Malcolm X (May 19, 1925–February 21, 1965)
Born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, Malcolm X became a prominent figure in the Nation of Islam and later in the civil rights movement. He was assassinated on February 21, 1965 while addressing the Organization of Afro-American Unity in New York City, a group he formed to fight for human rights of African Americans.
“Racial Demonstration and Parade in D. C.” Malcolm X, leader of the Black Muslims participating in the demonstration in front of Justice Dept. 6/14/1963 (306-SS-16-820-J-28)
On June 14, 1963, a group of activists gathered outside of the Department of Justice to protest the recent murder of Mississippi Civil Rights leader Medgar Evers and to demand civil rights legislation. Malcolm X and members of the Nation of Islam (NOI) joined the protest. This image shows Malcolm X holding the Muhammad Speaks newspaper at the protest and speaking out for black justice. The photograph is from RG 306 Staff and Stringer Photographs, 1949–1969 (NAID 541989) series.