This clearly isn’t new information, and scholarship has existed for decades on the topic. But I’m currently doing research for a paper and quickly discovering the strong connections between racial terrorism in the South and African-Americans being driven off their land and losing an identity that came from being, as August Wilson said, “…a land based agrarian people from Africa.”
According to a PBS article, “In 1910, nearly one million black farmers in the U.S. owned a total of 15 million acres; by 1969 they held only 6 million acres. In 1920, blacks owned 14% of the nation’s farms; today, there are only 18,000 black farmers, representing less than 1% of all farms.”
The theory of the post-Civil War, pre-WW2 Great Migration, which assumed that blacks left the south to find jobs in the industrialized north is bullshit. Instead, the Great Migration was a land-grab that was only made possible through murder and racial terrorism:
"The Great Migration from the South, in which millions of African-Americans moved North and West, was partly a forced migration in which black people fled the threat of murder at the hands of white mobs." (NYT)
In the end an urban, proletarianized, black underclass was created in the cities of the north. Deprived of their own means of subsistence and subject to a white supremacist class of employers, we can clearly see at least part of the origins of the racial oppression that exists in the US.