4 Lessons To Be an Extreme Success like Steve Jobs, Bill Gates and Elon Musk
How can I be as great as Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Elon Musk, and Richard Branson?
Someone posted such a question on Quora, and then a writer, Justin Musk who’s also known as Elon Musk’s (Tesla Motors CEO/Founder) ex-wife answered the question. I found her words very inspiring and…(read more)
The question assumes that 1) consciousness arises from a brain, and 2) electrochemical systems are something other than consciousness. In my understanding, both of those assumptions are problematic.
The view that consciousness cannot exist without the brain and/or that
consciousness is purely a function of the brain is known philosophically
as reductive materialism or The Mind/Brain Identity Theory.
As incredible as it sounds, there are some scientists who have reason
to suspect that brain activity, while tightly correlated to our
conscious experience most of the time, may not be correlated at all in some
cases, and should not be assumed as the absolute cause of
Here are some scientific links that I think support a skeptical position toward mind/brain identity theory:
If we admit that there is evidence to suggest that mind/brain identity
is not as clear cut as it seems, then we can begin to take philosophical
questions such as the hard problem of consciousness more seriously. We
can ask 'what are flavors and colors, feelings, music, etc doing inside
of an electrochemical system like the brain? Where are they? Why are
they “here” in our subjective awareness but not “there” in the
structures and functions of cells? How do we know that it is
consciousness that arises from chemistry rather than chemistry which
arises from the limitations of one frame of perception to access the
whole of another? Could chemistry be an appearance within consciousness?
I’m *not* advocating a solipsistic view, where brain chemistry appears
as a kind of personal dream, rather the evidence seems to fit better
with awareness of some kind being what we are really seeing from a
distance when we think that we’re looking at forces, fields, laws of
nature, charge, symmetry, etc. Matter and energy could be a spatially
and temporally shifted frame of reference in which subjective experience
is collapsed into symbols, like in a dream. In a dream we might be
worried about something which then 'manifests’ in a dream as a situation
that dramatizes these worries. Characters and settings are
realistically conjured up which represent subjective states.
brain may be no more the cause of consciousness or awareness in general
than the Latin alphabet is the cause of Shakespeare. Sure, Shakespeare
used the alphabet to communicate his ideas, but the ideas themselves
cannot be reduced to letters and syntax. This is why artificial
intelligence has a problem…it necessarily approaches consciousness
from the outside in, from the syntax of cognition or neurology rather
than the fundamental qualities of perception upon which cognition is
my view, the most important clue that we have as to the nature of
consciousness is the existence of what is known as qualia. Qualia is a
contentious term, especially for those who subscribe exclusively to
mind/brain identity. It’s a word that sounds vague and made up, but it
serves the purpose of addressing the distinction between what is known
as neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs), such as changes in blood
flow in the brain, opening of calcium ion channels in neurons,
electrical spikes, etc, and our direct experiences, such as the flavor
of a banana, the feeling of anger, etc.
we think of the NCCs as the 'actual’ phenomenon or the aesthetic
qualities (qualia) as the 'actual’ phenomena says more about our
philosophical bias and the way that we think than it does about nature.
When it comes down to it, even science is based on a subjective
evaluation of our own perceptions. We can test our naive perceptions
against measurements that we perceive to make with physical instruments,
but we could dream of doing such tests as well. In a sense,
philosophies such as panpsychism and idealism are actually more
skeptical than mind-brain identity as they do not discriminate between
the unreliability of our conscious experience in general and the
unreliability of the same experiences when they happen to include
we doubt our own sensation and awareness absolutely, then that would
actually include all of our scientific knowledge as well, as it is
derived from a perceptual and cognitive consensus of human
investigation. Science is an experience just like music or hunger. If
the world that we experience in our direct frame of reference is really
an 'illusion’ or 'epiphenomenon’ of a deeper physical phenomenon that
can only be known indirectly, then we have not eliminated our naive
belief, we have only shifted it to naive belief in educated disbelief.
Princess Kaguya is based on a historical Japanese literary tale. Cultural significance and value aside, the subject matter and what Takahata did with the source material is nothing short of stunning. The film reads like something straight out of a fairy tale, retaining the essence of the source material, but with the addition of surprisingly feminist messages, something you’d not expect from a story set in hierarchical Japan. It does so subtly, with none of the in-your-face winking that comes across as overly-determined to be unconventional *coughfrozencough* In the end, Princess Kaguya harkens back to the golden age of Disney fairy tales, except without the sugar-coating and romance-centered plot. It is a refreshing break from fast paced smoke and mirrors of animated films today
I won’t pretend that I’m an expert in this field. I’m not a film critic, I’m just an 18 year old who happens to love animation. I will say again that I have nothing against Big Hero 6, which is wonderfully made. It is certainly deserving of recognition. It isn’t Disney’s fault that ignorant voters keep shoving awards their way, but it certainly isn’t fair for the other filmmakers whose work don’t even get considered because they aren’t mainstream enough, or, as one Academy voter said, “Freakin Chinese F*ckin things”.
Award shows are biased. Everybody is entitled to their own opinion, and maybe my favorite film of the year might be regarded as trash by many others. Voters for the Oscars, the most prestigious film award in the world, don’t have to appease the public, but they do owe it to the filmmakers, who put sweat and blood into their art, to at the very least judge the films by their own artistic merit. When the day comes that they do, I would say any film that wins is deserving of that award. Until a day comes, and as long as the Oscars remains an award for popularity instead of merit, I will continue NOT to care about who deserves an Oscar.
“Fredster” Chwong on why The Tale of The Princess Kaguya was deserving of an Oscar [LINK]
Maybe it’s just me. Maybe I’m just drawn to things on the internet that fill me with rage. My primary rage honeypot is Quora. They keep sending me these weekly digest emails and I have yet to unsubscribe because the lists of questions people are asking are like some glorious shipwreck.
I’ve gotta vent some of this anger. So join me and take a look at these assholes.
“Well, it feels luxurious and you feel powerful and free. You walk around in amazement at it’s beauty and strength while marveling at the architecture. You feel rich and secure surrounded by two foot thick walls and slate floors. Every other day I could sample a new bedroom. One could spend hours just exploring the different spaces imagining what each was meant to provide for. You could shout or the dog would bark and there would be a deep cavernous sound reverberating from the high ceilings and large rooms.”
“We also have a lot of space which I would consider wasted. For example, we have a front hallway that is as wide as some rooms - and it’s just used as a hallway and that’s it - it was really long too. But maybe that’s part of the magic of the house - the impracticality of having such a large space for no good purpose can almost feel relaxing - and expansive. I love it.
To me, I love the idea of spaciousness and the feeling that goes with that. There’s something really peaceful about that.”
Among many other interesting replies, Logan Forbes’ answer is espially detailed (but unfortunately refuses reproduction outside of Quora).
Pallywood propagandists have found a new front for brainwashing people to their cause. It’s called “Quora.”
For those of you unfamiliar with this social network, Quora is a place where one can ask and answer questions. It’s set up so that users can meta-blog, that is to say, you can use it like a blog. You have a lot of the bells and whistles you’d find on WordPress or Blogspot and you can incorporate media in your responses. Responses can be “upvoted” or “downvoted” and anyone can comment on responses.
I opened an account in 2009, when Quora was still new. I thought I’d try it out and if I liked it, fine. If not, so no biggie. Nothing ventured nothing gained, right?
Back then, I mostly answered questions about food and babies and Pittsburgh. You can list your areas of expertise and then people can choose you to answer their questions. If you answer questions on a specific topic often enough, you become known as an expert on that topic.
At some point, Quora began sending me digests via email. I’d scan the contents and delete. But one day, something caught my eye in a digest, a question about Israel that was obviously written to assert an anti-Israel agenda.
Now I see stuff like that and it burns me up. I have to answer.
And so I did.
Do Israelis and Palestinians both eat hummus? IS THE POPE CATHOLIC?
Eventually, Quora came to see me as an “expert” on Israel and on “Palestine” which meant that I am now listed as someone who can answer questions on these topics. But really, sometimes the questions are so ridiculous I can’t treat them seriously, as was the case with this question: Do Israelis and Palestinians both eat hummus?
I mean, COME. ON. That one is so transparent it can’t possibly be anything but a pretext for asserting that:
A) Israelis and “Palestinians”are both human and therefore we should make peace with each other B) Israelis stole “Palestinian” food culture C) They are “Palestinians,” not “Arabs”
“A” would be the pretext of leftist Jews. “B” would be the pretext of those who are anti-Israel. “C” would be those seeking to delegitimize Jewish claims of indigineity to Israel through the use of misleading words and phrases.
I feel it’s important to answer these questions so as not to let the lies dangle there in this very public forum where sheeple who do not know better will just swallow the false assertions whole. So I answer them as best I can. Now this is something anyone can do. Which is the reason I’m writing about it here; to tell you that if you have a knack for confronting these &^*@#%$, please open a Quora account and get cracking.
To that end, I’ve decided that I will share here on Israellycool, the Quora questions I answer, by way of illustrating how you can actively help Israel through this particular social network. If you’ve got an internet connection and access to Google, you can do this just as well as anyone else. Not sure of the facts? Look it up. Find the facts and use them in your fact-based responses to their lies. By way of example, here’s a question from last night:
We wouldn’t have any objection if they’d build their state in the territories already given to them for this purpose, for instance Transjordan (77% of the original territory promised to the Jews for a Jewish National Home as per the Balfour Declaration and the San Remo Conference), Gaza (from which 8,500 Jews were expelled in order to gift the territory to the so-called Palestinians for their state), or in the Sinai (which Egyptian President Sisi recently offered to the so-called Palestinians for their state, an offer that was rejected out of hand).
Unfortunately, it isn’t about recognition of a state called Palestine. That isn’t what they want. What they want is for the Jews to be expelled from Israel and they want the territory for themselves, lock, stock, and barrel. They don’t acknowledge archaeological artifacts, history, and accounts in both the bible and the Quran suggesting Jewish indigeneity in the territory now called Israel. They don’t acknowledge a state called Israel. They don’t acknowledge any form of Jewish rights to the territory.
They say this frequently in their PA funded television fare and on television talk shows. Their clerics blare it in their mosques, and they prove it by refusing every offer Israel has ever made to settle the Arab war against the Jews. Even when Ehud Barak offered to cede parts of Jerusalem and to offer the Arabs full autonomy over the Temple Mount, the holiest Jewish site dating back to before Mohammed was a twinkle in his mother’s eyes, Yassir Arafat, negotiating for the Arabs, refused.
They want the whole thing. And until they get it, they will shoot rockets at Jews, run them over at bus stops, stab them in the streets of Jerusalem, damage the Jerusalem light rail system to the tune of millions of dollars, and cry foul when Israel defends itself. It’s all a crock of propaganda, which many of us have taken to calling “Pallywood.”
Recognize them all you want. But then what are you going to do about recognizing Israel? What part are you going to let the Jews have? And what will your God say about it if you say the Jews have no right to the territory He gave them, both according to the bible AND the Quran? Keep in mind also, that Israel is surrounded by 22 Arab states. Rich states, loaded with oil and wealth. Is there some reason they can’t take in their brethren?
That’s a rhetorical question. Because we know that Sisi did exactly that only a few short months ago, and the Arabs refused, because it’s not about statehood and never was. It’s about coveting what belongs to the Jews. Furthermore, more Jews were expelled from Arab nations than the number of Arab refugees created by the war the Arabs inflicted on Israel in 1947. a full 860,000 Jews were thrown out of Arab nations and they were not allowed to take their savings with them.
The nascent state of Israel took them in. But there was no population exchange as is usual when there are conflicts over territory. The Arab states kept their refugee brethren refugees in perpetuity, to keep the lie alive, that they deserved their own state on Israeli territory.
This is why Israelis have a problem with Sweden recognizing “Palestine.” “Palestine” is a myth that takes away recognition of Jewish rights to the Jews’ indigenous lands. It’s a ploy to destroy the Jewish state. It’s a ploy to prevent the settlement of an old conflict THEY started and refuse to settle in a properly dignified manner, no matter how much land Israel cedes for the sake of peace. Because they don’t want this settled in any way that allows a Jewish presence to remain in Jewish territory. Because they don’t acknowledge that Jews are human beings who deserve respect.
Recognize them all you want, but recognize them on territory they already have. Otherwise, I’m afraid your antisemitism will be showing.
Thus far, a woman with a typically Arab surname is commenting on my response, trying to get the ball back into the anti-Israel/leftist/Arab corner. This happens. When it does, you just keep answering with facts and eventually they give up and go troll someone else.
What do residents of Hawaii know that most people don't?
There are no billboards in Hawaii
People from Hawaii (of non-Hawaiian ancestry) generally do not like being referred to as Hawaiian. Hawaiian refers to the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants. I think it is sometimes said by mainlanders in the same context of how someone could be Californian, but the two differing meanings are too easily confused and misinterpreted.
That flip flops are called slippers (pronounced slippas)
There are two Hawaiian holidays that are observed statewide; Prince Kuhio Day (March 26) and Kamehameha Day (June 11), both of which honor Hawaiian royalty of the past
That it will rain at a moment’s notice, rain hard for five minutes, then be sunny again immediately after (as if it never rained at all)
That Hawaii is the only state in the United States whose land mass is still growing (due to volcanic activity)
There are no snakes in Hawaii
That the “w” (in the Hawaiian language) sometimes has a “v” sound, depending upon usage. Hawaii is properly pronounced Ha-vai-ee. But when people thank you for correcting them, you shouldn’t say “You’re Velcome.”
Never make fun of Samoans, no matter how tempting. Ever.
People from Hawaii love Las Vegas. If you visit the California or Fremont hotels (in downtown Las Vegas), you’ll probably see more people from Hawaii than anywhere else on the planet (other than Hawaii, of course)
Pidgin English (a local broken-English dialect) is not easily imitated by people who did not grow up speaking it. If a mainlander tries to speak it, it will hit a nerve on the back of the locals’ necks
Pupu means appetizer. I know, I know, where you come from, it means ‘shit’.
Always remove your shoes before entering someone’s home
Hawaii is the only state in the US that grows coffee
There is no concept of Daylight Saving Time in Hawaii
It has the highest population of Japanese Americans in all 50 states, about 17 percent
Hawaii’s state fish is likely unpronouncable by most people. It is called Humuhumunukunukuapua'a (now say it three times real fast)
There is only one area code in Hawaii, 808, but you still need to dial it for long distance calls to other islands
Aloha means both hello or goodbye
Hawaii is the most isolated, populated place on Earth, literally in the middle of nowhere. 2,400 miles from California and 3,800 miles from Japan
The Hawaiian alphabet consists of only thirteen letters, the shortest alphabet in the world. The five vowels are A,E,I,O,U. The seven consonants are H,K,L,M,N,P,W, and the glottal stop (looks similar to an apostrophe ), called an okina [‘], is considered a thirteenth letter.
Hawaii consumes six times more Spam than the national average (in the US)
It is not uncommon to refer to an unrelated elder as Aunty or Uncle 
The island of Lanai (which Larry Ellison recently purchased) was once the home of the largest pineapple plantation in the world, at one time producing 75% of the world’s supply of pineapples
The third Friday of August is Statehood Day, which celebrates Hawaii becoming part of the Untied States (in 1959)
Hace poco leí en Quora una pregunta que decía, más o menos así:
Soy talentoso, ambicioso y creativo, recien despedido de mi empleo por razones fuera de mi control, pero no encuentro la motivación para empezar mi propio startup ¿Qué hago?
Inmediatamente me recordó lo que contaba un escritor en Twitter, no recuerdo quién exactamente, acerca de que se había encontrado a un sujeto que decia que era escritor, pero que no había escrito nada en cinco años y le preguntó ¿qué podía hacer?
La respuesta, era naturalmente que podía:
Ponerse a escribir, porque si no había escrito nada en cinco años ¿cómo en el mundo podía decir que era escritor si no realizaba la actividad que define a un escritor?
Aceptar que llamarse a sí mismo escritor no era más que una fantasía porque ¿cómo en el mundo podía decir que era escritor si no realizaba la actividad que define a un escritor?
Es como decir que eres futbolista y no haber jugado un partido de fútbol en años. O que eres herrero y no has hecho nada con metal en años. O… esa es la idea.
En el caso del talentoso, ambicioso y creativo emprendedor que no había emprendido nada, quizás, lo mejor que podía hacer era dejar de imaginar que posee cualidades sobresalientes y que, ay, sólo le falta motivación para que el mundo se entere de ellas y ponerse a hacer algo.
Entre las respuestas alguien comentó que cuando pasados los años, nadie va a juzgar a nuestro talentoso, ambicioso y creativo autor de la pregunta por todos los planes, fantasías e ilusiones que se hizo, sino por aquellas cosas que realizó. Lo cual es duro, pero cierto.
Por supuesto, el mejor consejo que recibió fue que dejara de perder tiempo buscando el apoyo moral de desconocidos en el internet y empezara a hacer algo, lo que fuera. Si le parecía muy difícil empezar su propio startup, que empezara por algo más fácil, como encontrar un empleo. O asear su casa. O lo que fuera. Algo.
Soñar no cuesta ningún esfuerzo… por lo mismo, no da ningún resultado.
Amazon used to have a bunch of desks made out of doors to convey a sense of “frugality” and startup-ness to its employees. This was around the time Jeff Bezos first started the company. Some are still in use today, but less so. Ironically enough, it turns out that these desks are actually pretty expensive and were more chosen for culture than as a cost-savings measure.
There is some excellent advice from Calvin & Hobbes on this subject:
(Disclaimer: All the comic strips (including characters: Calvin & Hobbes) used are attributed to Bill Watterson and I am not the owner of comic strips or the content in them)
1) Learn More swear words
Calvin: Life’s disappointments are harder to take when you don’t know any swear words.
2) Don’t be too harsh on yourself!
3) Know thyself. May be you are too cool for the world!
4) Try having an alter-ego. Makes you all powerful and life much simpler :)
5) Life needs its cheap thrills .
6) Ignorance is bliss. Lesser you know, the lesser problems you see
7) At times all you need is “A swift kick in the butt” to see life in a saner perspective.
Its totally worth the dollar. Admit it, you need it :)
8) Remind yourself that you really don’t need A LOT to be happy.
9) Get Unstuck. Just got one life to live.
10) Finally, lets remember why we are here. To explore!
Update: I felt the urge to explain my answer since some Quorans might dismiss this answer as more of a joke and not the serious answer that they were looking for.
So first off let me start by pointing out that its no co-incidence that Bill Waterson decided to name his cartoon characters after the 18th Century philosophers Calvin & Hobbes. Under the humorous exterior Bill Waterson doles out some serious advise through them. If you scrape the surface you would see what I mean.
Some of the advise in the above answer may be intuitive, other may not make that much sense. Below I make an attempt to explain the ones that perhaps aren’t that obvious:
a) Learn more swear words - To me this is all about being yourself and moving on. Disappointments happen to everyone but few know how not to look back and move on. If swearing helps, so be it :)
b) Try having an alter-ego. This one is a favorite of mine. You might wonder how can that help. But then think again. What are role models after all… but an additional source of belief and faith that the “goal” you have set out to achieve! Also, I can’t think of a better example than that of Steve Jobs using the “Pirates” symbolism to inspire his Apple team to go create stuff beyond the ordinary.
c) Other advise: “Don’t be too harsh on yourself”, “ Life Needs its cheap thrills” and “Ignorance is Bliss”: These to me are just different ways to say that “Don’t take life too seriously!" and be happy. I, personally, find it extremely difficult to work productively if I am NOT HAPPY! When I am happy the main motivation to work is not that I am reprimanding my self for not measuring up to my self-defined standards, or fear/external pressure, or any such negative emotion. Its simply the pleasure that I draw from work. Then its almost like writing an answer on Quora.. :)