USMC war dog “Caesar von Steuben” is x-rayed by Navy corpsmen after being wounded on patrol during the fight for Bougainville.
As with most of the dogs that fought with the United States military in World War II, the three year old German shepherd had been a civilian, owned by a family in the Bronx who volunteered him for service, one of thousands of families to offer their pet up for the war effort.
Only a select few were accepted into service, and even then they would undergo rigorous training to prepare them for life in the combat zone. In total, 1,074 dogs were ‘enlisted’ in the Marine Corps, and 29 would die in combat, along with just under 200 fatalities from disease or accidents. After the war, an outcry ended plans to euthanize the remaining veteran animals, and instead they were put through demilitarization training, with almost universal success. Many were returned to their families, although in more than a few cases, the Marine handler would bring the dog back to civilian life with him.
In Caesar’s case, he recovered from his wound quickly, and he received an official commendation for his communication runs prior to his wounding, including completing his ninth and final one while injured. Returned to service however, he would be killed in combat while fighting on Okinawa in 1945.
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Battleship Nagato at anchor in Brunei Bay, 1944. Initially built in 1917, she was one of the heaviest classes of dreadnoughts in existence at the time, and went through many upgrades and rebuilds through her career. Her sister ships, such as the Mutsu, were popular flagships, with Nagato serving as Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto’s flagship during the attack on Pearl Harbor. It wasn’t until 1944 at the battle of Leyte Gulf that she actually fired her main armament in anger. Experiencing light damage she was reassigned as a static coastal defense platform due to shortages of fuel until the end of the war. Refitted by the US Navy, she and many other Japanese capital ships were used as a target fleet for the Operation Crosswinds nuclear weapon tests in 1946. It would take two atomic attacks to finally sink her.
U.S. Army soldiers on Bougainville advance on Japanese held positions under cover of an M4 Sherman tank during the Solomon Islands Campaign. The Japanese forces tried infiltrating the U.S. lines at night; at dawn, U.S. soldiers would clear them out. Bougainville Island, Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. March 1944.
”’Fat Man’ was dropped from the B-29 bomber Bockscar, detonating at 11:02 AM, at an altitude of about 1,650 feet (500 m) above Nagasaki. An estimated 39,000 people were killed outright by the bombing a further 25,000 were injured.”
Four Marines after taking over the job of being the foster mothers to a pack of puppies after their real mother, after being left behind by the Japanese, gave birth to a litter of 13 and was unable to care for them.
From left to right: 2nd Lt. G.H. Hoffman Jr., Corporal Louis R. Bonini, Corporal Edward J. Frankenbech, and Master Sergeant Harold “Porky” May.
Their recipe for raising good, healthy puppies—plenty of C rations. All four Marines and puppies were attached to an aviation group with 4th Marine Air Wing.
“A badly burned nuclear bomb victim lies in quarantine on the island of Ninoshima in Hiroshima, Japan, 9,000 meters from the hypocenter on August 7, 1945, one day after the bombing by the United States.”
“As Americans of the U.S. 25th Division advance over ground at the edge of Balete Pass in northern Luzon, Philippines on April 12, 1945, they pass a dead Japanese soldier, fallen across a bomb-splintered tree.”
"This picture, captured from the Japanese, shows American prisoners using improvised litters to carry those of their comrades who, from the lack of food or water on the march from Bataan, fell along the road." Philippines, May 1942.