open-access-publishing

When you support open publishing, you support free access to ideas, innovations, and learning for all.  Universal access to learning makes us all better off; universal access is the power of open.  

Open publishing is exactly opposite of traditional “Big Textbook” publishers that seek to stifle and exclude.  As Mr. Vaughn says in the article, “copyright law and publishers’ business plans are preventing an enormous educational benefit." 

Open textbook publishers’ business plans are centered on enabling and empowering everyone’s ability to learn, share, and grow.  A vibrant community of open publishers will force all publishers to behave in a manner that supports education.

Your voice matters.  Be a rebel.  Sign the petition demanding educators and administrators consider and support open textbook solutions today.  If we join together, our voices will be heard.

Sign the petition here:  http://www.textbookrebellion.org/petition

Some see the discipline of anthropology as being an expert and professional society. They want to share their work with other anthropologists who have the same interests and concerns as themselves. Feedback from random Youtube users, or even people in other disciplines, isn’t very valuable to them. The feedback they can get through peer review in professional anthropology journals is exactly what they want, as is the recognition. … Also, I don’t think every researcher agrees that expensive academic journals fail to disseminate work. They only want to share their work with a select audience, and don’t see the point in making it available free online. In the end they disagree that free access would improve the impact of their work (it comes down to who they are trying to impact).
—  Owen Wiltshire, antropologi.info
Collabra (Changing the rules of Open Access journal publishing) #openaccess

We are pleased to announce the launch of Collabra, our new Open Access journal. We are now open for submissions in three core fields of study: Life and Biomedical Sciences; Ecology and Environmental Science; Social and Behavioral Sciences. We aim to have a different model, one that gives back to the research community. Here’s a look at the process behind the creation of Collabra:

Why did UC…

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Episciences Project to launch series of community-run, open-access journals.

Mathematicians plan to launch a series of free open-access journals that will host their peer-reviewed articles on the preprint server arXiv. The project was publicly revealed yesterday in a blog post by Tim Gowers, a Fields Medal winner and mathematician at the University of Cambridge, UK.

Nature News. 

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Open Access Published explained by phdcomics. A good overview of the concepts with a bit of personal insight thrown into the mix.

Inside the Editors' Office Webinar: Launching a Sustainable Open Access Journal

Want to know more about the steps needed to launch and operate an open access (OA) journal?

As part of Open Access Week 2014, the Scholastica team hosted a recorded panel discussion entitled- Inside the Editors’ Office: Launching a Sustainable Open Access Journal. We were lucky to have three editors at different stages of open access journal development join the discussion: Yale University professor Olav Sorenson, editor of Sociological Science, which launched in September 2013; and University at Buffalo Librarians Amy Vilz and Molly Poremski, editors of The Reading Room: A Journal of Special Collections, which launched in early October.

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As the commenter says, “content wants to be free.  And will be.”  

“Today the National Academies Press announced it would offer its entire PDF catalog of books for free, as files that can be downloaded by anyone. The press is the publishing arm of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, and publishes books and reports that scientists, educators, and policy makers rely on.” - Josh Fischman, The Chronicle of Higher Education

Every signature counts.  Your voice is being heard.  Please sign the petition at Textbook Rebellion today to demand a free access option for all textbooks.  

http://www.textbookrebellion.org/petition

Mediterranean diet plus olive oil or nuts associated with improved cognitive function | KurzweilAI

See on Scoop.it - The future of medicine and health

Supplementing the plant-based Mediterranean diet with antioxidant-rich extra virgin olive oil or mixed nuts has been associated with improved cognitive function in a study of older adults in Spain, according to an open-access article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Previous research suggests following a Mediterranean diet may be associated with better cognitive function and a lower risk of dementia. However, the observational studies that have examined these associations have limitations.

The researchers compared a Mediterranean diet supplemented with olive oil or nuts with a low-fat control diet.

The randomized clinical trial included 447 cognitively healthy volunteers (223 were women; average age was nearly 67 years) who were at high cardiovascular risk and were enrolled in the Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea nutrition intervention.

Of the participants, 155 individuals were assigned to supplement a Mediterranean diet with one liter of extra virgin olive oil per week; 147 were assigned to supplement a Mediterranean diet with 30 grams per day of a mix of walnuts, hazelnuts and almonds; and 145 individuals were assigned to follow a low-fat control diet.

The authors measured cognitive change over time with a battery of neuropsychological tests and they constructed three cognitive composites for memory, frontal cognition (attention and executive function), and global cognition.

Mediterranean-diet subjects showed improved memory or cognition

The study found that individuals assigned to the low-fat control diet had a significant decrease from baseline in all composites of cognitive function. Compared with the control group, the memory composite improved significantly in the Mediterranean diet plus nuts group, while frontal and global cognition improved in the Mediterranean diet plus olive oil group.

At the end of the follow-up, there were 37 cases of mild cognitive impairment: 17 (13.4 percent) in the Mediterranean diet plus olive oil group; eight (7.1 percent) in the Mediterranean diet plus nuts group; and 12 (12.6 percent) in the low-fat control group. No dementia cases were documented in patients who completed study follow-up.

“Our results suggest that in an older population, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with olive oil or nuts may counteract age-related cognitive decline,” the researchers suggest.

“The lack of effective treatments for cognitive decline and dementia points to the need of preventive strategies to delay the onset and/or minimize the effects of these devastating conditions. The present results with the Mediterranean diet are encouraging but further investigation is warranted.”


See on kurzweilai.net
Kickoff Highlights: Open Access Week 2014 "Generation Open"

“We need to look forward, and people who look forward are the young people. We need to follow them,” said Stefano Bertuzzi, Executive Director of the American Society for Cell Biology and member of the 8th annual Open Access Week Kickoff panel event.

Bertuzzi’s statement permeated the four-person panel discussion, hosted by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) and the World Bank on Monday 10/20/14. Panelists fielded questions pertaining to this year’s Open Access (OA) Week theme, “Generation Open,” concerning how the OA movement is shaping and being shaped by early-career researchers.

The panel consisted of: Bertuzzi; José-Marie Griffiths, Vice President for Academic Affairs at Bryant University; Jerry Sheehan, Assistant Director for Policy Development at the National Library of Medicine; and Meredith Niles, Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Harvard University’s Sustainability Science Program.

Watching the live stream of this event, I was excited to see the panel focus on how researchers are and can actively facilitate OA in their institutions and around the world. I wanted to share some kickoff highlights, and invite others to do the same in the comments section.

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A New Guide to Launching an Open Access Journal: The OA Journal Starter Kit

Are you interested in learning more about how to launch a successful open access (OA) journal?

At Scholastica, we often hear from scholars who want to launch an OA journal but are unsure of where to begin. In response to the need we’ve seen among academics for a comprehensive guide to starting and operating an OA journal, we decided to create a free ebook— The OA Journal Starter Kit.

We are pleased to officially release The OA Journal Starter Kit today! This succinct CC BY ebook encompasses all of the information needed to get an OA journal off the ground, cultivate a readership, and attract submissions and reviewers during the first year of publication.

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#86

All the indications are that the money already invested in the research publishing system is sufficient to enable a transformation that will be sustainable for the future. There needs to be a shared understanding that the money currently locked in the journal subscription system must be withdrawn and repurposed for open access publishing services. The current library acquisition budgets are the ultimate reservoir for enabling the transformation without financial or other risks.

Ralf Schimmer, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Andreas Vogler, “Disrupting the subscription journals’ business model for the necessary large scale transformation to open access”, http://dx.doi.org/10.17617/1.3, Max Planck Digital Library, 2015

APCs, kurzes Peer Review und ein Platz auf der Beall’s List sind Kennzeichen von Open-Access-Spam. Ermittelten Marcin Kozak, Olesia Iefremova und James Hartley.

Marcin Kozak, Olesia Iefremova, James Hartley (2015) Spamming in scholarly publishing: A case study. In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1002/asi.23521[Early View, 13.05.2015]

Kernaussagen:

Der größte Teil der E-Mail-Einladungen von Verlagen an Wissenschaftler_innen zur Publikation eines Artikels in einer Zeitschrift hat folgende Hintergründe:

  1. Die Zeitschrift ist eine Open-Access-Publikationen.
  2. Die Zeitschrift finanziert sich über Article-Processing-Charges (APC).
  3.  Die Zeitschrift verspricht ein sehr schnelles Peer Review (=vier Wochen und kürzer).
  4. Die Zeitschrift findet sich auf der Beall’s Liste der „potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers”.
  5. Die Verlage verschleiern ihren Betriebsort. (Die meistermittelten Herkunftsländer sind Indien, USA, Nigeria, Iran und Kanada, vgl. dazu auch Beall 2012).
  6. Die Einladungen sind sich in Layout und teilweise auch Texte sehr ähnlich.

Die Autor_innen sehen eine Herausforderung darin, dass Wissenschafter_innen angesichts dieser Nachrichten jeweils individuell beurteilen müssen, ob eine Zeitschrift seriös ist oder nicht. Andererseits kann man davon ausgehen, dass die meisten solcher Anfragen in die Kategorie Spam fallen. Weiterhin schlussfolgern sie, dass das APC-Modell nicht an sich unseriös sei, jedoch derartigen „predatory“-Geschäftsmodellen sehr entgegen kommt. 

Beall,  Jeffrey (2012): Criteria for Determining Predatory Open-Access Publishers (2nd edition). In: Scholarly Open Access. 30. 11.2012

(bk, 20.05.2015)