anonymous asked:

Goodbye Mod & thnx for everything. I can no longer support Norman anymore after what he's done but just wanted to thank u for the years spent here reading & commenting on your witty commentary & replies. The gossip was fun until DK came into the picture & now it just sucks balls. It's no longer fun for me to read bc ppl got hurt by this pairing. So I bid you farewell. And thnx again for the good times & the old days when it was fun speculating who N was dating. I miss the "hand"!!!!ðŸ¤£ðŸ˜˜ðŸ‘‹í ¼

Farewell 😭😭😭You better drop some weird in my inbox every now and again…

anonymous asked:

I just had the best fucking night of my life. Me and three friends (three lesbians, one of whom is my girlfriend and another is me, and a pan boy) hit the town and by that I mean a fucking Chili's, and chilis is the gayest restaurant so like we had these epic confessions with our waitress about how we were all mentally ill/gay and it was so relaxing and the waitress was like "y'all stay" so we hung for 2 hours in this fucking chilis, Chilis is the new ally y'all

(Part 2) But like I love those kids and we are all pretty good friends but I feel like we’re even closer now and my mom let me stay in this chilis until 10, and I’m never out past 7, so I’m so happy she trusted me and she says we can go again to this fucking chilis for hours on end and I was like 👀👀👀 so we all signed up for rewards cards and we are just gonna light up this chilis with rampant homosexuality in south Texas, I loved watching all these people staring at us cuz we are VISIBLE fuckers and í ½

(Part 3) So I’m just legit shook that I literally got to have the perfect night and NOTHING WENT WRONG like the last time I had this much fun we all almost got killed and had to call the fucking cops to save us and shit so like that night doesn’t exactly count as perfect but man! Tonight was fucking great I’ve never felt so loved and it’s all thanks to chilis, the One True Ally

This sounded like a fun night! I guess I gotta head to Chili’s now 😉 

rex-vandalorum  asked:

If you could compare the Hoppean Covenant to a classical civilization, which one would it be? I'm torn between Carthage and (Camillan era) Rome.

The central figure in the Icelandic system was the chieftain. The Icelandic term was Goði, originally meaning a pagan priest; the first chieftains were apparently entrepreneurs among the settlers who built temples for the use of themselves and their neighbors and so became local leaders. The bundle of rights that made up being a chieftain was called a goðorð. A goðorð was private property; it could be sold, lent, inherited. If you wanted to be a chieftain, you found one who was willing to sell his goðorð, and bought it from him. The term goðorð was also used for the group of men who followed a particular chieftain.

What were the rights that made up the position of being a chieftain? One, perhaps the most important, was the right to be the link by which ordinary people were attached to the legal system. If you wanted to sue someone, one of the first questions you had to ask was who his chieftain was. That would determine what court you ended up suing him in—just as, in the U.S. at present, the court you are sued in may be determined by what state you are a citizen of. Everyone had to be connected with a chieftain in order to be part of the legal system. But the link between the chieftain and his thingmen was a voluntary one—the chieftain, unlike a feudal lord, had no claim over his thingman’s land. The thingman was free to switch his allegiance to any chieftain willing to have him.

Other rights included in the goðorð were a vote in the legislature and a hand in picking the judges (by our standards jurymen— there were 36 on a court) who decided legal cases. The court system had several levels, starting at the thing court and going up through the quarter courts to the fifth court.Under the legal system set up in 930, the ‘government’ of Iceland had one part-time employee. He was called the lawspeaker and was elected (by the inhabitants of one quarter, chosen by lot) for a three-year term. His job was to preside over the legislature, memorize the law, give legal advice, and, during the course of his three years, recite the entire law code aloud once. The recitation took place at the Allthing—an annual assembly, lasting two weeks, of people from all over Iceland. The Allthing was also where the legislature met and where cases in the four quarter courts and the fifth court were tried. At each Allthing the lawspeaker recited a third of the law. If he omitted something and nobody objected, that part of the law was out. Think of it as an early form of sunset legislation.

I have described the legislative and judicial branch of the government established by the Icelandic settlers but have omitted the executive. So did they. Aside from the lawspeaker there were no government employees.

You and I are Icelanders; the year is 1050 ad. You cut wood in my forest. I sue you. The court decides in my favor, and instructs you to pay ten ounces of silver as damages. You ignore the verdict. I go back to the court and present evidence that you have refused to abide by the verdict. The court declares you an outlaw. You have a few weeks to get out of Iceland. When that time is over, I can kill you with no legal consequences. If your friends try to defend you, they are violating the law and can in turn be sued.

In medieval Iceland all law was civil. The victim was responsible for enforcing his claim, individually or with the assistance of others. The victim who transferred his claim to some more powerful individual in exchange for half what he was owed was like a plaintiff who agrees to split the damages with his lawyer instead of paying him a fee.

Because the Icelandic system relied entirely on private enforcement, it can be seen as a system of civil law expanded to include what we think of as criminal offenses. It is similar to our civil law in another sense as well. Under our system, the loser of a civil case typically, although not inevitably, ends up paying money damages to the winner; the loser of a criminal case typically ends up with a non-monetary payment, such as a jail term or, in extreme cases, execution. Under the Icelandic system the typical settlement was a cash payment to the victim or his heirs. The alternative, if you lost your case, was outlawry. The payment for killing someone was called wergeld—man gold.

Our main sources of information on the Icelandic system are the sagas, a group of histories and historical novels written in Iceland, mostly in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. On first reading, they seem to describe quite a violent society. That is hardly surprising. At least since Homer, the spectacle of people killing each other has been one of the principal ways in which writers entertain their audience. The chief innovation of the saga writers was to spend as much time on law suits as on the violent conflicts that generated them. The one error in the quotation from Bryce with which I started this chapter is the claim that the chief occupation of Icelanders was killing each other. The chief occupation of the characters of the sagas appears to be suing each other; the killings merely provide something to litigate about.

-David Friedman, “Private Law Enforcement, Medieval Iceland, and Libertarianism”, The Machinery of Freedom

I had to heavily abridge this excerpt, btw. The whole chapter (and indeed, the whole book) is worth a read.


Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia, 1903 by Olga
Via Flickr:
Ея Императорское Высочество Великая Княгиня Ксенiя Александровна (Боярыня временъ Царя Алексѣя Михаиловича)

creativexdreamer  asked:

Oh my gosh! The Balcony Scene. The flipping BALCONY SCENE! This may be my favorite scene in this story so far. It's just so good. And the adorableness of drunk Bucky is just too much. 😂👏🏼 I can't believe he actually recited Shakespeare to her, on the stairs no less. And Romeo and Juliet. Just perfection! Also Steve coming to get him at the end was a very nice touch. Love that Bucky had to have snuck out of his room. And also lastly Wanda and Natasha's reactions were the best. And the texts! í ½

Originally posted by sum1greater

Drunk Bucky is an absolute dream come true, especially the fact that he can perfectly recite Shakespeare, but had to be dragged away by Steve. His texts were great, but Nat and Wanda’s reactions were even better 😂

Balcony Scene (ALiL Deleted Scene)

anonymous asked:

The same d!ckheads asking for Patty to come back would be the same ones 😡 if Bart didn't show up 🙄 Patty was a placeholder, nothing more. If she comes back, she'd be aboard the WA train too (like Linda). They need to let that go. Eddie too. The SBers wanted CS with a ⚡️ so bad the writers hooked her up with Zoom. Maybe when Barry comes back out of the speed force he+Iris can go to E2 to meet E2 WA, find out their preggers and Peddie are a couple on E2. Imagine their facesí ½ ðŸ˜³í ½í ½ 😳 😳

I really need Iris to meet E2 WA. 😂