According to legend, Tin Hinan was the first leader and matriarch to unite the Tuareg world. She is believed to have travelled from the Tafilalt oasis located in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, settling in the Ahaggar mountains of Algeria where she established her kingdom, becoming the first Queen (Tamenokalt) of the Tuaregs.

Her remains were discovered in the Ahaggar region of Algeria when her tomb was excavated by archaeologists in 1925 - 1926. She was found lying on a finely carved wooden bed and was covered in jewels. She had seven silver bracelets on her right forearm and seven gold ones on her left.

To this day she is still referred to by the Tuareg as “Mother of Us All”.