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Tufted Coquette (Lophornis ornatus)

…is a small species of hummingbird endemic to northern South America and Trinidad. Like several hummingbird species the male tufted coquette sports beautiful plumage which is used in display, as its common name suggests the male has two orange tufts on its chin and a fiery crest.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Apodiformes-Trochilidae-Lophornis-ornatus

Image Source(s)

Building a hummingbird nest, a complicated business

Every year after migrating to breeding grounds (for those hummingbirds that migrate), a hummingbird’s first order of business is to eat. After refilling their energy supplies and meeting up with a fella, the female hummingbirds will immediately start to build a nest.

When building a hummingbird nest, the female hummingbird must choose the perfect location. She is looking for a place that is well off the ground to prevent predators like ants, snakes, and predatory birds. Plus, the nest must be sheltered from wind to prevent baby hummingbirds being thrown from the nest in a wind storm.

She will need a good sold base like in a “Y” or crossed branches of a tree or bush. A place with leaves over top to shelter from rain and sun is ideal because if the nest gets above 96 degrees Fahrenheit the little hummingbird eggs will be too hot to hatch.

Female hummingbirds will need nesting material to make her nest. She likes to use nice soft material like moss and lichen. She also likes to use cotton fluffs, bits of willows, soft plant pieces, dryer lint, and leaf hairs. She will bring these items back to her nest a little at a time, gluing it all together with spider webs. The spider webs make terrific glue for the nest, allowing the nest to stretch and be flexible as the baby hummingbirds grow. The spider webs also make it easier for the mother hummingbird to repair the nest when damaged or when kids do what kids do. While building the nest, the female hummingbird will try to camouflage it as much as possible by using small sticks, seeds, and plant pieces to shade the outside of the nest. She will make sure the lighter parts of the nest are in the sun, while the darker parts of the nest are in the shade, blending it in with the surroundings.

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Photo credit: ©Jimer DeVries

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Fiery-throated Hummingbird (Panterpe insignis)

is a species of hummingbird found only in the mountains of Costa Rica and Panama. This small bird gets its name from the males brilliant throat feathers which when the light hits them just right they shimmer as if on fire, these beautiful feathers are probably used in display.  After the males display is over it’s the females and only the females duty to build the nest and incubate the egg. On the other hand males are very territorial and will defend their flowers from intruders, only letting females feed on them.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Trochiliformes-Trochilidae-Panterpe-insignis

Image Source(s)

Fiery-throated Hummingbird - Panterpe insignis | ©Roman Mauro   (Cerro de la Muerte, Costa Rica)

Commonly called Fiery-throated Hummingbird in English, and Colibrí Garganta de fuego in Spanish, this beautiful hummingbird is scientifically known as Panterpe insignis (Trochiliformes - Trochilidae). This species is endemic to Costa Rica and western Panama.

Brazilian Ruby  (Beija-flor-rubi)

The Brazilian Ruby, scientifically named Clytolaema rubricauda (Trochiliformes - Trochilidae) is a South American hummingbird found in forest edge, second growth, gardens and parks in eastern Brazil.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Almir Cândido de Almeida | Locality: Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Red-tailed Comet - Sappho sparganura | ©Glenn Bartley (Bolivia, South America)

Known in Spanish as Picaflor o Colibrí cometa, the Red-tailed Comet, Sappho sparganura (Trochiliformes - Trochilidae) is one of the most impressive hummingbirds you can find in Bolivia and Argentina.

The male has a spectacular, long, iridescent, golden-reddish tail up to 22 cm in length. The female has a shorter reddish-bronze tail and reaches 15 cm in length. 

Volcano Hummingbird (Talamanca Race) | ©Álvaro Cubero Vega
(Paraíso Quetzal Lodge, Cerro de la Muerte, Costa Rica)

The Volcano hummingbird, Selasphorus flammula (Trochilidae) is endemic to the Central Cordillera in Costa Rica, and to the Talamanca Cordilleras of Costa Rica and western Panama.

Individuals have a green back but exhibit clear sexual dimorphism that varies by region: males are distinguished by bright gorget color and the amount of buffy and black below the tail, which increase with latitude. In contrast, females lack a colored gorget, have a white breast, and are slightly larger than males. The average female weight is 2.8 g while average male weight is 2.5 grams, though both are approximately 7.5 centimeters in length [source]. 

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