Here is a list of deities comprised from historical accounts, epics, and dictionaries. I actually created this list because a friend of mine on here asked me to send them a list of deities from Luzon to Mindanao for her art project which she actually finished and it looks so good! I am still adding more onto here as it will be periodically updated and every now and then I learn about a new deity from a historical account or in the early dictionaries. Hopefully it can be a resource and starting point for other artists to draw inspiration from and create their own depictions of how these deities look like or to any other Pilipin@ polytheist, pagan, who want to start learning about the various deities from the Philippines.
Bathala Maykapal - Supreme deity. Name means “creator of all things”. His messenger was the sacred omen birdTigmamanukan, a blue and black bird that most scholars believe is the Philippine fairy blue bird.
Lakambini - deity of the throat, invoked in cases of throat ailments.
Aman Sinaya - patron of fisherman
Lakan Bakod - guardian of the fences, invoked to keep animals out of swiddens. He had gilded genitals as long as a rice stalk and was offered eels when fencing swiddens because his was the strongest of all.
Lakapati - A major fertility goddess who had both female and male genitals and was worshiped during planting time.
Aman Ikabli - patron of hunters.
Diyan Masalanta - Goddess of lovers and childbirth.
Mankukuktod - Protector of coconut palms. If tuba tappers failed to make offerings to him before climbing a tree, they risked falling from the tree.
Uwinan Sana - lord of the grasslands and forests. Those going into forests acknowledged him or they were regarded as trespassers.
Haik - sea god, before the seamen set sail they sponsored a major ceremony to call on him for fair weather and winds.
Linga - a phallic and fertility god. Was also known to cause illness if not given recognition during daily activities. But he was prayed to cure diseases. His fertility festival is now celebrated in the Christianized Kasilonawan dance ritual in the Obando fertility rites.
Tala - the morning star, Venus
Mapulon - The constellation Pleiades and the god of seasons
Idiyanale - Goddess of labor and good deeds.
Meylupa - a crow god that was the master of the earth.
Sitan - guardian and ruler of the underworld
Manisilat - Goddess of broken homes. She was restless and mad whenever there was a happy home within sight. Deter- mined to destroy every happy home, she would disguise as a woman healer or an old beggar, enter the dwelling of her unsuspecting victims, and then proceed with her diabolical aims. With the aid of her charms and magic powers she would turn the husband and wife against each other. She was most happy when the couple quarreled and danced in glee when one of them would leave the conjugal home.
Mangagauay - She was the one responsible for the occurrence of diseases. She wore a necklace of skulls, and her girdle was made up of several severed human harids and feet.* Sometimes, she would change herself into a human being and roam about the countrysides as a healer. She could induce maladies with her charms.If she wished to kill someone, she did so by her magic wand. She could also prolong death, even for a number of months, by simply bind· ing to the waist of her patient a live serpent which was believed to be her real self or at least her substance.
Mankukulam - whose duty was to emit fire at night, especially when the night was dark and the weather was not good. Like his fellow agents, he often assumes hu- man form and went arotmd the villages, pretending to be a priest-doctor. Then he would wallow in the filth beneath the house of his victim and emit fire. If the fire was extinguished immediately, the victim would die.
Hukluban. She had the power to change herself into any form she desired. In fact, some people said that she had greater power than Mangagauay. She could kill anyone by simply raising her hand. However, if she wanted to heal those whom she had made ill by her charms, she could do so without any difficulty. It was also said of her that she could destroy a house by merely saying that she would do so.
Silagan - whose duty was to tempt people and to eat the liver of all those who wear white clothes during mourning and take their souls down .to the depth of Kasanaan. This was the reason the ancient Tagalogs usually wore vari-colored tapis or barrel skirt.
Mananangal - The sister of Silagan. She could be seen walking along dark trails and lonely paths without her head, hands or feet, because her work was to frighten people to death.
Laon - The supreme goddess of the Bisayans. She is a goddess of agriculture and harvests. She lived in the island of Negros in Mt. Kanlaon and who was invoked for a good harvest in the fields. She would sometimes send locusts to eat the crops if the people upset her.
Badadadam - (Samar) means “happy one who gave fertility and happiness.” He governed the world creating wealth and happiness and was the lord of the underworld. Was also known by another name, Makaobus, whose name meant “without having an end”, he foresaw the end of all things. He lived on a very high mountain that served as a watch tower from which he inspected everything. When he wished ti kill someone because his time was done or for other purposes, he sent Taba/Tawa, the “executioner”. Taba killed everyone, people drowning by his hands, not just those who died by water, but in their own homes. He is the one who governs the world and knows when one dies. He calls all the relatives and tells them so and so died and they can go forth and receive them in Saad. They all took their spears and Kalasag in the company of Badadum and went to the mouth of the river. There they waited for the dead person with a great feast and shouting. When the deceased arrived they took off the casket, long on, and Badadum asked if they were that certain person. On seeing them adorned with gold and other ornaments, Badadum acknowledged them as he doesn’t recognize those who don’t have gold and ornaments on them. This is why descendants put wealth (bahandi) in coffins. Badadum then tells the relatives that they can carry the dead person to the village of his father, Ayaoy, and to the house called Bariaas. (Alcina)
Aman Dayari - Diwata of the lazy who do not work and went about as vagabonds. He was carved out of wood called dap dap. He is depicted as a wild man who had one hand on his breast and the other on his lower parts covering them. It signified with the hands the effects of laziness. They covered the figure in cloth and gold for good fortune and through the figure they would hope to plant their lies and deceit in the heart and the other hand their lasciviousness and obscenities. (Alcina)
Magwayen - One of the primordial deities in Bisayan mythology, along with Kaptan, God of the Sky, who, in one version of the Bisayan creation myth, helped create the world and the first humans with Kaptan. She is also a Goddess who brings all the souls of the dead to Sulad, a purgatory, by bringing them across a spiritual river called Lalangban on her boat, delivering them to Sumpoy, the God of the Underworld, before reaching the final resting place in Saad, land of the ancestors, where they are then brought to the God Sisiburanen, who takes in all souls, good or bad, and brings them to Mt. Madyaa’s, the home of the gods, where the Visayans living in the coastal regions were believed to live out their afterlife or in a tall mountain in Borneo.
Kaptan - one of the primordial and creator deities, along with the sea Goddess Magwayen, where he is the one who planted the seed that grew into a reed in which the first man and woman, Si Kalak and Si Kabay were born from. Now on the other spectrum he is seen as the god who brings disease to his descendants as punishment because he has never tasted the delights of food and drinks from earth. So you have two opposing forces that he is known for, creation and death.
Banwanun - Diwata whose name means “he who lives in the forests”. To him they built a little house in the forest called Pagiawa. It was tall and of only 1 haripe. When ever they went to hunt for game the first hog they captured was put inside the house and this they never ate and was given as an offering to the god. This was done because if they didn’t they would not be able to catch hogs as the god would prevent them as lord of the forest.
Bakunawa - Bakunawa is a naga in Bisayan mythology who is seen as a gigantic sea serpent deity that lives under the sea. Bakunawa is described as having a mouth the size of a lake, a red tongue, whiskers, gills, small wires at its sides, and two sets of wings, one is large and ash-gray while the other is small and is found further down its body. There was a belief that instead of one moon there used to be 7 moons in the sky. Bakunawa fascinated by the beauty of the moons rose up from the sea and devoured 6 of the moons leaving one left. In order to save and protect the moon the people would try and scare the large serpent by making loud noises often using pots and pans. When an eclipse happened it was believed that Bakunawa was trying to devour the last remaining moon in which in every eclipse people would go out to try and scare the serpent.
Barangaw - One of the 3 deities prayed to for success in war. The rainbow was is a gateway to the deities and in which those souls who were stabbed, eaten by crocodiles or pierced by arrows climbed and became deities themselves by dying honorable deaths. For the Agusan Manobo’s, there is a belief that the rainbow is the manifestation symbolizing that the war Gods have gone searching for blood and it is believed that if rainbows appear, ones enemies are near and approaching with the intent of war.
Si Dapa: a diwata who marked out mortal men’s lifespan on a sacred tree trunk on Mt.Madyaas at the time of birth.
Pandaki: Rescuer of souls and transports them to a much more pleasant afterlife.
Naguinid - Worshiped for success in war and plunder during raids by Miguel de Loarca (1582) along with Barangaw & Makanduk. Was also invoked when concocting poisonous oils along with the deities Arapayan and Makbarubak.
Sumpoy - God of the afterlife. He is the one in charge of the souls in Sulad.
Mayari - Deity of power and strength and of Mt. Pinatubo
Damalog - god who preserved the sown fields from typhoons and winds.
Dumangan - god of harvest who made the grain grow abundantly.
Apo Laki - A sun and war god. Apolaki was also the patron of warriors and fighters. He was also worshiped by the Pangasinan.
Gugurang - supreme god of the Bikolano who lives in Mount Mayon.
Haliya - Bikolano Goddess of the moon and protector of women where in pre-colonial times she had a cult of women devoted to her. For them, Haliya is their protector from Bakunawa, her rival, who was a giant sea serpent deity known to devour the sun or moon, that can take on a woman’s form when Haliya does not rise. In some accounts she is known to be a masked Goddess.
Dal’lang - goddess of beauty
Angngalo - A giant demigod who was the creative force of the shaping of the world
Apo Langit - Lord of the Sky
Kabunian - The supreme deity of the Ilokanos and other ethnics groups of Northern Luzon
Litao - Spirit of the river and sea.
Mangaragatan - God of the winds.
Apung Sinukuan -God of the Sun and War and of Mt. Arayat
Apung Malyari - God/Goddess of Mt. Pinatubo and the moon.
Mangatia - the weaver, net maker, who wove the universe with the eyes of the net as the stars in heaven and through which water enteres the universe to fall on earth as rain.
Apung Iru - A gigantic crocodile deity that supports the earth on its back
Indung Tibuan - a mother earth goddess.
Lakanapi - a fire god who is a dragon serpent that flows through the veins of Indung Tibuan causing her to move thus causing earthquakes.
Angin - a wind god
Lakanbini - a rice goddess.