Korean Grammar (-는데요)
I constantly hear Korean speakers using “-는데”. In class we studied two out of four possible meanings for “-는데”. I really want to use this comfortably, so I am going over them all. Here they are!
동사 (verb) + 는데요
형용사 (adjective) + (으)ㄴ데요
1. 대답 기다리다: Use at the end of a sentence to indicate you are waiting for a response from the listener.
Speaker A: 내일 만날까요? Let’s meet tomorrow.
Speaker B: 아니요, 내일 바쁜데요 No, tomorrow I am busy. (adjective + -ㄴ데요)
Speaker A: 그럼 다음 주에 만나요. Then next week.
2. 반대: Use when expressing opposites.
Speaker A: 아, 더워요! Ah, it’s hot!
Speaker B: 저는 안 더운데요. I am not hot. (adjective + -ㄴ데요)
3. 놀라다: Use when expressing surprise.
한국말 잘 하는데! (verb) + 는데(요)
If you’ve ever spoken a word of Korean in front of a Korean, this was likely their response. Even really horrible Korean still gets “Wow, you speak Korean well!”. I think they are just genuinely surprised when non-native speakers make an effort to learn their language.
4.언제, 누구, 무엇, 어디 + 는데요
Use with when, who, what and where + 는데요
어디에 가는데요? Where are you going?
누구를 만나는데요? Who are you meeting?
무엇을 했는데요? What did you do?