هنر

🇮🇷 Tehran Inspired  Vocabulary in Farsi 🇮🇷

I loved @polskieserce​‘s post so much that I had to jump on to the bandwagon!

Tehran has been inhabited for more than 7,000 years, though the origin of its name is still uncertain. During the era of the Iron Age Median Empire, Tehran formed the northern suburb of Rhages ( 𐎼𐎥𐎠, ری), an ancient city in the northwest of the Iranian Plateau which today makes up part of Greater Tehran’s metropolitan area. With its population of more than 8.8 million, Tehran is Iran’s most populous city.

Tehran = تهران‎‎  (tehrân)
city = شهر (shahr)
capital city = پایتخت (pâytakht)
Tehran Province = استان تهران (ostân-e tehrân)

Alborz Mountains = البرز (alborz)
architecture = معماری (me’mâri)
avenue = خیابان (khiyâbân)
Azadi (freedom) Tower = برج آزادی (borj-e âzâdi)
bazaar (~market) = بازار (bâzâr)
building = ساختمان (sakhtemân)
bus = اتوبوس‎ (otobûs)
bridge = پل‎  (pol)
carpet =  گلیم‎ / فرش / قالی  (gelim, qâli, farsh)
citadel = ارگ‎ (arg)
coffeehouse = قهوه‌خونه (qahve-khâne)
district = بخش (bakhsh)
economy = قتصاد (eqtesâd)
education = آموزش (âmuzesh)
fountain =  فواره‎ (favâre)
garden = باغ‎ (bâgh)
library = کتابخانه‎ (ketâbkhâne)
Milad Tower = برج میلاد‎‎ (borj-e milad)
monument = یادمان‎  (yâdmân)
organisation = سازمان (sâzmân)
park = پارک (pârk)
parliament = مجلس (majles)
pigeon = کبوتر (kabûtar)
restaurant = رستوران‌ (restorân)
street = کوی (kûy)
shopping = خرید (kharîd)
square = میدان‎ (meydân)
statue = تندیس‎ (tandîs)
teahouse = چایخانه (châykhâne)
trade = تجارت‎ (tejârat)
tourism = گردشگری‎ (gardešgari)
university =  دانشگاه‎ (dâneshgâh)


history = تاریخ (târikh)
culture = فرهنگ (farhang)
academy = فرهنگستان‎ (farhangestân)
art = هنر‎ (honar)
religion = دین (dîn)
mosque = مسجد (masjed)
orthodox church = کلیسای ارتدکس (kelîsây-e ortodoks)
synagogue = کنیسه (kanîse)
temple = پرستشکده (parasteškade)
Shah (~emperor) = شاه (shâh)
empress = شهبانو (shahbânu)
palace = کاخ (kâkh)
mausoleum = آرامگاه‎ (ârâmgâh)
revolution = انقلاب‌ (enqelâb)
republic = جمهوری‌ (jomhûri)
immigration = مهاجرت (mohâjerat)

Back to School vocab in Farsi!

Fun fact: In Iran, schools almost always start on the first day of Autumn (The first of Mehr, or 21st/22nd of September)

School Supplies:

Bagpack - کوله پشتی : koole poshty
Binder - کلاسور : kelāsor
Book - کتاب : ketāb
Eraser - پاک کن : pāk kon
Folder - پوشه : pooshe
Notebook - دفتر : daftar
Paper - کاغذ : kāghaz  
Pen - خودکار : khodkār
Pencil - مداد : medād
Mechanical pencil -  مداد نوکی : medād noky
Pencil case - جا مدادی : jā medādy
Ruler - خط كش : khat kesh
Stapler - منگنه : mangene
Tape - چسب نواری : chasb navāry
White out - غلط گیر : ghalat geer

Subjects:

Art - هنر : honar
Biology - زیست شناسی : zeest shenāsi
Chemistry - شیمی : sheemy
Drama - درام : derām
[Foreign] language - زبان : zabān   
Geography - جغرافیا : joghrāfeeyā
Phys ed  - ورزش : varzesh
History - تاریخ : tāreekh
Literature - ادبیات : adabeeyāt  
Math - ریاضی : reeyāzy
Physics - فیزیک : feezeek
Psychology - روان شناسی : ravān shenāsy
Science - علوم : oloom

Misc:

School -  مدرسه : madrese
Class - کلاس : kelās
Exam - امتحان : emtehān
Essay - انشا : enshā
Homework - مشق : mashgh ; درس  : dars
To do hw/study - درس خواندن : dars khāndan
Professor - استاد : ostād
Teacher - معلّم : mo’allem
Student - دانشجو : dāneshjoo (seeker of knowledge!)
Elementary School - دبستان  : dabestān
Middle School - راهنمایی : Rāhnamāyee
Highschool - دبیرستان : dabeerestān
University - دانشگاه : dāneshgāh

(Last edited 9/6)

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