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Fe & Fi
The Extroverted Feeling (Fe) function is used when an individual acts in a considerate way to the feelings and beliefs of the people around them. Those with strong Fe can easily empathize with other people and is the most likely to be a ‘people person.’ Those with weak Fe may find themselves offending people unintentionally.
The Introverted Feeling (Fi) function attempts to find meaning in the world. In this sense, ‘feeling’ doesn’t necessarily mean ‘emotions’ - it refers to the subjective and subtle sense of value within a situation. It is often associated with gut reactions about the fairness or goodness of an interaction. Those with strong Fi usually care less about objective facts and more about what’s fair or right.
Like running an obstacle course
Hubby and i were talking about my cognitive issues tonight, and we mostly talked about two big ones:
1) The inability to prioritize. Give me a task that involves multiple things to do and i just freeze. It’s not anxiety, but it can frustrate me to tears because i literally dont know how to break that task down into its components. I need someone to tell me, “do this first, and then that” etc etc. I mean, i know *how* to prioritize, like the list making etc, but in the moment it all fails me.
2) Working memory deficits. Your working memory is where information is stored for you to act on and comprehend. It is conscious memory, it has to be thought about and acted on, it’s not automatic. It’s not short term memory, which is where something is stored for a short period of time, working memory is where stuff goes from moment to moment.
Here’s an example: you’re running an obstacle course. Your long-term memory knows what an obstacle course is, and what will be expected of you. Your short-term memory is what you’ve seen when you arrive, the first glimpses of the course. Your working memory comes into play when you run the course. A jumping obstacle is coming up, that information goes into your working memory and you think “i need to jump over that”, and so you do. You choose to jump based on the info in your working memory.
In schizophrenia, there is a deficit in working memory. For my own part, it is quite noticeable if you know what you’re looking for. When Hubby and i argue, for example, he might say something and my brain just drops it. So then i try to argue back with not all the information and it gets messy.
I also have a bad habit of walking out in front of cars. I know not to walk out in front of a car, but that info goes to my working memory, that there is a car coming, and my brain just draws a blank so i keep walking. The “stop, there is a car coming” thought never happens. Or Hubby (or whoever) will tell me to do/ not do something and it seems like i just disregard what they said, but it’s just that i didnt process and act on the command.
It’s going to make things very difficult when i learn to drive. Im going to have to memorize every step over and over, and even then it could still get dicey if someone runs a red light or whatever, that the “slam on the brakes” thought might not happen. But we’re going to work on it. Im going to try to get into a driving course that works with disabled people and people who are cognitively impaired, so hopefully that will help.
Beauty Tip of the Day!
A new clinical trial from Oxford University showed that daily supplements of B vitamins may slow the decline in mental function in people with mild cognitive impairment. For more information on the study, check out this article: http://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/B-vitamins-may-slow-cognitive-decline-Oxford-University-study
Check out Physiologics B-100 Complex!
More Proof of Effects of Pro Fighting on Brain
SAN DIEGO — The volumes of important regions of the brain and the functional connections between them were decreased in amateur and professional fighters with the most experience, MRI scans showed.
Among 104 boxers and 135 mixed-martial arts (MMA) competitors — many of them “cage fighters” — the number of years of pro fighting correlated significantly with reduced volume in the caudate and amygdala, and strong trends were seen toward smaller volumes in the thalamus and putamen, reported Sarah Banks, PhD, of the Cleveland Clinic’s Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in Las Vegas.
Resting state functional MRI scans also indicated a correlation between lower connectivity between regions and the amount of fighting experience, she told attendees at the American Academy of Neurology’s annual meeting.
Although the data were from one-time, cross-sectional MRI scans taken from fighters of different ages and experience levels, Banks said the findings pointed toward a dose-response between the number of head blows and important changes within the brain.
Cognitive and other functional deficits in professional fighters have been noted for decades, if not centuries, with the concept of “punch drunk” well known in popular culture. More recently, scientific studies in athletes subject to repeated head blows have pointed to specific abnormalities including but not limited to the tauopathy known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).
Much of that research has been based on autopsy findings and studies of retired athletes. Banks and colleagues were interested in what could be learned from living athletes who were still participating in their sports.
In her presentation, Banks noted that Las Vegas — the “Fight Capital of the World — is an ideal place to find subjects for such research. Not only do many professional boxers and cage fighters make the city their home, but local regulations require them to undergo MRI scans in order to secure and maintain a license to fight professionally.
Banks said that her group had also gone to local gyms and fight venues to recruit participants for voluntary participation in a prospective, longitudinal study of brain structure and function in this population.
Longitudinal data are not yet available, but Banks provided a largely qualititative overview of the cross-sectional data collected in the project so far.
Mean age for the overall cohort was 28, with approximately equal numbers of Hispanic, African-American and non-Hispanic white participants. Some 7% were Asian or Pacific Islanders. Mean educational level was about 13 years, with MMA fighters having about one more year of education on average than the boxers.
The average career length at enrollment was 4 years and the mean number of self-reported fights was 11. Banks noted that the frequency of fights varied considerably, such that career length and number of fights did not correlate exactly.
In her group’s analyses, MRI findings were adjusted for intracranial volume, age, education, and race.
The only numerical findings Banks reported were on the relationship between career initiation and length and volumes of particular brain regions of interest: caudate, putamen, thalamus, amygdala, and hippocampus. Up to about year 5 of fight experience, volumes of all these regions did not vary.
With experience beyond year 5, however, volumes declined — most sharply for the caudate. In that region, volumes were 10% lower in participants with 15 years of experience compared with those fighting for 5 years or less (P<0.001).
Volumes were lower by about 5% for the amygdala and putamen (P=0.036 and 0.067, respectively).
There was a lesser trend toward smaller volumes with experience in the thalamus (P=0.092) and no hint of a relationship in the hippocampus.
Caudate volumes and years of fighting experience were more strongly related in participants who said they began fighting in earnest at age 15 or younger, Banks said. In that subgroup, caudate volumes were smaller by 0.37% for each bout reported by participants. In contrast, the reduction was only 0.10% per bout for participants who said they began fighting after age 15.
Participants with relatively longer careers and higher frequency of fights also tended to show reduced connectivity between the basal ganglia and other brain regions, she said.
She pointed out that the basal ganglia has been identified in previous studies of chronic head injury in athletes as a locus for abnormalities. In particular, much of the CTE pathology seems to be centered there.
Session co-moderator Scott McGinnis, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, commented that longitudinal data from study participants would be telling. Banks agreed and added that her group planned to expand the study to a larger group in the near future.
Banks also indicated that the study team had been recruiting healthy controls, but there were not enough of them yet for a meaningful comparison of results.
- Note that this study was published as an abstract and presented at a conference. These data and conclusions should be considered to be preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.
- The volumes of important regions of the brain and the functional connections between them were decreased in amateur and professional fighters with the most experience.
- Note that resting state functional MRI scans also indicated a correlation between lower connectivity between regions and the amount of fighting experience.
Keep pwning, extremecapitalism. Also, in a test, I got INTJ, but I have doubts I'm more of an INTP. Do you know where can I find a reliable test to find out my personality type more accurately?
Have you heard of cognitive function tests? You should take one of those and find out what your cognitive functions are like. Take it a couple times and then look up the corresponding personality type for those functions.
Ti + Ne = INTP. Ni + Te = INTJ.
Another method is by taking the socionics test. The type you are in MBTI will be the opposite of the type you are in socionics. So if you get INTj in socionics, you’re an INTP and vice versa.
http://www.keys2cognition.com/explore.htm - Cognitive functions
http://www.socionics.com/sta/sta-1-r.html?0::: - Socionics (add the whole link including the :::’s, it’s a bizarre link O_O)