A suzani is a beautiful decorative textile, embroidered with silk thread, that originates in Central Asia, generally in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan along the fabled Silk Road. The term suzani comes from suzan, the Persian word for needle. Traditionally, a family began creating suzani at the birth of a daughter, and she continued the work until it became her dowry. They were created by several women in the family embroidering separate panels, which were then joined together.
As many different peoples have lived scattered throughout Central Asia, different regions developed their own distinct colors and patterns and motifs. Additionally, each tribe within these groups also had their own crests that they included within their textiles. The trade along the Silk Road also greatly influenced their designs, as patterns and motifs from India, China and Persia, as well as Hellenic influences from the West, traveled up and down the trade routes.
Suzani are commonly thought of as being divided into Eastern and Western categories, based upon color and design, with the Eastern group closer to the traditional bold designs of the nomadic Uzbeks and Kyrgyz,
while the Western group is often characterized by flower and vegetation motifs, and influences from India and Kashmir.
The beauty and artistry of these textiles is just amazing, and the skill and creativity needed to create these works of art is quite impressive. A quick search on the term suzani will turn up many beautiful examples to enjoy viewing.