ITAP week 8
The first book printed in Europe was the Gutenberg Bible.
Printing is seen as one of the most technical advances especially from a visual communicator’s point of view. This type of printing was invented by Johan Gutenberg in the 15th century in Germany, although in China they had been mass producing books since the 9th century, but Gutenberg’s process made it easier to produce more copies of the same text quickly.
Public_Library,_2009._Pic_01.jpg (last accessed 22nd Dec.. 2011)
“The Ink: The ink used by Gutenberg was also a new development. It was not really ink at all, more like a varnish or oil paint. Unlike writing-ink it is oil-based, not based on water. Water-based ink would simply run off the metal types whereas the thick, viscous oil-based varnish sticks to them.
The Paper: European paper was made from recycled linen clothes. The paper used in the Gutenberg Bible was imported from Caselle in Piedmont, Northern Italy being one of the most important centres for paper-making in the 15th century.
The Type: Gutenberg invented a way of mass-producing individual pieces of type in metal (roughly speaking, one for each character of the alphabet, punctuation and other signs) so they could be set up to be printed on a printing press, and then be reused.
Composition: A compositor’s job consisted in composing individual pieces of type together to form words, lines, columns and finally whole pages. He would copy from a manuscript which he had in front of him, so had to be able to read.
The Press: The printing press was essential for making the whole process fast and so, ultimately, commercially viable. Also compared with rubbing it saved a lot of money, for one could use both sides of the paper.
The Gatherings: The Gutenberg Bible is described as a ‘folio’; this refers to how the paper has been folded. A book in folio is made up by sheets of paper or vellum folded once in the middle, making up two leaves (or four pages).”
text above taken from http://www.bl.uk/treasures/gutenberg/homepage.html
(last accessed 22nd Dec. 2011)
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More on the Bod.
As it turns out, the Bod is pretty awesome.
1. It’s got a copy of the Gutenberg Bible. This is a pretty big deal.
2. It’s got a copy of Shakespeare’s first Folio. This is possibly an even bigger deal. Maybe.
3. It’s a copyright library. This means that it gets one copy of every book published in the UK. That’s a lot of books. Over 10 million so far.
4. The movie geniuses behind Harry Potter shot lots of Hogwarts scenes in the Bod. Including: the Hogwarts library, the Restricted Section of the Hogwarts library, the Hospital Wing, and that weird room where all the Gryffindors a dance lesson in Goblet of Fire.
5. Part of it looks like this:
Checking out The New York Public Library
Was it the word “tour” or “library” that left my husband scratching his head as I explained my plan for our next grand adventure?
We had three nights in New York City and I wanted to make the most of our short stay. A few years ago on a family trip, I had a glimpse of The New York Public Library Stephen A. Schwarzman Building at Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street. I remember how the experience left me wanting more. In my travel language, “more” translates into “tour.”
We joined about 20 others on a one-hour jaunt through this transporting place. Tours are offered at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. Mondays through Fridays and 2 p.m. on Sundays, except when it’s closed on Sundays in the summer.
The reservoir that provided New York City’s water supply used to occupy the site where the library now stands. It took two years to dismantle it before the library could be built. Part of the reservoir’s foundation can be seen from the South Court Lobby.
In the left photo, look down the stairway to see the reservoir foundation. At right, our tour guide explains how the exterior walls of the original building had to remain intact as part of the library’s expansion. The photo below shows the connection between old and new.
Completed in 1911, the Beaux-Arts building was the largest marble structure ever attempted in the United States at the time.
Colorful marble came from countries including Germany, France and Italy. Some of the building’s white marble even came from the same quarry used to build the Parthenon in Greece.
One of the questions our guide said she frequently gets is “where are the books?” That’s when she took us to a tucked away corner where we could peer through the windows to see rows upon rows and levels upon levels of books.
Simply fill out a book-request form, hand it to the librarian and within 30 minutes your order arrives on a dumb waiter in the reading room. Forget about taking any of the books home with you. That’s forbidden, along with taking pictures on one side of the reading room. Why do I love to learn that lesson the hard way? Sometimes ignoring the signs and asking for forgiveness works. Other times, it’s just plain embarrassing.
Protected behind glass in the football-field-size, seven-story-tall, chandeliered reading room is the first Gutenberg Bible to come to the United States. It’s one of 180 copies originally printed.
Also stored in the library and displayed around the Fourth of July is one of Thomas Jefferson’s copies of the Declaration of Independence penned with his own hand.
Other items of interest include Charles Dickens’ manuscript of “A Christmas Carol” with notes in the margins, Virginia Woolf’s last diary entry, a pair of Jack Kerouac’s glasses, an early map showing California as an island and the original stuffed animals that inspired the creation of Winnie-the-Pooh books. However, many of these quirky heirlooms require a reservation and academic reason to see them.
Other inspiring rooms in The New York Public Library.
Tours also are offered for the Lunch Hour NYC exhibit that runs through Feb. 17, 2013.
It’s a fun step back in time revealing how the lunch hour evolved over the past century – from the quick lunch spurred by punch clocks and pocket watches to the Automat with meals appearing behind glass doors where only a nickel inserted into a slot stood between you and lunch.
The American diet craze, street vendors, power business lunches and charitable school lunch programs also take center stage in the exhibit.
I didn’t expect to get engrossed in the topic, but I did. I should know by now that anything wrapped around food is going to hold my attention.
Libraries are magical places. There’s something about walking into a structure that holds enormous amounts of knowledge accessible to anyone. It symbolizes the potential to improve any person’s life and, ultimately, make dreams come true.
I have fond childhood memories of library trips with my mom. I loved the empowered feeling that came with toting home a load of books on any subject that interested me.
As pointed out by the New York Public Library Guide, some of the earliest beneficiaries of the library were the recently arrived immigrants for whom the library provided insight into their new country as well as their heritage.
President William Howard Taft said in his speech at the library’s opening, “The dedication of this beautiful structure for the spread of knowledge among the people marks not only the consummation of a noteworthy plan for bringing within the grasp of the humblest and poorest citizen the opportunity for acquiring information on every subject of every kind, but it furnishes a model and examples for other cities … .”
While libraries continue to redefine themselves in this instant, digital information age, The New York Public Library stands as one visible, solid pillar of the power of knowledge.
Front door of The New York Public Library. No need to knock. Knowledge is accessible to all.
Blogging is booming. Look who's blogging... and why.
Todays article is another in a series of articles about Blogs and Blogging. Here he shares about how a blog can make since in a current situation especially if you want to make your point of view known. Let me know what you think at glhGrandSlamBiz@gmail.com
By Dr. Jeffrey Lant
I feel lucky to be alive and on the cutting edge of what is fast becoming The Age of Blogging… and you should feel the same way.
And if, by some chance, you don’t know what a blog is and how it works for your benefit, you are lucky again; I’m going to reveal the true importance of blogs and some key observations on how to derive maximum benefit from them.Why blogging is sweeping the ‘net and the globe.
The history of machine publishing begins in 1454 with the preparation of what became known as the Gutenberg Bible. It took over a year before finished copies were available. This was thought to be — and was — a great advance; hitherto books had to be copied by hand, a process that resulted in many errors, of omission and commission.
Printing the Gutenburg Bible was a laborious process; as a result today just 21 copies are known.
Over the centuries publishing developed.
Books were easier to print… there were many more publishers to print them (thereby increasing the number of opinions and points of view available)…. and in due course publishing advanced to where books could be universally distributed and available.
But all this, important as it was, was as nothing compared to the most signal advance since Gutenburg himself.This is the blog.
A blog is the publishing marvel which enables any person anywhere to post and distribute any message they want any time they want. It expunges the middle man, called the publisher, from the publishing equation and enables the new publishers — you! — to set their own agenda and make sure that their message is written just so… and distributed worldwide within minutes.
The implications of this development are staggering. Until just the other day (in historical terms), to get your message out to the world, you either had to persuade a publisher or his designated representative (an editor) to publish your article… or you had to establish your own publication with all the expense and uncertainty that entailed.These days the process is radically different
Subscribe to a blogging service. Write your message. Update your message as necessary and desirable, even daily.
And, always and forever, keep building your subscriber lists so that more and more people see what you have written.
No longer must writers cringe like Uriah Heap before publishers; you, not they, control your content and can shape and refine it to the satisfaction of a single individual — you! This has never happened before in the history of mankind and is an event of the highest significance for our species as a whole and the crucial availability and distribution of information.So, who’s blogging?
Powerful institutions are not always known for their ability to move quickly, understanding change and working at once to use such change to their advantage. But the advent of the blog has caused many to leap into this brave new world. One of many examples is Cardinal Sean P. O’Malley, Archbishop of Boston, Massachusetts, a prince of the Church, beloved of the Pontiff.
O’Malley has become one of his Church’s “go to” guys in the pedophile priest scandal and its related sexual issues. Like other Church leaders, I suspect O’Malley has been grievously unhappy about the constant drumbeat of terrible press his beloved church has attracted. You can imagine his eminence’s eyes popping as he learned about the blog and grasped its implications. He probably jigged about his office…
O’Malley no longer needs to submit to the impertinent, probing questions of pesky reporters and their insistent editors. Instead, he can shape and nuance his message just the way he wants it, to the very last comma. This is an unadulterated benefit for O’Malley… though not necessarily for truth since those pesky reporters authority figures do not like… are the means of digging, digging and digging some more; now they would be, to a significant degree, cut out of the process. The O’Malley’s of the world can breathe easier.
Recently (June, 2011), O’Malley used his blog to deal with a nasty issue that had parishioners of every hue very angry indeed. A liberal priest (no, not a tautology) had announced a “liturgy to commemorate Boston Pride 2011,” an annual celebration of the city’s gay, lesbian, and transgendered community. Conservative Catholics were enraged, many of them blogging their anger.
This, then, had the result of having the mass “postponed” (church-speak for “it won’t happen until hell freezes over, if then”). This, of course, had the predictable result of angering the liberals… and causing their blogs to erupt in a frenzy of vituperation.What’s a poor prince to do?
In years past, his eminence would have been forced by the hostilities of his brethren to go before the media and submit to questioning. That is not a thing princes like to do; in fact they abhor this profoundly irritating and degrading event of lese majeste’.
Now they blog… now no one ever sees them sweat… because they no longer sweat at all!
O’Malley, thanks to his growing proficiency as a frequent blogger, dealt with this more than tempest-in-a-tea-cup when HE wanted, how HE wanted… his blog carefully nuanced to his liking. In due course, working behind the scenes, with the message completely his without having to bother with reporters, the matter was solved…. at least this time.Not as smart: the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams.
Whereas Cardinal O’Mallley got the point about blogs and their utility, the Archbishop of Canterbury, senior cleric in the Church of England, did not. In the most recent (June, 2011) issue of the “New Statesman” magazine, his grace lashes out at the Conservative - Liberal Democrat coalition, which came to power 13 months ago. Williams was appointed in 2002 by Labor Prime Minister Tony Blair.
Willams, way behind the technology curve, missed a grand opportunity not merely to get his message out to a worldwide audience far larger than the readership of a single magazine, but to grow his list (something no serious blogger can overlook).
He opted for the traditional paper method… and that instantly limited the effectiveness of what he had to say. Had he, instead, set up a blog and posted his message there… his readership would have exploded and he would have added a host of new readers to his blog… where he could have worked early and late to convert them to his often irritating point of view.
His grace will learn, however; he really has no choice. No “leader” of any kind does. For all, for each, it’s “blog or atrophy and die.” The same applies to you… which is why you must blog today, tomorrow, forever, or create your own irrelevance and obsolescence. a state of affairs you would really not relish.Mega Profit Product Showcase:
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About the Author
Harvard-educated Dr. Jeffrey Lant is CEO of Worldprofit, Inc., providing a wide range of online services for small and-home based businesses. Dr. Lant is also the author of 18 best-selling business books.
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