Layers of the atmosphere

The Earth is surrounded by the atmosphere, which is the body of air or gasses that protects the planet and enables life. Most of our atmosphere is located close to the earth’s surface where it is most dense. The air of our planet is 79% nitrogen and just under 21% oxygen; the small amount remaining is composed of carbon dioxide and other gasses. There are five distinct layers of the earth. Let’s look at each, from closest to farthest from the earth…


The layer of the atmosphere closest to the earth is the troposphere. This layer is where weather occurs. It begins at the surface of the earth and extends out to about 4-12 miles. The temperature of the troposphere decreases with height. This layer is known as the lower atmosphere.


Above the troposphere is the stratosphere, which extends to about 30-35 miles above the earth’s surface. Temperature rises within the stratosphere but still remains well below freezing.


From about 35 to 50 miles above the surface of the earth lies the mesosphere, where the air is especially thin and molecules are great distances apart. Temperatures in the mesosphere reach a low of -184°F (-120°C). The stratosphere and the mesosphere are the middle atmosphere.


The thermosphere rises several hundred miles above the earth’s surface, from 50 miles up to about 400 miles. Temperature increases with height and can rise to as high as 3,600°F (2000°C). Nonetheless, the air would feel cold because the hot molecules are so far apart. This layer is known as the upper atmosphere.


Extending from the top of the thermosphere to 6200 miles (10,000 km) above the earth is the exosphere. This layer has very few atmospheric molecules, which can escape into space.


Between each layer of the atmosphere is a boundary. Above the troposphere is the tropopause; above the stratosphere is the stratopause; above the mesosphere is the mesopause; and above the thermosphere is the thermopause. At these “pauses,” maximum change between the “spheres” occur.

Image source


Auroras Across the World

These auroras where photographed by both amateurs and professionals. An aurora is a natural light display in the sky, usually in the high latitude (Arctic and Antarctic) regions, caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the thermosphere. The charged particles originate in the magnetosphere and are directed by the Earth’s magnetic field into the atmosphere.

To see hundreds more auroras and beautiful sky phenomena, visit NASA’s collection here.

Lol thanks for your input guys

-Unfortunately I do not own a dog however the stray cat that lives at our house amused me by using my school bag as a back scratcher and cleaning herself with her legs straight up, 180 degrees like honestly how is that even possible.

-Family friends do not have keys unfortunately ):
We are very trusting people evidently.

-I think everyone already knows I’m a lunatic, I don’t need to dance around the garden to emphasise that image.

#jess wearing a crazy hat doing a rain dance on the lawn with a stray cat 
#i made a typo the first time i typed that line it said “jess wearing a crazy cat”
#my future. 

-Even with keys, you have to unlock 3 locks to get through the front door :|
So yeah.  Breaking in ain’t really an option.

EK Water Blocks, Ljubljana-based premium water cooling gear manufacturer, is proud to introduce a new high performance universal GPU water block – EK-Thermosphere.

EK-Thermosphere is a high performance universal GPU water block built off EK-Supremacy cooling engine, designed specifically for the use with EK-FC Terminal interconnects in multiple graphics card system. Other heat generating components (such as RAM and VRM integrated circuit) need alternative cooling method (fan and/or self adhesive heatsinks).

We’re pleased to introduce our new conceptually new universal GPU water block,” said Niko Tivadar, EK-Thermosphere main designer and Product Manager of EKWB. “EK-Thermosphere is a new addition to our Clean CSQ industrial design line and features very slim construction, thanks to completely new architecture. Unmatched thermal performance and even more straight-forward installation procedure than before are key features of this product. Hooking up liquid cooling to four GPUs has never been easier.

The Thermosphere cooling engine uses similar, yet refined as per needs of modern microprocessors, fin design as its ancestor. The cooling liquid accelerates through jet plate’s nozzle and turbulently continues its path through numerous very thin channels which provide extreme cooling surface area. EK-Thermosphere can also work flawlessly with reversed water flow which does not affect the cooling performance.

Base is made of electrolytic copper, backbone is made from laser cut brushed stainless steel plate while the top is made of quality POM Acetal material. Screw-in brass standoffs are pre-installed in each exchangeable mounting plate and allow for safe, painless installation procedure. Up to four EK-Thermosphere water blocks can be used on a single ATX form factor motherboard by using EK-FC Terminal (DUAL, TRIPLE or QUAD type) system or other means of interconnectivity. Additionaly, plexi top variants also features two pre-drilled slots for use of 3mm LED diodes.

GPU compatibility:
EK-Thermosphere series waterblocks supports majority of modern NVIDIA® and AMD® high-end graphics cards via exchangeable mounting plates. The product however comes factory pre-fitted with mounting plate G80 (mounting pattern 58x58mm) and ready for use on modern NVIDIA® GeForce® GTX 500, -600 and -700 series graphics cards only. Please check compatibility at EK’s CoolingConfigurator.

To use this product on AMD and other nVidia graphics cards it is mandatory to purchase additional mounting plates:
G92: 53x53mm
R600: 54x54mm
GF560: 51x61mm
G200: 61x61mm

Enclosed in the box:
- EK-Thermosphere series water block /w pre-installed G80 mounting plate
- mounting mechanism
- thermal grease (TIM) EK-Ectotherm (1g)

Made in Slovenia – Europe!

EK-Thermosphere water blocks are available in several different variants and are readily available for purchase through EK Webshop and Partner Reseller Network.

[Press Release] EK-Thermosphere, a new universal GPU water block #Techicize EK Water Blocks, Ljubljana-based premium water cooling gear manufacturer, is proud to introduce a new high performance universal GPU water block - EK-Thermosphere.
  1. bunniesandpeace said: Try biking next to a car when the idiot decides to turn right. Sweet jesus I almost tumbled on the front window. “Oops I didnt see you”. Scaryyyy

    wow yeah that must not have been fun at all :/

    thermosphere said: It helps to assume that everyone driving on the road is an absolute idiot and might do something stupid at any moment. (sounds silly, but it really makes me a lot less mad when they do actually pull a crazy.)

    haha thanks for the p-plater advice Renee!

annoyingly-default said:

hi. I'm really really sorry for not crediting you on (thermosphere). to be honest I'm new to tumblr and I hope that you can forgive me, I promise I won't do it again.

Hey, if you have the decency to come message me about it, we’re totally cool man.