Follow posts tagged #vertebrate morphology in seconds.Sign up
Quick List of Specialized Structures in Vertebrate Integument
- Basket Cells: mechanoreceptor cells at the base of hair follicles
- Keratinocytes: the majority of cells comprising the epidermis; dead, cornified layer that protects the underlying integumentary layers
- Stratified Squamous Epithelium: keratinized squamous epithelium is the tissue that comprises the skin; non-keritatinized epithelium lines the cornea, oral cavity, etc.
- Langerhans cells: dendritic cells that are morphologically and functionally similar to macrophages
- Chromatophores: Produce pigment in the integument (known as chromatocytes, specifically melanin, in mammals and birds)
- Merkel Cells: receptor cells found in the skin of vertebrates that have synaptic contacts with somatosensory afferents. They are associated with the sense of light touch discrimination of shapes and textures.
- Pacinian Corpuscles: nerve receptors located in the subcutaneous fatty tissue that respond to pressure/ vibration.
- Sudoriferous Glands: the sweat glands
- Stratum Corneum: tough, outermost layer of the epidermis; protects underlying cell layers