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On the Dilemma of Student Journalism
Jonathan Peters and Frank Lomonte in The Atlantic’s College Journalists Need Free Speech More Than Ever:
This is not your father’s journalism industry.
NBC News has a Storify page, the New York Times has a Tumblr, and PBS has a Pinterest board. The Associated Press has built a partnership with dozens of news companies to collect royalties from aggregators. The Wall Street Journal has produced original videos for YouTube, and the people formerly known as the audience can submit photos to CNN through its iPhone app.
In short, the two argue that today’s college journalists are being asked to fulfill community needs for professional news, but are not provided with the legal assurances of safety that professionals are afforded.
For years, they explain (and applaud), there has been a growing consensus that journalism programs ought to become something like teaching hospitals for news production:
* In a 2010 report on sustaining democracy in the digital age, the Knight Commission on the Information Needs of Communities in a Democracy concluded that colleges and universities needed to enhance their roles as “hubs of journalistic activity.”
* In a 2011 report on twenty-first century journalism, the New America Foundation challenged journalism programs to become “anchor institutions involved in the production of community-relevant news.”
* In a 2011 report on the changing media landscape, the FCC Working Group on the Information Needs of Communities recommended that foundations fund “journalism-school residencies” for recent grads to manage “efforts to produce significant journalism for the community, using journalism school students.”
* In a 2012 letter to university presidents, leaders of six of the nation’s largest foundations argued that journalism programs must “recreate themselves if they are to succeed in playing their vital roles as news creators” and that “universities must become forceful partners in revitalizing an industry at the very core of democracy.”
But they worry about the impacts of such legislation as Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, a 25-year-old Supreme Court decision that has been extended to college settings by four federal courts of appeals covering 16 states. It states, in short, that educators may regulate school-sponsored speech “so long as their actions are reasonably related to legitimate pedagogical concerns.” An open invitation to limit free speech.
Peters and Lomonte make two suggestions:
- At the college level, courts should adopt the standard established by the 1969 case Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, which holds that student speech cannot be punished or restrained unless “students’ activities would materially and substantially disrupt the work and discipline of the school.”
- States can create extra speech protections (following the lead of California, Illinois, and Oregon) by enacting statutes to protect college journalists and their advisors.
Read the full piece here.
FJP: This is a discussion I’ve had both in college, when I was editor of our campus news magazine, and in J-school. I’ve seen undergraduate students repeatedly hesitate to produce hard-hitting pieces that criticize their university because they can’t rely on their work for the school publication to remain uncensored by the school administration. In J-school—and I’m lucky enough to attend the big C, which has the resources to protect its students in certain cases—legal protection is certainly not available in the same way it is at many news organizations. Yet in both places, I’ve witnessed students repeatedly called upon to produce professional work and serve well-reported, fact-checked news to their local communities.
What worries me the most, however, is a potential cultural byproduct of these limitations: I worry about the impact these constraints have on the development of a student’s ethical framework and confidence as a reporter during his or her most formative years as a young journalist. How many potentially brilliant investigative journalists are we discouraging by limiting their opportunity to freely practice at the university level? Happy to see The Alantic cover this, and happy to see California, Illinois and Oregon’s statutes.—Jihii
“Photography and journalism have made me a different person. For the first time, I love telling stories because I can express myself through photos. It makes me want to come to school every day, and it has given me something that I’m really good at. I like being able to tell stories without using words. I like being able to tell people things that are important in my life.”—De’Qonton, an eighth grader at John Hopkins Middle School (who produced the report Fighting Chance? Students Investigate Middle School Violence) on how journalism has made a difference in his life and in his schoolwork.
“But editors and professors recognize that the best way to understand the future of journalism lies in learning from and working with students.”—
And so, Mercer University is starting a $5.6 million project to collaborate with the Macon Newspaper and Georgia Public Radio.
via The New York Times:
Reporters and editors for the 186-year-old paper The Telegraph and the radio station will work out of the campus’s new journalism center, alongside students whom the university expects will do legwork for newspaper and public radio reports, with guidance from their professors and working journalists.
It’s a plan born in part of desperation. Like many newspapers, The Telegraph has lost circulation and advertising revenue in the last decade, and the public radio station was forced to trim down to one staff member during the recession.
William D. Underwood, Mercer’s president, expects that by applying what he calls a medical residency model to journalism, all of these players may give the struggling industry a chance to stay alive.
Bonus: This report [PDF] from the New America Foundation entitled “Shaping 21st Century Journalism: Leveraging a ‘Teaching Hospital Model’ in Journalism Education”
Help us bring student journalism to SXSW!
If you liked our recent segment on 8th-grader De’Qonton Davis and his talent for storytelling, help our Student Reporting Labs team make it to South by Southwest (SXSW)! Our proposed panel for SXSWedu focuses on empowering students to tell their own stories through video journalism.
More than half of the high schools in America have a school newspaper or a video production course — but, how can these programs encourage citizenship and improve the media landscape of the future? We’ve developed a curriculum and news platform that enables middle and high school students to produce video reports on important national topics that impact their local communities. In this panel, we’ll share how video journalism can help young people gain confidence in themselves as capable, socially responsible citizens by discovering the power of storytelling.
To help us out, please:
Thanks, thanks, a million thanks.
Hi, I do not know if you have previously answered questions similar to this before, but do you know of or recommend any programs or opportunities for high school students who are interested in potentially pursuing a career in journalism (specifically newspaper journalism)?
You can always use HSJ’s scholarship search system to look for high school scholarships. Another thing to think about is essay contests (ask your school writing center staff or guidance counselor about this), which are often rewarded with opportunities for mentoring, conferences, and money. They’re not all journalism persay, but deal with history, research, politics—and are great for developing your writing and interviewing skills.
For example, the Mayborn National History Writing Contest asks for “a factual account of a person who left a deep and lasting legacy in his or her community.”
Also, the Society for Professional Journalists does a high school essay contest. Look out for what next year’s details are.
Other resources to look into:
- The National Scholastic Press Association
- The High School Broadcast Journalism Project
- Girls Write Now (scholarships & opportunities)
- National Federation of Press Women High School Communications Contest
Finally, here is a list we compiled from a similar question asked some time ago. They are not specifically for high school students but useful to look through to (1) get an idea of what you might plan to apply for as you develop your career and (2) see what’s necessary to apply in college, should you choose to, so you can work on a portfolio sooner than later.
Specifically, look into the Campus Progress Journalism Network, which again, is aimed at college students, but to earn their grant, thinking and working on a project well ahead of time is a good idea.
Hope that helps a little bit!
Feminist Reading List: Weekend Student Journo Special!
There’s loads of brilliant comment on feminism, sexism and related topics by students and young people floating about online. Here are some recent highlights:
1. Sexism is normal, and this isn’t good - HuffPost UK Students
2. The concept of modesty - The Feminist Wire
3. Re-evaluating ‘pretty’ and ‘innocent’ - Rookie
4. Femme-ininity and stereotyping sexuality - HuffPost UK Students
5. Media perceptions of beauty - HuffPost Teen
Literary Magazines Celebrate Annual Rejected Submissions Bonfire
Tom Gillespie - Butthole Freelancer
Boston - On Tuesday Night, the Literary Magazine Community of Emerson joined together for their annual Rejected Submissions Bonfire. Around 11:30 p.m., they all gathered to celebrate another successful submission harvest.
“No matter how many stories we reject, they same things keep coming back”, lamented Gangsters in Concrete Editor Alana Brown, gesturing to the stack of submissions behind her. “We arrange them into several piles: RAPE, CAR CRASH, DEATH OF ALCOHOLIC PARENT, GRANDMA STORY, FIRST TIME, and POORLY REALIZED GENRE FICTION”. We were going to have a Manic Pixie Dream Girl (MPDG) pile, but there are so many of those in all the piles that we had to draw the line somewhere.”
Brown continued on to state that the significance of the bonfires arose out of students sending smoke-offerings to any god for writing devoid of cliches. “There was a lot of superstition that went along with early Emerson publications,” adds Brown. “Those were the hardest times of all.”
Though the celebration upon the Esplanade provided a festive atmosphere for the occasion, Brown is in talks to relocate the bonfire to the dumpster behind Piano Row.
“It’s time to change the old ways. These piles of shit don’t deserve all the attention they get.”