the Growth of the Tsardom of Russia


In 1547 the 16 year old Ivan the Terrible, son to the Grand Duke of Muscowy, was wed to the Tsardom of Russia. This notion he borrowed from the Rus state which was destroyed by the Tatar Invasion of 1237. He would proceed to annex the Khanates of Astrakhan, Kazan and Sibir leaving only Crimea of what was left from the Golden Horde.

In 1721 Peter the Great proclaimed himself the Emperor of Russia to celebrate his victory in the Great Northern War. The Russian Empire thus entered European politics at the expense of the Kingdom of Sweden.

The last date on this map, 1725, is the year of his death.

The ivory throne of Tsar Ivan IV of Russia
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (Russian: Ива́н Васи́льевич; 25 August 1530 – 28 March [O.S. 18 March] 1584), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible, was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Tsar of All the Russias from 1547 until his death. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transforming Russia into a multiethnic and multiconfessional state spanning almost one billion acres, approximately 4,046,856 km2 (1,562,500 sq mi). Ivan managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of All the Russias.

Historic sources present disparate accounts of Ivan’s complex personality: he was described as intelligent and devout, yet given to rages and prone to episodic outbreaks of mental illness. In one such outburst he killed his groomed and chosen heir Ivan Ivanovich. This left the Tsardom to be passed to Ivan’s younger son, the weak and intellectually disabled Feodor Ivanovich. Ivan’s legacy is complex: he was an able diplomat, a patron of arts and trade, founder of Russia’s first Print Yard, a leader highly popular among the common people of Russia, but he is also remembered for his paranoia and arguably harsh treatment of the nobility.


EXH: "The Romanovs. My History"  Moscow Manege

An exhibition dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty has opened at the Manezh Central Exhibition Hall in Moscow.

Visitors to the exhibition will travel through the centuries to visualise the history of the dynasty with very modern technologies; 3D animated collages and installations, touch tables and panels, lightboxes and a giant plasma screen.

In addition to the heavy focus on interaction, there will also be personal belongings of the first and the last ruler of the Romanov dynasty on display. Theotokos Feodorovskaya, the patron icon of the dynasty, has been brought from Kostroma. 

Romanov Birthdays Tsar Alexei of Russia, March 19

Born in Moscow on 19 March 1629, the son of Michael, the first Romanov monarch of Russia (reigned 1613–45), Alexis received a superficial education from his tutor Boris Ivanovich Morozov before acceding to the throne at the age of 16. An enthusiast of the Western culture, Morozov encouraged the young boy to wear German clothing and provided him with German toys. However, Morozov became unpopular to the public and after an uprising in Moscow, Alexei was forced to exile him.

Virtually all the sources agree that Alexis was a gentle, warmhearted, and popular ruler. His main fault was weakness; throughout most of his reign, matters of state were handled by favourites, some of whom were incompetent or outright fools. He was known as Tsar Alexei “the Quiet.” Many years later, the last tsar, Nicholas II, who was very much alike to Alexei’s personality, dressed as him in 1903 during the Ball in the Winter Palace. A year later, Nicholas named his youngest and only son after him.

Alexei was married twice, first to Mariya Ilinichna Miloslavskaya (with whom he had two sons, the future tsars Fyodor III and Ivan V, as well as several daughters), then to Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina, whose son became Peter I the Great.

"… The next poor idiot to hit the Russian throne was Michael Romanov, whose descendants held onto it with an iron fist until the Communists shot them.  The Romanov dynasty was uneventful until Peter the Great, who decided to copy the west and forced all the nobles to shave and learn French.  He also pwned the Church.  Everybody hated him.  His grandson was a drunk and let his wife Catherine rule the country.  She was called ‘The Great,’ too.  This is because Russian historieans aren’t very imaginative.  They could have called her ‘Catherine the Slut.’"


Top 10 Monarchs:
10: Emperor Suleiman I—Ottoman Empire
9: Kangxi—Qing Dynasty
8: Caesar Trajan—Roman Empire 
7: Gustavus Adolphus—Kingdom of Sweden 
6: Kaiser Wilhelm II—German Empire 
5: King Charles XIV (Carolus Rex)—Swedish Empire
4: Tsar Peter I—Tsardom of Russia, and later Russian Empire 
3: Queen Victoria—British Empire 
2: King Frederick II—Kingdom of Prussia (totally not biased at all)
1: Caesar Augustus—Roman Empire (totally not biased at all)

This list is based off of broad knowledge, and not many specifics. Largely disputable, and I am aware of that.