Salmo means salmon, while trutta translates to trout.
Family: Salmonidae (Salmonids)
Fun Fact: “Social hierarchies are also established when mating does not occur. Males have a personal territory that they will defend year round. Male fighting techniques include quivering, charging, ramming, biting, and chasing. Males quiver parallel to one another in an attempt to drive away their competition. Charging involves opening the mouth and swimming very quickly at another male to intimidate and drive competition off. Ramming is much like charging, but involves physical contact with each other. A male will bite at another male’s fins in order to show his dominance. Once a male submits, the dominant male will chase the subordinate male for a few seconds to truly confirm that he is the winner.” (ADW)
Habitat: They are endemic to freshwater ways and oceans around Europe (as far east as the Ural Mountains), and the Mediterranean Sea. They are invasive in the United States, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, southern Africa, and South America.
Ecosystem Role: They help keep fish, aquatic invertebrate, and crustacean populations in check. They provide food for humans, carnivorous mammals (such as, otters, minks, and seals), birds that fish (like herons or kingfishers), and other fish (like cod).