logicalabsurdity said:

ssssso, ToaTom's hosting a minecraft server for Bionicle fans, and we're trying to think up a name for our initial settlement. And ToaTom said, maybe jokingly, that one of us should ask you to translate "Minecraft" into Matoran. So, here I am, asking what "Minecraft" would be in Matoran.

Minecraft, eh? Hm…bunch of options here. First, a few equivalents of “mine”:

nukhu “mine(-shaft)”

nukhura “mining (activity/occupation”

anukhu “mining (process)”

Second, equivalents of “craft”:

takha “craft(ing), forging”

fekha “craft(ing), invention”

Now, possibilities:

1. Nukhutakha (reduced: Nukutaka)

2. Nukhuratakha (reduced: Nukurataka)

3. Anukhutakha (reduced: Anukutaka)

4. Nukhuvekha (< Nukhu-fekha, reduced: Nukuveka)

5. Nukhuravekha (reduced: Nukuraveka)

6. Anukhuvekha (reduced: Anukuveka)

OR…you could just call Koro. :p

Korean Word of the Day

마다 = every*

  • 날마다 = every day
  • 해마다 = every year
  • 곳곳마다 = in place after place, everywhere
  • 집집마다 =  each and every house

*마다 is not a word by itself when it has this meaning

사진: 경복궁, 서울 (Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul)

image

 

A rich vocabulary can protect against cognitive impairment

Some people suffer incipient dementia as they get older. To make up for this loss, the brain’s cognitive reserve is put to the test. Researchers from the University of Santiago de Compostela have studied what factors can help to improve this ability and they conclude that having a higher level of vocabulary is one such factor.

‘Cognitive reserve’ is the name given to the brain’s capacity to compensate for the loss of its functions. This reserve cannot be measured directly; rather, it is calculated through indicators believed to increase this capacity.

A research project at the University of Santiago de Compostela (USC) has studied how having a wide vocabulary influences cognitive reserve in the elderly.

As Cristina Lojo Seoane, from the USC, co-author of the study published in the journal ‘Anales de Psicología’(Annals of Psychology), explains to SINC: “We focused on level of vocabulary as it is considered an indicator of crystallised intelligence (the use of previously acquired intellectual skills). We aimed to deepen our understanding of its relation to cognitive reserve.”

The research team chose a sample of 326 subjects over the age of 50 – 222 healthy individuals and 104 with mild cognitive impairment. They then measured their levels of vocabulary, along with other measures such as their years of schooling, the complexity of their jobs and their reading habits.

They also analysed the scores they obtained in various tests, such as the vocabulary subtest of the ‘Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale’(WAIS) and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test.

“With a regression analysis we calculated the probability of impairment to the vocabulary levels of the participants,” Lojo Seoane continues.

The results revealed a greater prevalence of mild cognitive impairment in participants who achieved a lower vocabulary level score.

“This led us to the conclusion that a higher level of vocabulary, as a measure of cognitive reserve, can protect against cognitive impairment,” the researcher concludes.

Vocabulaire français - des expressions idiomatiques

une bonne fourchette - a hearty eater

avoir l’estomac dans les talons - to be famished

marcher sur des oeufs - to walk on eggs, to tread lightly

mourir de faim - to be dying of hunger

long comme une journée sans pain - endless

entre la poire et le fromage - at the end of a meal

entre chien et loup - at twilight, at dusk, at nightfall

anonymous said:

Can you give me an essential list of vocabulary that a writer needs to know?

Honestly, there’s not, like, an exclusive list of all words you should know. It also differs greatly based on what you’re writing. However, vocabulary and command of language is vital for writers.

If you’re looking to expand your vocabulary here’s a couple tips:

  • Read as much as you can. Read anything and everything you can get your hands on. If you don’t know word meanings, look them up. Just keep reading. Always keep reading.
  • Use tools to help build vocabulary. There are internet sites and apps designed to improve and test vocabulary in different ways. Search and try some out to see what works best for your learning style.
  • Write. Like reading, writing will help you expand your vocabulary over time. Try taking words that are unfamiliar and using them in a context which is familiar to you. Work with writing prompts to incorporate different vocabulary words.

Just keep reading, writing, and expanding your knowledge base. And remember, you don’t need a vocabulary of a million words to be a great writer. Crafting compelling stories and characters is more important than having an impressive list of SAT words at your command.

Hope this helps!

- O

Japanese Vocab - Alcohol

(sake) - sake
生ビール  (namabiiru) - draft beer
ワイン (wain) - wine
梅酒 (umeshyu) - plum wine
シャンパン (shanpan) - champagne
白ワイン (shirowain) - white wine
赤ワイン (akawain) - red wine
ウィスキー (wuisuikii) - whiskey
ウォッカ (vokka) - vodka

Japanese has two words for cold:

  • 冷たい (つめたい) / (tsumetai) - used for objects, as you’d say “this drink is cold.” I looked online because it’s hard for me to define these words, but apparently tsumetai is more to the effect of “cold to the touch.” 
  • 寒い (さむい) / (samui) - used to refer to yourself, you’d say “I’m cold.” You also use this version of cold to refer to the weather or temperature. I guess you could say this is more “feeling” wise, environmental. 
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