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“It would be my pleasure.”

rorik-j-r replied to your quote

“I know those spells which a ruler’s wife doesn’t know, nor any man’s…”

how do you write with runes?


Sæll (eða sæl), vinur,
(Hello, friend,)

Depending on your level of familiarity with runes in general, this could either be a fairly short response, or a fairly long one. Since I am the cautious type, though, I am probably going to give you more information than you were seeking, and I hope that will be alright with you.

A little disclaimer before I continue: I am still learning about runes, and I have by no means studied them enough to be a reliable source in all matters of runology. At all. I have studied them in a book or two, though, so I am not just babbling nonsense. Also, I am only talking about the Younger Futhark here, because that is what I write with and what I am comfortable with in terms of knowledge. This is the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, even though people tend to popularize the Elder Futhark instead. Anyway, If you want any additional detail, please check out @thorraborinn. He is a very wise man when it comes to carving runes. In fact, he has helped me along this path on a few occasions, for which I am very grateful. He will also be quick to correct me if I happen to make any errors while answering you, so you can rest assured that this post will be peer-reviewed, in a sense.

To answer in the most direct way possible, I write them online (like this: ᚠᛁᚮᚱᚾ) in likely the least convenient way possible. I literally have copied and pasted them from online and put them into a note file on my computer for quicker access. I can plop them here on this post, though:


– f
– u, v, o, y, ø, w
– þ, ð (1.)
ᚮ, ᚨ – a, o, ö
– r
– k, g
– h
– n
– i, e, œ, j
– a, æ
– s
– t, d
– b, p
– m (2.)
– l
– R

A few points:

(1.) Both of these letters represent the English ‘th’ sound, although ‘þ’ is unvoiced (just air) while ‘ð’ is voiced (you can feel your vocal coords vibrating).

(2.) There is another m-rune, at least according to the book I have used thus far, but I believe this one is the most appropriate.

Book source: Jesse L. Byock, Viking Language 1: Learn Old Norse, Runes, and Icelandic Sagas. (Pacific Palisades, CA: Jules William Press, 2013), 76-8.


It is an alphabet that is heavily based on the way letters sound. That being said, there are a few Old Norse words that will use runes that one may not expect, but that is because they are said differently than they are spelled in the standard. For example:

  • steinn (stone) – ᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ (stain)

For that example, modern Icelandic would add a t-insertion in the -nn (making it -tn) because of the -ei- before it. I only mention this due to the pronunciation methods used for Old Norse, but it seems that the modern method applies less to writing runes than it does to reading literature, so take care of that.


Anyway, since I am not sure how much detailed you actually want, I will stop myself here, though I will point you to Thorraborinn’s Runic Resources for Beginners (and Beyond). If you want more detail, his hall is a safe place to start. You can feel free to ask me if you have any more questions, of course, but he is available as well. Nonetheless, I am always glad to lend a hand whenever I am able to.

I hope that was helpful for you.

Með vinsemd og virðingu,
(With friendliness and respect,)
Fjörn