Perks of being a schizophrenic

• not
• a
• single
• fucking
• thing.

No, it’s not “interesting” to sense things that probably are not there.
No, it’s not “awesome” to drift between different realities.
No, it’s not “lovely” to think you are something or someone else.
No, it’s not “cute” to sound like an insecure drunk person, all the time.
No, it is NOT glorious to be cursed with a mental illness in general.

Stop this. Please.

psa

wrt tht post abt what psychosis rlly means as opposed to ‘evil person’, HALLUCINATIONS ARE NOT THE ONLY SYMPTOM OF PSYCHOSIS!!!! there are lot more!!!!

psychotic symptoms are split into two main groups, positive and negative symptoms.

positive symptoms = hallucinations and delusions. hallucinations are experiencing sounds, smells, sights, tactile sensations, etc, that aren’t actually there (i.e. seeing humanoid figures made of light/shadow); delusions are strongly held beliefs that are unrealistic and objectively false (i.e. russians are poisoning my water supply)

negative symptoms are a lot more complicated but include a flat/blunted affect, catatonia, social withdrawal, lack of speech, memory impairment, etc, and are often overlooked despite being considered the more debilitating part of psychosis in many cases

the point is: please stop perpetuating the idea that psychosis = hallucinations, not all psychotic ppl experience hallucinations and psychosis is WAY more complicated than just hallucinations. thank u

Sleep deprivation leads to symptoms of schizophrenia

Psychologists at the University of Bonn are amazed by the severe deficits caused by a sleepless night

Twenty-four hours of sleep deprivation can lead to conditions in healthy persons similar to the symptoms of schizophrenia. This discovery was made by an international team of researchers under the guidance of the University of Bonn and King’s College London. The scientists point out that this effect should be investigated more closely in persons who have to work at night. In addition, sleep deprivation may serve as a model system for the development of drugs to treat psychosis. The results have now been published in “The Journal of Neuroscience”.

In psychosis, there is a loss of contact with reality and this is associated with hallucinations and delusions. The chronic form is referred to as schizophrenia, which likewise involves thought disorders and misperceptions. Affected persons report that they hear voices, for example. Psychoses rank among the most severe mental illnesses. An international team of researchers under the guidance of the University of Bonn has now found out that after 24 hours of sleep deprivation in healthy patients, numerous symptoms were noted which are otherwise typically attributed to psychosis or schizophrenia. “It was clear to us that a sleepless night leads to impairment in the ability to concentrate,” says Prof. Dr. Ulrich Ettinger of the Cognitive Psychology Unit in the Department of Psychology at the University of Bonn. “But we were surprised at how pronounced and how wide the spectrum of schizophrenia-like symptoms was.”

The scientists from the University of Bonn, King’s College London (England) as well as the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy of the University of Bonn Hospital examined a total of 24 healthy subjects of both genders aged 18 to 40 in the sleep laboratory of the Department of Psychology. In an initial run, the test subjects were to sleep normally in the laboratory. About one week later, they were kept awake all night with movies, conversation, games and brief walks. On the following morning, subjects were each asked about their thoughts and feelings. In addition, subjects underwent a measurement known as prepulse inhibition.

Unselected information leads to chaos in the brain

"Prepulse inhibition is a standard test to measure the filtering function of the brain,” explains lead author Dr. Nadine Petrovsky from Prof. Ettinger’s team. In the experiment, a loud noise is heard via headphones. As a result, the test subjects experience a startle response, which is recorded with electrodes through the contraction of facial muscles. If a weaker stimulus is emitted beforehand as a “prepulse”, the startle response is lower. “The prepulse inhibition demonstrates an important function of the brain: Filters separate what is important from what is not important and prevent sensory overload,” says Dr. Petrovsky.

In our subjects, this filtering function of the brain was significantly reduced following a sleepless night. “There were pronounced attention deficits, such as what typically occurs in the case of schizophrenia,” reports Prof. Ettinger. “The unselected flood of information led to chaos in the brain.” Following sleep deprivation, the subjects also indicated in questionnaires that they were somewhat more sensitive to light, color or brightness. Accordingly, their sense of time and sense of smell were altered and mental leaps were reported. Many of those who spent the night even had the impression of being able to read thoughts or notice altered body perception. “We did not expect that the symptoms could be so pronounced after one night spent awake,” says the psychologist from the University of Bonn.

Sleep deprivation as a model system for mental illnesses

The scientists see an important potential application for their results in research for drugs to treat psychoses. “In drug development, mental disorders like these have been simulated to date in experiments using certain active substances. However, these convey the symptoms of psychoses in only a very limited manner,” says Prof. Ettinger. Sleep deprivation may be a much better model system because the subjective symptoms and the objectively measured filter disorder are far more akin to mental illnesses. Of course, the sleep deprivation model is not harmful: After a good night’s recovery sleep, the symptoms disappear. There is also a need for research with regard to persons who regularly have to work at night. “Whether the symptoms of sleep deprivation gradually become weaker due to acclimatization has yet to be investigated,” says the psychologist from the University of Bonn.

(Image: Getty)

Please read this if you have psychosis or are interested in helping people with it! Tw for ableism and unreality mention!

Hi, I’m tumblr user transabed. I have psychosis, which is any set of symptoms/diseases involving a disconnection with reality. This includes; dissociation, catatonia, hallucinations, or delusional paranoia. It encompasses many diseases, but for some of us undiagnosed folks, psychosis is the only label we have.
I wanted to make a tag for people who have psychosis to share their personal experiences and troubles. A place where everyone who has psychosis is welcome, people who only suspect they have it all the way to people officially diagnosed with psychosis. All of us! It would sorta be like the “actuallyautistic” tag because the “psychosis” tag is filled with triggering and scary pictures. We deserve a safe space.
So I did! #pseriouslypsychosis (originally #pseriouslypsychotic but an anon pointed out that psychotic is a reclaimed word and not everyone is comfortable with it.) If you have psychosis, boost this and add a personal post (if you are comfortable) about your experiences with psychosis!

Some general guidelines/rules:
-NO TRANSMISOGYNY, CISSEXISM, HETEROSEXISM, RACISM OR MISOGYNY WILL BE TOLERATED.
-only people with psychosis, that’s a given!
-try to keep scary (gore, unreality, disorientating gifs) images out of the tag. If you have to post them, tag the triggers!
-trigger warnings tagged for hallucinations, unreality, abuse and the like are appreciated.

If you are abled/non-psychotic, pass this on please!

Psychosis refers to an abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a “loss of contact with reality”. People suffering from psychosis are described as psychotic.

There are 12 recognised forms:

  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterised by disordered thinking and behaviour, which often includes delusions and hallucinations. Psychotic symptoms are experienced for at least six months, together with significant social or occupational dysfunction.
  • Schizophreniform disorder: Symptoms are similar to schizophrenia, but persist for between one and six months.
  • Schizoaffective disorder: Prominent mood symptoms occur with the characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia, but occasionally psychotic symptoms are experienced in the absence of mood symptoms.
  • Delusional disorder: Involves holding strong, false beliefs (delusions). Hallucinations are usually not present. Apart from the impact of the delusions, psychosocial functioning may not be markedly impaired nor behaviour blatantly strange. However, under some circumstances delusions are sufficiently false to cause problems with day-to-day life.
  • Substance-induced psychosis: Drug and alcohol use or withdrawal can result in psychotic symptoms. These may disappear once the effects of the substances or withdrawal symptoms wear off. In some cases, psychosis persists after the initial substance-induced psychosis. This is common with stimulant drugs, e.g. methamphetamine.
  • Dementia: Psychotic symptoms may appear with memory disturbances in conditions that cause physiological deterioration of the brain, such as a head injury, AIDS, post-encephalitis, Alzheimer’s Disease or a brain tumour.
  • Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression): Psychosis generally appears as part of a more general severe mood disturbance. Psychotic symptoms tend to match your mood. (For example, when depressed, you may hear voices urging you to commit suicide.)
  • Major Depressive Disorder: Psychosis can be a feature of a severe major depression.
  • Postpartum psychosis: Psychosis that may develop during the six month period after childbirth. This is usually part of a severe mood disorder.
  • Delirium: Psychotic symptoms may be part of an acute confusional state that results from another severe medical disorder, such as meningitis, septicaemia or after an epileptic convulsion.
  • Brief psychotic episode: Psychotic symptoms appear suddenly in response to a recognisable and highly stressful life event, such as being a victim of violent crime. Symptoms may be severe but are short-lived: the psychosis lasts between one day and one month. You may or may not be aware of your bizarre behaviour.
  • Psychosis due to a general medical condition: Psychotic symptoms may appear as a result of brain tumours, epilepsy, and other chronic medical conditions. The psychotic symptoms can sometimes be the first sign of the underlying medical condition.

Source: Here.

My Favorite Mental Health Documentaries + Links

Addictions 

Facing The Habbit - There are over two million heroin addicts in the United States alone. 

In this documentary we follow Dave, a former millionaire stockbroker who has lost control of his heroin addiction, travel to Mexico for undergo an Ibogaine treatment as a last ditch effort to rid his life of addiction. No Link Available.

Flipping The World - This documentary is an honest look at the world of youth and drug addiction as told by those who have been there. Seven culturally diverse high school students meet with members of the Odd Squad – Vancouver police officers who have been tracking and filming people addicted to drugs since 1998. Link

Anxiety

Social Anxiety  - This is the only documentary I’ve seen that focuses on SA so i hope it helps people with it. Links

Social Anxiety and Depression  - Social anxiety is a discomfort or a fear when a person is in social interactions that involve a concern about being judged or evaluated by others. It is typically characterized by an intense fear of what others are thinking about them (specifically fear of embarrassment, criticism, or rejection), which results in the individual feeling insecure, and that they are not good enough for other people Link

Overcoming Panic and Agoraphobia  - A documentary about living with and treatment for agoraphobia and panic disorders. Link

Bipolar Disorder (I and II)

A Summer in The Cage - feature-length documentary produced, written, and directed by filmmaker Ben Selkow. The film chronicles his friend Sam Murchinson’s battle with bipolar disorder. Link

Of Two Minds - Follows (5?) people living and getting treatment for bipolr disorder, both holistically and medication oriented. Netflix

Up/Down  - There are approximately 5.7 million people in the United States with bipolar disorder. In an attempt to eliminate the mystery and misinformation surrounding the illness, many throughout the country diagnosed with this condition were interviewed extensively. They diligently explain the struggle to balance themselves between floating to a state of euphoria and sinking to a devastating depression.Link

Borderline Personality Disorder:

Back From The Edge - experiences from people suffering with borderline personality disorder, treatment options. Includes opinions of Marsha M Linehan, the developer of DBT Therapy, the most commonly used treatment for BPD. Link

Border_ - an inside look at life and treatment of borderline personality disorder. Link

Eating Disorders (anorexia, bulimia, overeating)

Dying To Be Thin - Anorexia - For millions of young Americans, the conflict between real and fashionable images of the body can be a matter of life or death. Link

Out Of Sight  - A documentary about invisible eating disorderslike bulimia and EDNOS. Link

THIN - directed by Lauren Greenfield and distributed by HBO, is an exploration of The Renfrew Center in Coconut Creek, Florida; a 40-bed residential facility for the treatment of women with eating disorders. The film mostly revolves around four women with anorexia nervosa and/or bulimia and their struggles for recovery. It premiered on HBO on November 14, 2006 Link

Living With Size Zero - Explores the impact of the media’s rising trend to be size zero has on women in North America. Link 1, Link 2

Desperately Hungry Housewives - Follows the lives of four ladies struggling with the fallout of their eating diosrders. Link

OCD

OC87: The Obsessive Compulsive, Major Depressive, Bipolar, Aspberger’s Movie  - Thirty years after his career as a budding filmmaker was stalled by mental illness,Bud Clayman picks up a camera to direct this autobiographical documentary exploring his ongoing struggle with OCD and Asperger’s syndrome. Interviews with actors and radio personalities contending with bipolar disorder and OCD reveal just how difficult it can be to function with a mental illness, and a look into Bud's thought process offers a hopeful perspective at the recovery process. Link

Suicide/Depression:

Suicide: Now What? The Aftermath - This documentary looks at children who lost their parents to suicide at a young age. When your father or mother – the people who teach you about the world – take their own life, what is that teaching you? Link

Saving 10,000: Winning a War on Suicide In Japan - Documentary following the rising suicide trend in Japan and it’s various reasons. Link

The Suicide Tourist - This documentary was aired in 2007. It was filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Zürich, Kanton Zürich, Switzerland. The Suicide Tourist aired on Canadian Television (CTV), worldwide (all media) and on the Toronto International Film Festival.Link

The Truth About Depression (BBC) - Stephen Nolan lifts the curtain on the stigma surrounding depression and gains a better understanding of this illness. He meets people whose life is a constant battle against it and examines the science behind this potentially life-threatening condition.Link

Depression: The Misunderstood Epidemic - This documentary is a very helpful explanation for the people that have depression to understand what is normal and what is not in our thoughts and mind.Link

PTSD:

Warton - The suicide the rate among servicemen and veterans continues to rise. Many of them come home from war bearing insurmountable emotional pain. Link

Personality Disorders:

Egomania: Narcissism - A documentary about the diagnosis of Narcissistic personality disorder, different levels, and stories of people living with different levels of the disorder. Link

Multiple Personality Disorder - Emmy award-winning film is a look into how people can develop multiple personalities. This is a look at the amazing capacity of the mind to survive abuse through the splitting off of personalities. Link

Schizophrenia: Stolen Mind, Stolen Life - This is a very interesting documentary about people living with schizophrenia and the impact the disease has on them.  It also explores what scientists currently know about schizophrenia and the work they are doing to try to understand the disease and what causes it. Link

In The Shadow of Feeling - Psychopaths (now known as Anti-Social Personality Disorder in DSM-IV)) are individuals who are without conscience or empathy. Link

Serial Killer - Ian Brady: Endgames of a Psychopath - .This documentary is about Brady’s psychopathic need not only to kill but to torture his victim’s family in any way possible.Link

Miscellaneous:

Fault Lines - Documenting Mental Health and treatments of inmates in American prisions. Link

Making A Killing - Documentary about the profession of psychiatry and use of psychiatric medications to treat mental illness. Link

Drugs In - Ketmine - Considered an essential drug in the healthcare system by the World Health Organization due to its several uses around a hospital, it also has become popular in the party scene, where it is known as “Special K.” Link Not Available.

Consumed - What’s the hidden motive behind all your purchases? According to Geoffrey Miller, professor of psychology, humans seem to have gone collectively psychotic.  Link

Haze - This documentary was created with the intent of bringing to light the issues that are causing the death of 1,700 young adults across the nation every year, turning another 100,000 into victims of sexual assault, and injuring up to 700,000. Link

The Marketing of Madness - definitive documentary exposing the psychotropic drug industry and drug profit center. Link

Mental: A History of The Madhouse - A documentary about the timely and needed closure of Britain’s mental asylum centers or “madhouses.” Link1, Link 2 

Note - This list in no way represents all those who struggle with specific mental illnesses/disorders. These are specific examples of (usually severely) affected people. This list in no way represents a large variety of mental disorders, just personal interests and favorite documentaries. 

How schizophrenia is shaped by our culture: Americans hear voices as threatening while Indians and Africans claim they are helpful
By Ellie Zolfagharifard, DailyMail

Scientists came to the conclusion after speaking with 60 schizophrenics 20 came from California, 20 from Accra, Ghana and 20 from Chennai, India In America, voices were intrusion and a threat to patient’s private world In India and Africa, the study subjects were not as troubled by the voices. The difference may be down to the fact that Europeans and Americans tend to see themselves as individuals motivated by a sense of self identity. Whereas outside the West, people imagine the mind and self as interwoven with others and defined through relationships.

People suffering from schizophrenia can often hear imaginary voices so terrifying that they are left traumatized.

One American patient described the voices as ‘like torturing people, to take their eye out with a fork, or cut someone’s head and drink their blood.’

A study has now found that these voices can be shaped by culture, with Western cultures experiencing far more disturbing psychotic episodes.

Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that can cause people to hear ‘voices’ that other people don’t hear. It affects about one per cent of the global population over the age of 18.

Many people in Western cultures have reported hearing voices claiming other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts or plotting to kill them.

In Africa and India, however, these hallucinatory voices appear as harmless and even playful, according to the study by Stanford University in California. 

While there’s no cure for schizophrenia, this study suggests that therapies urging patients to develop relationships with their imaginary voices could prove useful.

As part of the study, Professor Tanya Luhrmann interviewed 60 adults diagnosed with schizophrenia; 20 each in San Mateo, California; Accra, Ghana; and Chennai, India.

Overall, there were 31 women and 29 men with an average age of 34, who were asked about their relationship with the imaginary voices.

While many of the African and Indian subjects registered largely positive experiences with their voices, not one American did.

Instead, the U.S. subjects were more likely to report experiences as violent and hateful.

For instance, they spoke of their voices as a call to battle or war – ‘the warfare of everyone just yelling.’

The Americans mostly did not know who spoke to them and they seemed to have less personal relationships with their voices, according to Professor Luhrmann.

But among the Indians in Chennai, more than half heard voices of kin or family members commanding them to do tasks.

'They talk as if elder people advising younger people,' one subject said. That contrasts to the Americans, only two of whom heard family members.

The Indians also heard fewer threatening voices than the Americans – several heard the voices as playful, as manifesting spirits or magic, and even as entertaining.

Finally, not as many of them described the voices in terms of a medical or psychiatric problem, as all of the Americans did.

In Accra, Ghana, where the culture accepts that disembodied spirits can talk, few subjects described voices in brain disease terms.

When people talked about their voices, 10 of them called the experience predominantly positive; 16 of them reported hearing God audibly. ‘Mostly, the voices are good,’ one participant remarked.

The difference may be down to the fact that Europeans and Americans tend to see themselves as individuals motivated by a sense of self identity, said Professor Luhrmann.

Whereas outside the West, people imagine the mind and self as interwoven with others and defined through relationships.

In America, the voices were an intrusion and a threat to one’s private world – the voices could not be controlled.

However, in India and Africa, the subjects were not as troubled by the voices – they seemed on one level to make sense in a more relational world.

Still, differences existed between the participants in India and Africa; the former’s voice-hearing experience emphasized playfulness and sex, whereas the latter more often involved the voice of God.

'The difference seems to be that the Chennai and Accra participants were more comfortable interpreting their voices as relationships and not as the sign of a violated mind,' the researchers wrote.

The research, Professor Luhrmann observed, suggests that the ‘harsh, violent voices so common in the West may not be an inevitable feature of schizophrenia.’

The findings may be clinically significant, according to the researchers and adds to research that shows specific therapies may alter what patients hear their voices say.

'Our hunch is that the way people think about thinking changes the way they pay attention to the unusual experiences associated with sleep and awareness, and that as a result, people will have different spiritual experiences, as well as different patterns of psychiatric experience,' Professor Luhrmann said.

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MENTAL DISORDERS: DESCRIPTION, DIAGNOSIS, CAUSES AND TREATMENT.

The other night i saw a post about 90% of tumblr mental health awareness is about depression or anxiety. Instead of the person making a constructive post about other mental disorders they choose to complain about it and wait for someone else to do the hard work instead thus i replied with a list of mental disorders, their description, diagnosis, causes and treatment. Here it is:  

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