I was tweeting about this yesterday and wanted to elaborate, mostly for myself, but I thought I’d share.
Looking at this image I drew back when I was 17 and subsequently trying to replicate that ‘style’ in a new drawing sparked a lot of thoughts. First of all, I can’t for the life of me pick this style back up, at least to the point where it looks genuine and not forced. But I tried and in my attempt to replicate that old visual pattern, my old ‘style’, it seemed to fall short of anything I measure as a decent drawing.
It was stilted and strangled by my current ‘style’.
“Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension). It is a means of language acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all language, it is a complex interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped by the reader’s prior knowledge, experiences, attitude, and language community which is culturally and socially situated. The reading process requires continuous practice, development, and refinement.”—Reading (process) at wikipedia
The Two Systems of Cognitive Processes
In today’s excerpt – thanks to the work of Daniel Kahneman and others, we now increasingly view our cognitive processes as being divided into two systems. System 1 produces the fast, intuitive reactions and instantaneous decisions that govern most of our lives. System 2 is the deliberate type of thinking involved in focus, deliberation, reasoning or analysis – such as calculating a complex math problem, exercising self-control, or performing a demanding physical task.
System 2 activities - cognitive, emotional, or physical - draw at least partly on a shared pool of mental energy. Studies consistently show that when the brain is occupied with one type of System 2 thinking, it interferes with any other type of System 2 thinking you need to perform at the same time. And performing one type of System 2 thinking makes us less able to perform a subsequent System 2 activity in the period immediately afterward – even if one is physical and the other is cognitive or emotional. Furthermore, when the mind is actively focused on a System 2 activity, it results in System 1 having greater influence over our behavior:
“It is now a well-established proposition that both self-control and cognitive effort are forms of mental work. Several psychological studies have shown that people who are simultaneously challenged by a demanding cognitive task and by a temptation are more likely to yield to the temptation. Imagine that you are asked to retain a list of seven digits for a minute or two. You are told that remembering the digits is your top priority. While your attention is focused on the digits, you are offered a choice between two desserts: a sinful chocolate cake and a virtuous fruit salad. The evidence suggests that you would be more likely to select the tempting chocolate cake when your mind is loaded with digits. System 1 has more influence on behavior when System 2 is busy, and it has a sweet tooth.
Alright, so I really really want to look further into Jungian Typology and the MBTI as my summer research blog because that’s how I swing.
What exactly should it be about?
- general fact, statistics, and research
- the actual instrument
- the cognitive processes
- inter-type relationships (not just romantic)
- what it’s like to be an INFJ
- something completely different
WHAT DO YOU THINK???
Does internet change the cognitive skills? - http://iceageiscoming.tumblr.com/
The majority of the researchers that investigate this area would say: yes.
My opinion is that internet (as well as other technology) does not change our cognition, it changes how we use our cognitive skills.
Anyway, there is some consensus that internet changes us for worse.
Maryanne Wolf is a developmental psychologist at Tuft University, she said:“We are how we read” and on the internet we are “mere decoders of informations” because the reading style promoted by internet si all about “efficency” and “immediacy” instead:
“In the quiet spaces opened up by the sustained, undistracted reading of a book, or by any other act of contemplation, for that matter, we make our own associations, draw our own inferences and analogies, foster our own ideas. Deep reading, as Maryanne Wolf argues, is indistinguishable from deep thinking.” 
Nora Volkow thinks that internet “is rewiring our brain” and some researches show that:
“Heavy multitaskers actually have more trouble focusing and shutting out irrelevant information […], and they experience more stress. And scientists are discovering that even after the multitasking ends, fractured thinking and lack of focus persist. In other words, this is also your brain off computers.” 
But let me take a simpler research and say something.
“The results of four studies suggest that when faced with difficult questions, people are primed to think about computers and that when people expect to have future access to information, they have lower rates of recall of the information itself and enhanced recall instead for where to access it. The Internet has become a primary form of external or transactive memory, where information is stored collectively outside ourselves.” 
One of the authors of this research said:
“Human memory is adapting to new communications technology” 
I think some of this results are instead biased by the way things were in the past (even the recent past). Memorize a lot of informations was a widely appreciated skill in school, but now teachers are more focused on how students can learn to learn, or learn to use that information. I think it is quite more useful to know how to find an information, rather then trying to store the entire human knowledge in my brain.
Clay Shirky wrote:
Every increase in freedom to create or consume media, from paperback books to YouTube, alarms people accustomed to the restrictions of the old system, convincing them that the new media will make young people stupid. This fear dates back to at least the invention of movable type. […]
In the history of print, we got erotic novels 100 years before we got scientific journals, and complaints about distraction have been rampant; no less a beneficiary of the printing press than Martin Luther complained, “The multitude of books is a great evil. There is no measure of limit to this fever for writing.” Edgar Allan Poe, writing during another surge in publishing, concluded, “The enormous multiplication of books in every branch of knowledge is one of the greatest evils of this age; since it presents one of the most serious obstacles to the acquisition of correct information.” 
I sorry to refer to some old articles, but I’m not very updated about the current researches.
Today in Psychology class we started learning about the cognitive level of analysis. The cognitive process we’re going to be focusing on is memory so today we started with trying to recollect our earliest memories (preferably the first memory we had of realising that we were sentient beings). Since class I’ve been asking other people about their earliest memories and it’s really nice to observe the way they recollect them and their expressions/the ways in which they describe them.
Could any of you share your earliest memories with me?
Continuous Partial Attention | Linda Stone
What is continuous partial attention?
Continuous partial attention describes how many of us use our attention today. It is different from multi-tasking. The two are differentiated by the impulse that motivates them. When we multi-task, we are motivated by a desire to be more productive and more efficient. We’re often doing things that are automatic, that require very little cognitive processing. We give the same priority to much of what we do when we multi-task — we file and copy papers, talk on the phone, eat lunch — we get as many things done at one time as we possibly can in order to make more time for ourselves and in order to be more efficient and more productive.
To pay continuous partial attention is to pay partial attention — CONTINUOUSLY. It is motivated by a desire to be a LIVE node on the network. Another way of saying this is that we want to connect and be connected. We want to effectively scan for opportunity and optimize for the best opportunities, activities, and contacts, in any given moment. To be busy, to be connected, is to be alive, to be recognized, and to matter.
We pay continuous partial attention in an effort NOT TO MISS ANYTHING. It is an always-on, anywhere, anytime, any place behavior that involves an artificial sense of constant crisis. We are always in high alert when we pay continuous partial attention. This artificial sense of constant crisis is more typical of continuous partial attention than it is of multi-tasking.
Is continuous partial attention a good thing or a bad thing?
Like so many things, in small doses, continuous partial attention can be a very functional behavior. However, in large doses, it contributes to a stressful lifestyle, to operating in crisis management mode, and to a compromised ability to reflect, to make decisions, and to think creatively. In a 24/7, always-on world, continuous partial attention used as our dominant attention mode contributes to a feeling of overwhelm, over-stimulation and to a sense of being unfulfilled. We are so accessible, we’re inaccessible. The latest, greatest powerful technologies have contributed to our feeling increasingly powerless.
Is this theory U.S. centric?
In my research to date, most of the examples and time frames are U.S. centric. However, in looking at other cultures, there appears to be a similar flow from one dominant attention paradigm into the next. We may not all find ourselves in the same attention era at the same time. We are likely to find ourselves experiencing a flow: attraction to an ideal, taking the expression of the ideal to an extreme and experiencing unintended and less than pleasant consequences, giving birth to and launching a new ideal while integrating the best of what came before.
How does this play out with different generations?
The younger generations are on the leading edge of thought for the coming dominant attention paradigm. This is one of the many reasons why the most successful companies are likely to effectively recruit, employ, incent, and manage representatives from every generation and keep an active listening channel toward the ideas and ideals, and the habits and passions of the younger generation.
When I’ve interviewed 18-22 year olds, I notice that they are often using communications technology in a mode that I call “semi-sync.” It’s not quite synchronous and it’s not really asynchronous communication either. Text messaging is often used in a semi-sync way. When Jyri Engestrom, Jaiku co-founder, demonstrates Jaiku, he describes semi-sync usage patterns. Meanwhile, Matt Webb, in collaboration with Nokia, is experimenting with interfaces that ease the stress of continuous partial attention. Jyri is actively looking at ways to manage activity streams as well as interoperability issues.
Many in the generation now entering the workforce view phone calls as intrusive and prefer text messaging. In interviews, orbits of communication are described: My Space to keep up with a wide set of friends and acquaintances, text messaging for both one to one and one to many communications and, for one’s closest friends, phone calls.
What do we do about it?
We have focused on managing our time. Our opportunity is to focus on how we manage our attention. We are evolving beyond an always-on lifestyle. As we make choices to turn the technology OFF, to give full attention to others in interactions, to block out interruption-free time, and to use the full range of communication tools more appropriately, we will re-orient our trek toward a path of more engaged attention, more fulfulling relationships, and opportunities for the type of reflection that fuels innovation.
BREATHE. Notice what happens to your breath as you pull down and check your email or vmail. Most of us hold our breath. Some of us tighten our upper body. If we’re aware of what we’re doing and we are able to manage our breath — that is, keep breathing — the stress response is minimized.
How do we react to friends and loved ones who just can’t put the phone or Blackberry away — there are a range of approaches. When you sit down to a meal, you can let them know that you’re putting your phone/Blackberry away so you can focus your attention on them. You can let them know you’re expecting one call you need to take for 2 minutes, and after that, you’ll be putting your device away. You can choose activities that require full attention or activities that you would be able to enjoy whether they were on their Blackberry or not.
There is a wonderful evolution taking place. Understanding how it’s unfolding offers insights into what drives us and what inspires us.
What is reading?
From Wikipedia page
Decoding symbols? I’d never thought of it like that before. Sounds fairly stressful. Here I thought I was relaxing and all the time I was partaking of a complex cognitive process.
Memory and Story-Telling
We recall and store information in our brains in an interesting manner, in the sense that to make sense of what we perceive, we usually associate it with contexts and chronological ordering. At least, this is the working hypothesis in memory studies. More importantly, our long-term memory is crucially connected to an episodic interpretation of active events, that is, stories. As pointed out in brainpickings, stories are not merely essential to understanding the world, but they are how we understand it.
One interesting effect of understanding our world through stories is that we sometimes add details, that never existed, to obtain a certain sense of continuity. The famous example is one of people made to watch a traffic accident. Later, when asked about the details regarding how the cars smashed into each other, some added details of broken glass even though there was none in the original video. While we should definitely be in awe of how important stories and story-telling is to our everyday lives, we should also be wary of how tricky the memory process is.
I'm so stressed that my eye keeps twitching .(
- I have a statistics 2 test tomorrow. Super nervous. Studying my ass off
- I have a Cognitive Process test on thursday. Super nervous. Studying my foot off.
- I have a 2 page paper due on Friday. Super nervous. Studying my hands off.
Moral of this tale. I’m studying so much that my body is going to end up giving up on me and disappear.