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For those last minute study sessions, here is a link to get review and test prep books for ALL AP exams
In my AP Psychology Exam.
- 1st part of Multiple Choice: HELLS YEAH, I GOT THIS!! YOU AINT GOT NO PANCAKE MIX!
- Middle of Multiple Choice: Shit, what is the what? WHO?!
- End of Multiple Choice: Oh, thank God, I know stuff again.
- Break: "Yeah, I'm not worried about the essays. I'll know it."
- Essay 1: ...WHAT. I HAVE NEVER SEEN THESE WORDS IN MY LIFE. WELL I GUESS I'VE HAD A GOOD LIFE.
- Essay 2: Okay, this is a little better, I sort of know what that mea--WHAT? OH JESUS CHRIST I WONDER HOW HARD I WOULD HAVE TO BANG MY HEAD INTO THE DESK TO KILL MYSELF
- After the exam: I NO LONGER HAVE A FUCK TO GIVE.
Social Psychology in Summary
Attitudes: Your set of beliefs
- Mere Exposure Effect: just being around something makes you like (or hate) it. (ex) You grew up eating curry, so you love it.
- Cognitive Dissonance: when your actions don’t match up with your attitude, you get uncomfortable and usually change one or the other. (ex) you think smoking is bad, but you start smoking, so you say, “well it’s not THAT bad.”
Compliance Strategies: How to get people to do what you want
- Foot in Door: You ask for a little, then increase what you want when they agree to the first thing.
- Door in Face: You ask for way too much, then ask for something that seems reasonable in comparison.
- Norms of Reciprocity: Give-and-take. They give you something, and hope you’ll return the favor.
- Fundamental Attribution Error: There are always dispositional and situational aspects, but in other people, you’ll blame disposition (he’s lazy) but in yourself or people you know and like, you’ll blame the situation (bad day, there was traffic)
- False Consensus Effect: You overestimate how much others agree with you when you feel strongly about something
- Self-Serving Bias: You take more credit for good outcomes, while avoiding blame for bad ones.
- Just World Belief: You assume that people get what’s coming to them. “He’s homeless because he didn’t work hard enough”
- Social Facilitation: You do better at a task you are capable of when there are others watching.
- Social Impairment: If you’re nervous or unprepared, having an audience will make you do poorly.
Conformity and Obedience:
- Solomon Asche’s Line Experiment (Conformity)
- Stanley Milgram’s Shock Experiment (Obedience)
- Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment
- Social Loafing: during a group task, you’ll slack off and assume someone else will pick up the slack
- Group Polarization: When you’re with people who agree with you, your opinion will become more and more radical. Basically, everything everywhere will devolve into a circlejerk.
- Deindividuation: When you’re in a group, you’ll do things you normally would not. (ex) There’s a riot, and you’re a nice person, but you’re smashing windows and tipping cars with everyone else.
- Groupthink: Groups tend to make bad choices.
- Stereotypes: ideas, positive or negative, about a group of people.
- Prejudice: undeserved negative attitudes about people.
- Discrimination: acting on prejudice, treating people differently.
- Out-of-group Homogeneity: You think that everyone outside your group is all the same. (ex) You’re a running enthusiast. Everyone who bikes is weird. People who don’t exercise are boring.
- In-Group Bias: You prefer people in your own group
- Contact Theory: Putting together a diverse group of people helps resolve their differences if you give them a superordinate goal that they must work together to achieve
- Instrumental Aggression: aggressive acts to achieve a specific end. (ex) Tackle someone to get the ball. Push people to get in line.
- Hostile Aggression: Just bein’ a dick.
- Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: We take our anger out on others because it relieves our own frustrations.
- If not Frustration, some believe in social learning, a la Albert Bandura: We see people act aggressively, so we model that behavior.
- Bystander Effect: When multiple people witness a tragic event, no one will do anything because of the diffusion of responsibility. (ex) Kitty Genevese case- a NY woman was brutally stabbed to death outside an apartment complex. There were 40 witnesses, and no one did anything
Attraction is influenced by:
- Reciprocal Liking
whoop cramming for ap psych and i’m sure hundreds of others are too so here i made a thing that may help you (and me) remember definitions
history / approaches
- structuralism: wilhelm came across a bridge (a structure), thought to himself (introspection), and decided he wundt jump.