Visually Arresting Graphic Rugs That Value Asymmetry (So as Not to Compete With God)
The art director Alex Proba (of StudioProba, A Poster A Day and Kickstarter) and the rug and textile designer Aelfie Oudghiri (of Aelfie) are two of a kind - both create colorful, arrestingly graphic work; originally studied to be doctors in Europe; and are pillars of the collar-happy Brooklyn design community.
1) Cabocolinho índios africanos - 31/mar/1938. Torrelândia, João Pessoa (PB)
2) Roda - 07/abr/1938. Patos (PB)
3) Praiá - 11/mar/1938. Brejo dos Padres, Tacaratu (PE)
4) Reis de congo - 11/abr/1938. Pombal (PB)
5) Côco de roda - 03/mai/1938. Itabaiana (PB)
6) Caboclinhos (figura de roda) - 04/mai/1938. Itabaiana (PB)
Fotógrafo: Luis Saia
Os Cocos são livres de narrativa definida e possuem diversidade musical e
capacidade de expressão de fatos e sentimentos sobre a vida social.
Outros gêneros dramáticos que compõem esse acervo folclórico são as
Congadas, os Reisados e as Marujadas, um exemplo é a Barra de João
Um outro recorte expressivo da Missão de Pesquisas Folclóricas são os
repertórios com a presença africana no Brasil, como Xangô, Tambor de
Mina, Tambor de Crioula, Babacuê e Pajelança.
O Babaçuê e o Tambor de Mina
de Belém do Pará e de São Luís mostram a incidência musical africana
combinada às mudanças em marcha em solo brasileiro, buscando na escolha
dos repertórios referências às origens diversas comuns no Xangô do Recife e no Candomblé da Bahia.
A cantoria é um repertório de violeiros de Pombal e Cajazeiras na
Paraíba com produções independentes e dotadas de grande poder
comunicativo e valor pedagógico
Women lead the struggle against mining and machismo in Guatemala
For over two years, the small community of San José del Golfo have
maintained a 24-hour barricade against the mine that threatens to
destroy their land and water.
Yolanda Oquelí stands between the National Police and the mine entrance.
In late December 2014, the social movement turned political party, Western Peoples Council, released a list of
all mining concessions across Guatemala. According to their data, which
was obtained through the Ministry of Energy and Mining, and the
National Council of Protected Areas, there are 990 permits for the
exploration or exploitation of mineral resources in the country, 115 of
which are for metallic resources such as gold, silver and copper.
of those permits are for projects in the small community of San José
del Golfo, which sits about an hour to the north of Guatemala City. The
first of these projects to begin operations is the El Tambor gold mine,
owned by the U.S. mining firm Kappes, Cassiday and Associates, or KCA,
which is based in Reno, Nev. It doesn’t have to be too quiet to hear the
operations at the El Tambor mine; during the day one can hear the
churning of machinery in the distance. And at night the lights from the
mine illuminate the horizon.
Fighting for life
March 2, 2012, Yolanda Oquelí was driving her car between San José del
Golfo and another community nearby when she observed the mining firm’s
trucks turning down the road. She made a quick decision, and pulled her
car in front of the trucks and blocked their access to the site. It was
in this moment that the barricade they called “La Puya,” named
after the thorns of the bushes in the hills around the mine, was born.
Since 2012, the community has maintained a 24-hour presence at the
entrance of the mine. Every day between 16 and 20 community members take
turns at the barricade.
As in other resistance movements against
mining in Guatemala, the community was never informed of the project
prior to the issuing of permits. The community is concerned that the
mining project will not only lead to the destruction of their land, but
their water as well.
“There is no country without water,” said
Cristobal Diaz. “There is no life either when there is no water. That is
our struggle. We are defending life.”
These concerns are
supported by the fact that the official environmental impact report that
was performed by government officials and the mining company was proven
to be fraudulent by an independent study.
The Guatemalan government and mining firm have argued that the mine
represents development for the country. But community members have
“It only represents development for the mining
company,” said Felisa Muralles. “For us it means pollution of our water,
and destruction of our environment.”
Dedication to nonviolence
community has dedicated themselves to resisting the construction of the
mine nonviolently. Due to their nonviolent discipline, a state of
emergency has not been declared, the military has not been deployed, and
no one has been killed.
Though the community has only received a
few trainings in nonviolence, they are quick to point out that their
reasoning for using nonviolent tactics is based off their understanding
of the efficacy of nonviolence in other historical struggles.
have learned from other resistance movements,” said Muralles, adding,
that have seen “people killed and the military deployed to their
communities. We chose to resist nonviolently because we do not want to
see anyone in our communities killed.”
In December 2012, community
members put their lives on the line to block contractors who had
arrived with mining machinery. The contractors were supported by
hundreds of Guatemalan National Police who deployed tear gas on the
community members. But the members of La Puya held their ground, and
ensured the machinery did not arrive at the mine.
The resistance was able to delay the mining project for nearly two years, but in May 2014 the
Guatemalan government deployed nearly a thousand highly trained elite
police officers to evict the community members from their barricade.
Clouds of tear gas hung over the barricade, and rubber bullets were
fired, as the police moved against those participating in the blockade.
Behind the police were contractors for KCA, who successfully moved
mining equipment to the site of the mine.
The government of
Guatemala was responding to a threat of a lawsuit issued by the mining
firm over the blockage of the project. KCA had argued that the community
resistance was an infringement on their rights of investment at the
location of the mine.
The resistance returned to their barricade shortly after the eviction.
police have also maintained a constant presence at the entrance of the
mine since the eviction, which has paradoxically provided security for
the community members from attacks and intimidation from supporters of
the mine. This hasn’t always been the case. In June 2012, Yolanda Oquelí
was shot in the back as she stood at the barricade. She still carries
the bullet in her body today. There has yet to be an investigation.
are at the forefront of the La Puya resistance. They are the ones who
have stood face-to-face with police when they arrived to evict the
It feels like coming home from the moment one arrives
at the barricade. The women are quick to offer every visitor a hearty
plate of beans and rice, or a bowl of chicken soup, with tortillas.
resistance has led to a change in the position of women within the
community. The machismo that once permeated this farming community is
beginning to be dismantled. “Before there was a lot of machismo,”
Muralles said. “But once the men saw that this was a noble cause, they
began to change their position. We are all a family that is struggling
for radical change.”
According to both the men and women of the
resistance, there has been a significant change in the relationships
between them. “We now have our dignity,” Muralles said. “Before we were
hesitant to speak out, but today we can speak up. And now the men
The presence of women at the front during confrontations
with police is also a tactic that the movement uses because police in
Guatemala cannot hit a woman without it backfiring. The women have faced
intimidation and smear campaigns by supporters of the mine who have
called the women “prostitutes,” and leaked nude photos of one woman on
social media. Yet the women of La Puya have waved off these attempts to
discredit the movement.
Learning in movement
the members of the resistance, the process of struggling against the
mine has been a means of learning about their country and the world.
we were ignorant,” Muralles said. “But now we have learned about the
reality of the world. About what mining means for our community —
sickness, destruction of the environment, etc. We are learning in
Locally, community members have received support from
activists in the city as well as other social movements. This support
comes in the form of donations of food, coffee and water, as well as
solidarity from the other social movements across Guatemala.
of their unique story, the community resistance of La Puya has also
received international attention and support. On one of my visits to the
barricade there was a group from Spain visiting. In the past, groups
from Argentina, Mexico and other countries have joined the community. It
has represented an important means of sharing their struggle, and the
struggles to defend territory across Guatemala, with the world.
way that the movement has brought in new supporters to the resistance
has been through regular celebrations held at the barricade. On a
monthly basis, the community welcomes supporters from across Guatemala
and abroad to their community to observe important holidays, such as
Christmas, or celebrations of life where they hold Mayan ceremonies. “We
welcome people here because we want people from other places to know
our struggle,” Muralles said during the festivities marking Christmas.
connection to the world has led the communities to see their struggle
against mining as part of a global struggle. “Their struggles [in Mexico
and elsewhere in Latin America] are similar or the same as ours,”
Muralles said. “We are trying to connect with them to struggle
See also:- “ Earlier
this month, environmental activist, Telésforo Odilo Pivaral Gonzalez,
was killed by unknown assailants who shot him five times. The father of
six children (ages 1-11), Pivaral Gonzalez had actively opposed a
conflict-ridden Escobal silver mine project run by Canadian company,
Tahoe Resources, and its local subsidiary, Minera San Rafael SA.
Twenty four organizations, including Oxfam, have called for the
Guatemalan government to investigate the killing of Pivaral Gonzalez,
who was a member of the local group known as the Committee for the
Defense of Life and Peace of San Rafael Las Flores. Pivaral Gonzalez was