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Once again, Champsosaurus by Frederik Spindler. I’m starting to run out of respectable champsosaur pics.
- Choristoderes appearently are the sister taxa to Rhynchosauria. You know, the ugly rodent-like archosauromorphs. In restrospect, the giant temporal fenestrae and associated muscles make sense.
- Champsosaurus probably was fully aquatic after all. The female forelimbs certainly allowed for movement in the shallows, but true terrestrial locomotion was appearently difficult if not impossible. Likely, they gave birth on the shores or on highly vegetated swamp environments.
- Monjurosuchus was appearently ovoviviparous, suggesting that ovovivipary was quite basal for these animals.
- The Greenland Champsosaurus fossils were found in association with turtles. These turtles were appearently dermochelids. There’s also coral fossils, so it was definitely a marine environ.
- There’s appearently a Campanian fossil from Austria (Buffetaut, 1989), which does suggest they travelled across the sea from Asia/North America to Europe.
In 1849, British soldier and prominent politician Edward Coke had a problem. While riding horses on his estate, he and his companions would encounter low hanging branches, sending them to the ground in a hurry. He required a hat stiff enough to protect them, while still being stylish enough for an 18th century gentlemen. He commissioned Thomas and William Bowler to create such a hat. With two good stomps Coke tested the hat’s sturdiness, and thus the Bowler hat was born.
From there the Bowler went through many social circles. While it was highly fancied by European nobility, Bowlers also became extremely popular in the western United States, where they were known as Derby hats. More so than the stereotypical Stetson, the bowler was known as The Hat That Won The West, favored by western settlers and outlaws for it’s ability to stay on the head during even the strongest winds.
By the 1920s, it had also found it’s way into South America. A shipment of Bowlers sent to European railroad workers in Peru and Bolivia was too small. The Europeans instead distributed them to the locals. They became especially popular with the Aymara people of Peru, and remain an iconic part of cosmopolitan Aymara dress to modern day.