Orange Peel fungus

Aleuria aurantia (Pezizales - Pyronemataceae) is a species of fungus, initially cup shaped, but develops into a contorted bowl, often splitting, that resembles orange peels strewn on the ground, hence its common name of Orange Peel fungus.

Aleuria aurantia can be found in Europe and North America.

This is one of the very few common cup fungi that are edible. Unfortunately, despite its attractive appearance, the Orange Peel Fungus is not particularly tasty, and so it is rarely used in cooking except perhaps to add color to salads.

Photo credit: ©Ronald Morgan

Locality: Coleshill, England, UK

Charcoal loving elf-cup

Geopyxis carbonaria (Pezizales - Pyrenomataceae) is one of the most abundant postfire discomycetes in boreal forests, hence its common name. 

After a boreal forest fire, fruiting bodies (ascocarps) of G. carbonaria disperse their ascospores to the surrounding healthy forests, making the re-establishment of a biotrophic association possible. However, by possessing features such as saprotrophic ability, rapidly germinating ascospores, and adaptations to cope with the postfire conditions (e.g. tolerance to high pH level and low water-holding capacity of the substrate) the fungus may provide an in situ inoculum for the spruce seedlings which revegetate the fires sites.

This species has been recorded in Europe and North America.

References: [1] - [2] - [3] - [4]

Photo credit: ©Tatiana Bulyonkova

Locality: Akademgorodok, Siberia, Russia

2

Scarlet Cup Fungi

This scarlet fungi is Phillipsia subpurpurea (Sarcoscyphaceae), a species endemic to Australia.

Phillipsia subpurpurea attaches to the wood by a very broad base, which is often extended into a rather long, thick stem. The hymenium (the concave surface of the cup) is bright scarlet. 

Photo credit: ©Joel Fourcard  |  [Top]  -  [Bottom]

Locality: Northern New South Wales, Australia 

Violet Cup Fungus (Violet Fairy Cup)

Peziza violate (Pezizaceae) is a distinctive ascomycete cup fungus, not merely because of its violet color, but also because of the way it develops into a scalloped cup at maturity. 

This cup fungus occurs in Britain, Ireland, mainland Europe and in North America.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©MaKeR i | Locality: unknown

Scutellinia scutellata | ©Tatiana Bulyonkova    (Western Siberia, Russia)

Common names: Eyelash cup, the Molly eye-winker, the Scarlet elf cap, the Wyelash fungus, the Eyelash pixie cup.

Scutellinia scutellata (Pezizales - Pyronemataceae) is a brightly colored cup fungus, recognized by long, stiff, dark-colored marginal cup hairs and a red to orange hymenium. The fruit body 0.5-1.5 cm broad, at first nearly round, becoming disc-shaped, the margin reflexed, sometimes wavy [source]. 

These fruitbodies are about 6 mm wide. Check out the tiny cobweb!

Morchella conica | ©Juraj Komar   (Slovakia)

Morchella conica is a fungus characterized by its robust cap, hollow, cone shaped rounded apex, attached directly at the bottom margin. The hymenium is like a honeycomb with marked and parallel ribs with anastomosis together forming irregular alveoli and variable morphology, gray to grayish brown to almost black margins at maturity.

It is considered an excellent edible mushroom. However must be consumed cooked as it contains toxins (hemolysin) thermolabile (lost with 10 minutes of heating after discarding the water).

Fungi - Ascomycota - Pezizomycetes - Pezizales - Morchellaceae - Morchella - M. conica

[Source]

Cookeina tricholoma, Castellow Hammock, Castellow Hammock Preserve, Miami-Dade County, Florida, US | ©Alan Cressler

This is one of the species of bright colored Cup fungi that grow on wood in the tropics. The copious hairs on the outside of the cup readily distinguish the species as Cookeina tricholoma.

Fungi - Ascomycota - Pezizomycetes - Pezizales - Sarcoscyphaceae - Cookeina - C. tricholoma

Verpa bohemica (Bitola, Macedonia) | ©Vasko Makrievski

Verpa bohemica is a species of fungus in the Morchellaceae family (Ascomycota - Ascomycetes - Pezizales), commonly known as the Early morel, or Early false morel, and found in Europe and throughout most of North America and Asia.

Although widely considered edible, consumption of the mushroom is generally not advised due to reports of poisoning in susceptible individuals. Poisoning symptoms include gastrointestinal upset and lack of muscular coordination.

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