Phoebe Chapple was recognised as a skilled doctor, the Australian
government’s policies precluded her from military service. Undaunted,
the Adelaide-born Chapple travelled to Britain in 1917 and joined the
Royal Army Medical Corps, becoming one of the first two woman doctors
sent to France. During a bombing raid near Abbeville in May 1918, her
care for those wounded around her, regardless of personal danger, led to
her being awarded the Military Medal – the first woman doctor ever to
receive this decoration for bravery.
A Scottish factory worker shows off her tattoos. Her right arm bears emblems from her sweetheart’s Royal Navy warship. On her left are the names of friends who died minesweeping the North Sea. July 1917.
The women’s protest that sparked the Russian Revolution
The first day of the Russian Revolution – 8 March (23 February in the old Russian calendar) – was International Women’s Day, an important day in the socialist calendar. By midday of that day in 1917 there were tens of thousands of mainly women congregating on the Nevsky Prospekt, the principal avenue in the centre of the Russian capital, Petrograd, and banners started to appear.
The slogans on the banners were patriotic but also made forceful demands for change: “Feed the children of the defenders of the motherland,” read one; another said: “Supplement the ration of soldiers’ families, defenders of freedom and the people’s peace.”