Malcolm X (May 19, 1925–February 21, 1965)

Born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, Malcolm X became a prominent figure in the Nation of Islam and later in the civil rights movement.  He was assassinated on February 21, 1965 while addressing the Organization of Afro-American Unity in New York City, a group he formed to fight for human rights of African Americans.

“Racial Demonstration and Parade in D. C.” Malcolm X, leader of the Black Muslims participating in the demonstration in front of Justice Dept. 6/14/1963 (306-SS-16-820-J-28) 

On June 14, 1963, a group of activists gathered outside of the Department of Justice to protest the recent murder of Mississippi Civil Rights leader Medgar Evers and to demand civil rights legislation. Malcolm X and members of the Nation of Islam (NOI) joined the protest. This image shows Malcolm X holding the Muhammad Speaks newspaper at the protest and speaking out for black justice. The photograph is from RG 306 Staff and Stringer Photographs, 1949–1969 (NAID 541989) series.

via Rediscovering Black History » Record of the Week: Malcolm X Protests at DOJ

November 14, 1969: Apollo 12 Mission Launches Into Space

On this day in 1969, Apollo 12 launched into space from Cape Canaveral, Florida as the second mission to land on the moon and the sixth manned flight in the United States’ Apollo program by NASA.

In total, the Apollo program resulted in 12 spaceflights and 12 astronauts who walked on the moon. The program developed as a result of President John F. Kennedy challenging the nation, in 1961, to land on the moon by the end on the decade.

Watch History Detectives’ “Moon Museum” which explores the question: Did NASA actually deliver the artwork of Andy Warhol to the moon?

Photo: Apollo 12 Lunar Module pilot Al Bean steps onto the Moon (NASA/Wikimedia Commons).

Burning Draft Cards, 1/14/1968

National Archives Identifier: 7419593, Records of U.S. Attorneys

This photograph is of a young unnamed man burning a draft card at an anti-Vietnam draft rally at a New York town hall meeting.

(This document was digitized by teachers in our Primarily Teaching 2013 Summer Workshop at our Boston location.)

via DocsTeach


“WHEREAS a Governmental Commission should be charged with the responsibility for developing recommendations for overcoming discrimination in government and private employment on the basis of sex and for developing recommendations for services which will enable women to continue their role as wives and mothers while making a maximum contribution to the world around them…”

Executive Order 10980 dated December 14, 1961, in which President John F. Kennedy establishes the President’s Commission on the Status of Women., 12/16/1961

The President’s Commission on the Status of Women ran until October 1963 when it issued its final report.  President Kennedy appointed former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt as the first chair of the commission, serving until her death in 1962.