On Gender Norms and Young Black Girls


By Riki Wilchins

Riki Wilchins is the Executive Director at TrueChild, an organization that aids donors, policy-makers and practitioners in reconnecting race, class and gender through “gender transformative” approaches challenging rigid gender norms and inequities. Wilchins has authored three books on gender theory and has appeared in a number of anthologies and publications on the subject. Her work has led her to be profiled by The New York Times, and she was once selected as one of Time Magazine’s “100 Civic Innovators for the 21st Century.” Here, Wilchins discusses what we can do to correct the effects of gender norms on young, black girls.

Decades of researchhas found that challenging harmful gender norms are a key to improving life outcomes for at-risk communities.

For instance, young women who internalize narrow feminine ideals that prioritize motherhood, dependence, vulnerability and appearance have lower life outcomes in reproductive health, education and economic empowerment.

Major international donor agencies like PEPFAR, USAID, UNAIDs, and WHO have all implemented “gender transformative” initiatives that challenge traditional gender norms, and found them effective (an introductory paper is here).

Gender impacts every issue funders address; yet donors and grantees are seldom challenged to do innovative work around gender.

As a senior program officer put it, “My staff and grantees get race and class, but where’s the gender analysis? What I want to know is—what happened to gender?”

Part of the answer to her question may lie in new report onyoung Black girlswe conducted for the Heinz Endowments.

We found that Black adolescent girls and young women face special barriers related to both race and gender which have immense effects on their health, achievement and life outcomes. And this was especially true for low-income Black girls, who also have challenges associated with poverty.

First, Black girls’ unique race and gendered experiences of discrimination result in multiple stresses that – over time – impair their immune systems.

Also, they must navigate social hostilities based on race as well as pressures to conform to traditional feminine ideals and those specific to Black communities.

Moreover, feminine norms in the Black community often prioritize caretaking and self-sacrifice. Black girls may be silently encouraged to focus on others’ health while ignoring signals of pain and illness until their own bodies are in crisis.

The additive impact of these stresses can produce a “weathering effect,” in which Black women’s bodies become physically and biologically vulnerable, resulting in high rates of chronic disorders, reproductive health problems, infant mortality and obesity.

Download the report here

anonymous said:


Mae’n bwrw hên wragged a ffyn? Well… that’s the literal translation, aye.

I see nothing wrong with this. In other parts of the world it rains cats and dogs, why not elderly women and sticks?

You should probably be careful if you plan on using that idiom, by the way. If you say it wrong, it might come out of context as “hitting old ladies with sticks”.

So… mind your Welsh.


So lost to hopeless time from one passing on toward the last,
  each cruel wragged breath promising end as it draws on memory..
fleetingly barren of hope, void of dreams into this oblivion
    thirsting for a new life; Of desire in love’s hungry eyes.

Forlorn oh bitter forsaken heart dredged through these ages,
  this drought of salt remains cry no more to the moon..
carry no more tears to rust your armor hold your head in grace
   the war is but beginning, in chaos there shall be divinity.

embracingpanels said:

Maybe she's just tired in general? She did just eat! "I'll be sure to.. bring some ammo or something. Next time." more yawning; fuck. Okay. Will sleep her way back home hopefully! Sleeping here would be bad, she already pushed her luck. She stood and made a quick rush for the door, or was that a topple? Either way she came to a stop, and with a squeaky sliding motion she slumped to the floor.

…. …. ….

Logic could only facepalm, before going to wake her up again.

At least he was being mature about this and not drawing a ton of wangs on her face before dropping the wrag on her again.

That said, there may have still been one doodle on her forehead. Singular.

City & Guilds Functional Skills qualification in English/Maths at Entry level 3/Level 1

Totton College

Bernard Street Southampton SO14 3AY


City & Guilds Functional Skills qualification in English/Maths at Entry level 3/Level 1


Learners must attend induction session on 17th October 10.00-13.00.

Maths – Tuesday and Wednesday starting 21st October (x 6wks)


English Tuesday and Wednesday 21st October (x 6wks )

Maths 9.30-12.30

English 13.00-16.00


 19 years +

JSA  or ESA WRAG customers

Entry 3 +

 Projects Team, Totton College


02380 427361 or 02380 427353 

This course is suitable for customers who need to improve their functional skills (Maths & English)

Working towards entry 3 or level 1

To book on please call or email the projects team for an assessment.

Learners must attend induction session on 17th September 10am-1pm.

Customers will take a paper based exam for which they will receive a certificate at the end of the course.


Contact Details


Projects Team

sloveday@totton.ac.uk   02380 427361 or 02380 427353

The Principles of Working in Hospitality (in partnership with Greene King)

Totton College (Wheatsheaf site)

 Wheatsheaf House, 24 Bernard St, Southampton, SO14 3AY


The Principles of Working in Hospitality (in partnership with Greene King)

Information session Friday 3rd October. Start date Monday 6th October to Wednesday 8th October 2014

Information session 10.00-12.00. Course times 9.30-16.30

The Principles of Working in Hospitality

Greene King Application forms

Telephone Interview Skills

Afternoon with the recruitment co-ordinator for Greene King

Customer Eligibility

 19 years +

JSA  or ESA WRAG customers

 Projects Team, Totton College


02380 427361 or 02380 427353 



Email or Telephone


Additional Information

Greene King have opportunities across the Southampton area. The positions that are available are Apprentice Chefs, Front of House and Bar. They are looking for candidates that have a passion for the industry and would like to pursue a career in hospitality. The candidate’s don’t need to have any qualifications or experience as they will be employed as an apprentice and provided with training.

Details of the apprentice vacancy are below:

·         guaranteed 30 hours a week – shift work which would include evenings and weekends

·         Paying the NMW of £5.03 or £6.31 depending on Age

·         Candidates must be 17 and above due to health and safety

·         The qualification that you would be working towards would be a NVQ Level 2

·         The apprenticeship program is for 12 months

Please call to book people in for the information session

Contact Details

Projects Team     Totton College

Aham@totton.ac.uk         02380 427361 or 02380 427353

OCR Certificate in Administration (Business Professional) level 1, OCR Text Processing (Business Professional) (level 2 is offered to follow on)

Totton College

Water Lane, Totton, SOUTHAMPTON, SO40 3ZX


OCR Certificate in Administration (Business Professional) level 1, OCR Text Processing (Business Professional) (level 2 is offered to follow on)


Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (10 weeks level 1) – (the level 2 is 12 weeks)


9.45-2.30 (with ½ hour lunch break)

Working in Administration, Creating Business Documents, Making and receiving calls, Welcome Visitors, OCR Text Processing (Business Professional)

Customer Eligibility

 19 years +

JSA  or ESA WRAG customers, the course is open to fee paying students as well if you need more details please contact me.

 Ann-Marie Skill


02380 427368 or 02380 874874 




Email or Telephone

The course starts on Tuesday 23 September

Additional Information

This course is suitable for customers who would like to improve on their administrative skills; who are returning to work; who are wanting to change their career direction.


This is a great course to get people back on their feet with renewed confidence.


Contact Details


Ann-Marie Skill

askill@totton.ac.uk 02380 427368 or 02380 874874