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What the USA thinks of Europe and viceversa (and more). Clichés are usually false and relevant simultaneously, here’s an example. Well, it’s not exactly Science, but it is funny enough to earn a place here.

Credits:

Every 28 hours a black person is killed by a police officer. Yet another unarmed black person, 18 year old Mike Brown, was killed by officer Darren Wilson on August 9th in Ferguson, Missouri. People in Ferguson are taking to the streets, demanding justice and braving excessive and cruel force from local police and the National Guard. Those of us who wish we could be in Ferguson, but can’t be, are protesting, tweeting, writing, donating, screaming, crying, or whatever we can do to process the fact that black people are still subhuman in 21st century America, and to process the fact that white people still don’t understand that the murder of black folks at the hands of law enforcement is a serious problem in the country.

On feminspire.

While homophobia in relationship to hegemonic masculinity has been well studied, the mechanisms of women’s homophobia have not been. Hamilton shows that in a collegiate context, heterosexual women’s homophobia may take the form of subtle social distancing, in contrast to men’s more aggressive, publicly visible homophobic behavior (Hamilton 2007: 149). In this study, same-sex sexual behavior was often performed for the erotic attention of men: “Active partiers frequently engaged in same-sex sexual behaviors in the party scene. Their ability to do so without social stigma depended on maintaining social distance from those who identified as lesbians” (Hamilton 2007: 164). In Hamilton’s analysis, heterosexual women’s gender strategies give status to women who attract and please men, which bars lesbians from inclusion: “homophobia among women renders lesbians socially invisible” (Hamilton 2007: 167). This invisible process of social exclusion makes women’s homophobia particularly difficult to study. Since network analysis has the power to expose patterns in social structure, it may be useful in rendering female homophobia more visible.
—  me, my thesis (!!!)
The disciplining of children’s voices is gendered. I found that girls were told to be quiet or to repeat a request in a quieter,
‘nicer’ voice about three times more often than were boys (see Table 3). This finding is particularly interesting because boys’ play
was frequently much noisier. However, when boys were noisy, they were also often doing other behaviors the teacher did not allow, and perhaps the teachers focused less on voice because they were more concerned with stopping behaviors like throwing or running.
Additionally, when boys were told to ‘quiet down’ they were told in large groups, rarely as individuals. […] Girls as individuals and in groups were frequently told to lower their voices… The girls learn that their bodies are supposed to be quiet, small, and physically constrained.
—  Karin A Martin, from Becoming a Gendered Body (1998)

The social construction of food: beautiful photos of children’s breakfasts around the world. 

By Lisa Wade, PhD

One of my favorite examples of social construction is that we eat hot links for breakfast and pork chops for dinner. Both pig, but morning sausage seems odd in the evening and pork chops for breakfast would be a decidedly deviant sunrise treat.

A pretty set of photos at The New York Times illustrates this social construction of breakfast food by highlighting the first meal of the day for children in seven parts of the world. It would be fun — for those of you teaching classes — to show some of them to students and ask them to guess (1) the meal of the day and (2) the age of the eater.

The photo above is a breakfast in Chitedza, Malawi: cornmeal porridge with soy and groundnut flour; deep-fried cornmeal fritters with onions, garlic and chiles; boiled sweet potato and pumpkin; juice of dried hibiscus and sugar.

Next up…

São Paulo, Brazil: ham and cheese, bread with butter, coffee.

Tokyo, Japan: stir-fried green peppers with dried fish, soy sauce, and sesame seeds; raw egg and soy sauce poured over rice; lotus root, burdock root, and carrot sautéed with a rice wine; miso soup; fruit; milk.

Istanbul, Turkey: bread, Nutella, strawberry jam, honey butter; olives; sliced tomato; hard-boiled egg; goat and cow cheeses.

More at The Times.

Lisa Wade is a professor of sociology at Occidental College and the co-author of Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook.