General Information

For information about Pot Marigold, see Calendula

Marigolds are herbaceous plants, some perennial, some annual, of the Asteraceae family, the blooms made up of many tiny florets. They are native to North and South America but are popular garden plants throughout the world. Some of the more popular cultivated varieties are Mexican Marigold Tagetes erecta and French Marigold Tagetes patula.

History and Folklore 

The Latin name Tagetes comes from the name Tages, an Etruscan prophet of ancient fame who taught others about divination. The common name, marigold, is from Mary’s Gold, though it was originally applied to calendula.

The marigold is an important flower in certain religious ceremonies in Nepal and is used to decorate Hindu temples in India. Marigold is considered the flower of the dead in Mexico where it is used to decorate ancestral altars for Day of the Dead celebrations. After the Spanish invasion, the Aztecs viewed the marigold flower as a symbol of the Spanish invasion and the massacre of their people and destruction of their way of life.

In the language of flowers, marigold means “pain and grief” or signifies a wish to comfort one who is grieving.

Growing Marigold

Marigold is easy to grow as an annual. There are some perennial varieties that grow well in tropical areas that can also be grown as as an annual in more temperate regions. Marigold can be grown from seed or young plants can be readily purchased at just about any nursery or the gardening section of your favorite big box store. It’s not picky about soil though they prefer it to be well-drained. Marigolds need a good sunny spot to thrive. Plant your marigolds in the spring as soon as the soil is warm and the danger of frost is past. If you keep your marigolds happy, they will bloom from spring right through to fall.

The scent of marigold is said to repel some insects and animals and chemicals released by their roots are said to repel nematodes. Because of this, it is considered an excellent companion plant for just about any other plant. However, it should not be used with legumes.

Marigold provides food for some species of butterflies and their larvae.

Healing with Marigold

The essential oil of Tagetes minuta or stinking Roger, usually sold as Tagetes oil can be used as an insect repellent and to prevent and help heal fungal and bacterial infections of the skin. It can be added to bath water or a vaporizer to help sooth coughs or added to a wash to help speed the healing of wounds, especially those that are weeping and slow to heal. A tea can be used for intestinal worms.

Tagetes oil is also used for aromatherapy to relieve tension and promote clear thinking and emotional control.

Tagetes lucida is used to in a tea to treat abdominal cramps, and in a bath to treat rheumatism, but it is also rumored to be strongly psychoactive and should be used with care.

Complementary Healing Herbs

clary sage, jasmine, lavender, lemon, myrrh, and tangerine

Culinary Uses of Marigold

Tegates minuta is used as a culinary herb in South America where it is called huacatayTegates lucida is known as pericón or Texas tarragon is also used as a culinary herb and is used to make an anise-flavored tea in Mexico.

The petals of Tegates erecta flowers can be used in salads and to create a bring yellow dye.

Magical and Spiritual Use of Marigold

Mexican marigold resonates with the energy of the sun

Tagetes lucida has a psychoactive action and has been smoked ceremonially in combination with Nicotiana rustica when peyote was eaten and it may be drunk as a tea to promote visions.

All types of marigolds can be used as offerings to the dead and as decoration for ancestor altars.

100slytherin #26

The combination of ambition, proclivity for research, desire for killer experiences, and full belief in “The best revenge is a life well lived” leads many Slytherins into creating variations of list lists:

polodownifthefedswatchin replied to your post: sleeping-giant said:harbaugh has …

He turned the team around but he still can’t get over the hump. Sometimes it takes a change at the top to get the big win. Just like when Gruden won a Super Bowl with the team that Tony Dungy built.

And then what? Tampa Bay spent the next decade a sub .500 team and Dungy made Indy a perennial contender. 

You keep your good coach no matter what.

General Information

Wormwood is an herbaceous, perennial species of Artemisia native to Eurasia and Northern Africa. It has a hard woody rhizome and multiple straight stems reaching about a meter in length with leaves arranged in a spiral formation along their length. This gives it a rather bushy appearance. The leaves are silvery in appearance, green-grey above and white below with a fine covering of fuzz. The leaves are deeply toothed and feathery in appearance.

The flowers appear from July to October. They are yellow and interesting but not very pretty. They occur in clusters clinging close to the branch with their round faces pointing toward the ground. They eventually give way to a hard, dry seed which falls to the ground.

Wormwood can be found growing wild in many areas. Look for it in dry waste areas, between cracks and along rocky slopes where it can get good sun.

History and Folklore

The name Artemesia derives from the name of the Goddess Artemis. However, it is possible that this plant’s genus actually takes its name from a Persian queen, Artemesia.

The name absinthum may come from a word meaning “unenjoyable” referring to the bitter taste.

The name wormwood refers to the historic use of this plant as a cure for intestinal worms.

It is said that wormwood first grew from the path of the serpent as it exited the Garden of Eden.

'While Wormwood hath seed get a handful or twaine
To save against March, to make flea to refraine:
Where chamber is sweeped and Wormwood is strowne,
What saver is better (if physick be true)
For places infected than Wormwood and Rue?
It is a comfort for hart and the braine
And therefore to have it it is not in vaine.’
~ Tusser 1577

Wormwood in the Garden

Wormwood may be grown from cuttings taken in early spring or late fall, root division in autumn or sown from seed. It enjoys full to partial sun in soil rich in nitrogen and does not mind a bit of drought. Plant it in autumn and it will come up for you in the spring.

Plant wormwood around the edges of your garden where it will discourage weeds and insect larvae at least two feet away from any other plants.

Wormwood is an excellent addition to a moon garden.

Harvesting & Storing Wormwood

For medical and magical use, cut the flowering tops off wormwood when they are in full bloom on a sunny day when the sun is at its peak. Hang to dry naturally in a place with good ventilation out of the sun. Once dry, store in tightly sealed mason jars in a dark cupboard.

To create a powder that also stores quite well and takes up less space, put the dried plant in your blender or use a mortar and pestle to get as fine a powder as you can, then sift your powder through a sieve to get all the twiggy bits out and store the result in tightly sealed glass herb jars out of the light.

It is important to store herbs in a cool, dry place away from light to protect their oils from being degraded.

Magical Wormwood

Wormwood is associated with the planet mars and the element of fire or air.

Macerate wormwood and soak in wine for several days, then strain. Use this wine to induce visions, aid in astral projection, and divination. OR place several tablespoons of dried wormwood leaves and flowers in a jar, cover with light olive oil and seal. Let this steep for several weeks in a cool place, strain and use as an anointing oil for yourself or your divination tools. (See cautions on Healing With Wormwood below).

Wormwood flowers and leaves can be added to magical sachets for protection against accidents. Hang these in your car or carry them on your person.

Wormwood may also be used in spells to send harmful magic back on its sender and for spells for vengeance.

Combined with mugwort and burned, wormwood is useful for calling up spirits. Make sure the area is well-ventilated as the smoke can be very irritating to the eyes and throat and is toxic if inhaled. It is also said to be useful in banishing spirits.

Wormwood may also be used in love magic, as this old charm indicates:

'On St. Luke's Day, take marigold flowers, a sprig of marjoram, thyme, and a little Wormwood; dry them before a fire, rub them to powder; then sift it through a fine piece of lawn, and simmer it over a slow fire, adding a small quantity of virgin honey, and vinegar. Anoint yourself with this when you go to bed, saying the following lines three times, and you will dream of your partner “that is to be”:

"St. Luke, St. Luke, be kind to me,
In dreams let me my true-love see.” ‘
~ An old love charm

For safety’s sake, do not use wormwood essential oil. Use the dried or fresh leaves or flowers only.

Healing with Wormwood

Wormwood was a very popular healing herb in ancient times and remains popular with many herbalists. It is, however, not the safest herb in the pharmacopia and should be used with extreme caution under the watchful eye of an experienced herbalist.

Wormwood has been used with varying degrees of success for the treatment of: intestinal worms, stomach pains, gas, indigestion, nervousness, gout, kidney stones, liver disorders, fevers, and general infections. It is also used to stimulate hunger and improve digestion generally and strengthen the immune system. In addition, wormwood has been used to strengthen contractions while easing labor pains and to bring on delayed menstruation and relieve related bloating symptoms. It has also been used to bring on abortions.

Wormwood was recommended by Culpepper as a treatment for the stings of bees, wasps and scorpions and snakebites.

Wormwood has shown some promise in studies relating to the treatment of Crohn’s Disease.

Pure wormwood oil is very dangerous and should not be taken internally.

Do not take wormwood for more than 2 weeks at a time.

Pregnant women who would like to stay pregnant, and women who are trying to become pregnant should not use or handle wormwood.

Side effects and signs that it is time to reduce or discontinue your use of wormwood include: nausea, vomiting, insomnia, excessive thirst, restlessness, vertigo, dizziness, trembling, numbness of the extremities, delirium, paralysis, convulsions and seizures.

Cooking with Wormwood

Wormwood is most famously known as the main ingredient in absinthe. It is also used in flavoring several other liquors including bitters, vermouth and pelinkovac. In the past it has been used to flavor mead and beer as well.

In Morocco, wormwood is added to mint tea.

In Korea, the fresh young leaves of wormwood are macerated and the juice used to flavor songpyeon, a steamed dumpling traditionally eaten during their autumn thanksgiving festival.

Wormwood Around the House

Wormwood can be useful in herbal combinations designed to repel pests, especially insect pests including fleas and moths. The dried leaves and flowers can be used in sachets hung in closets or stuffed into your pet’s pillows. Alternatively, steep macerated fresh, or crushed dry wormwood leaves and flowers in apple cider vinegar for several days, strain and use as a spray to keep pests away.

Planting wormwood around gardening areas will help prevent the growth of insect larvae and grubs in the soil as it releases compounds in the soil that are unpleasant to them. However, it may also inhibit the growth of other plants, so keep this in mind when you are planting for this purpose.

Plant These To Help Save Bees: 21 Bee-Friendly Plants. Learn more here!

by Hannah Rosengren, 2013.

11/25/13 update: wow, tumblr!! thanks for the love!! I’ve gotten lots of questions about getting prints of this illustration and am happy to say that 8x10s are now available in my Etsy shop in English & Spanish!! <3

1/7/14 update: 16x20” posters of this illustration now available, HERE!

6/5/14 update: I am continually so amazed and excited to see how much this illustration is being shared- thank you all so much for advocating for the bees!!! Due to this illustration’s popularity in Sweden, prints & posters of it translated in Swedish are now available in my shop here :)

5

Right. I just have a lot of Tulip Siblings feels, okay? Also, I’m trying to experiment with tritones mode here.

Belgium did good until the quarter-finals, when Argentina beat her and then proceeded to beat Netherlands too at the semi-finals. Yet another failed world cup campaign this year for Netherlands, but it’s okay bb, you also did well! (Well, at least until the last two matches) I’ll still be rooting for you guys whether it’s World Cup or UEFA Cup! \(;__;)/

[EDIT] Adding my signature at the last page and fixing some typo.

2

Overall in seasons 8-9: Episodes without Cas lose on average 8% of the total audience during the show’s airing, and 7% of the adults 18-49 demographic. Episodes with Cas lose on average only 4% of the total audience during the show’s airing, and only 2% of the adults 18-49 demographic.

Conclusion: episodes without Cas lose twice as many viewers on average compared to episodes with Cas. In other words, having Cas in an episode makes it more likely that a viewer will keep watching till the end.

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