Basics of the Irish Language

Let’s start with necessary words.
Hello. - Dia dhuit.
Hello. (as reply back) - Dia is Muire dhuit.
How are you? - Conas atá tú?
I’m well. - Tá mé go maith.
What’s your name? - Cad is ainm duit?
… is my name. - … is ainm dom.
Nice to meet you. - Tá sé go deas bualadh leat.
Goodbye - Slán
Excuse me. - Gabh mo leithscéal.
Please - Le do thoil
Thank you - Go raibh maith agat.
You’re welcome. - Tá fáilte romhat.

Sentences
Unlike many English sentences that stay within the “subject - verb - object” structure, sentences in Gaelic tend to stay in the “verb - subject - object” word order (shown below).

Ólann an páiste bainne.
The child drinks milk.

Léann an bean an leabhar.
The woman reads the book.

To Be + An Adjective
To be, like in many other languages, is irregular. The verb alone is , but the present tense form is . One use of this form is to show a relation between a noun/pronoun and adjective.

Examples:
Tá siad go hálainn. = They are beautiful.
Tá sé fuar. = He is cold.
Tá an madra mór. = The dog is big.

Speaking of pronouns, below are the subject forms.

I -
you -
he, it - sé*
she, it - sí*
we - muid / sinn**
y’all - sibh
they - siad

*There isn’t a specific word for it because all objects possess a grammatical gender (masculine or feminine.)
**The difference between these two is regional. Munster Irish tends to use sinn while muid is used in Ulster and Connacht. However, they mean the same exact thing.

To Be + A Noun
There is another form of to be in Irish. It is used to connect a subject to - what we’d call in English grammar - a predicate nominative. It is used in sentences such as I am a man, That is a book, or She is my friend.

I am … - Is … mé.
You are … - Is … tú.
He / It is … - Is … é.
She / It is … - Is … í.
We are … - Is … muid / sinn.
Y’all are … - Is … sibh.
They are … - Is … iad.

*Note the change in pronouns.
Some simple sentences would be:
Is úll é. = It is an apple.
Is mac léinn tú. = You are a student.
Is Éireannach mé. = I am an Irishman.

*One Final Note: You may have noticed the lack of a and an. The Irish language doesn’t contain indefinite articles. It only has the definite article the (an / singular ; na / plural).

utmostubiety said:

!? ➳

!?- for an excited text

[Txt] OH MY COD!!!! OH MY COD YOU’RE NOT GOING TUNA BELIEVE THIS!!!!

[Txt] I found the last tin of my favourite tea!!!!!!!!!!!! 38D

[Txt] AHHHHHHHH!!!!!!! You tidally need to come over and try this! It’s amazing!!

[Txt] I need to share it with salmon!!!!

➳- for a fearful text

[Txt] You… they…

[Txt] You don’t condone what they did… do you?

[Txt] Do thoil, inis dom nach bhfuil tú ag smaoineamh ar cad a rinne siad a bhí ceart go leor. Mharaigh siad an oiread sin. Scrios siad beagnach mo dhaoine.

[Txt] Tá sé as an leabhar a insíonn de do chineál. Na cinn a leanann sin.

[Txt] Please don’t be like them.

blindapostate said:

"Huh?"

Sebastian placed a comforting hand on Hawke’s shoulder. “Breathnaíonn an Maker ag tú agus feiceann do chuid gníomhais maith agus focail comhchineáil. Ní bheidh siad dul gan luach saothair, bhean Hawke. Féach le do thoil sin.”

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"Ag fanacht leat chun a chreidiúint ar deireadh i dom go leor ionas gur féidir linn a thaispeáint ar an domhan ar fad go bhfuil siad mícheart. D’fhéadfadh muid a bheith chomh sásta le chéile. Ní chuirimid gá duine ar bith eile. Is breá liom tú mo ghealach agus na réaltaí, le do thoil deis dom a dhéanann tú an cailín happiest riamh.”

Waiting for you to finally believe in me enough so that we can show the whole world that they are wrong. We could be so happy together. We do not need anyone else. I love you my moon and stars, please allow me to make you the happiest girl ever.

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