Smoking permanently damages DNA, new study finds
Most changes to DNA fade after five years if people quit, but some changes last decades. Some genes had not been identified as being affected before.

Which helps to explain why you shave (burn?) 14.8 minutes off your life for every cigarette you smoke

Cancer.org has a very thorough guide to all the options for quitting smoking.

If you were waiting for a sign to quit: this is it.

Day 43/100 | September 26
Finished the draft of our paper. It’s just being looked over before we submit now. 👍😃
I also completed a scholarship application, got through some of my assignment and organised a meeting with a professor I’m hoping to work with for PhD. So a fairly productive day overall. 😝📖📝📚


Head inside the Smithsonian Museum archives, for a brief glimpse at the 99% of the museum collections that aren’t on display - only used for science and archiving.

Linguistics jobs: Interview with a policy analyst

Note from allthingslinguistic: I started doing linguistics jobs interviews when I was finishing my masters in linguistics and exploring options for what to do next. However, as I now work full time writing about linguistics for the general public, I got too busy to do interviews. So I’m very happy to announce that the linguistics jobs interview series is now being revived thanks to Elena Russo, who recently graduated with a BA in linguistics from McGill University, and has kindly agreed to chat with some interesting people and write up the results for us. To celebrate this revival, the linguistics jobs series now has a shiny new page linking to all of the interviews and other resources I’ve posted.

Zoe Ziliak Michel is a Policy Analyst at the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP). She has a Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Florida. She talked to Elena Russo about having a career outside academia and what it means to work in public policy advocacy as part of the linguistics jobs series

Can you tell me about what you do as a policy analyst?

I work at the Center for Law and Social Policy, which is an anti-poverty advocacy organization. We advocate for public policy to improve the lives of low-income people, which translates into advocating for the passage of laws, doing implementation work, developing and advising on rules and regulations to help alleviate poverty in various ways.

I am part of the Job Quality team, which focuses on making sure that once someone gets a job, even if it’s a low-income job, they have other supports that will help them be able to afford to keep that job. Specifically, I work on sick days, advocating for laws requiring employers to provide their employees with paid time off when they or their family members get sick. Right now there are 41 million workers in the US who don’t have any paid sick time. If they get the flu, they have to choose between taking care of themselves and making enough money to buy groceries. Our goal is to pass laws that protect people from this.

Our team focuses on three issues: paid sick days, paid medical leave, and fair scheduling. Fair scheduling means that employees have the right to be assigned a schedule that allows them to do things like taking care of their children or going to class and get a degree.

What do you do on a regular day to help accomplish that?

On a day-to day-basis, I might write a blog post or work on a policy brief. An example of the latter would be a piece that my boss and I just co-authored, which summarizes the state of Latinos’ access to quality jobs.

Occasionally I get to do lobbying, which I really enjoy. It might involve talking directly to legislators at the state level, or to legislative staff at the state or federal level, presenting reasons to back certain bills. I really like that because I feel like I’m doing something that somebody will listen to; I feel like I’m actually making a change. But as a non-profit, we are limited in the amount of time we can spend lobbying; otherwise there would be trouble with our tax status. We also work on the implementation side of things: once a law is passed, we help the agency in charge of enforcing that law come up with rules and regulations to do so. We also work with employers, finding business owners who support job quality legislation and are willing to speak out in favor of it.

This sounds like a really rewarding job!

There are things that I really like about my job, but there are also boring things to deal with like with any job, for example responding to a lot of emails. But it is pretty rewarding and I’m lucky to have come into the particular issue of paid sick days at a time when it’s pretty hot. When I was interviewing for this position in March 2015, they told me that there were 21 jurisdictions around the US that had paid sick days laws, and now we’re up to 36-37. However, some advocates could be working on other issues and banging their heads on the wall because there’s no progress. So I’m lucky in that I get to see these laws actually being passed!

Keep reading


A/N: This is an anon request where the reader gets mind-blowing oral from Spencer, and the team happens to hear about it, so if smut isn’t your thing, I’d skip this one ;)

P.S. Two one shots in one night! Hope you don’t get sick of me :D


You’d just settled in for the night with your boyfriend of four months. You were wearing an oversized sweatshirt of his with nothing underneath and he was in bed wearing flannel pajama pants. He looked over at you…almost mischievously. It was a little unlike him, at least around other people. But he was different with you. Different - yet still him.

“What are you thinking about? You look like your about to get into trouble,” you said, the sweatshirt slowly climbing up the columns of your legs as you crossed them.

“Nothing…” he said, with a gleam in his eye. “Just wondering if I might be able to conduct some research.”

You cocked your head to the side. He hadn’t talked to you about any research lately. “What kind of research?” you asked inquisitively.

“Well,” he started, sitting next to you and gently placing his hand on your bare leg, “I’ve heard that it takes a woman nearly 20 minutes of sexual stimulation in order to orgasm and I’d like to see if I can make it 10.”

You smiled as your mouth dropped open. “And how do you suppose we do that?”

“Now, if you’re not comfortable with it let me know. I know we haven’t been sleeping together for very long, but I’d like to try out some things.” He concluded, with an almost shy smile upon his face, despite the nature of the subject.

You laid back on the bed, grazing your hand against his arm. “You can conduct all the research you need, Spence.”

He leaned down to take your lips in his before placing gentle kisses upon his own sweatshirt on the way down your body, which was conveniently lacking in undergarments. The light in the room had been dimmed, which was always customary when you got home for the night, but Spencer leaned over to the switch to turn it on all the way.

“I want to look at all of you with nothing in my way,” he stated, looking directly into your eyes as he parted your legs with his right hand. Occasionally, he was very direct in bed - and it was such a turn on. Not that him as whole wasn’t a turn on, but this was unexpected from him, so it felt more taboo you supposed. He placed his first two fingers at your entrance, which was already slick with wanting, which he’d noticed. “I haven’t even done anything yet,” he chuckled, slowly pushing his fingers in to the knuckle.

You gasped, feeling your walls tightening around his nimble fingers. “I guess you just have that effect on me, Spence.” You let your eyes flutter closed as he worked his magic - and magic it was. His sweatshirt had ridden up your frame, leaving your bottom half completely exposed to him. You hadn’t done this yet. You’d only been sleeping together for a few weeks, and that had involved you going down on him and lots and lots of sex all over the apartment. You’d thought about him in this position, but the anticipation of the moment caught you off guard. Your breathing was already picking up pace and he’d barely done anything.

Slowly, he pushed his two fingers deeper, allowing his lips to join them. He started gently at first, performing a concert with his fingers and tongue. It probably wouldn’t be long before he made you sing. You gasped again when he removed his fingers, feeling bereft and wanting.

“Mmmm….” you moaned, lifting slightly off the bed.

“You are so beautiful, Y/N,” he breathed just above your sex. Your fingers entwined themselves in his as you both cradled your legs, allowing him access to the deepest parts of you.

His mouth hovered above you for what felt like hours. It was likely seconds, but the idea of having him so tantalizingly close was torturous and you groaned, “I thought you had a 10-minute timeline?”

He laughed quietly, finally dipping his tongue to your clit. You stiffened against him and he murmured against you, “I don’t think I’m going to have an issue with my timeline.” His tongue began its ministrations, pressing at the parts of you that had you squirming. “Ah…fuck…” you breathed, bucking your groin into his mouth. 

He continued working your center until he had to tighten his hold on your legs to keep them from shaking uncontrollably. You bucked up into him and called out his name, tensing your own grasp on his hands. As you came down from your high, you glanced over at the clock, but before you could see whether he had achieved his goal, he took your lips in his for a passionate kiss. You tasted yourself on him. “That was 7 minutes,” he said proudly, pulling your sweatshirt off completely.

“Well done, babe,” you giggled, wrapping your hands around his head. “Care to test out how many times you can make me cum?”

He laughed into your mouth, “Challenge accepted.”


He’d excelled at the challenge. Four times in the course of an hour. Using just his mouth and fingers. You’d both lost track of time, staying up late, which left you both exhausted for work the next morning.

You walked into the BAU, ready to start the day, when Penelope joined you. “You had sex last night. Good sex from what I can see.”

“Dammit, Pen, how do you do that?” you asked laughing.

“I can see it all over your face,” she smiled. JJ and Emily walked over at the same time.

“You can see what all over her face?” asked JJ, before continuing on without an answer. “That she had great sex last night?”

“Oh yea, totally,” Emily confirmed. “Well, I don’t think any of us want the dirty details, considering it’s Spencer, but I have to know…how many times?” She looked expectantly.

“Four times in the first hour,” you retorted, smiling at the three of them before walking down the hallway to your office. “If you want more details, you’ll have to get me drunk.”


Morgan walked into the common area to Spencer pouring nearly an entire contained of sugar into his coffee. “Late night?” he asked.

“Very,” Spencer smirked.

“My man,” Morgan sing-songed back, clapping his friend on the shoulder. “You and Y/N had a good night last night?”

Spencer blew at the steaming hot coffee, hoping to cool it down enough so he could pump it into his system. “Uh-huh.”


After many hours of monotonous paperwork, you went to ask Spencer if he wanted a sandwich from the deli around the block. You wanted to get out of the office for a bit. Plus, you needed a bit go fresh air to wake you up. As you approached Spencer’s desk, you caught Morgan’s raised eye. “Hey Y/N, have a late night, you look tired?”

“Dammit, Spencer!” you said, looking down at your boyfriend.

“What?” he asked childishly, raising his hands beside his head. “You think women are the only ones that talk to their friends about that type of thing?”


because there are a lot of differences between the ushl and the chl and especially the ncaa what are you even doing check please fandom please stop


the ushl is the united states hockey league, a tier one juniors hockey league. players are ages 16-20 who retain their ncaa eligibility.

this is different from the canadian hockey league (chl) which includes three major junior leagues (whl, ohl, and qmjhl) where players do not retain their ncaa eligibility, as players receive a stipend. yes, check please fandom, jack zimmermann was never actually eligible to play at samwell. sorry to point out this massive plot hole (i’m not sorry) (also as a new yorker, kent should’ve been in the ohl not the qmjhl but apparently google is too difficult to use).

Keep reading

Honestly I would like to look into what kinds of anti smoking campaigns might actually garner decent results because I always think of the ones I see as sort of wasted resources, but maybe they work better than I think at preventing smoking. It just seems so futile to me because literally everybody knows that smoking is bad for your body, so continuing to tell people smoking is bad for your body is what…annoying extra background noise? I don’t get it.

The Name of a Goddess

An ancient Etruscan text translated from a temple stone has linked an important site with the named goddess: Uni, a fertility deity. To find the actual name of a god or goddess is rare at an Etruscan temple, and the reference to Uni in combination with other finds at the site, which include Europe’s oldest depiction of a childbirth, suggest that the sanctuary was the site of a fertility cult.

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What I actually love best about ‘The Avengers’ (the Emma Peel years)

It’s so playful.

The playfulness is reflected in the plots themselves, which in their free-ranging subject matter and level of silliness could easily have been transcribed from the playground adventures of seven-year-old me if not for the level of Britishness and sexual innuendo. Time and again, storylines unfold themselves with a rampant disregard for establishing a baseline level of reality in favor of just plain having a good time.

What I mean by a baseline level of reality is that most shows have a fairly concrete answer to the question: if Mulder and Scully were investigating this mystery, who would be right? In Gravity Falls, it’s Mulder, because the paranormal is real. In Scooby Doo, it’s Scully, because the paranormal is some jerk in a mask. The Avengers has no such easy answer, because the answer is always ‘what would be more fun?’ Steed has a perfect body double? Ahaha don’t be ridiculous; how could you have been fooled for a second! Telepathic space plants taking over the world? Well, of course those are real. Time travel? Nah, just an elaborate mechanized fake. The telepathic invasion of dreams to plant suggestions via creepy Santas? Well, that happens all the time.

The playfulness reaches its heights with Steed and Mrs. Peel, whose relationship is introduced with a novelty doorbell and a fencing match. In their first season together, their episodes end with a tag scene of them relaxing and having fun together; if I remember correctly, that scene is often comically sped up at the end.It’s no accident that each episode in the next season begins with ‘dress-up’ and a mock fight sequence. Not to mentions Steed’s obsession with ever more elaborate ways to deliver the message “Mrs. Peel, we’re needed.”

And from there they never let up. Throughout the series they play with model trains, guns, trampolines, umbrellas, cameras, puppets, dolls, and more. In the middle of a fight scene, Mrs. Peel takes advantage of the bars of a chair to pretend to be  a zoo animal and growl at Steed. Another time, Steed sees the need to rescue Mrs. Peel–but why choose any old rescue method when the villains’ jungle-in-England theme means you can grab a goddamn vine and launch yourself at them, yodeling like Tarzan? And Mrs. Peel just runs with it, like any good player following another’s lead, with her response. It’s great.

AND! This attitude stands in marked contrast to that of many of the villains, whose potentially playful obsessions with shopping centers or roleplay or cats or whatever have turned harmful because they’ve selfishly prioritized them over actual living people. (Steed may have strong opinions how to be a proper gentleman and wear a proper bowler, but he still defends the humanity and lives of those who don’t fall into that model. Mrs. Peel revels in activites ranging from modern art to medicine to judo to nuclear physics, but she rejects all philosophies that prioritize one thing to the extent that it leads to a dehumanizing mechanization of life.) And it’s in contrast to the victims, whose tunnel vision about  honey or Arabian nights or what-have-you mean they never see the bad guys coming.  

The Avengers seems to suggest that it’s all very well and good to have a consuming interest in sword-canes or leather catsuits or the Hellfire Club or cinema or golf or botany or being the perfect butler, but that things come and things go, and happiness requires a flexible, improvisational, irreverent, and above all playful attitude where the only attachments are to other people.

Steed and Mrs. Peel put each other first, and have fun.

tl;dr: Steed and Mrs. Peel are suave, sexy secret agents who are the epitome of cool, and they are such because they are joyously and unashamedly huge fucking dorks about the things they love.

crazyfangirlina  asked:

o shit i got a crush on a junior and he's super duper sweet and we meme together and we're also in meme club together so like we pretty lit but like he too cool for me, u get me sku? Send literal help

send him this:

you: i have a crush on you
me, an intellectual: my limbic brain reacts when i gaze upon you releasing dopamine, oxytocin and cortisol

yaldobob  asked:

I'm curious: what song plays during Papyrus's pre-battle speech in No Mercy? I'm pretty sure is the slowed down version of another, but I can't figure out which one.

It’s Bonetrousle slowed down to 20% of its original speed.  That surprised me actually, I figured it would have been Nyeh Heh Heh! since that’s what usually plays in the overworld.

Actually, on that note, the Papyrus scene is the only one where music plays before a boss battle.  All of the other scenes where the human ominously approaches the boss and then kills them are completely silent.  I really like the music in the Papyrus scene, though.  It really fits the atmosphere and makes it seem a lot creepier.

Interesting Papers for Week 39, 2016

Unmasking Latent Inhibitory Connections in Human Cortex to Reveal Dormant Cortical Memories. Barron, H. C., Vogels, T. P., Emir, U. E., Makin, T. R., O’Shea, J., Clare, S., … Behrens, T. E. J. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 191–203.

Autonomous Agents and Ethical Decision-Making. Cervantes, J.-A., Rodríguez, L.-F., López, S., Ramos, F., & Robles, F. (2016). Cognitive Computation, 8(2), 278–296.

Representation of spontaneous movement by dopaminergic neurons is cell-type selective and disrupted in parkinsonism. Dodson, P. D., Dreyer, J. K., Jennings, K. A., Syed, E. C. J., Wade-Martins, R., Cragg, S. J., … Magill, P. J. (2016). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(15), E2180-8.

Geometric–optical illusions and Riemannian geometry. Ehm, W., & Wackermann, J. (2016). Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 71, 28–38.

Empirical priors for reinforcement learning models. Gershman, S. J. (2016). Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 71, 1–6.

Action-Based Learning of Multistate Objects in the Medial Temporal Lobe. Hindy, N. C., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2016). Cerebral Cortex, 26(5), 1853–65.

When audiovisual correspondence disturbs visual processing. Hong, S. W., & Shim, W. M. (2016). Experimental Brain Research, 234(5), 1325–1332.

Coordinated Excitation and Inhibition of Prefrontal Ensembles during Awake Hippocampal Sharp-Wave Ripple Events. Jadhav, S. P., Rothschild, G., Roumis, D. K., & Frank, L. M. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 113–127.

Reward-Guided Learning with and without Causal Attribution. Jocham, G., Brodersen, K. H., Constantinescu, A. O., Kahn, M. C., Ianni, A. M., Walton, M. E., … Behrens, T. E. J. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 177–190.

Stimulus reference frame and neural coding precision. Kostal, L. (2016). Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 71, 22–27.

Signal, Noise, and Variation in Neural and Sensory-Motor Latency. Lee, J., Joshua, M., Medina, J. F., & Lisberger, S. G. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 165–176.

Gamma and Beta Bursts Underlie Working Memory. Lundqvist, M., Rose, J., Herman, P., Brincat, S. L., Buschman, T. J., & Miller, E. K. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 152–164.

Predicting the response of olfactory sensory neurons to odor mixtures from single odor response. Marasco, A., De Paris, A., & Migliore, M. (2016). Scientific Reports, 6, 24091.

Triggering Different Brain States Using Asynchronous Serial Communication to the Rat Amygdala. Mourão, F. A. G., Lockmann, A. L. V., Castro, G. P., de Castro Medeiros, D., Reis, M. P., Pereira, G. S., … Moraes, M. F. D. (2016). Cerebral Cortex, 26(5), 1866–77.

Mechanisms Underlying Population Response Dynamics in Inhibitory Interneurons of the Drosophila Antennal Lobe. Nagel, K. I., & Wilson, R. I. (2016). Journal of Neuroscience, 36(15), 4325–38.

Recurrent Network Models of Sequence Generation and Memory. Rajan, K., Harvey, C. D., & Tank, D. W. (2016). Neuron, 90(1), 128–142.

Neural signatures of perceptual inference. Sedley, W., Gander, P. E., Kumar, S., Kovach, C. K., Oya, H., Kawasaki, H., … Griffiths, T. D. (2016). eLife, 5, e11476.

LTP enhances synaptogenesis in the developing hippocampus. Watson, D. J., Ostroff, L., Cao, G., Parker, P. H., Smith, H., & Harris, K. M. (2016). Hippocampus, 26(5), 560–576.

Synaptic Mechanisms of Memory Consolidation during Sleep Slow Oscillations. Wei, Y., Krishnan, G. P., & Bazhenov, M. (2016). Journal of Neuroscience, 36(15), 4231–47.

Zeno’s paradox in decision-making. Yearsley, J. M., & Pothos, E. M. (2016). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 283(1828).