Binaural beats are produced by recording a tone of a particular frequency in one track of a stereo file, and a tone of a slightly different frequency in the other track. The human brain picks up the difference between the two tones as a series of beats. For example, if one track is at 60HZ (60 cycles per second) and the other at 50HZ, the brain will interpret this as a 10HZ beat (60-50=10). Stereo headphones are needed to listen to binaural recordings. Monaural tones are produced by combining the two tracks into one mono recording. The resultant waveform varies in strength at a rate equal to the difference between the two frequencies. The beats are then contained within the recording, rather than being produced by the brain. Isochronic tones consist of a series of pulses, separated by periods of silence. A 10HZ tone would be produced by including 10 separate pulses in each second of recording.
What do the scientists say?
The answer is surprising. Firstly, numerous studies have shown that binaural beats do not appear to produce any significant entrainment effect. That is, no matter how long you listen to, say, a binaural recording containing theta beats, your brain will not respond with an increase of theta activity. On the other hand, extensive studies have confirmed that monaural and isochronic tones do induce entrainment. Isochronic tones are the most effective of the three modes. A recent study by Tina Huang and Christine Charyton – “A Comprehensive Review of the Psychological Effects of Brainwave Entrainment” – confirms beneficial effects from brain entrainment as a whole, but a closer examination of their paper reveals that there are no positive results when binaural beats are used on their own. It’s interesting that this paper is often quoted by proponents of binaural beats as evidence of their effectiveness, when the study actually finds otherwise. Another report by David Siever, of Mind Alive, confirms that only monaural or isochronic tones produce demonstrable evidence of entrainment. His article quotes a number of research projects which failed to find any entrainment effects from binaural beats.
❥ Has someone ever ruined an FC or character for you? Salty AF Munday Meme || Accepting
Yusei Fudo, YuGiOh 5Ds. Now, this used to be my all-time favourite protag. But see, my ex-boyfriend was very well-known for how he wrote Yusei. I let myself get deeply involved and then he started emotionally and psychologically abusing me. He then told me he was “tired of me” and he “Didn’t want to pretend to like me anymore.” — it honestly crushed me. I cannot stand see the character anymore. It makes me sick to my stomach.
She’s more surprised that he was the one to say it first, but the more time she takes to compose her thoughts, the more little things over the past month in particular made sense — moments he or something else had cut himself off from what he wanted to say; moments where he would get nervous, mention wanting to talk soon about something important, only to drop it later.
Anne has at least some understanding of why he’s probably so afraid. Being genuinely, sincerely in love with someone is never a small thing, and the realization alone is nervewracking ( she should know, as she’s been trying to find the right time to say it for weeks now ). Added onto what they were doing — what he was doing as their leader, acting as whatever and whoever they needed him to be…
She edges closer, her expression softening as a hand trails up to rest on his shoulder; inwardly she wants to do so much more, to hold him close and kiss him hard and a hundred other things, but she knows this isn’t easy for him to say. Anne knows that when he says he’s terrified, he means it — really means it.
❝ Hey… I love you. I’ve been meaning to say it for a while now, and I’m still terrified… So let’s be terrified together, okay ? You’ve said it yourself — we’re pretty much unstoppable when we’re together. ❞