Celestial Alphabet/Angelic Script, Malachim, and Passing the River were made up by 16th century German alchemist/astrologer/lawyer/magician/occultist/soldier/theologist Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. Theban was created by 15th century German cryptographer/historian/lexicographer/occultist/theologian Johannes Trithemius, one of Agrippa’s teachers. The Alphabet of the Magi was created by 16th century Swiss German alchemist/astrologer/botanist/occultist/physician/toxicologist Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (aka Paracelsus), another of Trithemius’s students, who rejected Agrippa’s magical theories.
Those, and the two Tolkien made, are entirely fictional and are good to use in most any context. All the others are real alphabets from real cultures — some still used today — so be VERY aware of and careful with them.
Three images of magic and Gothic decay from the third part of Raphael’s The Astrologer of the Nineteenth Century.Most of the more interesting material here, such as the conjuration of Oberon/Oberion, seems to have been ‘borrowed’ from the manuscripts of Frederick Hockley.
Fun fact. There was an Ancient Greek army called The Sacred Band of Thebes or The Thebans which was composed of 150 male couples. The generals believed that men fighting alongside their lovers would fight harder and die for rather than betray each other. That is so hot and awesome.
Leonidas was a Spartan military king in 5BC, who is famous for leading his 300 Spartans, as well as Thespians and Thebans, against the Persian army of Xerxes in 480BC- this was the Battle of Thermopylae.
Leonidas was defeated by Xerxes’ much larger army and killed, with the Persians mangling his corpse. According to Herodotus, the Thebans surrendered when Leonidas had been killed, as they had never wanted to be there in the first place.
The date and place of origin of the figure are readily identifiable through comparison with other local pottery. Its function is more problematic, however. Certain aspects of the painted decoration represent jewelry or tattoo designs known to have been in use at the time, but others are more symbolic, and may relate to the animal and vegetable kingdoms over which the figurine-goddess reigned (note the leaf fronds and water fowl).
The figure may be a goddess of animals, nature, and life, whose first known representations date back to the Bronze Age, in Crete. Its reappearance in the Geometric period, in Boeotia, testifies to the enduring appeal of certain motifs and beliefs.
The goddess - identified by some with the figure of Artemis - takes on a new significance here thanks to her association with the idea of movement. The articulated legs would have moved quite freely when the figure was suspended from a cord (as originally intended). Figurines of this type have been found in the graves of women and children from the 10th to the 8th centuries BC; they may symbolize the protective forces of nature, accompanying the deceased on his or her journey in the afterlife.
the theban alphabet is a writing system with unknown origins. it was first published in johannes trithemius’ polygraphia (1518), in which it was attributed to honorius of thebes. trithemius’ student agrippa (1486–1535) attributed it to pietro d’abano (1250–1316). it is also known as the honorian alphabet or the runes of honorius after the legendary magus (theban is not, however, a runic alphabet), or the witches’ alphabet, due to its use in modern wicca and other forms of witchcraft as one of many substitution ciphers in order to hide magical writings - such as the contents of a book of shadows - from prying eyes.
4.5’ x 2’ x 1’ Wood, Paint, Glue, Marker, Crystal Clear Enamel, POSCA Paint Marker, Foam, Resin
“The Hermetic Triumph” is a sculpture that was produced after a month of alchemy research and practice. The “tablet” itself is a reference to the Emerald Tablet, said to be the foundation of alchemy and the roots of the Hermetic tradition. The front panel shows three magical languages: The Alphabet of the Magi and Theban, being medieval alchemy languages, as well as Elder Futhark which deals with esoteric magic, gods, and the elements. In the center are the symbols for the three prime elements of alchemy: salt, sulfur, and mercury. On the back panel are the four Aristotelian element symbols. Finally, at the top, it culminates into alchemical gold.
The Witches Alphabet. This is a very ancient occult alphabet, it can be a means for Witches and Wicca to communicate with each other secretly, or a way to write a dairy or Book Of Shadows if you wish to keep it secret. But most of all it is used in spell workings as a means of writing a name or a desire when casting a spell.