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Prehistoric Aesthetic of the Day: La Brea Tar Pits

Art from http://www.tarpits.org/la-brea-tar-pits/timeline

Time: 38,000 years ago to today, actually, from the Ionian age of the Pleistocene epoch to the Holocene age and epoch, both in the Quaternary period, Cenozoic Era, Phanerozoic Eon

Location: Los Angeles, California, United States, North America

Environment: During the last ice Age the La Brea tar pits formed due to the seeping of crude oil through fissures in the earth’s crust, which then caused the lighter part of the oil to evaporate, leaving tar in sticky pools. This would trap animals and plants and lead to their fossilization, revealing an amazing overview of flora and fauna from this warm, wooded and grassy area, much less desert-like than Los Angeles today

Organisms

Even-Toed Ungulates: Antilocapra, Bison, Camelops, Capromeryx, Cervus, Euceratherium, Hemiauchenia, Odocoileus, Ovis, Platygonus

Carnivorans: Arctodus, Bassariscus, Canis, Homotherium, Lynx, Mephitis, Miracionyx, Mustela, Panthera, Procyon, Puma, Urocyon, Ursus, Smilodon, Spilogale, Taxidea 

Bats: Antrozous, Lasiurus

Sloths: Paramylodon, Megalonyx, Nothrotheriops 

Shrews and Moles: Notiosorex, Scapanus, Sorex 

Rabbits & Kin: Lepus, Sylvilagus

Odd-Toed Ungulates: Equus, Tapirus 

Primates: Homo

Elephants, Mammoths & Kin: Mammut, Mammuthus 

Rodents: Dipodomys, Microtus, Neotoma, Onychomys, Perognathus, Peromyscus, Reithrodontomys, Spermophilus, Tamias, Thomomys 

Hawks, Eagles, Vultures, & kin (Accipitriformes): Accipiter, Amplibuteo, Aquila, Buteo, Buteogallus, Circus, Elanus, Haliaeetus, Neogyps, Neophrontops, Wetmoregyps 

Waterfowl (Anseriformes): Anabernicula, Anas, Anser, Aythya, Branta, Chen, Cygnus

Oilbirds, Frogmouths, Potoos, New World Nighthawks, Nightjars, & kin (Caprimulgiformes): Phalaenoptilus 

Condors, New World Vultures, & kin (Cathartiformes): Breagyps, Cathartes, Cathartornis, Coragyps, Gymnogyps, Teratornis

Storks, Herons, Egrets, Ibises, Spoonbills, & Kin (Ciconiiformes): Ciconia, Mycteria

Charadriiformes (some waders, gulls, quails, etc.): Calidris, Catoptrophorus, Charadrius, Gallinago, Larus, Limnodromus, Limosa, Numenius, Recurvirostra, rissa, Tringa, Phalaropus, Pluvialis

Pigeons & Kin (Columbiformes): Columba, Ectopistes, Zenaida 

Cuckoos (Cuculiformes): Geococcyx

Falcons (Falconiformes): Falco, Polyborus

Land Fowl (Turkey, grouse, chicken, etc - Galliformes): Callipepla, Meleagris 

Gruiformes: Fulica, Grus

Owls (Strigiformes): Aegolius, Asio, Athene, Bubo, Glaucidium, Oraristrix, Otus, Tyto

Passeriformes: Amphispiza, Aphelocoma, Bombycilla, Carduelis, Chondestes, Coccothraustes, Corvus, Cyanocitta, Eremophila, Euphagus, Icterus, Lanius, Melospiza, Molothrus, Nucifraga, Oreoscoptes, Pandanaris, Parus, Passerella, Pica, Pheucticus, Pipilo, Pooectes, Sialia, Spizella, Sturnella, Toxostoma, Turdus, Tyrannus, Xanthocephalus, Zonotrichia 

Pelecans & Kin (Pelecaniformes): Ajaia, Ardea, Botaurus, Butorides, Casmerodius, Egretta, Nycticorax, Phalacrocorax, Plegadis

Woodpeckers & Relatives (Piciformes): colaptes, Dryocopus, Melanerpes, Picoides, Sphyrapicus

Grebes & Kin (Podicipediformes): Podilymbus, Podiceps

Turtles: Western Pond Turtle

Lepidosauromorphs: Garter snake, Gopher snake, Kingsnake, Rattlesnake

“Amphibians”: Tree Frog, Toad, Salamanders

“Fish”: Arroyo chub, Rainbow trout, Three-spined stickleback

Arthropods: Flies, dung beetles, grasshoppers, leafcutter bees, pill bugs, scorpions, termites, and water fleas 

Plants: California juniper, coast live oak, Western poison oak, ragweed, raspberry plants, red cedar, redwood trees, sagebrush, California sycamore, thistle, and the walnut tree

Art from http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/illustration/columbian-mammoth-trapped-by-asphalt-at-la-brea-tar-pits-stock-graphic/128629721