Yaacov Lozowick summarizes an important article from Yediot Acharonot (not available online and only in Hebrew) about the depth of commitment the IDF has to international law on all levels.

The IDF takes international law very seriously. Over the past decade it has considerably expanded the part of the military prosecution which deals with the laws of war, and there is now an entire team of officers, many at the colonel level, whose entire profession is to ensure the IDF functions within the law. I’ll stray from the Yedioth article for a moment to add that I’ve come across these folks in recent years, in professional discussions, and they’re knowledgeable, committed and professional. I expect that they know more about the laws of war than just about any media type or pundit who pontificates on the matter, except of course the other professionals. It seems safe to me to say that if anyone who doesn’t have a full and updated education in the laws of war informs you about how what the IDF does is illegal etc, they are probably talking through their hat comfortable that you, too, don’t know enough to call them out. The laws of war, like any branch of law, is a professional field, and it takes training and practice to be good at it.

That’s the first stage.

The second stage is that these officers spend a significant chunk of their time training other IDF troops in the basics. Clearly a corporal in the infantry won’t go through a full course of training, but the higher the officer, the more exposure they will have had to the principles and concepts of the laws of war, and the more occasions on which they’ll have been required to think about applying them. The training of an IDF soldier includes the understanding that the IDF respects the laws of war; the training of an officer includes applying these laws.

The third stage is that the legal types participate in the planning of all operations. I’m not going to detai the many levels of preparation an IDF operation goes through from conception to execution, but there are lots of them; the legal experts are part of the process. According to Yedioth, this results in some operations never being authorized in the first place, and others are adapted to stay within the law.

The fourth stage of preparation is that there’s a legal expert in every division, and there are channels of communication down to at least the level of battalions; since companies and platoons don’t generally execute their own operations, that more or less covers everyone.

Fifth stage: Aeriel and artillery actions. Aeriel and artillery actions are not necessarily susceptible to heat of battle situations. Both pilots and artillery officers are less likely than infantry, tank or engineering soldiers to need to respond immediately to fire from an unidentified source in the confusion of a battlefield. The article in Yedioth claimed that every single shell shot by those two branches was thought about in advance, and targets were vetted in advance, after they were visually identified by one or more of the layers of eyes the IDF had over Gaza - drones, other drones, radar and other stuff.

Read the whole thing.

What this means is that every IDF officer has more formal training on international law than practically every reporter, every columnist and every pundit that screams “War crimes!”

So when a major New York Times columnist badly misstates international law, it is because he is ignorant. When the head of a major human rights organization justifies it, it is because he is malicious. (Even under the “just war” definition of proportionality, it applies to the decisions to embark on an operation, not to the death-count afterwards. And Ken Roth knows that.)

The IDF had an entire website dedicated to international law. Here is what goes into every single decision to drop a bomb, every single time:

Given the complexity, sensitivity and potential consequences of aerial strikes against terrorists, decisions in this regard are made through highly regulated operational processes. These operational processes are set out in clear orders and procedures, which are classified by nature. Among other things, these orders and procedures define the various stages of the process of planning an aerial strike, thus identifying the entities whose input the military commander must receive before conducting the attack.

The process whereby decisions on aerial strikes are made reflects the full implementation of relevant aspects of international law. First and foremost, the decision to strike is subject to criteria and conditions specified in the orders and procedures, which are designed to ensure that the attack will be consistent with international law. These criteria and conditions have been formulated on the basis of preliminary legal advice and they are implemented by the commanders in each and every aerial strike. Furthermore, although not legally required, in certain cases advice is provided in respect of the legality of a specific target. Obviously this type of advice is generally unfeasible during “real time” aerial strikes conducted in response to immediate threats, when the decision to attack a target is required to be reached in fractions of a second.

The implementation of principles of international law in procedures surrounding aerial strikes is also reflected in the intensive training that those involved in the decision-making process undergo. As an inseparable part of these training programmes, the relevant operational entities - from intelligence officers to operational commanders - learn and internalize the laws of armed conflict that apply to attacks, under the guidance of skilled legal advisers with expertise in the subject.

Within the decision-making process, significant emphasis is placed on the input from intelligence officers, which factor in all the relevant information available about the target, the anticipated military advantage and the collateral damage expected. For example, the intelligence input considers factors that may establish the legality of the target and the anticipated military advantage, such as the nature of the terrorist activity in which the terrorist target is involved (for example, participating in rocket attacks directed at Israeli civilians) and their role within the enemy’s military operations. The intelligence insight will also consider, to the extent possible in the given circumstances, information that can be used to assess the extent of the anticipated collateral damage to civilians or civilian objects.

Based on this information, along with the insight of additional professionals such as damage assessment experts, the military commander may properly apply the principles of distinction, proportionality and the obligation to undertake precautionary measures – both in deciding on the attack itself and the manner in which it will be conducted (for example, the timing of the attack, the type of munitions to be used, etc.)

Almost certainly, not a single international journalist who reported on Gaza ever heard of this website, or even ever consulted an expert on international law, before throwing around terms like “war crime” and “proportionality.”
Israel is asking Germany and the EU to help with administration over Gaza to prevent further security problems

Israel would have released Hamas prisoners in exchange for a demilitarized Gaza, sources say, but the terror group did not agree. Moreover, Hamas said it plans to resume fighting promptly at 8 am Friday, when the 72-hour cease fire runs out. So Israel is now asking Germany and the EU to help with administration over Gaza to prevent future security problems. Egyptian sources who spoke to the Hebrew-language Yediot Aharanot newspaper say that during cease fire talks in Cairo, Israeli negotiators agreed to release Hamas prisoners in exchange for demilitarizing Gaza. The Israelis also considered the possibility of building a small airport and seaport in Gaza, but did not make a final decision on the issue. The sources said Israel refused to back down from the issue of demilitarizing Gaza, however, though the Jewish State was willing to also lift the blockade and expand the fishing zone. In fact, Israel was willing to be flexible on nearly all the demands put forth by the Palestinian Arab factions – but not on the issue of disarming Gaza, the sources said. Israel is now calling on the European Union to step in and take an active role in dealing with the thorny issue of how to monitor the security issues from Gaza. Foreign Minister Avigdor Liberman told the German newspaper Bild in an interview published Thursday that inspectors from the EU and Germany should be sent to “monitor the Palestinians’ trade with neighboring countries… The EU already did that once at a crossing in Rafah in southern Gaza,” Liberman reminded. The foreign minister added that Israel does not want to have to deal with administering Gaza after withdrawing its troops and communities from the region in 2005, but said a reasonable solution for Gaza residents must be found. He called on Germany to take a leading role in finding a viable resolution to the problem. Until Hamas seized control over Gaza in 2007, the “EUBAM” program was started by the EU following Israel’s 2005 Disengagement from Gaza. EUBAM assigned 70 European observers as monitors over movement of human, material and vehicular traffic at the Rafah crossing between Gaza and Egypt. Meanwhile, the entire discussion may be academic for the time being: Hamas rejected the extension of the current 72-hour cease fire beyond Friday at 8 am.

Israel y EEUU establecieron pacto con Hamás


Israel y Estados Unidos llegaron a un acuerdo sobre como gestionar los detalles del acuerdo futuro y permanente con el movimiento islamista Hamás, revela hoy la edición digital del diario israelí “Yediot Aharonot”.

Según la publicación, que cita “fuentes en Jerusalén”, con este objetivo viajará la próxima semana a Tel Aviv el secretario de Estado de EEUU, John Kerry, quien “escenificará su apoyo a Israel y (al primer ministro) Benjamin Netanyahu, y demostrará que la relación entre los dos aliados no está en crisis”.

“Las mismas fuentes agregaron que Israel y EEUU decidieron en secreto que Israel se comprometerá a levantar de forma gradual el bloqueo a Gaza, empezando por los pasos fronterizos y eventualmente abriendo el tráfico marítimo”, explica el diario.

“Bajo este acuerdo, Israel tampoco se opondrá a la transferencia de los salarios a los funcionarios de Hamás en Gaza y permitirá la reconstrucción de la Franja a través de la comunidad internacional”, agregó.

“Yediot Aharonot” asegura, igualmente, que la exigencia de Israel de la desmilitarización de las milicias “probablemente no se incluya en los acuerdos de El Cairo, aunque Estados Unidos apoya la demanda de Israel de que se evite el rearme de Hamás” de otras milicias en Gaza.

Esta misma mañana, el ex ministro palestino de Asuntos relativos a los prisioneros, Ashraf al Ahrami, ya aseguró a la radio militar israelí que Israel ha renunciado a su demanda de desarme de las milicias palestinas y exigido a cambio que se garantice que el movimiento islamista no pueda rearmarse.

Palestinos e israelíes retomaron los contactos directos el pasado domingo en busca de un cese permanente de las hostilidades que ponga fin a un ofensiva militar israelí en la que ya han muerto 2.016 palestinos, un 75 por ciento de ellos civiles, y 10.196 han sufrido heridas, algunas de ellas muy graves.

Entre los fallecidos, 541 son niños, 250 mujeres y 95 ancianos, precisó hoy el ministerio de Salud en Gaza.

Durante estas cinco semanas de enfrentamientos han muerto también 64 soldados israelíes en combates con milicianos palestinos y un civil israelí, un beduino y un trabajador asiático alcanzados por alguno de los más de tres mil cohetes lanzados por las milicias desde la Franja.

Ambos negocian aún hoy en El Cairo en busca de ese acuerdo, después de que anoche se prorrogara 24 horas más el alto el fuego previo que expiraba a medianoche.


The Fall of Gaza's Temple

The Fall of Gaza’s Temple

On August 17, 2014, an extraordinary article appeared in the front page of Yediot Ahronot, the largest paid Hebrew newspaper. It was based on a UN document called “Gaza Crisis Atlas,” but the newspaper entitled it “Strong Cliff Atlas: Red-Point means Damage to House.” Below the title a festival of death and hatred followed. In a nearby article, a prominent rabbi announced the Fall of the Temple,…

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Yeni Haberler için Halkın Habercisi - Bağımsız Habercilik

Haber Adresi:http://www.halkinhabercisi.com/savasin-ortasinda-israil-filistin-dugunu

Savaşın ortasında İsrail- Filistin düğünü

İsrail Filistin savaşının yoğun şekilde devam ettiği bir sürede ateşkes ilanından yararlanan bir Filistinli genç ile İsrailli bir kız Tel Aviv’de dünya evine girdi. Mahmud Mansur (26) ile Morel Malka’nın (23) düğününü basarak engellemek isteyen yaklaşık 200 aşırı sağcı Yahudiyi polisler zor engelledi. Çıkan olaylarda 4 gösterici gözaltına alındı.

Yediot Ahronot gazetesinin haberine göre, Filistinli Mahmud Mansur Morel Malka adlı İsrailli bir kıza aşık olunca onun İslam dinini seçmesini istedi. Mansur’un bu teklifini kabul eden Malka Müslüman oldu. Savaşın devam ettiği bir sürede evlenme kararı alan çift ateşkesten de yararlanarak Tel Aviv’in en merkezi meydanlarından biri olan Rishon Letsion’da bir düğün salonu kiraladılar. Yahudi ve Müslüman ailelerden oluşan toplam 800 kişi düğünde hazır bulundu. Haberin medyada duyulması üzerine harekete geçen bazı aşırı sağcı guruplar ise düğünü engellemek için salona girmek istediler. Dinci guruplar Müslümanların genç Yahudi kızlarını İslam dinine çevirerek kendilerinden uzaklaştırdıklarını savunarak “Bize ırkçı diyebilirsiniz, bir Müslüman kızın Yahudi bir gençle evlenip bizim dine geçmesine onlar asla müsaede etmezler, bizde aynı şeyi yapıyoruz” dediler. Gazete, polisin geniş güvenlik önlemleri aldığı düğün salonunun önünde 100 kadar Yahudinin de bu çifte destek vermek için toplandığını yazdı. Müslüman bir erkekle Yahudi bir kızın evliliğini alkışlayan bu kişiler “Aşk özgürdür, hiçbir dine tabi değildir” sloganları attılar.




Every team had a clear hierarchy. There are stars in Hapoel Tel Aviv too, players that are in a certain level above the rest, and that is the same in Hapoel Be’er Sheva. Starts like Buzaglo, Melikson, Elyaniv[Barda], Shlomi [Arbeitman] and William [Soares]. They are stars and they have proven themselves not once in our football. They brought titles and played in Europe. I come modest. With all due respect for Roei Gordana, I am realistic. I think they deserve all the respect and appreciation they get and I hope and that we will do something beautiful this season. I really hope so.
—  Roei Gordana, Yediot Aharonot
Intifada Hits the Headlines: How the Israeli Press Misreported the Outbreak of the Second Palestinian Uprising

In this nuanced and detailed study of newspaper reporting during the escalation of the second Intifada in the fall of 2000, Daniel Dor shows how real events are subject to distortion and manipulation by the media. In an analysis of the heart of Israel’s media establishment—the newspapers Yediot Ahronot, Ma’ariv, and Ha’aretz—he finds a wide gap between the reality reported by field reporters and the eventual newspaper accounts framed by editors. Led by beliefs, opinions, and emotional responses rather than the facts provided by their reporters, these editors created a platform on which a new and fearful narrative for Israeli–Palestinian relations was built. Yet while Dor demonstrates that the media construct the news rather than simply report it, his sophisticated analysis also shows that no one entity or person is responsible. Rather than a supreme authority, Dor argues, it is the influence of fear, anger, ignorance, and a desire to please and sell newspapers that threatens the freedom of the press in a liberal democracy.


’Israel’ Deeply Concerned about Hezbollah Cross-Border Tunnels

Date and Time:8 August 2014 - 1:07 -

Zionist daily newspaper, Yediot Ahronot reported yesterday that Hamas tunnels in the Gaza Strip are “a child’s game” in comparison with Hezbollah tunnels in Lebanon.

Al-Akhbar newspaper wrote that the Israeli talk about Hezbollah tunnels did not begin with the Palestinian tunnels that were found during the current aggression on Gaza Strip. But instead, it began a few years ago, after residents complained that they hear sounds of bombing and drilling near their settlements close to the border with Lebanon.

The complaints pushed the Zionist army to take special measures and research operations with the use of modern machines for monitoring and sensing, in addition to vertical drilling operations in more than one place. However, these efforts left no result.

The Israelis in the northern settlements has again become worried about Hezbollah tunnels since discovering Gaza tunnels during the recent Zionist aggression on the strip. Ynet notes that the Israeli army experience Hezbollah tunnels in 2006 war and that these tunnels have been developed and provided with sophisticated equipments. It adds that it is worried that these tunnels may reach the “Israeli territories”.

According to information from the Hebrew newspaper, the designers for the tunnels by Hezbollah, think of every detail and essential need. The tunnels are not dedicated only for the storage of arms and ammunition, but are also dedicated to be centers of command and control. They are made to accommodate fighters and provide them with kitchens, bathrooms, and clinics.

Yediot Ahronot says it is unclear if Hezbollah has continued to dig tunnels into Israeli territory, but there are two factors that would strengthen this hypothesis. The first factor is that Hezbollah has threatened the Zionist entity of invading settlements in Galilee. The second factor is having offensive tunnels by Hamas in the Gaza Strip, with confirmation that the Hamas doctrine feed off Hezbollah combat tunnels.

In turn, Times of Israel newspaper confirmed that the complaints of settlers in the north and their fear of Hezbollah tunnels resonate with the new Israeli leadership, linked to the tunnels in Gaza.

According to the newspaper, Israeli Defense Minister, Moshe Yaalon responded to the requests of the settlements adjacent to the border with Lebanon, and decided to deal with the concerns seriously.

The paper revealed that the administration of the development of weapons and technological infrastructure at the Ministry of Defense, contacted expert geologists from the University of Tel Aviv and asked for their help in tracking the potential activities of Hezbollah underground.

“Therefore, a broad scientific project was established, but it seems it would cost a large amount of money and it would take years, all in an attempt to find a technological response to this threat,” Al Akhbar reported.

Al Akhbar wrote that one of the bosses of the new project said that “the security establishment does not want to repeat the mistakes in Gaza. The want to find a quick solution so they are not surprised and adjust without response.”

“The current trend is based on the lack of disregard for the hypothesis that Hezbollah has already drilled cross-border tunnels towards Israeli territory.”

An Israeli official confirmed that the nature of the ground on the border with Lebanon is contrary to the nature of the ground in the Gaza Strip, adding that in Lebanon it is more difficult to dig tunnels.

However, a geology specialist spoke to Israel’s Channel 2 and stressed that drilling in the rocky terrain in south Lebanon is not as difficult as it seems and “any cross-border tunnel, with a distance of no more than several meters away, will not take more than six months to be built.

The army spokesman told Yediot Ahronot that the military units implement precautious measures, procedures, and defense along the northern border, including defensive measures and collection of information. They also address the issue of tunnels, as it is one of the existing threats in the northern area.

However, the military confirms it has not yet detected any tunnels or passage ways underground on the border with Lebanon.