Korean Grammar (-는데요)
I constantly hear Korean speakers using “-는데”. In class we studied two out of four possible meanings for “-는데”. I really want to use this comfortably, so I am going over them all. Here they are!

-는데요 동사 (verb) + 는데요 형용사 (adjective) + (으)ㄴ데요 1. 대답 기다리다: Use at the end of a sentence to indicate you are waiting for a response from the listener. Ex:  Speaker A: 내일 만날까요? Let’s meet tomorrow. Speaker B: 아니요, 내일 바쁜데요 No, tomorrow I am busy. (adjective + -ㄴ데요) Speaker A: 그럼 다음 주에 만나요. Then next week. 2. 반대: Use when expressing opposites. Speaker A: 아, 더워요! Ah, it’s hot! Speaker B: 저는 안 더운데요. I am not hot. (adjective + -ㄴ데요) 3. 놀라다: Use when expressing surprise. 한국말 잘 하는데! (verb) + 는데(요) If you’ve ever spoken a word of Korean in front of a Korean, this was likely their response. Even really horrible Korean still gets “Wow, you speak Korean well!”. I think they are just genuinely surprised when non-native speakers make an effort to learn their language. 4.언제, 누구, 무엇, 어디 + 는데요  Use with when, who, what and where + 는데요 어디에 가는데요? Where are you going? 누구를 만나는데요? Who are you meeting? 무엇을 했는데요? What did you do?
Korean grammar 문법

We are learning so much grammar in class now that it’s hard to keep up!

동사 (verb) + (으)ㄹ게요
*Use with an action verb stem.
*Use with sentences indicating a promise you are making.
*Do NOT use when speaking about others. For example just use in first person.

I will do my homework tomorrow.
내일은 숙제를 할게요.

I’ll buy this book
이 책을 살게요.

I’ll call you later.
이따가 전화할게요.

I’ll come early tomorrow.
내일은 꼭 일찍 올게요.

Korean vocabulary

Random vocabulary from the past 3 classes:

오래간만 to have been a long time since
성격 personality
익숙하다 to be accustomed to
졸업하다 to graduate
부탁하다 to ask a favor
필요하다 to need
지각하다 to be late
바로 mostly
별로 especially
항상 always

Annoying irregular verbs
-ㄷ 동사 (verbs): ㄷ changes to ㄹ (*exceptions: 받다, 닫다, 믿다) 걷다 (to walk): 걷습니다, 걸어요 듣다 (to listen): 듣습니다, 들어요 묻다 (to ask): 묻습니다, 물어요 *받다 (to receive): 받습니다, 받아요 *닫다 (to close): 닫습니다, 닫아요 *믿다 (to believe): 믿습니다, 믿어요
My new favorite phrase

외국인들도 잘 먹어요. Foreigners can eat spicy food as well.
It never fails, I always get warned when I order food that it is spicy. I wonder if all Koreans think foreigners cannot eat spicy food. I happen to love it, so now I tell them this phrase. Hey, I can handle spicy food! Hehee :)

시간 time

지난주 last week

이번주 this week 다음주 next week 지난달 last month 이번달 this month 다음달 next month 작년 last year 올해 this year 내년 next year 그제/그저께 day before yesterday 어제 yesterday 오늘 today 내일 tomorrow 모레 day after tomorrow My first Korean language test is this Friday!
높임말 formal language

We’re learning how to use formal speech when talking about/to someone older than you or above you. My teacher is actually younger than me but I should use 높임말 when talking to her (according to her). Not sure how common this actually is used. Will definitely listen for it now when I hear others speak Korean.

irregular verbs
있다 - 계시다 to be 자다 - 주무시다 to sleep 먹다 - 잡수시다 / 드시다 to eat 말하다 - 말씀하시다 to speak 주다 - 드리다 to give regular verbs (add 으시 or 시) 가다 - 가시다 to go 일하다 - 일하시다 to work 읽다 - 읽으시다 (verb stem ends in a consonant so use “으시”) to read 보다 - 보시다 to see
동사 Verbs

So many verbs to memorize, so little time… here are a few:

화장하다 to put on makeup 세수하다 to wash face 청소하다 to clean 일어나다 to wake up 전화하다 to call (on the phone) 빨래하다 to wash clothes 산책하다 to go for a walk 모ㄱ욕하다 to wash body 여행하다 to travel 결혼하다 to get married 운전하다 to drive
I’ve been studying all day today! Now I’m working on using location in a sentence.  안 inside 밖 outside 앞 front 뒤 back 위 on top 밑 / 아래 under 사이 in between 옆 side 왼쪽 left side 오른쪽 right side Example: 컵이 책 위에 있습니다. The cup is on top of the book. 컵이 책 밑에 있습니다.  The cup is under the book. 그림이 책상 위에 있습니다. The picture is on top of the desk. 구두가 옷장 옆에 있습니다. The shoes are beside the closet.  물건이 가방 안에 많습니다. There are many things in the bag. *(이/가 marks the subject and 에 marks the location)