From our archives…

The History of Christmas

Christmas Across Cultures

The Economics of Christmas

Racializing Christmas

Christmas and Gender

Gift Guides and the Social Construction of Gender

Sexifiying Christmas

Christmas Marketing

On Discourse:

There are many other important environmental goals whose achievement would make city environments more pleasant, safe and valued by their inhabitants. These often include a sense among the inhabitants that their culture and history are valued and reflected in the city’s form and layout.
—  Hardoy et al - 'Environmental Problems in Third World Cities' (1998).

Since when did our definition of beauty become

dry hair, broken nails, flaky skin?

sleepless nights

growling stomachs

a slightly yellow tinge?

When did we start measuring success via

the size of our jeans,

or waists

or energy burnt?

Why is strength now represented by

scars on wrists, damaged bodies, full of hurt?

They say that true beauty shines from the inside out

so does that now mean that in the mirror

we ought to see

a hollowness, an emptiness,

a shadow of our former self?

—  is this really beautiful?

Watch: How Europe is greener now than 100 years ago

Within the last 100 years, Europe has experienced two World Wars, the end of communism, the emergence of the European Union and a series of other transformative political and economic developments. A team of scientists has now been able to visualize the impact of historical events in maps that show the growth and decline of settlements, forests and croplands.

The map, shown above, is the result of a research project led by Dutch scholar Richard Fuchs from the University of Wageningen. Besides regional political and economic trends, Europe’s landscape was shaped by several larger developments of the 20th century, according to Fuchs.

The following maps preview some of the affected regions which we will explain and show in detail throughout this post.


#maps #gif #land #Europe


Why (Some) People Don’t Believe in Climate Science

Despite nearly-unanimous agreement from scientists that climate change is real and humans are causing it, 4 in 10 Americans don’t agree. Why?

This week I dig into the psychology and quirks of human evolution that makes climate change such an easy problem for some people to ignore, to disagree with, and put off to the future.

Problem is, we don’t have time to waste. We’re running out of time…

Climate change is almost certainly among the most important problems of our time, and I think everyone needs to see this. If you agree, share it with your friends and family. At the very least, you’ll have something to talk about over the holidays :)

But wait, there’s more:  Have you seen part 1 in the It’s Okay To Be Smart climate science series? Check out last week’s video, Climate Science: What You Need To Know:

so I was reading my sociology textbook and 

"Abortion has not always been so controversial. In colonial times, midwives and other healers performed abortions with little community opposition and with full approval of the law. But controversy arose about 1850, when early medical doctors wanted to eliminate the competition they faced from midwives and other traditional health providers, whose income came largely from ending pregnancies. By 1900, medical doctors had succeeded in getting every state to pass a law banning abortion."

- pg. 148, Society: The Basics by John J. Macionis 

In lieu of a monthly update post, please consider this collection of SocImages posts related to the relationship between police, black Americans, and this country.  See, also, the Ferguson syllabus put together by Sociologists for Justice and this summary of the facts by Nicki Lisa Cole.

Race and policing:

Perceptions of black men and boys as inherently criminal:

Proof that Americans have less empathy for black people:

Evidence of the consistent maltreatment, misrepresentation, and oppression of black people in every part of American society:

The situation now:

W.E.B. DuBois (1934):

The colored people of America are coming to face the fact quite calmly that most white Americans do not like them, and are planning neither for their survival, nor for their definite future if it involves free, self-assertive modern manhood. This does not mean all Americans. A saving few are worried about the Negro problem; a still larger group are not ill-disposed, but they fear prevailing public opinion. The great mass of Americans are, however, merely representatives of average humanity. They muddle along with their own affairs and scarcely can be expected to take seriously the affairs of strangers or people whom they partly fear and partly despise.

For many years it was the theory of most Negro leaders that this attitude was the insensibility of ignorance and inexperience, that white America did not know of or realize the continuing plight of the Negro.  Accordingly, for the last two decades, we have striven by book and periodical, by speech and appeal, by various dramatic methods of agitation, to put the essential facts before the American people.  Today there can be no doubt that Americans know the facts; and yet they remain for the most part indifferent and unmoved.

- From A Negro Nation Within a Nation


My sociology presentation on Gender Socialization/Gender Roles in My Little Pony, Friendship is Magic.
No critique wanted on this, it was done quickly haha.
My references:

anonymous asked:

hi lauren, could you go more in depth about why white people cannot experience racism? i want to educate myself and once i bring this up to my white friends they always attack me with how they CAN experience racism and how racism still exists because people think that white people can't etc. thank you so much.

Hey, I’m so thankful you’re asking!! Please continue to educate yourself. If you’re in college, or once you are, I encourage you to take a class on critical race theory. It was one of the biggest blessings of my college education. 

Alright, so, while someone can be prejudice against white people, “reverse-racism,” or racism against white people is not a real thing. Anyone who believes otherwise is ignorant on the definition of racism. Racism is a social structure divided by power, and that power is in the hands of the white male. Racism is the discrimination of a race that is not afforded the power to resist the oppressive forms that were built to stifle them. White people are not oppressed. They may get offended, someone of a different race may hate them, but black people are not afforded the social power to impact a white person’s life… being white naturally affords you certain rights that are not shared by people of color. White people are not an oppressed minority, so claiming “reverse-racism” is nothing more than a made-up term to validate hurt feelings, to which I say, get over it.

I love this explanation by Sara Luckey, “Reverse racism isn’t real because we live in a culture that supports and enforces whiteness as the norm and PoC as other. If you experience discrimination, prejudice, or bigotry, it’s valid to be upset about it and want to talk about it. It is not valid to claim that it is reverse racism, and certainly not valid to claim that it is racism on par with anything like the institutionalized racism that PoC will come into contact with. When a white person starts talking about reverse racism, what they’re really doing is derailing a conversation to make it about them. Their white privilege leads them to believe that what they say both matters and needs to be heard and is important and the conversation should stop to focus on their perceived ills. You know what? When somebody is talking about racism they have experienced, that conversation is not all about you, nor should you expect it to be, so stop with the derailing and just listen and learn.”

Today as I was studying over my sociology notes I came across a slide and a subsection in our sociology book.

This section discussed Discrimination and Racial Profiling. The paragraph on Racial Profiling was very detailed and explained a few things even I didn’t know.

Examples from text: There were small police efforts to stop racial profiling in the United States until the 9/11 attacks.

Now, I’m not sure about what ya’ll think… But I think it’s INHUMAN to stop the effort to eradicate as much discrimination in the police force as possible due to the acts of a few men.