“La Piedra Pintada”

part three

Painted Rock

35.146108, -119.861757

"Beyond the Calientes lie the arid Carrizo Plains with an interior drainage into Soda Lake.  Bounding the plains to the northeast is the Tremblor Range, the last coastal ranges before the San Joaquin, home of the Yokuts. "

Excerpt from the book The Rock Paintings of the Chumash by Campbell Grant, page 76.

part 1

part 2

part 4

part 5

My School and it's Racist Mascot

I’ll start off by saying I’m white. I am not claiming to speak for native people when talk about my school’s racist mascot. 

I found this article that puts my old high school’s mascot in a rather negative light 


Things the article doesn’t mention:

Our mascot has been approved by leaders of the Tule River Indian Tribe (composed of mostly Yokuts and Wukchumnis) and that horrible “Indian Princess” (yes that is indeed what we called her) has to be an enrolled member of a tribe (though I’m fairly certain that was not always the case). And speaking of our Indian Princess, during pep rallies she leads the school in what definitely mocks some sort of native ritual (she dances and does this stupid arm thing), and seeing it while going to school there kind of disgusted me.  

I loved my high school, I have so many awesome memories and I damned proud to have gone there. But I’m not proud to be a “Tulare Redskin”, because that mascot is damned racist. 

Throughout the United States, many Native American languages are struggling to survive. According to Unesco, more than 130 of these languages are currently at risk, with 74 languages considered “critically endangered.” These languages preserve priceless cultural heritage, and some hold unexpected value — nuances in these languages convey unparalleledknowledge of the natural world. Many of these at-risk languages are found in my home state of California. Now for some, only a few fluent speakers remain.

This Op-Doc tells the story of Marie Wilcox, the last fluent speaker of the Wukchumni language, and the dictionary she has created. I met her through the Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival, an organization that encourages the revival of languages like Wukchumni. Through training and mentorship, it has supported Ms. Wilcox’s work for several years. Ms. Wilcox’s tribe, the Wukchumni, is not recognized by the federal government. It is part of the broader Yokuts tribal group native to Central California. Before European contact, as many as 50,000 Yokuts lived in the region, but those numbers have steadily diminished. Today, it is estimated that fewer than 200 Wukchumni remain.

Like most Native Americans, the Wukchumni did not write their language until recently. Although several linguists documented the grammar of the Wukchumni language in the 20th century, Ms. Wilcox’s dictionary is the longest work of its kind. Ms. Wilcox has also recorded an oral version of the dictionary, including traditional Wukchumni stories like the “How We Got Our Hands” parable featured in the film. The pronunciation of the language, including intricate accents, will be preserved, which will assist future learners of the language.

Continue reading the main story



 22 August 2014

I’m glad the filmmaker included his own credits, but crucial information is missing here: How can we donate to Ms. Wilcox’s efforts? Is…


 22 August 2014

The cultural and anthropological value of Marie Wilcox’s work is immeasurable. She should be given a NEH grant to support her work, and…

joseph gemutzah

 22 August 2014

Our indigenous languages are cultural repositories. Once they die so does a large portion of the culture with which they were connected. All…


For Ms. Wilcox, the Wukchumni language has become her life. She spent more than seven years working on the dictionary and she continues to refine and update the text. Through her hard work and dedication, she has created a document that will support the revitalization of the Wukchumni language for decades to come. And Ms. Wilcox isn’t slowing down. Along with her daughter Jennifer Malone she travels to conferences throughout California and meets other tribes who also struggle with language loss.

Although Wukchumni is now being taught to tribe members at a local career center, the language still struggles to gain traction and move beyond a rudimentary level. Few seem able to dedicate the time needed to learn Wukchumni and become fluent speakers. Without additional resources and interest, I fear the language, in any meaningful form, may soon exist only in Ms. Wilcox’s dictionary.

Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee  is a filmmaker, musician and composer who lives in Point Reyes Station, Calif.  His previous Op-Doc is “Vanishing Island.”

Op-Docs is a forum for short, opinionated documentaries, produced with creative latitude by independent filmmakers and artists. Learn more about Op-Docs and how to submit to the series.


La Piedra Pintada

part two

35.146108, -119.861757

"Beyond the Calientes lie the arid Carrizo Plains with an interior drainage into Soda Lake.  Bounding the plains to the northeast is the Tremblor Range, the last coastal ranges before the San Joaquin, home of the Yokuts. "

Excerpt from the book The Rock Paintings of the Chumash by Campbell Grant, page 76.

Panoramas - composited multi images.

part 1

part 3

part 4

part 5