Curious Images of Mars

As the world eagerly awaits images from Mars Curiosity, I couldn’t resist featuring some curious art historical images of Mars, ranging from an ancient statue of the god with a missing cranium to a Parisian greenspace to a trashy riff off an Old Master.  Enjoy!

Off with his head! (well, the top of it anyway)

Mars of Todi, late 5th or early 4th century BC (Etruria), bronze.  Museo Gregoriano Etrusco, Vatican Museums, Vatican City

Mars of Todi, late 5th or early 4th century BC (Etruria), bronze.  Museo Gregoriano Etrusco, Vatican Museums, Vatican City

One of the sexiest sculptures of Mars ever!

   

image

Ludovisi Mars, 2nd-century CE copy of a late 4th-century BCE Greek original associated with Scopas or Lysippus, marble.  Palazzo Altemps, Rome

Read this post on Three Pipe Problem for an explanation behind a certain WTF detail in Botticelli’s beloved masterpiece.

Sandro Botticelli, Venus and Mars, c. 1485, tempera on panel.  National Gallery, London

Sandro Botticelli, Venus and Mars, c. 1485, tempera on panel.  National Gallery, London

Piero di Cosimo’s Mars is so awkward, and don’t even get me started about Venus and Cupid!

Piero di Cosimo, Venus and Mars, 1486-1510, oil on canvas.  Gemäldegalerie, Berlin

Piero di Cosimo, Venus and Mars, 1486-1510, oil on canvas.  Gemäldegalerie, Berlin

Mars is doing a little exploring… From the looks of it, he’s about to begin probing the surface ;)

Titian, Mars, Venus, and Amor, 1560, oil on canvas.  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Titian, Mars, Venus, and Amor, 1560, oil on canvas.  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Talk about seven minutes of terror, as Mars and Venus are caught in an affair by the pantheon of gods!

Joachim Wtewael, Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan, 1610-1614, oil on copper.  Christie's, 2012 (see related version at the J. Paul Getty Museum here)

Joachim Wtewael, Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan, 1610-1614, oil on copper.  Christie’s, 2012 (see related version at the J. Paul Getty Museum here)

Vik Muniz’s "trashy" reinterpretation of Velázquez’s slouching god is spot on, even capturing Mars’s flabby abs entirely out of garbage and found objects!

Diego Velázquez, Mars Resting, 1640, oil on canvas.  Museo del Prado, Madrid; Vik Muniz, Mars (after Velázquez), from the series Pictures of Garbage, 2005/2006.

Diego Velázquez, Mars Resting, 1640, oil on canvas.  Museo del Prado, Madrid; Vik Muniz, Mars (after Velázquez), from the seriesPictures of Garbage,2005/2006.

I love visiting the Champs de Mars in Paris, a large greenspace between the Eiffel Tower and the École Militaire.  In the painting below, Delaunay captures an intriguing view of the Eiffel Tower, represented as a red edifice (an appropriate color in relation to today’s entry).

Robert Delaunay, Champs de Mars: The Red Tower, 1911-1923, oil on canvas.  The Art Institute of Chicago

Robert Delaunay, Champs de Mars: The Red Tower, 1911-1923, oil on canvas.  The Art Institute of Chicago

Joachim Wtewael – “Marte y Venus sorprendidos por Vulcano” (1601, pintura sobre cobre, 21 x 15 cm, Mauritshuis, La Haya)

Esta diminuta pintura representa el momento en que Vulcano pilla a su señora en la cama con el aguerrido Marte. Cuando los artistas pintan esta escena, lo habitual es que salgan solamente los protagonistas: Venus y Marte (en la cama) y Vulcano indignadísimo (es la figura que está de espaldas enseñándonos el trasero) que va a capturarles con una red mágica.


Lo divertido de este cuadrito es que el pintor incluye también a un montón de dioses cotillas, aficionados a los realities, que han venido corriendo para ser testigos del show: Mercurio levantando la cortina de la cama, Cupido, el hijo de Venus (que va a vengar a su madre disparándole una flecha al indiscreto Mercurio); Júpiter, montado en su águila y con rayos en la mano; Minerva, diosa de la sabiduría, con manto azul y casco; Cronos, personificación del tiempo, con una guadaña; Diana, diosa de la castidad, con su media luna en la frente; y Apolo, tocando un violín rodeado de rayos (justo en la esquina de arriba).
Ni idea de quién es el señor de manto amarillo que vuela despatarrado y enseñándonos sus vergüenzas. Los mil y un detalles no tienen desperdicio

6

Joachim Anthonisz Wtewael
Dutch, c. 1566 –1638
Moses Striking the Rock
1624
Oil on panel
Overall: 44.6 x 66.7 cm
On view in Gallery 44, main floor
www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/art-object-page.53142.html

Today, Museum Dogs takes a break from etchings and features a painting—a religious scene with some great dogs and a cat.

Joachim Wtewael was born in Utrecht and worked with his father, a glass engraver, until he was 18. He did a turn in Italy and France, where he developed his painting style, then returned to Utrecht. His body of work includes paintings, drawings, engravings, and stained glass windows. Wtewael painted in a Mannerist style, and he continued to do so even after Mannerism fell out of fashion in favor of a more naturalistic treatment of subjects. Wtewael’s style is rather artificial and features lurid colors and figures in distorted poses (Getty).

In the 16th and 17th centuries, imagery of Moses and the Israelites was very important in the Netherlands and appears in many artistic works as part of a political agenda. The overview on the National Gallery’s page for Moses Striking the Rock neatly sums up the deeper implications of Wtwael’s painting:

The story of Moses and his struggles to lead the Israelites out of bondage had special meaning to the Dutch, who drew parallels between that biblical story and their own quest for independence from Spanish rule. The initial leader and hero of the Dutch Revolt, Prince William … of Orange, became symbolically identified with Moses. Like his biblical counterpart, the Prince, who was assassinated in 1584, did not live to see the realization of his “promised land,” a Dutch Republic independent from Spanish rule. For the Dutch, whose land was both nourished and protected by water, the imagery suggested that God’s beneficence had guided their destiny just as it had that of the Israelites. Wtewael was a fervent supporter of the … quest to lead all seventeen Netherlandish provinces to independence. His decision to paint this scene in 1624 may reflect an effort on his part to revitalize the allegorical connections between Moses and the House of Orange after the conclusion of the Twelve Year Truce in 1621, at a time when … [the Dutch] were renewing their military efforts against Spanish aggression. (Wheelock, Overview)

The episode depicted in the painting comes from Exodus 17:1–7 (http://tinyurl.com/nlk53se) and Numbers 20:2–13 (http://tinyurl.com/kqu5yhf). The Israelites had been wandering around in the desert and couldn’t find any water, so they start to get mad at Moses and Aaron for not taking care of them—Why be freed from slavery only to die of thirst? At his wits’ end, Moses asks God what to do, and God instructs him to strike a certain rock with his staff (the same one that he turned into a snake and used to part the Red Sea). Moses does, and the people drink and are mollified—for the time being.

In the painting, Moses is strikes the rock and the Israelites collect the water in vessels, and they and the animals drink their fill. The scene is arranged in a circular composition and is crowded with people and all manner of animals. Indeed, an influential Dutch artist and art theoretician, Karel van Mander, stated  in a book of rules for art published in 1604 that paintings should have variety of figures and “a profusion of horses, dogs and other domestic animals, as well as beasts and birds of the forest …” (Wheelock, Entry). Wtewael certainly followed this dictum! Among the animals are horses, goats, sheep, a camel, and oxen, and, most important, dogs and a cat. (A preparatory drawing for this painting, in the collection of the Albertina Museum in Vienna, also features some excellent dogs but alas no cats, http://tinyurl.com/l2947v8.)

Down front and toward the right, a lovely tan and white greyhound tentatively sniffs a clay pot that may or may not hold water. Behind him, a black and tan pup with floppy ears laps at the water pooled on the ground. Nearby, an orange and white cat drinks from a metal pan. All three animals, relieved to finally drink, are calmly  going about their business. No doubt they were all very grumpy with each other during their thirsty wanderings.

In the left middle ground of the image, another black and tan hound bends to drink from the pool of water, and a pleased-looking tan and white greyhound pauses to take in the scene. Even the sheep next to him look happy!

In the left background is a vignette featuring one of the men calling to the rest of the Israelites to come and drink. At his side is a very excited dog. Relief at last!

These dogs and cat are all Very Good Animals, and they most definitely deserve to live contented lives in the Promised Land. I hope they made it!

______________

References

The J. Paul Getty Museum, “Joachim Anthonisz. Wtewael,” http://tinyurl.com/nsy4hsd.

Arthur K. Wheelock Jr.,  ”Moses Striking the Rock,” Entry and Overview, NGA Online Editions (April 24, 2014), http://tinyurl.com/p3xyvuol.

Renaissance

The renaissance art movement was renowned for its almost fantasy style and high quality detail. The name ‘Renaissance’ refers to ‘Rebirth’ which is implying that this was the era of a new age in human thinking, aka: what people perceived instead of what was actually there and also what was inside there imagination. This movement decided to move on from religious related concerns to more human related concerns.

A very influential artist of this movement was Joachim Wtewael, who created this piece below called Perseus rescuing Andromeda. 

Image From:

https://38.media.tumblr.com/816d19c26e83b5510eda65896887d8c5/tumblr_mznpmiuqMo1rbyeowo1_500.jpg

image

As you can clearly see, the painting is of what appears to be a dragon trying to fight a man on a flying horse. It could be perceived as one of the influences for a Super Hero aka, superman. 

I feel that this movement can be related to by a lot of my pieces because of its imagination inspired theme. But then 99.99% of designs are obviously sparked by some form of imagination.

Another Style that was developed later down the line was  Baroque, this style, quit similar to the Renaissance portrayed passion and dramatics, the form of which was usually of the female figure in a very dramatic and flowing position. As you can see below the marble sculpture is extremely dainty and quite deceptive because it doesn’t look like a piece of marble it almost looks like its made out of feathers or somethings extremely soft.

Image From:

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-zN1xo16yQfQ/UoYdIJQalDI/AAAAAAADdx0/PoDK8JSf_Vc/s1600/10037588994_8a728f2ac4_b.jpg

This sculpture was created by Gian Lorenzo Bernini and is named Blessed Ludovica Albertoni.