This letter was sent back to England with ambassador William Norris. Although Norris was promised edicts offering trading privileges on his visit they never materialised. Eventually he left with presents and this letter, written in Arabic in a somewhat unfriendly manner. It reports that Norris was respectfully received but asking King William (by now dead) to ‘act in accordance’ with his original letter offering to secure the safety of the seas.
On this day, 5 November in 1688, King William of Orange landed at Brixham, Devon. He brought with him 11,000-foot and 4,000 horse soldiers. Within a month, he had arrived in London and James II had fled to the court of Louis XIV in France.
William and Mary, our only Joint Monarchs, were crowned on 11 April 1689. They brought to an end the idea of “absolute monarchy” and began the modern period of constitutional government.
William III and Mary II were crowned joint rulers of Britain, on this day in British history, 11 April 1689. At the request of Parliament, William of Orange had come to England in November 1688, with a 20,000 strong Dutch army behind him. After marching to London and forcing James II to flee, William and Mary had completed the ‘Glorious Revolution.’ The Archbishop of Canterbury, however, still recognized James as king, so the coronation ceremony was officiated by the Bishop of London.
Today in 1688 The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution. The Glorious Revolution also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland and James II of Ireland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange). William’s successful invasion of England with a Dutch fleet and army led to his ascending of the English throne as William III of England jointly with his wife Mary II of England.
King William III of Orange died at the age of 51 on this day in British history, 8 March 1702. Although William’s father was a Dutch noble, King Charles I was his grandfather on his mother’s side. Eventually, William of Orange took advantage of the English dissatisfaction with the Catholic James II and mounted the ‘Glorious Revolution’ at the request of British Parliament. As King William III he signed the English Bill of Rights in 1689. William’s death on 8 March 1702 brought an end to the Dutch House of Orange, and saw his sister-in-law Anne become queen regent of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
This bed was made in 1700 for George Melville for the State Bedroom at his home of Melville House in Scotland. George Melville was William III’s Secretary of State for Scotland, Keeper of the Privy Seal and President of the Council. This meant that he had State Rooms created to show his position of power, as someone who was high enough to expect to house the King if he travelled nearby. However, William III never visited Scotland and as such, this lavish state bed was never used.