faced: PGM 2785-2890.
Tergeminus: of Triple-Birth: An Elementary Latin Dictionary by Charlton T. Lewis, American           Book Co. 1890.
Terpsimbrotos: One who delights mortals / Gladdens Mortals / Gladdens the Hearts of Men: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Tetrakephalos: Four-Headed: The Chaldean Oracles. See Ronan and Johnston.
Tetraoditis: Of the Four-Ways/Haunting Crossroads/ Four-Road’s Mistress: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet for the Moon.
Tetraonymos: Four-Named: PGM IV 2441-2621. An epithet for the Moon.
Tetraprosopos: Four-Headed: The Chaldean Oracles. See Ronan and Johnston.
Thanategos: Death-bringing.: PGM IV 2785-2890.
Thea Deinos: The Dread Goddess: Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica 3.1194
Therobromon: Roaring like a Wild Beast, of the City of the Beast: The Orphic Hymn to        Hekate.
Theroktonos: Beast-Slayer: PGM IV 2441-2621. Also given to Artemis as an epithet.
Thrinakia: Triple-Pointed / Of  Three Extremes / Triple: PGM IV 2441-2621. The LSJ simply says this epithet means Triple. It is also the name of an island Odysseus visits after escaping Skylla and Charybdis.
Tletos: Patient: PGM IV 2241-2358.
Triaucheros: with Three Necks: Lycophron’s Alexandra 1186.
Triceps: Three-formed: Ovid’s Metamorphoses 7.194.
Trikephalos: Three-headed: numerous sources, coins, and statuary.
Trikaranos: Three-headed: PGM IV 1390-1495.
Triktypos: Triple-Sounding: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Trimorphos: Three-formed: numerous sources, coins, and statuary.
Trioditis: Of the Three Roads: Athenaeus.
Trionymos: Triple-Named: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Triphthoggos: Triple-voiced /Having Three Voices: PGM IV 2441-2621.
Trivia: Of the Three Ways: The name for the Roman Goddess of the Three Roads.
Tymbidian: sepulchral: The Orphic Hymn to Hekate.

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Zatheos: Divine: PGM 2241-2358.
Zerynthia: of Mount Zerynthia: See Gimbutas’ Old Europe, p. 197. Likely named after            Zerynthos in Lagina.
Zonodrakontos: Covered in Snakes, Intertwined with snakes: The Chaldean Oracles.
Zoogonos: Seed of Life: Psellus’ Chaldean Oracles.
Zootrophos: Nourisher of Life: The Chaldean Oracles. 


PART 2

PART 3

Sources

Oh Hey Internet!

I’m sitting here in chilly England listening to the wind howl outside of my new bedroom, a grand victorian room with super high ceilings and a royal feeling about it. It has been a blur of a month. Some of the most stressful, sleep deprived days mixed with some of the most blessed and magical ones yet. I arrived in the UK just over a week ago now and am just getting my head clear enough to sit and write. Feels good. 

So many posts to come about the crazy few weeks past. I spent all last month alone in NYC preparing for our move to England. In a surprise turn of events the visa we were waiting for didn’t get approved but my divorce did, which led us into last min wedding planning to prepare for the “married or not” happening move to London. 

I managed within a week to plan a full fledged wedding which WOULD have been beautiful if immigration had let Wilson back into the country to attend. So wedding #1 canceled and within 48 hours wedding #2 planned which happened to be on …skype. (Yay Internet!) Yes, Wilson and I got married over the internet. And you know what it was hella-beautiful and emotional. Perfect in it’s own really weird way. More about that later…

We smoothly made our way into the UK four days after the wedding and haven’t looked back since. Our days have been filled with the normal move kinda things like setting up our new home, learning our new neighborhood, and figuring everything out English. Life here is slower that’s for sure. You don’t have a lot of the same US “instant gratification” kind of things which is weird but I do appreciate. It all fits a bit better into our more minimal and intentional hopes for our life.

G started school today and I can’t wait to tell you more about that process and how incredible the schools are here. Plus share photos of how damn cute she looks in her uniform! 

I still have a lot to work out from my end to fully settle here like what I’ll be doing for work. I feel some major changes coming up in my professional life. I’ve been in that uncomfortable stage of knowing my current path doesn’t feel right but not sure just yet what the next step is. The move is a perfect opportunity for a transition which I feel is around the corner.  

All in all though our family is healthy, happy, and FINALLY together. Even the pup flew across the ocean to the UK with us!

I’m off to make my 1,000th cup of tea since arriving and cherishing this quiet house I have all to myself. 

xo 

anonymous asked:

Is there a clear shot of Techies tattoo? Or tattoos?

bb let Mama Ivy hook you up:


This is probably the clearest shot of his forehead tattoo (I’ve mentioned this at another time, but so far that I can tell, he does not have this tattoo at the time of his enucleation, so it was tattooed later [additionally, many feel that it says Mole, not Male]):


There really aren’t any good shots (that I’ve seen) of the right side of his neck, but he has the same gang tattoo as everyone else, which looks like this:

okay so idk if anyone has watched music videos from The Lumineers BUT they have this trilogy that follows a woman as she ages and it’s just honestly so heartbreakingly beautiful? 

anyways… Sleep On the Floor is the most recently released video (and is the youngest representation of the woman) and it has given me so many faberry feels which is why I pitch a 1x1 plot that loosely follows the music video

I’m just sort of madly in love with the idea of post-high school faberry (s1-3 canon) having led separate lives but Quinn still cares so much about Rachel so when she hears of *tragic event that happens to her* she has to leave New Haven and go back to Ohio and offer her sympathy. And somehow she manages to get Rachel to let go and take a road trip with her to clear her head and help her find a place of healing after *tragic event that happened to her* and along the way they slowly but surely fall madly in love as faberry does. They fall in love as they lay on the hood of Quinn’s car and look at the stars, they fall in love as they pull over on the interstate before sunset and dance in the empty lanes until another car comes along and honks, they fall in love when they share milkshakes at tiny diners and drink beer at a stranger’s house and cuddle against each other at the rest stop in the backseat because it’s cold. They fall in love with the real Quinn and the real Rachel and it’s honestly all either of them have ever really wanted, someone to love them for exactly who they are. Quinn proposes at the end and Rachel says yes and they have a stupid little ceremony where they both wear wispy floral dresses and wear gardenia flowers in their hair and Quinn dips her when they kiss and reads her vows from her iPhone and Rachel finally knows what happiness feels like again and they go back and live in domestic bliss. 

IDK. 

Obvi this is angsty af but it has a cute ending and I think it’d be cool to organize a 1x1 through travel?

I play Quinn or Rachel (preferably Quinn for this plot) so let me know if yr interested!