Protein Digestion in the Small Intestine
-Trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen, procarboxyy peptidases, proelastase, collagenase
-Must be activated
-Hydrolyze peptide bonds either internally or from ends
-Produce mono-, di-, tri-, and oligopeptides
Brush Border Aminopeptidase
-Further hydrolyzes som tri- and oligopeptides
-Tripeptidase= 1 free amino acids + peptide
-Dipeptidase= 2 free amino acids
Cellular Respiration and How it Ties in
Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria when one uses up oxygen and glucose to create adenine triphosphate [energy], water, and carbon dioxide. Without it, ones’ cells would die.
Your cells acquire oxygen through inhaling air, which is about 80 percent nitrogen[N], 20 percent oxygen[O], and 1 percent other things like carbon dioxide, and this combination is sent to your lungs through your trachea, it travels through your bronchiole tubes [very small bronchial tubes], and into your alveoli [tiny air flaps in the lungs]. Capillaries are laced around all your alveoli, and they allow oxygen to diffuse in, and carbon dioxide to diffuse out. (When you exhale, the air contains about 16% air, and 4% carbon dioxide).
Also, your capillaries deliver nutrients, which they pick up from your villi [which are small finger like extensions that are located within your small intestine]. When you consume foodstuffs, it contains glucose, on the premises that you are not allergic, and the food travels down your esophagus, down the esophagial sphincter [which is like a door closing and opening holes in your body. You have multiple, such as your anal sphincter, which keeps your feces in], and into your stomach. Acidic and enzymeal [their names generally end in -ine] reactions break down the food particles only part way. It then goes down the duodenum, and bile and pancreatic juices drip on them, especially if it’s a fatty meal. Your food then continues to break down and down and down into its building blocks? Since your small intestines are so elongated with folds and bends which create surface area.
It actually takes approximately two days for your food to pass through. The nutrients left behind then diffuse into your villi through capillaries, and if it is not needed then, it is sent cell to cell to cell, and continues until it is needed. The waste goes through your large intestine, and traverses through your rectum.
Ergo, it all ties together so that your cells can complete cellular respiration. Blood matter acquires oxygen within the alveoli [again, tiny air flaps in the lungs], nutrients in the villi, and deliver it to your cells.
Gut link to Acne Rosacea
Even though we know the skin is just a billboard telling us what’s going on inside the body, it’s good to be reminded of it every now and then. We can easily fall into the trap of clever marketing companies trying to sell us lotions and potions, when this barely scratches the surface of the real problem, and can even make it worse in some cases.
So what does acne rosacea tell us?
In 2008 a study was done where 113 acne rosacea patients were recruited and breath tested for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The results were as follows:
- 46%of rosacea subjects had SIBO
- 0.05% of controls had SIBO
This clearly demonstrates a link between gut health and the skin. The subjects were given treatment for the bacterial overgrowth and the acne lesions improved with results maintained for at least 9 months.
Helicobacter pylori which is commonly diagnosed as the cause of peptic ulcers, has also been linked to acne. It releases nitric oxide which makes the blood vessels dilate, increases blood flow and inflammation, resulting in the characteristic redness of rosacea. When the Helicobacter pylori overgrowth was eradicated, symptoms improved by 96%!
What can you use to treat SIBO and Helicobacter pylori? Lactoferrin, turmeric, oregano oil and phellodendron are some treatments that have been very successful in eradicating bacterial overgrowth. It is still advisable to see your health care practitioner who can make your treatment more specific with greater chance of success.
of the immune system is found in the small intestine, which is the main site where nutrients are absorbed and distributed. Inadequate nutrition or improper digestion due to food intolerances, food allergies, or poor food quality (amongst many other things) will result in a weak immune system.
So my question is: How often are you sick, run down, or have digestive problems?