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As we close out 2014, we’re remembering Mighty Girl heroes who passed away this year, among them actress and diplomat Shirley Temple Black who died in February at the age of 85. The most famous child movie star in history, Shirley Temple starred in dozens of movies starting with her first film at the age of three in 1932. As a multi-talented singer and dancer with a famously sunny disposition, Black quickly became the most popular movie star of the Depression years. Black often spoke of the importance of this unique period in history to her success, stating: “People in the Depression wanted something to cheer them up, and they fell in love with a dog, Rin Tin Tin, and a little girl.”

Years after she left show business, Black started raising funds for the National Multiple Sclerosis Society; a disease that afflicted her brother. By the early 1960s, she was president of the Multiple Sclerosis Society and co-founder of the International Federation of Multiple Sclerosis Societies. In the years that followed, she became increasingly engaged in politics and served as the U.S. Ambassador to two countries: Ghana from 1974 to 1976 and Czechoslovakia in 1989.

Black also became one of the first prominent women to speak publicly about her fight against breast cancer. After she had a mastectomy in 1972, she held a press conference in her hospital room and urged women discovering breast lumps to seek medical attention and not to “sit home and be afraid.” Due to her openness around her experience, the NY Times stated that “she is widely credited with helping to make it acceptable to talk about breast cancer.”

To read more about Shirley Temple Black’s remarkable life story, check out the NY Times tribute at

For a new book for adult readers about Shirley Temple’s tremendous influence during the Great Depression, check out “The Little Girl Who Fought the Great Depression: Shirley Temple and 1930s America” at

For stories for children and teens about girls and women in the creative arts, visit…/general-interest/creative-arts

For over 450 true stories for children and teens about female trailblazers in fields ranging from the sciences to the arts, visit A Mighty Girl’s “Role Models” biography section at

Meet The Generation Of Incredible Native American Women Fighting To Preserve Their Culture
by Danielle Seewalker
10:50 | 19 Aug 2014 



Native Americans represent just one per cent of the US population and some languages have only one speaker left. Now a new generation is fighting to preserve the culture.
Meet the women leading that fight:

Evereta Thinn
Age: 30 
Tribe Affiliation: Diné (Navajo)
Occupation: Administrator at a Shonto School District

When Evereta entered college as the only Native American in her English 101 class, it was at that moment she realized that she needed to speak up and not be that stereotypical ‘shy’ Indian that keeps to herself. She started bywriting an essay in that very class about living in ‘two worlds’; living in the traditional world and living in the modern world and how Native Americans need to find that balance in today’s society. ‘Knowing who you are as a Native, know the teachings from your elders and engraining them as you go out into the modern world is how you maintain that balance’. She further explains that ‘once the language fades, the culture will slowly start to go too. If the younger generations cannot speak the language, how will they be equipped to make decisions on policies and protect our tribes in the future?’ She aspires to start a language and cultural immersion school for the Diné (Navajo) people.

Alayna Eagle Shield (left) and Tonia Jo Hall (right)
Age: 24 
Tribe Affiliation: Lakota & Arikara
Occupation: Teacher in the Lakota Language Nest Head Start program/Medical student

Alayna currently holds a seat in the National Native Youth Cabinet under the National Congress of American Indians (CNAI). Three key issues that she addresses on behalf of the Native youth population are the importance of language and culture, bullying, and lack of education. Her passion to keep the language alive stems from her father being one of the few fluent Lakota speakers. He chose not to speak it to her as a child, but as she grew older, she understood the importance of keeping the language alive. ‘Speaking your language is a guide to knowing who you are as a Native’, says Alayna.

Shawn Little Thunder
Age: 26 
Tribe Affiliation: Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
Occupation: Poet / Singer / Songwriter

Growing up, Shawn was severely shy and timid. It wasn’t until after graduating high school that she was urged by a musician friend to be featured in one of his songs. This was a freeing moment for her and a new outlet to express herself. She began to write poetry and join local talent shows. While holding a work position at a teen group home, Shawn encouraged the teens to keep a journal and write how they felt. Most of what the teens wrote was poetry and songs so Shawn began a poetry workshop that led to an open mic at the group home. She decided to expand her efforts and encourage others to speak freely at local events and pow wows. Rez Poetry: ‘Wičhóiye Wašaka’ (Strong Words) was the name she coined for her events. ‘That’s what I want to do, empower other Natives, especially the younger generations’.

Sage Honga
Age: 22 
Tribe Affiliation: Hualapai, Hopi & Diné (Navajo)
Occupation: Server at W Hotel in Scottsdale, Arizona

Sage earned the title of 1st attendant in the 2012 annual pageant, Miss Native American USA. From that point forward, she has been encouraging Native youth to travel off the reservation to explore opportunities. In Native American culture, knowledge is power and the youth are encouraged to leave the reservations, get an education and then come home to give back to your people. ‘My tribe, the Hualapai people, is so small that I want to be a role model to show my community and youth that it is possible to come off our land and do big things’.

Juliana Brown Eyes-Clifford
Age: 23 
Tribe Affiliation: Oglala Lakota & Samoan
Occupation: Musician, photographer, film maker, artist

Juliana and her husband, Scotti Clifford, have formed the band, ‘Scatter Their Own’ (which is the English translation for the word Oglala). They travel to various Indian reservations and other parts of the country to play their music. They are self-taught, cannot read music and play what comes out naturally from their hearts. Juliana is inspired to play for the youth and inspire them to branch out and learn about the arts and music which are topics not generally exposed on the reservation. The songs they write are about Mother Earth, social justice and about the Native American culture.

Kelli Brooke Haney
Age: 33 
Tribe Affiliation: Seminole, Creek and Choctaw
Occupation: Musician / Artist

As the daughter the internationally recognized Native American artist and former Chief of the Seminole Nation, Enoch Kelly Haney, it’s no shock that artistic and bold talent radiate from the ever-inspiring Kelli Brooke. In the early 2000s she formed a rockabilly band with her best friend called The Oh Johnny! Girls and also has a solo music project called Hudson Roar. Kelli grew up in a household where her parents spoke Seminole Creek as the first language. She is also the mother to a sweet five-year old boy, Jack, and expresses the importance of raising him with Native American traditions as well as encouraging him to embrace his own artistic talents.

Juanita C. Toledo
Age: 28 
Tribe Affiliation: Walatowa-Pueblo of Jemez
Occupation: Works for the Community Wellness Program on Jemez Pueblo Reservation

Growing up, Juanita was valedictorian of her charter school, President of the Native American Youth Empowerment (NAYE) group, and on the executive committee of UNITY (United National Indian Tribal Youth Organization). During college things changed dramatically for Juanita. She felt the pressure of life and quickly fell into depression, anxiety and succumbed to drugs and alcohol after dealing with a very traumatizing family event. ‘It was the worst time of my life; I really thought I was going to die and I wanted to die’. In 2012, she had a turning point. ‘I started to believe in my dreams and in myself again.’ She ran for Miss Indian World, one of the most prestigious honours a Native American woman could receive. Although she didn’t take the title, her tribal community was extremely proud of her representation. Today, she works for the Community Wellness program on her reservation and has truly influenced positive changes in the program and in her community.

See more images and read the full story in the September issue of Marie Claire.

Photo credit: Carlotta Cardana



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jkmhoffman The Ancient Esoteric Wisdom of the Hawaiian Huna Philosophy
The Ancient Esoteric Wisdom of the Hawaiian Huna Philosophy

By Paul Lenda

Guest Writer for Wake Up World

A long time ago, Hawaii was a mystical and magical place (and still is today in many ways). What made Hawaii especially magical in ages past was that there were shamans called kahunas that lived on its emerald islands. These individuals experienced true nature of Reality, in which they realized several critical defining aspects of reality that were later taught to others in order to guide humanity towards a full Self-realized state of existence.

In the early 20th century, with the rise of New Thought, there was an individual by the name of Max Long who linked the ancient kahunas to abstract and mystical metaphysics he was contemplating upon. He believed the key to Huna is the concept of the ‘ Three Selves’, meaning the unconscious, conscious, and superconscious, which he called the unihipili, the uhane and the aumakua.  Also, the word Huna is a Hawaiian word meaning “secret,” but it also refers to the esoteric wisdom of Polynesia.

The 7 Huna Principles

IKE — the world is what you think it is
KALA — there are no limits
MAKIA — energy flows where attention goes
MANA WA — now is the moment of power
ALOHA — to love is to be happy with
MANA — all power comes from within
PONO — effectiveness is the measure of truth

IKE — the world is what you think it is

This principle is essentially saying that our consciousness creates our reality. Our perception of reality is subjective and does not necessarily reflect the true objective reality, if such a reality should even exist. If someone thinks the world is full of deception, evil, and hatred, they will only focus their awareness on such matters and become completely blind to anything otherwise that would contradict this perception. Each one of us has the inherent power to transform our reality in any way we see fit. This power has the ability to transform not only one’s self, but all those around them.

KALA — there are no limits

In an infinite reality, there is no beginning or end of anything, which signifies the limitless nature of all that is. Anything is possible and self-growth is likewise infinite. There is always a process of be-ing and become-ing. With no limits, anything that is infinitely possible, can happen, is happening, and will happen, in its infinite forms. This is a concept that is simply too magnificent to be able to comprehend by a human brain.

MAKIA — energy flows where attention goes

Where someone focuses their attention, that is where an directed energy stream will go. This is how the healing method of reiki works and how the method of prayer works as well. When someone directs their thoughts towards a particular form of sentient energy, such as a loved one, this additional energy will be either in a positive form or a negative form. Depending whether the thought-forms are malevolent or benevolent, the end-result will be mimicked.

Sending positive energy and healing hope will have a beneficial effect. If the contrary is occurring, the opposite will result. This can be magnified to show its effects on global consciousness. If positive thoughts are sent into the global consciousness, then there will be less animosity, hatred, anger, and other malevolent emotions. This was demonstrated to be a reality in the 1987 Harmonic Convergence.

MANA WA — now is the moment of power

The power of ‘now’ is monumental. Existing and living the present moment does away with the stress of thinking about ‘what-if’ scenarios or reliving painful memories in an endless loop. All that is, is, and always will be as such. There will be complete inner peace when someone lives in the ‘now’ moment.

ALOHA — to love is to be happy with

Love is such a powerful state of consciousness. When love is experienced, it is a feeling that requires something to be happy about. It can be a physical manifestation of energy such as a person, tree, etc. or it may be completely subtle and nonphysical such as the love for existence. This requirement of having something else be a part of the love equation, demonstrates the interconnectedness with all that is, in all its varying frequencies and energy forms.

MANA — all power comes from within

The individual is the greatest power plant that exists. The mind is more powerful than it is often given credit for. With the power to create, destroy, restore, shift, and change, anything is truly possible for a person to do. Realizing the inner power that each individual has will empower that person to not only completely control their being, but will give one’s self the opportunity to share this power with others and create mutually beneficial exchange relationships.

PONO — effectiveness is the measure of truth

How effective something is in creating a positive and beneficial shift or change in someone or something is a good indicator of the genuine nature of something. It will give a better reflection between truth and falsehood, or rather, between truth and the ignorance of truth.

The seven Huna principles are a great introduction to the power of consciousness and should be able to transform your daily life into something far more empowering and positive on many levels. There’s such tremendous potential for each of us to make a difference not only in their own lives, but in the lives of every other person on the one planet we all share.

The power is all within you. Express it, with love.

Previous article by Paul Lenda:

About the author:

Paul is a conscious evolution guide, author of “The Creation of a Consciousness Shift“ and co-founder of SHIFT>, a social community focused on anchoring in the new paradigm and assisting the positive transformation of humanity. With the drive to be aware of and experience the wider horizon of Reality, Paul has developed an extensive background in the spiritual and transformative elements of life; one that is both knowledge and experienced-based.


US National Archives


On November 6, 1940, when Fidel Castro was just 14 years old, he wrote this letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The young Fidel opens his letter with “My good friend Roosevelt” and asks the President to “give me a ten dollars bill green american” since he had not seen one. In a postscript, he even offers his help with the industrial sector by indicating that he can show the President “the biggest (minas) of iron in the land.” (There’s an interesting discrepancy in the letter: in 1940, Fidel was 14 years old, not 12 as he states.)

Years later, Fidel Castro told a reporter who was interviewing him in 1975 that he did, in fact, receive correspondence from the White House thanking him for his letter, but he never received the $10 bill.

Letter from Fidel Castro to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 11/06/1940. (National Archives Identifier: 302040)


Santiago de Cuba, November 6th 1940

Mr. Franklin Roosevelt
President of the United States:

My good friend Roosevelt:

I don’t know very English, but I know as much as write to you.
I like to hear the radio, and I am very happy, because I heard in it, that you will be President for a new (periodo).
I am twelve years old. I am a boy but I think very much, but I do not think that I am writing to the President of the United States.
If you like, give me a ten dollars bill green american in the letter, because never, I have not seen a ten dollars bill green american and I would like to have one of them.

My address is:

Sr. Fidel Castro
Colegio de Dolores
Santiago de Cuba
Oriente Cuba

I don’t know very English but I know very much Spanish and I suppose you don’t know very Spanish but you know very English because you are American but I am not American.

Thank you very much
Good by. Your friend,

F. Castro (signed)
Fidel Castro

If you want iron to make your ships I will show to you the bigest (minas) of iron in the land. They are in Mayorí, Oriente, Cuba.

#Castro #Cuba #FidelCastro #letters #FDR

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Easter Islanders also made voyages to the New World
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By Karen Graham 10 hours ago in Science

Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, is one of the world’s most remote inhabited islands. The closest continental land mass is Chile, 2,182 miles away. Yet, science has proven the Rapa Nui people met with early South Americans, well before Europeans came visiting. + Add Image

Easter Island is well known for the 887 huge stone statues, called Moai, depicting deified ancestors that stand in watchful silence, looking out to sea. Researchers believe the island was first inhabited by Polynesians from the Gambier Islands, some 1,600 miles away, or the Marquesas Islands, 2,000 miles away. Radiocarbon dating seems to suggest the island was settled by 1200 CE.

Easter Island and the islands between it and South America.
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It was always assumed the Easter Islanders were isolated, and had no contact with the outside world until the first Europeans visited in 1722. But this assertion has now been proven to be incorrect. Actually, the Rapa Nui had been visiting back and forth with Native South Americans in what we call the New World for several hundred years.
Based on a study conducted by researchers from Norway, Denmark and California, in the United States, and published in the journal Current Biology on Oct. 23, 2014, archaeological and genetic evidence now suggests the Polynesians of Easter Island and people living in South America had been inbreeding since the 1300s.
Researchers used genetic data obtained from 27 Easter Islanders in the study. While the study indicated a mostly Polynesian ancestry, genome-wide patterns did exist indicating a Native American and European admixture. The ancestry of eight unrelated Rapa Nui was further studied, and results showed support for an admixture of Native American genomes dating back to 1280–1495 and an European admixture dating to AD 1850–1895.
“We found evidence of gene flow between this population and Native American populations, suggesting an ancient ocean migration route between Polynesia and the Americas,” says geneticist and study leader Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas of the Center for GeoGenetics at the University of Copenhagen.

Moai of Easter Island.
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It is uncertain whether Native Americans traveled to Rapa Nui, or the Islanders traveled to South America. But researchers are more inclined to believe the Rapa Nui made the dangerous round-trip voyage to South America. They swapped goods to obtain chickens, sweet potatoes, and other food sources, and brought back Native American women with them.
The next obvious step in the research would be to see if any South Americans have Polynesian, Rapa Nui ancestry. “It seems most likely that they voyaged from Rapa Nui to South America and brought South Americans back to Rapa Nui and admixed with them,” said Mark Stoneking, a geneticist with Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. “So it will be interesting to see if in further studies any signal of Polynesian, Rapa Nui ancestry can be found in South Americans.”
The admixing of South Americans and Rapa Nui dates back 19 to 23 generations. European admixtures only go back to the 19th century, say the researchers. The genetic makeup of the 5, 761 people living on Easter Island today is about 75 percent Polynesian, 10 percent Native American and 15 percent European ancestry.
Second Study shows Polynesians reached Brazil
A second study published in Thursday’s Current Biology discussed the finding of two human skulls thought to be the remains of Brazil’s indigenous Botocudo people. The Botocudo are known for the large wooden disks they wore in their lips and ears. But genetic evidence instead showed the two skulls belonged to two Polynesians, with no detectable Native American DNA.
“How the two Polynesian individuals belonging to the Botocudos came into Brazil is the million-dollar question,” said University of Copenhagen geneticist Eske Willerslev of the Centre for GeoGenetics, who led the study on the Botocudos.
The finding lead researchers to believe the Polynesians made their way to the west coast of South America and journeyed inland, reaching Brazil, or they traveled around Tierra del Fuego and on up the east coast, according to Reuters.