phonation

2

Straw phonation is something that has helped heal my voice tremendously. This method is still pretty new but is getting more and more common and praised across the world. In my recovery months I would do a few minutes of this throughout the day, usually about 6-8 times a day. In the beginning I only did an “ooo” sound and stayed on one pitch (a low yet comfortable note around my speaking range) nothing complicated at all, but it helped my cords re-learn to use the right amount of air and to come together smoothly. I still do it every day, but now I do more complex scales and a lot longer sessions. I’m gonna upload some videos eventually with some of my warm up routines, for now, here’s a video of a great swedish lady, Anna-Lena Tideman, when she was on TV talking about straw phonation (it’s in swedish, but you can still get an idea of what it’s like)

Enjoy!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AzhMpTI59Rc

semberek: now featuring: creaky voicing!

or if I wanted to sound fancy, pharyngealization.

I have introduced creaky voicing into Semberek in some vowel clusters: especially when the cluster involves the same vowel repeating.

This has changed a few important parts of the language, including the pluralization morphemes:

Singular: a | o, i | e, u | m, n
Plural: e | u | i | -o
Old Aggregate: eye | uyu | iyi | -oyo
New Aggregate:  eye | uyu, uux | iyi, iix | -oyo 

x represents creaky voicing and appears after the vowel it modifies.

Studying for our anatomy-physiology exam. @.@

Yes, our vocal folds are nasty-looking. Specially when not drawn. O.o

Phonation(voicing) is a very complicated process. Can’t believe that i never even thought about how much work I put my larynx(voice box) to, considering that I acted and sang throughout my elementary and high school life.

From now on, I shall appreciate all the work my larynx has done and what it’ll continue to do for me. :P

Vocal Pedagogy 2 Review Sheet for Vocal Pedagogy 1 Reveiw Exam

Here goes nothing….

Respiration

  • Inhalation: When we inhale the diaphragm descends and flattens downward pushing the abdominal wall outward,displacing the viscera . The back of the diaphragm connects to the ribs, the front to the sternum, and connects to the lungs via the pleural sack. When we inhale the external intercostal muscles contract pulling the ribcage outward and upward, the combination of this alongside the descending diaphragm creates a vacuum within the lungs allowing them to fully expand. This vacuum that is created by an increase of volume and a decrease of pressure in the lungs is known as Boyle’s Law, which is the theory of volume being inversely affected by pressure.
  • Exhalation: When we exhale both the abdominal muscles along with the internal intercostal muscles contract. The abdominal muscles push the diaphragm back into into its original position, and the internal intercostal muscles push the ribs downward and inward. This decrease in volume and increase in pressure is what allows for the expulsion of air. During normal breathing our body allows for the natural contraction and retraction of these intercostal muscles however when singing we are fighting against the nature of our internal intercostal muscles, and try to keep them from collapsing as long as we possibly can. This is fight against what your body naturally wishes to do, or muscular antagonism between the rib cage and the abdominals, is what makes breathing for singing so much more difficult than your everyday breathing.
  • There are 3 different types of breathing that your future students may exhibit. They are known as clavicular, thoracic, and abdominal. As singers we want to get the most for our buck and take in as much air as we possibly can. The best way to  achieve this is through appogio breathing, or balanced breathing. This technique combines both thoracic and abdominal breathing. Through this technique the ribcage expands upward and outward, as well as the abdominals, allowing for the lungs to expand to their fullest potential. The muscular antagonism we create between the abdominals and rib cage during exhalation helps to slow down the air flow and allows us to use our air more efficiently.

Phonation

  • Our larynx, vocal folds and glottis are responsible for our sound production.These things together along with respiration work cohesively to create vibrations that will later be turned into compressions for our ear drums to interpret. These vibrations are achieved through the vibratory cycle. The cycle goes as follows:
  1. Inhalation occurs
  2. Abductors such as the Lateral Cricoarytenoid (LCA) and Interarytenoid (IA) close the glottis and the vocal folds
  3. The air pressure beneath the glottis intensifies
  4. The air pressure becomes too great and pushes through the glottis
  5. The newly adducted glottis, by means of the Posterior Cricoarytenoid (PCA), continues to allow air to pass through and pass through the vocal folds.
  6. Air moves through the narrow space of the glottis, increasing in speed and decreasing in pressure, aka the Bernoulli Effect, and draws the vocal folds back together to vibrate.
  7. The Vibratory cycle repeats.
  • As listed above in the vibratory cycle, the opening and closing, or adducting and abducting of the glottis is a very important part of phonation.
  1. To Adduct the glottis: The Posterior Cricoarytenoid (PCA) pulls at the arytenoids muscular process, allowing the arytenoids to pivot away from eachother thus opening the glottis
  2. To Abduct the glottis: The Lateral Cricoarytenoid (LCA) inversely pulls at the arytenoids muscular process, allowing the arytenoids to pivot towards each other- however the LCA is only responsible for mostly closeling the glottis. The Interarytenoids (IA) located directly behind two arytenoids pick up where the LCA left off, and slide the two arytenoids together thus closing the remaining open portion of the glottis.
  • The number of times per second that the cycle occurs is described as frequency. —> This will be important when we discuss resonance..
  • The vocal tissue is specialized, having multiple layers of varied densities and viscosity. These differences within the tissue influence pitch alteration by allowing for alterations in regards to thickness/thinness, lengthening/shortening, and tenseness/relaxation .
  1. The Cricothyroid (CT) is responsible for higher pitches. In order for this to occur the Cricoid cartilage and the Thyroid cartilage come together, stretching the vocal folds so that the length and the tension of the folds increase, resulting in a thinner mass for said vocal folds.
  2. The Thyroarytenoid (TA) is responsible for lower pitches. This occurs when the Thyroid cartiledge comes together with the two arytenoids, pulling the vocal folds together so that the length and tension of the folds increase, resulting in a thicker mass for said vocal folds.
  • ^These two process are constantly working as an antagonist against one another, thus giving us the ability to connect our higher and lower pitches, ie: when we do sirens we are clearly illustrating our ability to connect these two procedures.
  • To achieve a balanced onset, the closed quotient, or the part of the phonatory cycle when the Vocal Folds adduct, is just right, not too high or too low. Thus the amount of surface area contact between the folds is neither too high or low as well and the breath lines up perfectly with adduction.

Resonance

  • Resonance is responsible for 3 different aspects of the singers voice. It is responsible for the singers amplification, vowels,and timbres. These are perceived through different harmonics and overtones that are created within the vocal tract and fold
  1. Amplification: Amplification is directly related to the efficiency in conversion of aerodynamic energy into acoustic energy. This is achieved through free resonance. Free resonance occurs when sound waves are transmitted by vibrations and reflections of air molecules in a void. This idea of free resonance is what sets vocalists apart from other instruments. For example string instruments achieve amplification through forced resonance, which occurs when sound waves are transmitted mechanically from one vibrating object to another. In singers, free resonance occurs within the vocal tract. Inside the vocal tract are various chambers, and each chamber further differs by means of size and pressure. These difference of pressure between the tube boundaries” meet and reflect amongst the other chambers into a “zone.” Synchronization occurs when the compressions reflected off of the pressure changing “zone” is timed in a way that allows for the compressions to meet the next compression coming through the glottis. This process is critical for amplification function of the vocal tract, as it allows for many compressions to “team up” and hit the ear drum with greater intensity. Furthermore it is critical that the vocal tract is aligned in certain way so that this synchronization can occur.
  2. Vowels: Vowels are attained through means of the source filter theory. In these theory the source refers to the vocal folds and the different raw materials or the oscillators/fundamentals. These materials pass through the filter, which refers to the vocal tract. The filter amplifies the parts of the vibrations that are produced by the phonating vocal folds. As the vocal tract changes shape, different formants form allowing for different frequencies to occur. These frequencies are either dampened or encouraged by the vocal tract, this is determined by the strength of the newly created overtones within that specific filter shape. These “encouraged frequencies” are called formants. There are an array of formants, however Formant 1 and Formant 2 will always represt the peaks of each vowels frequency. Formants 3 and above will coincide with tambre.
  3. Timbres: Vocal timbres occur by means of a “singers formant” which refers to Formants 3 and above. This formants occurs between 2400 Hz and 3200 Hz, and boost frequencies that a strong “ring” to the sound, helping it carry and “punch through” orchestral textures. To better attain these formants, the singer morphs vowels to modify the vocal tract into a shape that will better support the frequency. For example it can be fairly difficult to sing a higher pitch on a closed vowel, such as [i], and can create a strained tone. To help students achieve the desired timbres, teachers will tell their student to sing on a more open and closely related sounding vowel, such as [E]. This idea of morphing or modifying a vowel to achieve better resonance is known as vowel modification or formant tuning. This technique can create a clearer formant and a more acoustical amplification of those frequencies without having the singer exert any extra energy.

Well that was a big ball of fun…..

The Medium is the Massage

An audio recording based on the book was made by Columbia Records in the late 1960s, produced by John Simon but otherwise keeping the same credits as the book. The recording consists of a pastiche of statements made by McLuhan interrupted by other speakers, including people speaking in various phonations and falsettos, discordant sounds and 1960s incidental music in what could be considered a deliberate attempt to translate the disconnected images seen on TV into an audio format, resulting in the prevention of a connected stream of conscious thought. Various audio recording techniques and statements are used to illustrate the relationship between spoken, literary speech and the characteristics of electronic audio media. McLuhan biographer Philip Marchand called the recording “the 1967 equivalent of a McLuhan video.” [x]

Color Spectrum

Day 1 / Feb 27: Splash Free/Future Fish!AU

Author: myria-chan

Summary: SouMomo | Color Blind!AU, ES Ending!AU | Sousuke Yamazaki was never the one for destiny and one true love things, until a vibrant shade of yellow came into his line of vision and his world imploded in a kaleidoscopic spectrum.

A/N: Because every pairing deserves a Color Blind!AU.

Keep reading

I was tagged by the lovely zoe-tea-wok
Four Names People Call Me
1. Mandee
2. Little One
3. Beatz
4. Nat
Four Jobs I’ve held
1. Cashier
2. Snack Stand operator
3. Phonation operator
4. Being a boss ass bitch
Four movies I’ve watched more than once
1. The Avengers
2. Captain America Winter Solider
3. Frozen
4. The Little Mermaid
Four Places I’ve Lived
1. My mother’s Uterus
2. Morristown Memorial Hospital for a month ( I was born premature)
3. Bushkill, PA for a year when I was 5
4. Hopatcong, NJ
Four Places I’ve Been
1. Knoebels Amusment Park
2. Disney World
3. Myrtle Beach
4. Cancun, Mexico
Four Things I Won’t Eat
1. Meat
2. Anochovies
3. Brussels sprouts
4. I pretty much eat everything else
Four TV shows I’ve watched Recent
1. The Walking Dead
2. Agent Carter
3. Parks and Recreation
4 Bob’s Burgers
Four Things I’m Looking Forward to this year
1. Age of Ultron
2. Seeing taylorswift with doctorpisley
3. Summer in general
4. Nothing else

Too lazy to tag anyone else and on mobile so if you want to do it do it. B

youtube

Ride The Prejudice (Official Video) by Phonat

youtube

Picked by matt

By Leslie Ball

People with communication disorders feel like others from the academic and social sectors isolate them. It is challenging when you cannot speak fluently due to vocal cord problems or lack of proper pronunciation of words. In most cases, the voice disorders could be classified to functional and organic disorders depending on the causes and the treatments involved. Irrespective of the causes of your communication disorders, you can receive professional treatment from the Speech therapy SC experts.

Medical experts categorize communication disorders into different types based on voice, speech and language. Voice disorders are further divided into other forms such as phonation disorders. People with phonation disorders produce strange sounds when talking and you can hardly understand what they are saying. Several causes of phonation disorders include paralyzed vocal folds, larynx cancer, physical trauma and injuries such as bullet wounds, strangulation and car accident.

There are some people whose behaviors could affect and destroy the tissues in the vocal cords thus affecting the voice. There are some who love talking loudly, screaming and yelling without a reason. Such behavior could affect you if you do not cease from doing them. As a parent you should monitor your children and discourage them from engaging in such behaviors.

There are medical explanations to the causes of difficulties in speaking. There are explanations that exist on social fronts. During tender ages, people may experience poor feeding and this may permanently damage the vocal codes. There is a section of the brain that coordinates communication. If the part does not coordinate properly there may be chances of permanent impairment.

If you have keenly observed some people with these conditions, you should find for them the best speech pathologists to treat them. You may also decide to train and become a pathologist to help people with such problems. Once you decide to train and become a pathologist to help people improve the way they communicate, you can be sure to have numerous benefits. Actually, you could be happy that you did it due to the many people you could really help.

Children who are affected by such problems suffer most especially in their early stages of growth. They cannot communicate and express themselves properly even when faced with a problem. The do not understand why they cannot speak like the other children. Their peers also laugh at them because they will think that they are disabled. Such children are very thankful when you help them gain the ability to talk properly.

These professionals help people with these problems to achieve their goals in life easily. They help children to know how to pronounce words better and learn better in class. This would also improve the way these people write since you mostly write words in the same way you communicate them. If you pronounce them correctly, you will definitely write them correctly.

If you are in need of these therapies and you do not know any of the service providers, you can talk to your friends around. You can also visit your personal physician and ask them to recommend the best therapists for this condition to you. You can also search these professionals online and get them easily.




About the Author:

Get details about the benefits you get when you consult a speech therapy SC professional and more information about an experienced speech-language pathologist at http://ift.tt/1Nfr1ba now.





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Voici l’outil de référence incontournable pour découvrir ou réviser la biologie humaine, que vous soyez étudiant ou simplement curieux de nature. En combinant graphiques, schémas et illustrations hyperréalistes, Le corps humain rend aisée la compréhension de phénomènes biologiques, de la division cellulaire à la réaction inflammatoire en passant par la phonation et la digestion.

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Des schémas qui précisent les liens entre les différents organes