recapitulate |ˌrēkəˈpi ch əˌlāt|

verb [ trans. ]

'to summarize and state again the main points of '


Our modern version of  ’recapitulate’ stems from the Middle English ‘recapitulacioun’.

The Middle English tranation is, in effect, “to summarize”. Hoever, the roots of the word go further back, weaving its way through both Old French  ’recapitulaciun’  and finds itself from the Late Latin (c.300 -c.700) ‘recapitulare’ .

Recapitulare is from the conjunction of the seperate latin words “re" and "capitulum

"re" means ‘to bestow, again, back, endow, or repeatedly’

"capitulum" means ’the head of’, usually of a book or chapter (the ‘main part’ or ‘heading’ )

  • broken down even more, ‘capitulum' stums fron the Latin word for 'head' or 'with head before' , caput.

Together, these two separate entities create a literal translation of ‘to put back under headings’ or ‘to go over the main points of a thing again’ .

Over centuries, putting back under headings kept most of its original meaning, changing wording mostly. Our modern version has the longhand (seen in begining) or shorthand (to sumarize), and is often used in the endings of speeches and other literary pieces that require summary. 

Hopefully that was informative, not just breaking it down, but also going into short, specific pieces about the word itself. Any thoughts, questions, words, or suggestions are welcome.

-The Word Nerd


Five times Claire helped/saved Sylar unintentionally and once she did it by choice (X).

Light from the rising sun cut jagged lines through her face as she stared out into the sunrise. She was tired and though her dad would soon wake up and drag them into the car for another endless sightseeing day of pavement and yellow lines, she found that she couldn’t sleep. Not after last night.

Not after what she did.

She heard his footsteps before she heard the scuffle of a button popping open. Sylar sat down beside her, his worn jacket in one hand, their feet dangling from the edge of the motel’s roof limply. She didn’t question his sudden arrival or why he was wearing the same clothes as yesterday’s. It seemed pointless to do so. “Why?” His words rang out into the still silence and she marveled at the blasé yet doggedly curious tone, how he could convey so much and yet say so little. “I don’t get it. You hate me.”

It has to be maddening, it occurred to her, for the man who understood everything to ‘don’t get it’ just plain and simple. Lips pursing in thought, she casted her eyes downwards. There was an old lady putting coins into the slot of soda vending machine. She had a lot of change. “I don’t like you.” She begun slowly, chewing the words, trying to voice what she’d been mulling over the whole night, “But surprisingly I don’t hate you, either.”

This seemed to give him pause, or maybe he had not heard her right. She was starting to worry it had been the latter when she turned to him and found Sylar staring at her unflinchingly, head cocked slightly to the side. She knew he would keep asking, she could see the question dangling from his lips, he wouldn’t be so easily satisfied just as she wouldn’t be so easily casted aside like a ragdoll anymore. They had reached a stalemate so she braved into new territory and beat him to the punch.

“I just want to save you while there’s something left to save.”

i have never seen a group more insecure about representation than straight dudes. the second you don’t cater to them, they freak out. literally the second. you could give them four gameplay trailers, and if the fifth is narrative-based, they’ll freak because you haven’t given them enough gameplay trailers and they don’t know where their money is going and you’re not catering to your chief demographic.

ban straight dudes from gaming opinions 2k14 bc theirs are all fucking expired nasty shit that will not help or improve the gaming community beyond recapitulating tired stereotypes and gaming models that should long since be outdated

The entire Teutonic history is recapitulated in miniature in crisps, which, in Germany, are available in only two flavours: Natural and Hungarian.
—  Prolapsarian, 2014
The Sun Goes Dark

I think the “one who subjected [the creation to futility]” in Romans 8 is not God (as N.T. Wright suggests) but Adam. The same language is used in 1 Corinthians 15 when Paul is drawing on Adam typology. All things are being put in subjection to the Last Adam, just as the Old Creation was subjected to the First Adam. This, I suggest, is why the lights go out when Jesus is on the Cross. God puts the sun in the Heavens as a symbol of rule. The sun rules the Heavens. In Genesis 2-3, the creation week is recapitulated three times, and in the first fourth day slot, Adam is placed in the Vineyard-Garden, which corresponds in the Bible to the Heavens (hence the Israelites wearing cherubic tassels as wings) to rule. In the second fourth day slot, the Serpent encourages Adam and Eve to seize dominion before God’s time (this is the meaning of the Tree of the Discernment of Good and Evil, compare 1 Kings 3), and in the third fourth day slot, God removes Adam from his position as sovereign of the Garden- the sun has been taken out of the Heavens. 

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anonymous said:

you don't even live in america, this ferguson thing doesn't even effect you. shut up.

No you shut the fuck up you uneducated prick. We live in a world connected by history. I fucking won’t stammer when the American government covers an officers ass by disguising his identity to protect him from being killed when that’s what he did to an innocent being just because of his skin colour? Where is the fucking respect. If you knew the facts you would see a recapitulation of history. That effected the world. I have empathy for those people suffering these atrocities. Have a heart. There are fucking innocent people being killed by the people meant to be protecting us.

So, to recapitulate what I’ve said in the past:

In the U.S., the police are not your friends and are not to be trusted. The justice system is biased in favor of making arrests and getting convictions. Being innocent is no protection. You’re at most risk if you’re black, but it can happen to anyone. Know your rights, and don’t talk to the police! Of course, that doesn’t guarantee you won’t get beaten/tazed/shot, but it makes it harder to railroad you.

Insofar as Kristeva conceptualizes [the] maternal instinct as having an ontological status prior to the paternal law, she fails to consider the way in which that very law might well be the cause of the very desire it is said to repress. Rather than the manifestation of a prepaternal causality, these desires might attest to maternity as a social practice required and recapitulated by the exigencies of kinship. Kristeva accepts Lévi-Strauss’s analysis of the exchange of women as prerequisite for the consolidation of kinship bonds. She understands this exchange, however, as the cultural moment in which the maternal body is repressed, rather than as a mechanism for the compulsory cultural construction of the female body as a maternal body. Indeed, we might understand the exchange of women as imposing a compulsory obligation on women’s bodies to reproduce. According to Gayle Rubin’s reading of Lévi-Strauss, kinship effects a “sculpting of…sexuality” such that the desire to give birth is the result of social practices which require and produce such desires in order to effect their reproductive ends.
—  Judith Butler, ”Subversive Bodily Acts” Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, pg.123
The Creation Week in Genesis 2-3

James Jordan suggests that the account of the Fall is structured in terms of three recapitulations of the creation week. I’ve come to agree with him, though I’ve slightly modified the way he divides the days. I plan to do a post on this sometime, but for now, take a look at the way I’ve arranged the days, and see what associations you can make- both with the original creation week and with its recapitulations.

1. When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up—for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the
ground, and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground— then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

2. And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.

3. And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil. A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed
around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that
flowed around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

4. The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of
the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

5. Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.” So out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every
bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all livestock
and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.

6. So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the
man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.

7. Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.” Therefore a man shall leave his father and his
mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.


1. And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed. Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made.

2. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?”

3. And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden,
neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

4. But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

5. So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and
she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

6. Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked.

7. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.


1. And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden as the Spirit of the Day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the

2. But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” He
said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the
tree, and I ate.”

3. Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat 
all the days of your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” To the 
woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

4.  And to Adam he
said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you
shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till
you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” The man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.

5. And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.

6. Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil.

7.  Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live 
forever—“therefore the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the
cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

Watch on

DC All Access recapitulates Wonder Woman #1-33.

They skipped a lot of stuff, but still…