"long before being nerdy was cool, there was leonard nimoy. leonard was a lifelong lover of the arts and humanities, a supporter of the sciences, generous with his time and talents. and of course, leonard was spock. cool, logical, big-eared and level-headed, the centre of star trek’s optimistic, inclusive vision of humanity’s future. i loved spock." - barack obama 

(photo by shan carter)

Pokémon in our Biomes pt. 6: Tropical Rainforest (2 of 2)

I’ve recently decided to make a series of posts with hypothetical thinking and analyzing of what Pokémon species could potentially be found in the world’s biomes. Not at all relative to the games, I will be focusing primarily of the elements, design, and relativity to real life flora and fauna of Pokémon to depict where different species would roam on our big blue marble.

This is the second half of the tropical rainforests biome. There are so many species that could be found in the tropical rainforest, I had to make this post into two parts or else it would be super long! You can find the first post here:, and make sure you check out that one before you read this one, as there will be connected theories and ideas!

The rainforest as mentioned in the other post, is teeming with all sorts of species of different plants and animals. If Pokémon were in fact real, no doubt there would be an unmatched diversity of species. With lots of rain, a very warm humid environment, as well as thick vines, trunks, and underbrush, there are tons of opportunity for Pokémon to evolve (in a phylogenetic sense) into the amazing species we know today. Utilizing a wide variety of mechanisms we are already familiar with in plants and animals today, such as camouflage, agility, venom and toxins, it is unfortunate that there hasn’t been a true tropical rainforest in any of the games, making it a challenge to make these hypotheses accurate. 

Here we go!


Bug Pokémon are probably my favourite kind of Pokémon. Growing up, I would catch all kinds of bugs from bush around my schoolyard. Ask k0cham, she knows all about the bugs I would bring to her during recess. I feel like my last rainforest post didn’t emphasize the insects found in the jungle enough. I just can’t stress enough, there are TONS of bugs in the tropical rainforests. Just, an insane amount.

Heracross and Pinsir I’m putting as one because I find them both being designed after stag and Hercules beetles that can both be found in tropical rainforests, I find it suiting to have them considered one. Also, I saw a fakemon post a while ago about the idea of a small grub Pokémon as a pre-evolution for both Heracross and Pinsir, with it evolving into either one which I thought was a neat idea (cred to whoever thought of that). 

Both Pokémon seem to have a taste for sap. It was seen in the anime that Ash’s Heracross loves the stuff, and they would often have to fight off Pinsir for their fill. The one thing that there is a lot of in the tropical rainforests, are tree, which means a lot of sap. Furthermore, considering how destructive these two Pokémon can be (what with Pinsir being able to crush pretty much anything with its mandables), I find them contributing to a delicate balance of destroying underbrush and trees to add to the ongoing fertilization process and housing means for smaller species. 


Again, another less carnivorous species, which goes against the last post’s theme of “eat or be eaten”, Slakoth and Slaking both wait lazily among the forest for fruit to ripen, and in the too-heavy-and-lazy-to-climb-trees Slaking’s case, fall to the ground for easy access. Not much to say for these species, other than the fact that as Slakoth obviously spends most of its life high up in the treetops, and with Slaking making its nests usually on the ground where it doesn’t have to work to make a nest in a tree, it goes to show that every elevation of the jungle is utilized to its full potential. Even the rivers are used as easy transportation, as Slakoth is said to swim for vast distances in the slow-moving rivers. 

Another interesting note relatable to the beetle Pokémon mentioned earlier is Vigoroth’s destructive tendencies. With such a rapid heart rate, and wild temper, they are said to swing their arms in a wild fashion destroying everything around them. This undoubtedly contributes to the whole idea of wrecking the forest to allow for decomposition and shelter for smaller Pokémon species.


I think Tropius is my favourite grass Pokémon from gen. 3. I love the idea and concept. I think Tropius is a great Pokémon to have in this post, simply because there’s so many interesting aspects to its biology and contribution to the rainforest environment. For starter’s, morphologically speaking, its design seems to be too big and bulky for life in the jungle. It can be hard to envision one, or even a small heard moving throughout the dense jungle. But it is a flying type. It uses its wings as photosynthesizers, which provide it with energy and the ability to grow the fruit from its neck, much like real plants. However, rainforests are pretty dark underneath the canopy. It is a huge struggle to find sunlight in the jungle, hence why everything grows so tall. It can be theorized  that Tropius spends most of its life flying above the treetops, where it has the most access to sunlight, only really coming to the forest floor to rest and feed.

Which brings me to my next point: the neck fruit. An amazing aspect of Tropius design is that “its favourite fruit was eaten so much that it eventually started to grow from its neck.”  Although the fruit appears to be banana-shaped, I can imagine that different Tropius have different tastes. I believe that a newborn Tropius wouldn’t necessarily have the fruit growing yet, but still have the genetic code for many species of fruit, allowing for the growth, and the young doesn’t start to grow the fruit until after it has eaten a specific kind for many years. Bananas, papayas, dragon fruit, anything could grow from Tropius’ neck, and as I mentioned earlier, because it spends so much time in the sky, that is an excellent propagation method. The Tropius flies above the treetops, growing different kinds of fruit on its neck, then when the fruit ripens it drops to the ground below, allowing that fruit to grow into a new tree. Our flying sauropod tree planters are in my opinion, the coolest concept of Pokémon living in tropical rainforests. 


It came down to either Kecleon or these guys, and honestly it was a tough call. I was a bit Sceptile (had to, #sorrynotsorry) about who would actually fare better in the rainforests. I found that Kecleon was better camouflaged having the ability to turn completely invisible, however Treecko and its evolutions are simply more adapt for life in the rainforest. For starters, all of them are amazingly swift and agile predators. I was weary at first about Sceptile’s maneuverability throughout the thick bush, considering it has such a bushy tail that I imagine would more often than not get in the way, however  Sceptile is the fastest of the Hoenn starters’ final evolutionary forms. Furthermore, Treecko, Grovyle and Sceptile are all grass types, and although I thought it would be a challenge for the grass geckos to get the appropriate amount of sunlight, they are tree climbers, making it easy for them to get to the top of the trees to sunbathe. 

More so on Sceptile, interestingly it is said to grow the seeds on its back to be full of nutrients, and have the ability to replenish trees. They are also said to care for trees in the jungle. Quite the interesting theory, is that of a symbiotic relationship with Tropius. Both Pokémon clearly have the traits and ability to regrow and care for forests, what with Tropius’ ability to grow fruit and Sceptiles ability to grow nourishing seed pockets. Perhaps in the jungle the two Pokémon work together to maintain a growing and healthy forest, and try to lessen some of the damage inflicted by more destructive Pokémon. Tropius dropping the fruits to plant, and Sceptile caring for it once it starts growing. 


The last rainforest post had a really notable carnivorous plant Pokémon: Victreebel. I love its design because it is so closely accurate to the pitcher plants that they are based off of. Carnivine share a similar design attractiveness. Although Venus fly traps can’t actually levitate or move around with tentacles, they do attract prey with a sweet nectar, then chomp down and start digesting. Carnivine adds a lot of predatory value to the jungle, maintaining pest populations, and by simply adding a lot of dexterity to the biological designs found in the jungle, but not much else can be said for this Pokémon. 

It’s unfortunate that the games really don’t depict an actual rainforest. Fortree and the great marsh are honestly the closest things to a tropical rainforest that are found in the games, and we can see that a couple of the Pokémon from these rainforest biome posts are actually found in either or. Like mentioned earlier, the lack of related climate in the games make the rainforest Pokémon idea not only interesting, but kind of tricky. Some are obvious, like Carnivine, and some aren’t so obvious, like the next one. 


With so many grass Pokémon in the rainforests, it would seem unlikely that a Pokémon with a 4x weakness wouldn’t actually do to well in such an environment, but if the rivers in the rainforests in real life have anything, it’s catfish. Design wise, Whiscash seem to be incredibly adaptive, having the ability to survive on land, they somewhat resemble lungfish and I imagine that the moist and humid environment of the tropical rainforests allow it to travel fair distances even through the bush. Eating anything that fits in its mouth, it certainly wouldn’t have a hard time finding food. 

I talked about fish migrations back in the abyssal zone post. Although that focused more on a vertical migration, quite a few species of fish move from freshwater to saltwater, or vice versa to spawn. Anadromous species, are fish that move from saltwater to freshwater to spawn, and catadromous are the reverse. Several species of jungle catfish are anadromous, but because Barboach are designed after some sort of lamprey or lungfish, an interesting theory is that the species are catadromous. The adult Whiscash could move to the oceans through the rivers in the jungle to spawn, allowing the weak Barboach to live in the oceans where it is safe from dangerous grass Pokémon, then once they evolve and become stronger, they migrate back to the freshwater jungle rivers. However, the theory is subject to interpretation, as because Barboach are said to live near the water, not necessarily in it, either argument could be justified, but it is an interesting theory nonetheless!


Again, I don’t think I can stress enough the abundance of invertebrate species in rainforests. I figure a butterfly Pokémon line was required, seeing as the rainforests have a stunning array of different species of butterfly, and there are quite a few different kinds of butterfly/moth Pokémon, of course not to say these are the only ones.

Anyways, I think these ones speak for themselves. Wurmple scrapes the bark of trees to feed off of the sap (Pinsir and Heracross help) and both Castcoon and Silcoon absorb the water that forms as dew drops on their silky exterior, which is convenient when you live in one of the wettest climates on earth. I find Wurmple has a very tropical looking appearance, and if you’ve ever seen tropical caterpillars, you’d know  how bright and pointy they look. 

As for Beautifuly, it is the only bug Pokémon with a visible proposcis, so it makes sense that it should be found where the most flowering plants are found. (I know it can technically stab and drain its preys body fluids, but I still personally think it’s going to stick to nectar and pollen, for sake of argument.) Also, it is amazingly coloured, and probably the most brightly coloured bug Pokémon. As I mentioned, jungle butterflies are gorgeous. 

Dustox is kind of self explanatory. It’s a moth, lives in the jungle, that’s about it. One thing to note though, is that although it does live in the jungle, it biologically can’t help but be attracted to light sources. Although I doubt it would fly as far as New York from the Amazon jungle, I could definitely see it swarming around the small cities and even resorts that can be found throughout most rainforests. 


If I recall correctly, I believe these are the first pseudo-legendary Pokémon I have in a PIOB post, and I was actually just about to wrap up this post before I thought of these guys so I’ll keep it quick! 

First off, they’re dragon Pokémon. I doubt a fully-evolved Goodra is going to have all that much opposition. They are considered the weakest of the pseudo-dragons, but they can hold their own. Second, they all require extremely moist and humid environments. Although one can argue that they would be better adapted to life in the swamps for example, I still think that the sheer air moisture level in tropical rainforests is enough to keep these guys nice and healthy. Plus, they don’t call them rainforests for nothing, and Sliggoo needs rain in order to evolve. Furthermore, one interesting hypothesis on these guys is that although their slime helps maintain humidity and whatnot, there are A LOT of poison type Pokémon in the jungle, and quite a few of those species are also grass types, specializing in powder-based attacks. I expect that the slime would also add quite a bit of protection from these powdery attacks!

Alright guys, that’s it!!

I’m sorry it was such a long read, but I definitely put a lot more thought and research into this one than the last rainforest biome post. A lot more Pokémon could be found than I manage to mentione (Aipom, Lotad, Tangela), but don’t forget there is another rainforest post here:, and also there are other forest biomes, such as monsoon jungles, subtropical dry forests, subtropical rainforests, etc.

I think I liked this post the post. Some of the hypotheses I must say are quite interesting, even after writing them. As always, I would love any feedback, comments, ideas, and of course, reblogs are always encouraged, and sould you feel compelled to make a donation to the fight against rainforest protection, you can do so here:

as long as it isn’t about literal murder or wild sex the scorpio horoscopes tend to be fairly accurate for me. or as accurate as astrology , not real science , can be. but most of them are about literal murder or wild sex

anonymous asked:

You do realize all people have to do is Google actual astrology charts and prove you're full is shit, right?

I have always stated that the charts that are being used have been rectified because the actual birth times are not available. Do you realize that astrology is actually an exact science and that real astrologers do research to create chart rectifications so that we can understand the people for whom we are reading better?

No? I didn’t think so.

This is a real medical condition known as Gan’s Syndrome, an ocular retinoblastoma occurring in 0.0004% of the total retinoblastoma cases. Ruptured blood vessels create often symmetrical, or at least fractal patterns and though the eye can see, visual acuity is lowered. It can be treated but never cured, though most suffering with the condition live normal lives. Gan’s Syndrome was founded by Dr. Sharon Gan.

the first day of physical science in eighth grade we all got to the classroom and sat around for the first five minutes without a teacher and we were all really confused because no one came in but then music started blasting out of nowhere and our teacher popped out of the equipment closet in a tuxedo and jumped across the room on top of our lab desks and shouted “the name’s bond. atom bond.”

What the fuck is up with Tumblr's astrology fascination?

Tumblr acts like its the place of progressivism, openness and free thinking. But there is no science behind astrology. In fact, it’s deliberately anti-science and is based absolutely NOTHING. you know what is fascinating? real science. so maybe we should appreciate astronomy, not the hilariously stupid past time of astrology that is geared for scientifically illiterate people. 

much love, Jim. 

ANNOUNCING. A new original documentary series, a BBC AMERICA and BBC Two co-production. The Real History of Science Fiction premieres Saturday, April 19, 10:00pm ET after the Season 2 premiere of orphanblack.

From Star Wars to 2001: A Space Odyssey, and from Jurassic Park to Doctor Who, each program is packed with contributors behind these creations and traces the developments of Robots,SpaceInvasion and Time. Narrated by Mark GatissDoctor Who writer, actor and co-creator of the BBC’s Sherlock, the series determines why science fiction is not merely a genre… for its audience it’s a portal to a multi-verse – one that is all too easy to get lost in.

Among those taking part are: William Shatner (Star Trek), Nathan Fillion (Firefly), Zoe Saldana (Avatar, Star Trek), Steven Moffat (Doctor Who), Richard Dreyfuss (Close Encounters of the Third Kind), Chris Carter (The X-Files), Ronald D Moore (Battlestar Galactica), John Landis (An American Werewolf in London, Schlock), David Tennant (Doctor Who), Christopher Lloyd (Back to the Future), Rutger Hauer (Blade Runner), John Carpenter (Dark Star, The Thing), Karen Gillan (Doctor Who), Neil Gaiman (The SandmanStardust), Kim Stanley Robinson (Mars Trilogy), Scott Bakula (Quantum LeapStar Trek: Enterprise), Ursula K Le Guin (The Left Hand of Darkness), Syd Mead (Blade Runner), Kenny Baker (Star Wars),Anthony Daniels (Star Wars), Nichelle Nichols (Star Trek), Peter Weller (Robocop), Edward James Olmos (Blade Runner, Battlestar Galactica) and many more.

On one level, sci-fi can deliver a ‘white knuckle-ride’ – jaw-dropping special effects, and thrills that have cinemagoers flying out of their seats. But also, it is possibly the only area of pop culture that engages with big ideas. Good science fiction engages audiences on a deeper level than mere spectacle; it becomes a place to discuss not just the universe and how it works – but what it means to be emotional, sentient human beings. 

We can’t wait for this exciting documentary eye-opener to The Real History of Science Fiction.

I want fantasy books with an non-medieval imaginary world as a setting

"My hands are covered in dead skin.”


Based on science and embellished by fantasy…

The Real History of Science Fiction premieres Saturday, April 19 at 10/9c— Immediately following the Premiere of the New Season of Orphan Black at 9/8c, only on BBC America.

BBC America delves into the real history of science fiction with filmmakers, writers, actors and graphic artists looking back on their experiences and on how their obsession and imagination has taken them into the unknown. 

Narrated by Mark Gatiss, and featuring new, exclusive interviews with David Tennant, Nathan Fillion, Zoe Saldana, William Shatner and more.

Up first: ROBOTS: What if our creations turn against us?  The idea of creating life has fascinated society since the earliest days of science fiction. The first installment of the four-part series transports viewers from the first steps of Frankenstein’s monster to the threat provided by the Terminator and the world of Cyberspace.


This week something adorable will be posted: fluorescence thermochromism!

During the last few weeks I have prepared ~25 new, not yet described compound that have a weak or strong fluorescence thermochromism. This means they emit an other color under UV lamp at a different temperatures. Most of these compounds work at -195 °C where liquid nitrogen boils, but some of them show some effect at -100 to -70 °C. 

How do these work? Depending on the temperature the bonds in these molecules change a lot what means they can absorb and emit different wavelength. As seen on the pictures, on the first there are the compounds, each ampule contains 100 mg. When irradiated with UV light at room temperature (second pics) few of them emit some visible light, but when they are cooled down with liquid nitrogen (last pics) most of the compounds emit a different wavelength light with a different intensity.