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The Mountain of Mystery. The last refuge | | Tribes - Planet Doc Full Documentariies

In the Sanema villages there is always a communal covered area where most of the social life of the group takes place. In the morning, it is customary for the Sanema women to gather here, to paint their faces and bodies with clan or esoteric designs. 
Another of the usual communal activities is delousing. Almost constantly, the women comb through each other’s hair in search of these tiny parasites. When they catch one, the kill it with their teeth and eat it. There’s no accounting for taste.

Here, illness has a religious significance, as the source lies in magic and spells. So, apart form the potions and ointments with which they treat the ill, the shamans must travel to the other world, the country of the spirits, to receive their advice. They are the only ones capable of undoing the spells. They have to ingest large doses of sacona, which makes them salivate profusely. The journey they must go on to find their gods and ask their questions is very long. The ritual chants and the rhythmic movements are efficient means of leaving their bodies, transcending to the world beyond, to open the door which allows their consciousness to enter a different reality.

Here ends our fascinating journey across the Guayana Massif in Venezuela, and back in time with the Sanema Indians. Perhaps now, those who have followed us feel the same need as we do, the need to protect this unique world which is in danger of being lost forever.

In the documentary “The Mountain of Mystery” we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_xnDE04X2MfOsZPXVOmhRh61kxxO90qD

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PICTURE STORY: THE LEGEND OF FIRE

How humans captured fire

Story adapted by Meritxell Subirós and Illustration by Carme Bosch Agustí

(unedited)

ORGANIZACIÓN INDIGENA DE LA CUENCA DEL CAURA “Kuyujani” COMUNICADO

ORGANIZACIÓN INDIGENA DE LA CUENCA DEL CAURA “Kuyujani”COMUNICADO

A LA OPINION PUBLICA Nosotros legítimos representantes de las comunidades ye’kwana y sanema de la cuenca del río Caura, Estado Bolívar de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, hacemos del conocimiento público lo siguiente: -Sobre la Cuenca del Caura recaen cinco figuras de protección del ambiente las cuales excluyen en su totalidad la actividad minera. El acceso a la zona es mayoritariamente fluvial. -Desde el año 2006, fecha en la que casualmente también se debía entregar el título colectivo  de propiedad  sobre los hábitats a las comunidades indígenas de la cuenca del Caura, se produjo una invasión minera ilegal con nefastas consecuencias para las comunidades indígenas que allí hacemos vida. -A partir de dicha invasión minera se pidió la colaboración de las Fuerzas Armadas Nacionales para controlar las incursiones mineras lo cual solo se logró parcialmente entre 2006 y 2008. A partir de 2008 mineros nacionales y extranjeros se apersonaron en la zona sin que las Fuerzas Armadas pudieran controlarles. Antes bien, los militares se han hecho cómplices de la minería ilegal aplicando vacunas para hacer llegar bienes y combustible a las zonas mineras. -La Organización Kuyujani rechaza la actividad minera independientemente de que algunos pobladores locales participen en ella dado que la minería ha socavado la organización social y política de las comunidades afectando la salud de las comunidades dada la creciente y demostrada contaminación mercurial. -Los indígenas necesitamos gasolina para transportarnos y llegar a sus comunidades para lo cual tenemos cupos otorgados por PDVSA. -Desde el mes de octubre de 2014, la Organización Kuyujani ha denunciado ante el REDI al Comandante del Puesto de Maripa Gianfranco Giordani Leal por irrespetar los cupos de combustible asignados para el transporte desde y hacia las comunidades que viven en la zona. -El día de ayer 18 de Febrero (2015), de forma arbitraria, dicho comandante se presentó en el sitio denominado el Playón y quemó una vivienda indígena. Luego subió al Salto Pará “Kuyuwi Sodi” y también quemó otra vivienda aparentemente en venganza por las denuncias que contra él se han hecho. -Los indígenas del lugar, retuvieron al comandante y a nueve soldados produciéndose disparos que afortunadamente no causaron daños. En este momento el Comandante Giordani Leal, así como los soldados se encuentran custodiados por los indígenas ye’kwana y sanema que allí viven. Sin embargo, al lugar están llegando masivamente los indígenas de la zona para sumarse a la protesta por el atropello cometido por los militares. -El día de hoy 19 de febrero se presentó el comandante del puesto de Caicara al Salto Pará pero su presencia fue rechazada por los indígenas quienes no quieren entrevistarse con subalternos. En el momento actual, se están sumando a esta acción de protesta las comunidades no indígenas “criollas” del bajo Caura, tanto de Maripa, Jabillar y Trincheras quienes también están cansadas de los atropellos recibidos. Los indígenas queremos dialogar pero no aceptamos ni un atropello más. EXIGIMOS: 1) La presencia de altos representantes del gobierno, liderizados por el Vicepresidente Jorge Arreaza para dialogar pues estamos cansados tanto de los atropellos de los militares, como de los mineros que están destruyendo los ecosistemas y el territorio. 2) El retiro de los militares de Pie de Salto y del Salto Pará. 3) El desalojo minero en su totalidad. 4) Respeto a las disposiciones de PDVSA en materia de combustible. 5) Respeto a las comunidades indígenas del Caura. 6) Reconocimiento de nuestros derechos sobre los hábitats que ocupamos de manera ancestral y tradicional.
Centro Indígena Ye’kwana Kuyujani Mai. Av. San Vicente de Paul con Callejón Los Teques. Barrio Hueco Lindo. Ciudad Bolívar. Estado Bolívar.Cel. 0426-8921860, 0426-8916887. E-mail: kuyujani@cantv.net http://dlvr.it/8nFMs4

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The Mountain of Mystery. Looking for Sanema | Tribes - Planet Doc Full Documentaries

An hour by canoe along the river Canaracuni, we had our first encounter with the Sanema, a nomad group which had split off from the Yanomamis, “The Fierce People”, as they were unjustly named by the North American anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon.
Their houses are large and open-plan. On the walls made of sticks and sometimes of mud, they place a covering of palm leaves. The fire is the central focus of the room. One side is used as a store for the food and the few utensils they own. In the rest of the space they hang their hammocks, in which they rest and sleep.

The women are in charge of growing and harvesting the crops. The manioc is a bush of the euphorbia family, between one and two metres high, which develops very large roots in the form of fleshy tubers. They are very nutritious, due to the quantity of starch they contain.

They are addicted to tobacco. Both men and women take on a fierce appearance as they place a thick wad of tobacco between the lower lip and the gums. More than the need to chew tobacco, this habit gives them the mineral salts that complement their diet. They dampen the tobacco leaves and smear them with ashes. Little by little they shape this mixture until they obtain a solid ball, which they place in their mouths. Like so many other things that are communal among the Sanema, the wads of tobacco are happily passed from mouth to mouth.

The Falls were seen for the first time by the Guayanan explorer Felix Cardona in 1927. Ten years later, the American pilot Jimmy Angel, landed on the top of the Auyan. He was looking for a gold mine. But the plane got bogged down in a swamp area, and they had to descend on foot. After 15 days of hard struggle for survival, they arrived exhausted at the village of Uruyen. Since then the Kerepakupai has been known as the Angel Falls.

In the documentary “The Mountain of Mystery” we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_xnDE04X2MfOsZPXVOmhRh61kxxO90qD

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The Mountain of Mystery. The Magic of the Shamans | | Tribes - Planet Doc Full Documentariies

The shamans are the most respected people of all. It is their job to order the social behaviour of the community, take charge of the worship of the spirits, and cure illnesses. They know the pharmacopoeia of the jungle and how to make medicines and powerful poisons. It is also their responsibility to collect and prepare the sacona or yopo. They search in the jungle for the tree called ama-ahí. The bigger and older it is, the stronger will be the hallucinogenic substances obtained from it.
 
First, they have to make a fire, which is not easy in the depths of the jungle, because the atmosphere is extremely humid and the wood, though it is not green, is soaking wet. They light it with a red-hot brand they have brought from the village. Though at times they manage to get matches from the Yecuana, they always keep a fire lit in the village. When someone wants to light another fire, they take some of the embers. It has been like that since the beginning of time, the fire never goes out, there was always someone, chosen by the shaman, entrusted with the supreme mission of keeping it alive.
There have even been wars over fire. When a group was left without their fire, they attacked another one in order to steal the embers.

To extract the sacona, they tear off strips of the bark of the ama-ahi, moisten them with saliva and place them over the flames so they release the alkaloid. The wisdom of the shamans is the reason behind a new invasion of the jungle. First, it was those who came in search of rubber, then later gold. Now, the pharmaceutical laboratories have come to exploit the botanical knowledge of the Shamans. They are less violent, they do not organize massacres of the Indians, but their presence and the objects they bring with them in order to negotiate, upset the balance of the culture of these indigenous communities.


They are the latest scourge to which the jungle has been subjected. The hallucinogenic resin forced out by the action of the heat is put into a pot and then cooked until it solidifies. The sacona can be classified within the group of enteogenous indolic pharmaceuticals. They are only used ritually, as in the case over the societies with peyote, ayahuasca, the San Pedro cactus or, in Central Africa, the iboga.

Before returning to the village, one of the shamans tests the efficacy of the preparation. The visit is also a good excuse to go fishing. But first, they will have to collect barbasco lianas. Once again they make use of their vast knowledge of their environment. The jungle provides everything they need, and hence the profound respect they feel towards it. This is where the spirits of their ancestors live, along with others of the jungle itself. Every tree, every plant, every living being, is the dwelling place of a spirit, and that is why, every time they cut a tree or take something from the forest, the shamans have to ask their gods for permission.

In the documentary “The Mountain of Mystery” we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_xnDE04X2MfOsZPXVOmhRh61kxxO90qD

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The Mountain of Mystery. The spirits of the Jungle | Tribes - Planet Doc Full Documentaries

These men of the forest have the custom of decorating their bodies and faces before undertaking any action. Above all, they use red, from the seed of the onoto, and black, which they obtain from burnt wood from the fire. Each Sanema has a specific design which protects him. They generally represent totemic animals seen under the effects of the sacona or yopo, a powerful hallucinogenic substance they inhale through the nose. The effects of the sacona are almost immediate. Now, the symbiosis with the magical dimension of the jungle is almost absolute. From their psychedelic vantage point they can see the spirits of the jungle with out being vulnerable to their influence and been united with their moresbi, a part of the soul of the Sanema which lives in a particular animal of the forest, making it his protector.
They frequently go on these journeys to the world of the spirits. Almost every day, the Sanema feel the need to transform into their totemic animals and visualize, through its eyes, the other reality of their existence.

The Sanema move around an enormous area. They can be found near any river in the southern part of the Guayana Massif. Mainly in the Caura basin. This powerful river, a tributary of the Orinoco, has many rapids and cataracts, which makes it difficult to navigate and so for outsiders to penetrate into one of the least explored areas of Venezuela.

In the documentary “The Mountain of Mystery” we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_xnDE04X2MfOsZPXVOmhRh61kxxO90qD

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Así se despedían los niños de la comunidad del Palmar, Etnia #Sanema #riocaura después de nuestra visita. Sin palabras.

En camino al campamento El Playon en el río Caura nos sorprendió un aguacero y tuvimos que hacer una parada. Indescriptible la lluvia en la selva y en medio del Rio Caura. #riocaura #yekwana #sanema

Río Caura Estado Bolívar. En esta travesía pude conocer a las etnias indígenas Sanema y Yek’wana. Una experiencia increíble y ver como se adaptan tan diferente a la modernización las 2 etnias. Más adelante les mostrare más imágenes de esta visita a sus campamentos. #riocaura #yek’wana #sanema #etnias #indígenas

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La Montaña del Misterio | Planet Doc

El documental “La Montaña del Misterio” nos lleva a la selva virgen más extensa e intacta del mundo. Es la morada de los dioses de la Gran Sabana  venezolana donde se encuentran los sagrados tepuyes. Está en el Macizo Guayanés, al sur de Venezuela, lindando con Brasil.
En el interior de este mundo verde anclado en el tiempo, viven hombres y mujeres adaptados íntimamente a este medio selvático. Pertenecen a diferentes etnias: pemones, maquiritares, panares y hotis, divididos en un sin fin de tribus.
Todos ellos temen y respetan los tepuyes, gigantes del universo como ellos los describen en su mitología. Sin duda, el tepuy más venerado es el auyan-tepuy, “la Montaña del Diablo” en idioma pemon. Creen que allí arriba moran entes extraordinarios, monstruos malignos y serpientes de tres cabezas. En una de sus paredes se encuentra el Kerepakupai-Meru, también conocido como  Salto Angel, que es absoluto tabú para los indígenas.
Mas al sur nos encontraremos con Los Sanema, tribu escindida de los Yanomamis, conocidos como el Pueblo Feroz del Amazonas. La mujer sanema es la encargada de la mayoría de los trabajos domésticos: recolecta frutos y leña en el bosque, cultiva, cocina y cuida de los niños más pequeños. El hombre emplea casi todo su tiempo en la caza y ocasionalmente  pesca en las quebradas cercanas al poblado.

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La Montaña del Misterio [Parte 3/5] | Planet Doc

En esta tercera parte del documental “La Montaña del Misterio” veremos como los sanema tienen el habito de maquillar su cuerpo y su rostro. Sobre todo utilizan el rojo, de la semilla del onoto, y el negro, que obtienen de los tizones del hogar. Cada sanema tiene un dibujo concreto que le protege. Suelen representar a sus animales totémicos vistos bajo los efectos de la sacona o yopo, una potente substancia alucinogena que aspiran por las fosas nasales.
A través de su trance psicodélico pueden ver a los espíritus de la selva sin ser vulnerables a su influencia y encontrarse con su moresbi, una parte del alma del sanema, que mora en un animal determinado del bosque convirtiéndolo en su protector. Bajo la protección de sus pinturas rituales, se adentran en la espesura para cazar de la selva primigenia más antigua del mundo.
A los sanema se les puede encontrar cerca de cualquier río, en el sur del Macizo Guayanes. Principalmente en la cuenca del Cáura. Este caudaloso río, afluente del Orinoco, lleno de raudales y cataratas es una de las zonas menos exploradas de Venezuela. Junto con el Amazonas forman parte del pulmón vegetal más grande del planeta.

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The Mountain of Mystery | Full Documentaries - Planet Doc Full Documentaries

In this documentary we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border.

In the interior of this green world lost in time, live men intimately adapted to their jungle environment which, though fascinating, is full of dangers. They are the inhabitants of the jungle, who live alongside and respect the endless different life forms around them. Their culture is ancient, almost as ancient as the landscape in which it has developed.

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The Mountain of Mystery. The Sanema Village | Tribes - Planet Doc Full Documentaries

Some relatives from the Itucu river have arrived at the Sanema village. The compulsory greetings are a real ritual. Two by two, they recite their respective family trees, which sometimes go back twenty generations. Meanwhile, daily life continues at its slow, steady pace. The Sanema work just enough to eat and be comfortable in the village. They spend a lot of time doing nothing or playing simple, almost childish games.
The arrival of visitors always breaks the monotony. They prepare dances, games and food for all.  The warriors paint themselves with burnt wood as they do when they go into battle against other tribes. This is a very old custom, challenging outsiders, even if it is only in play. The Sanema have always been and always will be a warrior people. The visitors enter the village with their bows strung. There, other warriors await them.  The tips of the arrows are wrapped in banana leaves so they will not wound anyone. This is merely a welcoming ritual.

The Sanema believe that after the creation of the world the gods fought a cruel battle in the stars. From the drops of blood that fell to earth, mixed with the dust, men were born. So, they believe they came from violence, which could explain why war and confrontation in battle are so important for them.

In the documentary “The Mountain of Mystery” we travel to the oldest place on Earth. Here lies the largest, most intact virgin forest in the world, on the Guayana Massif, in the south of Venezuela, along the Brazilian border. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_xnDE04X2MfOsZPXVOmhRh61kxxO90qD

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